Another Downside to Opioid Use: Pneumonia?

Source: Pulmonary Medicine News - Doctors Lounge - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Infections, Pharmacy, Pulmonology, News, Source Type: news

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Authors: Huh HJ, Lim KR, Ki CS, Huh K, Shim HJ, Song DJ, Kim YJ, Chung DR, Lee NY Abstract BACKGROUND: Real-time PCR is more sensitive than microscopic examination for detecting Pneumocystis jirovecii. We compared the performance of two assays for detecting P. jirovecii DNA: the RealStar Pneumocystis jirovecii PCR Kit 1.0 CE (Altona Diagnostics, Hamburg, Germany) and the AmpliSens Pneumocystis jirovecii (carinii)-FRT PCR kit (InterLabService Ltd., Moscow, Russia). METHODS: We used 159 samples from the lower respiratory tract (112 bronchoalveolar lavage [BAL] fluid, 37 sputum, and 10 endotracheal aspirate [ETA] ...
Source: Annals of Laboratory Medicine - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Ann Lab Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsBoth an intensive care system and surveillance support should be established to prevent infections, particularly in high-risk patients at LTCHs.
Source: Asian Nursing Research - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2018Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Hyun-Chel Joo, Young-Nam Youn, Jung-Hwan Kim, Seung-Hyun Lee, Sak Lee, Kyung-Jong YooAbstractBackgroundThere is no consensus as to whether a median approach or lateral approach is better for distal aortic arch aneurysms with distal extensions. The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcomes of these two approaches for distal aortic arch aneurysms with distal extensions.MethodsFrom January 2001 to December 2017, 212 consecutive patients with distal aortic arch aneurysms with distal extensions underwent surgery using di...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Shigeo Hanada, Mina Pirzadeh, Kyle Y. Carver, Jane C. Deng
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Despite the availability of appropriate antibiotics, MPP incurs significant mortality and morbidity. Our study indicated that the recommended treatment includes prompt serological diagnosis, aggressive supportive care and presumptive antibiotics, especially in patients with poor prognosis. PMID: 30425761 [PubMed]
Source: Clin Med Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: J Clin Med Res Source Type: research
Source: Acta Clinica Belgica - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionPCV13 is dominant. A PCV13 vaccination program saves costs to the public system, reduces mortality and morbidity; these results are robust.
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: Chuang MC, Chang CH, Lee CS, Li SH, Hsiao CC, Fang YF, Hsieh MJ Abstract BACKGROUND: Acute cholinesterase inhibitor (CI) poisoning, including organophosphate and carbamate poisoning, is a crucial problem in developing countries. Acute intoxication results in a cholinergic crisis, neurological symptoms, or respiratory failure. However, the short-term and long-term outcomes of CI poisoning are seldom reported. METHODS: Data from the National Health Insurance Research Database were used to investigate the outcomes after organophosphate and carbamate poisoning. Patients who were hospitalized for a first ep...
Source: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol Source Type: research
Authors: Molina Villalba C, Vázquez Rodríguez JA, Gallardo Sánchez F Abstract Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is an effective and safe method for nutritional support in patients with malnutrition and impossibility of oral intake with an estimated survival higher than the months that require enteral nutrition beyond four weeks. The main indications include neoplasms of the upper air-digestive tract and neurological diseases, with dementia currently considered a controversial indication. Anatomical alterations and infectious diseases are the most frequent contraindications. There are di...
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
(Technical University of Munich (TUM)) Staphylococcus aureus bacteria can cause numerous diseases, such as skin infections, pneumonia and blood poisoning (sepsis). The strong immune response triggered by the bacteria is an aggravating factor here. One reason for this lies in specific bacterial toxins -- as established by a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and University of T ü bingen. These toxins reduce the amount of cells capable of suppressing the immune response. So multi-resistant strains, which produce very high levels of enterotoxin, become even more dangerous.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
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