Medical News Today: What to know about Epstein-Barr virus testing

The Epstein-Barr virus is a type of herpes virus. It is very common, and because the symptoms are quite general, a doctor may order an Epstein-Barr virus blood test to confirm whether or not a person currently has or has had this virus in the past. Read on to learn about the procedure and how to interpret the results.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases / Bacteria / Viruses Source Type: news

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This study aimed to prepare hydrogel containing Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf, Poaceae, volatile oil encapsulated in poly (d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticles and to evaluate its in vitro anti-herpetic activity. Polymeric nanoparticles were prepared by solvent emulsification-diffusion method and incorporated in carbomer hydrogels. In vitro release profiles for the nanogel, loaded nanoparticles and hydrogel containing free oil were evaluated by dialysis. Inhibitory activities against Herpes simplex for the formulations were investigated in Vero cells. Hydrogel was developed using nanoparticles with mean diameter of 21...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Gerodontology,Volume 35, Issue 3, Page 276-278, September 2018.
Source: Gerodontology - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Tetracycline-responsive transcriptional activator driven by the liver-specific mouse albumin promoter (Alb-tTA).TheE. Coli tetracycline operon regulatory system was used to generate a liver-specific transcription activation system that was inhibited by tetracycline. The transcription activator was a fused protein consisting of a tetracycline repressor gene (tetR) that was only active in the presence of tetracycline and a herpes simplex virus protein (VP-16) transcription activating domain. Transcription was induced only in the absence of tetracycline (Tet-Off). A liver-specific promoter such as mouse albumin determined tha...
Source: NIDDK Research Materials - Category: Research Source Type: research
The causes of encephalopathy in the posttransplant setting are diverse and include medication toxicity (e.g., posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome), infections (e.g., human herpes virus type 6 [HHV-6]), and neoplastic disease (posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder). Autoimmune etiologies are not well recognized in this setting, although a few cases are described.1–5 Herein, we report 3 patients with posttransplant autoimmune encephalitis (AE).
Source: Neurology Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Autoimmune diseases Clinical/Scientific Notes Source Type: research
e;n Boglárka Csupor-Löffler Judit Hohmann Andrea Vasas Juncaceae species are rich sources of phenanthrenes. The present study has focused on the isolation and structure determination of biologically active components from Juncus compressus. Eleven compounds (nine phenanthrenes and two flavonoids) have been isolated from the plant by the combination of different chromatographic methods. Two compounds (compressins A (Compound 1) and B (Compound 2)) are novel natural products, while seven phenanthrenes (effusol (Compound 3), effususol (Compound 4), juncusol (Compound 5), 2-hydroxy-1-methyl-4-oxymethylene...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsSurvey-based vaccination data may under- or over-estimate coverage, but most adults require at least one additional vaccination by any metric. A composite measure provides a single focal point to promote adherence to standards of care.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This article reviews these infections based on their underlying etiology: bacterial, fungal, and viral causes. This article discusses the etiology, presentation, evaluation, and management of impetigo, bullous impetigo, erysipelas, cellulitis, periorbital cellulitis, orbital cellulitis, folliculitis, furuncles, carbuncles, abscess, necrotizing fasciitis, sporotrichosis, tinea corporis, tinea pedis, tinea capitis, Herpes Simplex Virus, zoster, molluscum contagiosum, and warts. PMID: 30115333 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Primary Care - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Prim Care Source Type: research
Authors: Liu J, Li J, He M, Zhang GL, Zhao Q Abstract BTLA/HVEM (B and T lymphocyte attenuator/herpes virus entry mediator) pathways play a critical role in T cell suppression in tumor. However, its dynamic changes in different T cell subsets in peripheral blood and their clinical significance are largely unclear in cancer patients. In the current study, we showed distinct changes of BTLA and HVEM expressions on peripheral blood CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); BTLA expression were significantly upregulated on circulating CD4+ but not CD8+ T cells. In sharp contrast, the levels...
Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: J Immunol Res Source Type: research
HSV is the most common identified cause of severe and fatal infectious encephalitis, accounting for approximately 10 –20% of all viral encephalitis cases in the United States [1]. The incidence of neonatal HSV infection is similar to that of serious bacterial infection amongst young infants evaluated for sepsis [2]. Despite antiviral therapy, the morbidity and mortality of HSVE remains unacceptably high; up to 6 9% of neonates and 44-62% of children and adults will suffer long-term neurological impairment [3,4].
Source: Journal of Clinical Virology - Category: Virology Authors: Source Type: research
In this issue of JNO, Drs. M. Tariq Bhatti and Mark L. Moster discuss the following 6 articles: 1. Hitomi E, Simpkins AN, Luby M, Latour LL, Leigh RJ, Leigh R. Blood-ocular barrier disruption in patients with acute stroke. Neurology. 2018;90:e915–e923.2. Karaa A, Haas R, Goldstein A, Vockley J, Weaver WD, Cohen BH. Randomized dose-escalation trial of elamipretide in adults with primary mitochondrial myopathy. Neurology. 2018;90:e1212–e1221.3. Maggi P, Absinta M, Grammatico M, Vuolo L, Emmi G, Carlucci G, Spagni G, Barilaro A, Repice AM, Emmi L, Prisco D, Martinelli V, Scotti R, Sadeghi N, Perrotta G, Sati P, D...
Source: Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Literature Commentary: PDF Only Source Type: research
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