Another Downside to Opioid Use: Pneumonia?

Source: Pulmonary Medicine News - Doctors Lounge - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Infections, Pharmacy, Pulmonology, News, Source Type: news

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Authors: Chen S, Tian X Abstract Human mastadenovirus (HAdVs) can cause a broad spectrum of diseases in both children and adults, including acute respiratory infection, gastroenteritis, epidemic keratoconjunctivitis. Populations susceptible to adenovirus infection include children, immunocompromised patients and military recruits. To date, seven species (A-G) including more than 79 genotypes have been characterized, of which HAdV-B3, B4, B7 and the recently reemerged types 14 and 55 often lead to severe pneumonia. The live oral enteric-coated adenovirus type 4 and 7 vaccine, which was approved for use in US militar...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Garnacho-Montero J, Barrero-García I, Gómez-Prieto MG, Martín-Loeches I Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite advances in modern medicine, severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) continues to be a potentially deadly disease. Mortality rate reaches up to the 50% in patients requiring admission to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) when developing septic shock. Areas covered: We aim to describe the optimal management of severe CAP including antibiotic therapy, future antimicrobial options, and non-antibiotic (so-called adjunctive) therapies. A literature search was performed to identify all clinic...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that the common DEGs may be associated with the progression of severe pneumonia. PMID: 30112034 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsAggressive endoscopic sinus surgery for maxillary sinuses incites an osteoneogenetic reaction that leads to auto-obliteration of the sinus and reduces sinus-related morbidity in children with cystic fibrosis. Through this osteoneogenesis, the sinus is transformed into a shallow cup that does not retain secretions and is easy to clear. It is our impression that this may lead to reduced morbidity and a decreased need for repeat maxillary sinus surgery.
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
We report the case of a 32-year-old man presented with P. jirovecii pneumonia who developed cystic lesions and spontaneous bilateral pneumothorax in spite of TMP/SMX treatment. We consider it an interesting clinical case because few simultaneous bilateral pneumothorax cases have been described directly related to the PCP.
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 August 2018Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): P.P.N. Vijay Kumar, U. Shameem, R.L. Kalyani, S.V.N. Pammi, Yoon Soon GilAbstractThe present study is focused on the synthesis of silver nano particles (Ag NPs) using an aqueous extract of the whole plant of Sida cordifolia as a potential bio-reducing agent and assessment of their antibacterial activity. UV–Vis spectroscopy of composed silver colloidal solution displayed surface Plasmon resonance peak at 420 nm. XRD and TEM analysis revealed the morphology as ultra-small, monodispersed spherical nanoparticles with face-centere...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 August 2018Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Min Yong Jwa, Eun Byeol Ko, Hyun Young Kim, Sun Kyung Kim, Soyoung Jeong, Ho Seong Seo, Cheol-Heui Yun, Seung Hyun HanAbstractStreptococcus pneumoniae is a major respiratory pathogen that can cause pneumonia, meningitis, and otitis media. Although capsular polysaccharide-based vaccines are commercially available, there is a need for broad-spectrum, serotype-independent, and cost-effective vaccines. Recently, an intranasal vaccine formulated with gamma-irradiated nonencapsulated S. pneumoniae whole cells has been developed and its immu...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
We describe the case of an 81-year-old male with cT1aN2M1b stage IV pleomorphic carcinoma of the left upper lobe of the lung. After primary treatment with carboplatin and paclitaxel, recurrence was observed in the left supraclavicular lymph node and left adrenal gland. We initiated the administration of nivolumab as a secondary treatment. Reduction was observed in the swelling of the left supraclavicular lymph node and left adrenal gland, but the tumor shadow in the right upper lobe appeared to increase. Bronchoscopy was performed, and the biopsy result showed granulomas; the findings resembled a sarcoid-like granulomatous...
Source: Case Reports in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Papakonstantinou NA, Zisis C, Kouvidou C, Stratakos G Abstract Radiofrequency ablation is an effective treatment for atrial fibrillation. Pulmonary vein stenosis/occlusion is one of its rare complications. Herein, the case of a 50-year-old man with hemoptysis and migratory pulmonary infiltrations after transcatheter radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation is presented. Initially, pneumonia, interstitial pulmonary disease, or lung cancer was suspected, but wedge resection revealed hemorrhagic infiltrations. Chest computed tomography pulmonary angiography detected no left superior pulmonary vein due ...
Source: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Source Type: research
The comfort theory was applied in the development of a nursing process for the clinical case of an older adult with pneumonia treated under hospital at home. It was observed that the theory is easy to apply in the domiciliary context and that it allows the implementation of a holistic care plan.
Source: Holistic Nursing Practice - Category: Nursing Tags: Features Source Type: research
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