Very high intact-protein formula successfully provides protein intake according to nutritional recommendations in overweight critically ill patients: a double-blind randomized trial

Optimal energy and protein provision through enteral nutrition is essential for critically ill patients. However, in clinical practice, the intake achieved is often far below the recommended targets. Because n...
Source: Critical Care - Category: Intensive Care Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Obesity Research &Clinical PracticeAuthor(s): Xia Meng, Duo Huang, Hua Ao, Xinyu Wang, Xiao GaoAbstractIntroductionGrowing researches have shown that obese/overweight and healthy weight individuals exhibit different neural responses to food-related stimuli. Accordingly, researchers proposed several theories to explain these differences. Hereon, meta-analyses were conducted using activation likelihood estimation (ALE) to verify these theories and specify the reason of overeating from two aspects.Materials and MethodsPubmed, Web of Science and Neurosynth were sea...
Source: Obesity Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
Authors: Girish P, Jayanthi M, Gitanjali B, Manikandan S, Rajan S Abstract BACKGROUND: The medical and social impact of being overweight, as well as the difficulty in making long-term changes in diet, physical activity, and pitfalls associated with allopathic management, lure obese individuals to over-the-counter weight-loss herbal products (WHPs). However, the safety of herbals is questionable, as reports from all over the world suggest adulteration with synthetic weight loss agents. OBJECTIVE: The present study was carried out to develop a rapid and sensitive method to screen potential weight loss adulterants...
Source: Journal of Dietary Supplements - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Diet Suppl Source Type: research
Authors: Valentí V, Cienfuegos JA, Becerril Mañas S, Frühbeck G Abstract Bariatric-metabolic surgery is the safest, most effective and long-lasting treatment for obesity and its associated co-morbidities, whether they be metabolic (type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) or cardiovascular (myocardial infarction, stroke). Due to the obesity pandemic, bariatric-metabolic surgery is the second most frequent intra-abdominal procedure and the gastroenterologist and the surgeon must be aware of the physiologic changes caused by the anatomic reconfiguration following surgery. ...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our results indicate that insulin resistance is associated with plasma XOR activity and that relationship is independent of visceral adiposity and adiponectin level, suggesting that the development of insulin resistance resulting from increased visceral adiposity and/or reduced serum adiponectin contributes to increased uric acid production by stimulating XOR activity. PMID: 32082372 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2020Source: Microchemical Journal, Volume 155Author(s): Heba A. Hassan, Naglaa M. Ammar, Ahmed Serag, Olfat G. Shaker, Abdel Nasser El Gendy, Abdel-Hamid Z. Abdel-HamidAbstractColorectal cancer (CRC) is a major public health concern and one of the main causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Of different risk factors for developing CRC, obesity plays a vital key role in colorectal carcinogenesis due to the perturbation in the metabolic and lipid profiles of obese candidates. The aim of this study is to decipher the disturbed metabolites associated with CRC susceptibility in at-risk obese populatio...
Source: Microchemical Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
This study examined the respective association of physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB) and weight status with adolescents' socioeconomic status. We used cross-sectional data for 1935 adolescents (13–18 years old) with overweight or obesity who participated in the PRALIMAP-INÉS (PRomotion de l'ALImentation et de l'Activité Physique - INÉgalités de Santé) trial conducted in northeastern France between 2012 and 2015. Adolescents completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire for PA and SB and the Family Affluence Scale for socioeconomic status. Weight status ...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Philip W. Chui, Kirsha S. Gordon, James Dziura, Matthew M. Burg, Cynthia A. Brandt, Jason J. Sico, Michael S. Leapman, Casey E. Cavanagh, Lindsey Rosman, Sally Haskell, William C. Becker, Lori A. BastianAbstractReports indicate that long-term opioid therapy is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Using VA electronic health record data, we measured the impact of opioid use on the incidence of modifiable CVD risk factors. We included Veterans whose encounter was between October 2001 to November 2014. We identified Veterans witho...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract Stillbirth is one of the most common adverse pregnancy outcomes, occurring in 1 in 160 deliveries in the United States. In developed countries, the most prevalent risk factors associated with stillbirth are non-Hispanic black race, nulliparity, advanced maternal age, obesity, preexisting diabetes, chronic hypertension, smoking, alcohol use, having a pregnancy using assisted reproductive technology, multiple gestation, male fetal sex, unmarried status, and past obstetric history. Although some of these factors may be modifiable (such as smoking), many are not. The study of specific causes of stil...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract Stillbirth is one of the most common adverse pregnancy outcomes, occurring in 1 in 160 deliveries in the United States. In developed countries, the most prevalent risk factors associated with stillbirth are non-Hispanic black race, nulliparity, advanced maternal age, obesity, preexisting diabetes, chronic hypertension, smoking, alcohol use, having a pregnancy using assisted reproductive technology, multiple gestation, male fetal sex, unmarried status, and past obstetric history. Although some of these factors may be modifiable (such as smoking), many are not. The study of specific causes of stil...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Charts showing body mass index have been posted in doctors' offices for decades, but experts caution against using the number to make assumptions about an individual's health.
Source: CBC | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Radio/White Coat, Black Art Source Type: news
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