Medical News Today: Could this study explain the mechanism behind binge eating?

Why does overeating lead to more overeating? And why is it so easy to relapse after dieting? A new study takes the first step to answering these questions.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Obesity / Weight Loss / Fitness Source Type: news

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Abstract Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common type of eating disorder. According to the most recent data available, the estimated lifetime prevalence of BED among US adults in the general population is 0.85% (men 0.42% and women 1.25%). Among psychiatric treatment populations, prevalence is several-fold higher. Although many people with BED are obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2), roughly half are not. In the DSM-5, BED is defined by recurrent episodes of binge eating (eating in a discrete period of time, an amount of food larger than most people would eat in a similar amount of time under similar circumstances an...
Source: CNS Spectrums - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: CNS Spectr Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) is a self-report questionnaire for the assessment of addiction-like consumption of high-calorie, processed foods. The original scale was developed in 2009 and —for its tenth anniversary—we now review studies using its revised version—the YFAS 2.0.Recent FindingsThe 11 symptoms of food addiction as measured with the YFAS 2.0 demonstrated high internal reliability and a unidimensional structure in several studies, supporting construct validity. Similar to the original YFAS, highest prevalence rates of YFAS 2.0 diagnoses were found in individuals ...
Source: Current Addiction Reports - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Abstract Eating expectancies, or learned expectations that an individual has about eating, prospectively predict eating disorder (ED) symptoms. Most studies examining eating expectancies have focused on one or two eating expectancies and their relation with bulimic symptoms. In addition, these studies have been conducted mostly in women. Thus, it is unclear whether: 1) associations between eating expectancies and ED symptoms vary between men and women, and 2) extend to ED symptoms other than bulimic symptoms. The current study (N = 197 undergraduate men and 246 undergraduate women) investigated sex variance in...
Source: Appetite - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Appetite Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that lipodystrophic patients have an increased prevalence of mood, anxiety, pain, and eating disorders. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III. Evidence obtained from case-control analytic study. PMID: 31144218 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
Authors: Vigna L, Morelli F, Agnelli GM, Napolitano F, Ratto D, Occhinegro A, Di Iorio C, Savino E, Girometta C, Brandalise F, Rossi P Abstract Epidemiological data indicate that subjects affected by obesity have an increased risk of developing mood disorders. The relationship between obesity and mood disorders is bidirectional. We assessed whether a Hericium erinaceus treatment improved depression, anxiety, sleep, and binge eating disorders after 8 weeks of supplementation in subjects affected by overweight or obesity under a low calorie diet regimen. Looking for a possible clinical biomarker, we assessed the seru...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
This study illustrates the multifaceted nature of inhibitory control by comparing different inhibition stages in outpatients with chronic overweight (with binge eating disorder, BED, n = 24; Non-BED, n = 47) and healthy controls (HC, n = 30). Besides reporting impulsive patterns (UPPS), participants performed the Food Stroop (FST), Door Opening (DOT) and Stop Signal (SST) task with food and generic stimuli. The results showed a significant influence of self-reported inhibition deficits on body weight in outpatients irrespective of binge eating. On a behavioral level, BED exhibited deficits in focusing on a task...
Source: Appetite - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Appetite Source Type: research
Abstract Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common eating disorder and an important public health problem. Lifetime prevalence of BED in the United States is 2.6%. In contrast to other eating disorders, the female to male ratio in BED is more balanced. BED co-occurs with a plethora of psychiatric disorders, most commonly mood and anxiety disorders. BED is also associated with obesity and its numerous complications. Although BED is similar in men and women in presentation and treatment outcomes, there are some key neurobiological differences that should be taken in consideration when personalizing treatment. ...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Med Clin North Am Source Type: research
Conditions:   Binge-Eating Disorder;   Obesity Interventions:   Drug: Naltrexone and Bupropion;   Other: Placebo Sponsor:   Yale University Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common eating disorder and an important public health problem. Lifetime prevalence of BED in the United States is 2.6%. In contrast to other eating disorders, the female to male ratio in BED is more balanced. BED co-occurs with a plethora of psychiatric disorders, most commonly mood and anxiety disorders. BED is also associated with obesity and its numerous complications. Although BED is similar in men and women in presentation and treatment outcomes, there are some key neurobiological differences that should be taken in consideration when personalizing treatment.
Source: Medical Clinics of North America - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
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