Testing and screening for chlamydia in general practice: a cross-sectional analysis.

Conclusions: GP registrars screen for chlamydia disproportionately in younger females and new patients. Implications: Our findings highlight potential opportunities to improve uptake of screening for chlamydia, including targeted education and training for registrars, campaigns targeting male patients, and addressing financial barriers to accessing screening services. PMID: 25308467 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - Category: Global & Universal Authors: Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

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The objective of this study was to determine the effect of an electronic, prepopulated notifiable disease report form on case reporting rates by ambulatory care clinics to public health authorities. METHODS: We conducted a 2-year (2012-2014) controlled before-and-after trial of a health information exchange (HIE) intervention in Indiana designed to prepopulate notifiable disease reporting forms to providers. We analyzed data collected from electronic prepopulated reports and "usual care" (paper, fax) reports submitted to a local health department for 7 conditions by using a difference-in-differences model. Pr...
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
The aim of the study was to design and implement a novel, universally offered, computerized clinical decision support (CDS) gonorrhea and chlamydia (GC/CT) screening tool embedded in the emergency department (ED) clinical workflow and triggered by patient-entered data.
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
This study was aimed at determining the serological markers (IgG, IgM and IgA) of Chlamydia trachomatis, evaluate the association between Chlamydia trachomatis infection and the sociodemographic characteristics and clinical diagnosis of the participants. This was a cross sectional hospital-based study in which blood samples from 145 consenting participants were tested for IgG, IgM and IgA antibodies against Chlamydia trachomatis using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and their clinical diagnosis, retrieved from their case notes. The cumulative prevalence of seropositivity for Chlamydia trachomatis (IgG, IgM, IgA) was 112 ...
Source: African Journal of Reproductive Health - Category: African Health Tags: Afr J Reprod Health Source Type: research
HIGHLIGHTS Adolescents and young adults are particularly susceptible to sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis have been rapidly increasing among young people in recent years. Young people face multiple roadblocks to obtaining high-quality sexual health inform ation and STI care that can help them avoid STIs or mitigate the effects of an infection. Advocates and policymakers addressing STIs among young people should support the needs of those most vulnerable to STIs through high-quality sex education programs, access to clinical care, preventive technolo gies and vaccines,...
Source: The Guttmacher Institute - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 2 April 2020Source: The Journal of Molecular DiagnosticsAuthor(s): Paul C. Adamson, Mark W. Pandori, Sarah B. Doernberg, Lauren Komarow, Zoe Sund, Thuy Tien T. Tran, David Jensen, Ephraim L. Tsalik, Carolyn D. Deal, Henry F. Chambers, Vance G. Fowler, Scott R. Evans, Robin Patel, Jeffrey D. Klausner, Master GC Study of Antibacterial Resistance Leadership Group
Source: The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
We present here a circularized metagenome-assembled genome (cMAG) of BVAB1 as well as a comparative analysis including an additional six metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) of this species. These sequences were derived from cervicovaginal samples of seven separate women. The cMAG was obtained from a metagenome sequenced with long-read technology on a PacBio Sequel II instrument while the others were derived from metagenomes sequenced on the Illumina HiSeq platform. The cMAG is 1.649 Mb in size and encodes 1,578 genes. We propose to rename BVAB1 to “Candidatus Lachnocurva vaginae” based on phylogenetic analyses,...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
ConclusionIn this analysis, we observed that 14% of SIV adults had LTBI, 27% of SIVH had at least one intestinal parasite, and about half of SIV children had EBLL. Most adults were susceptible to HBV. In general, prevalence of infection was higher for most conditions among Afghan SIVH compared to Iraqi SIVH. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Guidelines for the US Domestic Medical Examination for Newly Arriving Refugees can assist state public health departments and clinicians in the care of SIVH during the domestic medical examination. Future analyses can explore other aspects of health among resettled SI...
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Rizza S, Mistrangelo M, Ribaldone DG, Morino M, Astegiano M, Saracco GM, Pellicano R Abstract Proctitis is an inflammation involving the anus and the distal part of the rectum, frequently diagnosed in the context of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Nevertheless, when the standard therapy for IBD is ineffective, it becomes necessary for the clinician to review alternative etiologies, beginning from the broad chapter of infectious causes up to rare causes such as radiation, ischemia, diversion and traumatisms. While it is possible to find infectious proctitides caused by pathogens generally inducing extens...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research
The objective of our study was to examine the association of recent PV and SRP on STIs by partner type among HIV-negative, heterosexual women who use methamphetamine in San Diego, CA. Using baseline survey data from 209 women enrolled in FASTLANE II, an HIV behavioral intervention trial, we conducted logistic regression analyses to examine associations between PV, SRP, and self-reported lifetime STIs (e.g., chlamydia, gonorrhea). Models focused on PV perpetrated within the past 2  months by: (1) spouse, live-in, or steady sexual partners and (2) casual or anonymous sexual partners. Seventy-eight percent of women repor...
Source: Journal of Urban Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Current Canadian guidelines for adolescent obstetrical care recommend sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening at entry to care and in the third trimester. Our study assessed the rate of new and recurrent Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhea (NG) infections in the third trimester at an adolescent obstetrics clinic. We hypothesized that targeted repeat screening may be appropriate in this adolescent population.
Source: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Source Type: research
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