FDA Permits Marketing of Devices to Create Arteriovenous Fistula

TUESDAY, July 3, 2018 -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has permitted marketing of two catheter-based devices designed to create an arteriovenous (AV) fistula in patients with chronic kidney disease in need of hemodialysis. The devices are...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

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Authors: Zhang Y, Hu C, Bian Z, Chen P Abstract There are a lot of controversies pertaining to correctness of timing for the initiation of dialysis in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. The present study was conducted to examine the potential association of initiation timing of dialyses with long-term prognosis in CKD patients. In total, 294 patients confirmed as end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were included as study subjects. According to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at initiation time, the patients were classified into four groups based on eGFR: ≥10.5, 8-10.4, 6-8 and
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn a group of hemodialysis patients from one centre, T-score in proximal femur, low vitamin D, low BMI, and high FRAX for major osteoporotic fracture were associated with low-trauma fractures, however, in multi-variate analysis only low BMI remained a significant predictor of fracture risk.
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objective: Chronic kidney disease is characterized by progressive and irreversible loss of kidney function. The impact of this disease on oral health also presents controversial results. The aim of the study was to determine oral health conditions and oral symptoms of patients with Chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: A cross-sectional study on a population with chronic renal failure was performed. Anamnesis and oral examination, decayed, miss and filled teeth (DMFT) index, community periodontal index, simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S) and gingival index were conducted. Data were processed ...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 August 2018Source: Journal of Membrane ScienceAuthor(s): R. Refoyo, E.D. Skouras, N. Chevtchik, D. Stamatialis, V.N. BurganosAbstractClassic hemodialysis only provides a limited removal of protein bound uremic toxins (PBUT) in patients with chronic kidney disease. A bioartificial kidney device, BAK, composed of a living cell monolayer of conditionally immortalized proximal tubule epithelial kidney cells (ciPTEC) cultured of hollow fiber polymeric membrane can remove protein bound uremic toxins from the blood in combination with classic hemodialysis. The development and clinical implemen...
Source: Journal of Membrane Science - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Authors: Franco ÁO, Starosta RT, Roriz-Cruz M Abstract One of the mechanisms proposed for chronic kidney disease (CKD)-related cognitive impairment is the accumulation of uremic toxins due to the deterioration of the renal clearance function. Cognition can be categorized into five major domains according to its information processing functions: memory, attention, language, visual-spatial, and executive. We performed a review using the terms 'uric acid', 'indoxyl sulfate', 'p-cresyl sulfate', 'homocysteine', 'interleukins' and 'parathyroid hormone'. These are the compounds that were found to be strongly assoc...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Authors: Mirfatahi M, Imani H, Tabibi H, Nasrollahi A, Hedayati M Abstract INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder is a common complication in hemodialysis patients. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of flaxseed oil, a rich source of plant omega-3 fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid, on serum markers of bone formation and resorption in hemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 34 hemodialysis patients were randomly assigned to either the flaxseed oil or the control group. The patients in the flaxseed oil group received 6 g/d of ...
Source: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Iran J Kidney Dis Source Type: research
Abstract Since the inception of hemodialysis (HD) for patients with chronic kidney disease, the "perfect" dialysis prescription has remained elusive. Part of this may relate to the heterogeneity among populations, individual patients, and differences in access to health provision. The optimal balance between dialysis frequency and duration to achieve reductions in patient morbidity and mortality continues to be debated. The concept of dialysis adequacy originated from a post hoc mathematical analysis of the National Cooperative Study and has evolved to become a way of calculating dialysis dose and standa...
Source: Seminars in Dialysis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Semin Dial Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Hemoglobin level in the recommended range has a favorable impact on late AVF patency and elevated blood pressure during surgery on the lower number of vascular accesses per patient. The high success rate indicates that it can be placed by trained nephrologists. PMID: 30080914 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
STAMFORD, Conn., Aug. 07, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Cara Therapeutics, Inc. (Nasdaq:CARA), a biopharmaceutical company focused on developing and commercializing new chemical entities designed to alleviate pruritus and pain by selectively targeting...
Source: Drugs.com - Clinical Trials - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: clinical trials
Victorine B Nzana, Anusha Rohit, Deepu George, Madhusudan Vijayan, Milly Mathew, Sundar Sankaran, Palaniappan Nagarajan, Georgi AbrahamIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2018 36(2):282-284A 51-year-old female, with non-alcoholic liver cirrhosis, portal hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease with a clipped cerebral aneurysm and chronic kidney disease stage 5 was on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) for 6.5 years elsewhere. She came for opinion on continuation of CAPD as she had 21 episodes of peritonitis in 76 months. Her blood pressure was 80/50 mmHg. She was...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
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