Otitis media (acute): antimicrobial prescribing

This guideline was published in March 2018. It aims to limit antibiotic use and reduce antimicrobial resistance. It highlights that acute otitis media can be caused by viruses or bacteria, lasts for about a week, and most children get better in 3 days without antibiotics. Serious complications are rare.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Related Links:

This study sought to quantify the effect of AMR on treatments for pediatric pneumococcal disease in Ethiopia. We developed the DREAMR (Dynamic Representation of the Economics of AMR) model that simulated children younger than 5 years who acquire pneumococcal disease (pneumonia, meningitis, and acute otitis media) and seek treatment from various health facilities in Ethiopia over a year. We examined the AMR levels of three antibiotics (penicillin, amoxicillin, and ceftriaxone), treatment failures, and attributable deaths. We used a cost-of-illness method to assess the resulting economic impact of AMR from a societal perspec...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
ConclusionsPenicillin V had a remarkable impact on the fecal resistome indicating that even narrow-spectrum antibiotics may have important consequences in selecting for a more resistant microbiome.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Raquel Ferrer-Espada1,2, Xiaojing Liu1,2, Xueping Sharon Goh1,2 and Tianhong Dai1,2* 1Wellman Center for Photomedicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States 2Vaccine &Immunotherapy Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States Polymicrobial biofilms, in which mixed microbial species are present, play a significant role in persistent infections. Furthermore, polymicrobial biofilms promote antibiotic resistance by allowing interspecies transfer of antibiotic resistance genes. In the present study, we investigated the effec...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
akır M Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate the nasopharyngeal (NP) carriage prevalence, serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) in children with chronic diseases that predispose them to invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in comparison with healthy children.A cross sectional prevalence study was performed between February 2015 and February 2016 in Istanbul, Turkey. We enrolled 1024 children with chronic diseases and 394 healthy children aged 0-18 years.Overall prevalence of SPNP carriage was 9.8%. The prevalence of SPNP carriage among the healthy children was ...
Source: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Jpn J Infect Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Tadesse S, Alemayehu H, Tenna A, Tadesse G, Tessema TS, Shibeshi W, Eguale T Abstract BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major pathogens of public health importance responsible for various forms of infection. Development of resistance to commonly used antimicrobials limited treatment options against infections due to this pathogen. Antimicrobial resistance profile of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from patients with surgical site infection and ear infection and corresponding nasal swab was investigated in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital (TASH), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: Wound and ...
Source: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe infection of the middle ear in CSOM is highly polymicrobial, and isolates found in nasopharynx do not correspond well with those found in ear discharge. Pathogens associated with CSOM in Angola are dominated by gram-negatives includingEnterobacteriaceae andP. aeruginosa, while gram-positive enterococci also are common. Based on the results of antimicrobial susceptibility testing topical quinolones would be the preferred antibiotic therapy of CSOM in Angola. Topical antiseptics such as aluminium acetate, acetic acid or boric acid, however, may be more feasible options due to a possibly emerging antimicrobial resistance.
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Professor Dame Sally Davies, England's Chief Medical Officer, recently warned that the world could face a  " post-antibiotic apocalypse.” She urged that, unless action is taken to halt the practices that have allowed antibiotic resistance to spread and ways are found to develop new types of antibiotics, we could return to the days when simple wounds, infections or routine operations, are life-threatening. To mark   World Antibiotic Awareness Week, 12th-18th November 2018,  we are highlighting Cochrane  evidence which supports decision-making in the appropriate use of antibiotics.&nb...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news
In 2007, Matthys and colleagues published a classic article: Differences Among International Pharyngitis Guidelines: Not Just Academic Jan Matthys, Marc De Meyere, Mieke L. van Driel, An De Sutter Ann Fam Med. 2007 Sep; 5(5): 436–443. doi: 10.1370/afm.741 PMCID: PMC2000301 RESULTS We included 4 North American and 6 European guidelines. Recommendations differ with regard to the use of a rapid antigen test and throat culture and with the indication for antibiotics. The North American, French, and Finnish guidelines consider diagnosis of group A streptococcus essential, and prevention o...
Source: DB's Medical Rants - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Medical Rants Source Type: blogs
Abstract Overuse of antibiotics is contributing to an emerging antimicrobial resistance crisis. To better understand how bacteria adapt tolerance and resist antibiotic treatment, Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates obtained from infection sites sampled from companion animals were collected and evaluated for phenotypic differences. Selected pairs of clonal isolates were obtained from individual infection samples and were assessed for antibiotic susceptibility, cyclic di-GMP levels, biofilm production, motility and genetic-relatedness. A total of 18 samples from equine, feline and canine origin were characterized. A sam...
Source: Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In order to better survey, control and prevent the emergence of multidrug- and extremely drug-resistant S. pneumoniae strains, antimicrobial stewardship, national surveillance and public awareness programmes should be developed urgently in Middle Eastern countries. PMID: 28650313 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
More News: Antimicrobial Resistance | Children | Health | Otitis | Otitis Media