Improved outcome and cost effectiveness in ablation of persistent atrial fibrillation under general anaesthetic

ConclusionsIn patients with persistent AF, it is both clinical and economically more effective to perform ablation under GA rather than sedation.
Source: Europace - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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The objective of the study is to compare the immediate postoperative cardiac complications in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) using mixed (arterial and venous grafts) versus only venous grafts and to compare the requirement of packed red cell units and intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) in both the groups. Materials and Methods: This was an observational, analytical, prospective study. Sample Size: Fifty new patients were included in the study. Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria: Patients diagnosed with triple-vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing OPCABG with an ejecti...
Source: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Ann Card Anaesth Source Type: research
Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common post-operative complication and tends to be the most common arrhythmia after cardiac surgery. The etiology and risk factors for post-operative AF are poorly understood, but older age, large left atrium, diffuse coronary artery disease, a history of AF paroxysms and in general, pre-existing cardiac conditions that cause restricting and susceptibility towards inflammation have been consistently linked with post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF). It has been traditionally thought that post-operative AF is transient, well-tolerated, benign to the patient and self...
Source: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Ann Card Anaesth Source Type: research
Abstract Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in western society affecting more than 35 million individuals worldwide annually. It is a common postoperative complication and may also occur spontaneously during general and local anesthesia administration. Aging, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases including cardiomyopathies, congenital cardiac anomalies, heart failure, myocardial ischemia, pericarditis, previous cardiac surgery, vascular disease, and valvular heart disease are some correlated factors. Beyond age, increased incidence of atrial fibrillation has been corre...
Source: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Ann Card Anaesth Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In pregnant patients near or at term, delivery should be considered in the management of new-onset AF after consultation with cardiology, anaesthesiology, and maternal-fetal medicine. PMID: 31882292 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research
ConclusionTSP was performed safely and successfully for various left heart procedures with a RF guidewire that served as an RF transseptal device and a stiff guidewire. This allowed for a more efficient and potentially safer technique without the need for re-wiring or an over the wire sheath exchange. This provides substantial savings in both time and materials.
Source: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundDexmedetomidine has been shown to have antiarrhythmic effects by exhibiting sympatholytic properties and activating the vagus nerve in preclinical studies. Results from clinical trials of dexmedetomidine on atrial fibrillation (AF) following adult cardiac surgery are controversial.Materials and methodsWe searched EMBASE, PubMed and Cochrane CENTRAL databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the antiarrhythmic effect of dexmedetomidine versus placebo or other anesthetic drugs in adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The primary outcome was the incidence of AF. The secondary outcomes w...
Source: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in the perioperative period. Previously considered a benign and self-limited entity, recent data suggest that perioperative AF is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality and may predict long-term AF and stroke risk in some patients. Despite known risk factors, AF remains largely unpredictable, especially after noncardiac surgery. As a consequence, strategies to minimize perioperative risk are mostly supportive and include avoiding potential arrhythmogenic triggers and proactively treating patient- and surgery-related factors that might pr...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The evidence for early all-cause mortality with perioperative beta-blockers was uncertain. We found no evidence of a difference in cerebrovascular events or ventricular arrhythmias, and the certainty of the evidence for these outcomes was low and very low. We found low-certainty evidence that beta-blockers may reduce atrial fibrillation and myocardial infarctions. However, beta-blockers may increase bradycardia (low-certainty evidence) and probably increase hypotension (moderate-certainty evidence). Further evidence from large placebo-controlled trials is likely to increase the certainty of these findings, and...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Shelly B Borden, Molly K Groose, Mark J Robitaille, Kristopher M SchroederSaudi Journal of Anaesthesia 2019 13(3):249-252 Medication shortages are a clinical reality that force changes in practice patterns leading to unintended consequences. Potential solutions to any drug shortage require a thoughtful, multidisciplinary and often creative approach. Here, we report a case of unintentional epinephrine overdose leading to an unstable cardiac arrhythmia and our subsequent development of a visual cue system to prevent future errors. A 56-year-old man with a history of rectal adenocarcinoma presented for low anterior resection...
Source: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Magnesium sulfate is an important adjuvant drug in the practice of anesthesia, with several clinical effects and a low incidence of adverse events when used at recommended doses. Introduction Magnesium is the fourth most common ion in the body, and it participates in several cellular processes, including protein synthesis, neuromuscular function and stability of nucleic acid, as well as regulating other electrolytes such as calcium and sodium. Magnesium acts as a cofactor in protein synthesis, neuromuscular function and stability and the function of nucleic acids. It is a component of adenosine 5-triph...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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