Effectiveness of wearing a bicycle helmet for impacts against the front of a vehicle and the road surface.

CONCLUSIONS: Wearing a helmet reduces skull fracture risk when the frontal and lateral parts of the helmet impact vehicle parts (excluding the hood) at 35 km/h and the road surface at 20 km/h. However, when the lateral part of the helmet impacts the B-pillar, the helmet cannot effectively reduce the skull fracture risk at these real-world velocities. PMID: 30001152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

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INTRODUCTION Admission computed tomography (CT) is a widely used diagnostic tool for patients with pelvic fractures. In this pilot study, we hypothesized that pelvic hematoma volumes derived using a rapid automated deep learning-based quantitative visualization and measurement algorithm predict interventions and outcomes including (a) need for angioembolization (AE), pelvic packing (PP), or massive transfusion (MT), and (b) in-hospital mortality. METHODS We performed a single-institution retrospective analysis of 253 patients with bleeding pelvic fractures who underwent admission abdominopelvic trauma CT between 2008 ...
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Tozuda, a company based in Philadelphia, has developed a head impact sensor that can be attached to a sports helmet, such as those worn by football or hockey players, and which will indicate if a dangerous impact has occurred. The sensor undergoes a ...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Exclusive Neurology Sports Medicine Source Type: blogs
Beca Glyn, 26, fell of the bike on her family farm in North Wales in March 2018. Her sense of taste and smell was damaged as a result of the head injury.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ConclusionPatients with reactive pupils and/or mild to moderate GCS may have benefited from TXA in the CRASH-3 trial because they had less intracranial bleeding at baseline. However, because bleeding occurs soon after injury, treatment delay reduces the benefit of TXA.
Source: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
We describe the relationship between Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores at presentation and risk of ci...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This study explored associations with mortality in patients with mTBI.Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients with mTBI and controls admitted to six level 1 trauma centers in 1/1/2009-12/31/2013. Mortality data were from the CDC National Death Index. Patients with mTBI were identified by ICD-9 code, Glasgow Coma Scale 13-15, Injury Severity Score (ISS)
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2020Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Mostafa Alabousi, Vincent M. Mellnick, Rayeh Kashef Al-Ghetaa, Michael N. PatlasAbstractBlunt abdominal trauma often presents a diagnostic challenge. Clinical examination demonstrates low reliability in detecting abdominal injury (16%) when there is a history of head injury or loss of consciousness. This can prove detrimental, as delays in the diagnosis of traumatic bowel injury of 8 hours or less can result in increased morbidity and mortality, as well as prolonged hospitalization. Although hemodynamically unstable pa...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsCurrent TBI outcome prediction models can be improved by the addition of neuromonitoring bedside parameters measured continuously within the first 24  h after the start of neuromonitoring. As these factors might be modifiable by treatment during the admission, testing in a larger (multicenter) data set is warranted.
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study evaluated the effect of a five-year school-based campaign (4- to 8-year...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news
The reverse shock index (rSI), a ratio of systolic blood pressure (SBP) to heart rate (HR), is used to identify prognosis in trauma patients. Multiplying rSI by Glasgow Coma Scale (rSIG) can possibly predict better in-hospital mortality in patients with tr...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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