Combined multichannel intraluminal impedance ‐pH monitoring should be used to diagnose reflux‐related otitis media with effusion in children
Acta Paediatrica, EarlyView.
AbstractObjectivesSeveral studies have reported that younger children suffer from increased incidence and more severe episodes of acute mastoiditis (AM) than older children, whereas other researchers have found the opposite. The aim of our study was to describe the occurrence, clinical, and microbiological aspects of AM in children 6 months or younger, and compare them with the results in an older reference age band.MethodsThe medical files of children hospitalized with a diagnosis of AM during 2001 –2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Diagnosis of AM was based on the presence of clinical signs of acute otitis ...
Conclusion/clinical relevanceThis is the first prospective study analyzing the incidence of cleft-related speech problems in children with an isolated cleft lip. These children do not have a higher risk of cleft-related speech problems or AOM/OME when compared to the general population. However, children with an isolated cleft do have a higher incidence of speech therapy.
AbstractBackgroundAcute otitis media (AOM) is a common painful infection in children, with around 2.8 million cases presenting to primary care in England and Wales annually. Nearly all children who present to their general practitioner (GP) with AOM or AOM with discharge (AOMd) are treated with orally administered antibiotics. These can cause side effects; contribute to the growing problem of antimicrobial resistance, and more rarely, allergic reactions. Alternative treatments, such as an antibiotic eardrops, or ‘delayed’ orally administered antibiotics, could be at least as effective and safe as immediate oral...
CONCLUSION: A detailed contemporary description of paediatric mastoiditis presentation and management is presented. The findings broadly mirror those published by other UK centres, but suggest a higher rate of identified disease complications and surgical interventions. PMID: 32463007 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Songu M, Islek A, Imre A, Aslan H, Aladag I, Pinar E, Oncel S PMID: 32469007 [PubMed - in process]
We examined the expression of inflammatory cytokine- and ER stress-related genes by qRT-PCR, Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) in the middle ear of C57BL/6J mice after challenge with peptidoglycan polysaccharide (PGPS), an agent inducing OM. We also evaluated the effect of the suppression of ER stress with tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA), an ER stress inhibitor. The study revealed the upregulation of ER stress- and apoptosis-related gene expression after the PGPS treatment, specifically ATF6, CHOP, BIP, caspase-12, and caspase-3. TUDCA treatment of PGPS-treated mice decreased OM; reduced the expression of ...
CONCLUSION: IMCS use in the treatment of acute URI is highly prevalent despite lack of evidence for impact and safety. Prevalence is variable across multiple medical and surgical specialties including otorhinolaryngology. Administration of IMCS injection may contribute to the likelihood of a subsequent healthcare visit for the same indication. PMID: 32456500 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: Usually topical antibiotics, especially ciprofloxacin, is effective against ear infections but our case was different and the P. aeruginosa isolated from CSOM was resistant to most of the antibiotics. One reason for CSOM recurrence might be surgery failure. The routine and primary treatment for CSOM did not seem sufficient and tympanomastoidectomy is suggested to be the best treatment approach for these patients. PMID: 32423374 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: TLR4 regulates ROS and autophagy to control NETs formation against S.pn in the course of AOM. IMPACT: S.pn can induce NETs formation in vitro and in vivo; TLR4 regulates NETs formation by ROS and autophagy; NETs contribute to the clearance of bacteria in acute otitis media.In this study, we firstly found that autophagy and ROS were required for S.pn-induced NETs formation in the model of acute otitis media (AOM). And to some extent, TLR4 mediated NETs formation during AOM.Our research might provide a potential strategy for the treatment of otitis media. PMID: 32438368 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: Prevalence of bony dehiscence in acute otitis media patients with facial paresis did not differ from that in acute otitis media patients without facial paresis. An intact tympanic bony facial canal does not protect from facial paresis development. PMID: 32425144 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]