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Beyond the forensic pathology investigation: improving warfighter survivability - Mazuchowski EL, Jordan CJ, Finelli LN, Harcke HT.

The Armed Forces Medical Examiner System (AFMES) conducts forensic pathology investigations in accordance with Title 10 U.S. Code 1471. Since 2004, the AFMES has incorporated advanced radiologic imaging, such as computed tomography, into its protocol. This...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

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Conclusions: SRS for benign head and neck paragangliomas is a safe and efficacious treatment associated with minimal morbidity. SRS is suitable for patients with skull base tumors
Source: American Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Original Articles: Head and Neck Source Type: research
Conclusions: Preradiotherapy low albumin levels and NLR>5 correlate with decreased survival in patients with locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma treated with SBRT, indicating the prognostic value of systemic inflammatory markers (such as NLR) and a role of nutritional supplementation to improve outcomes in these patients. Further investigation is warranted.
Source: American Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Original Articles: Gastrointestinal Source Type: research
Purpose: To investigate whether positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) initial and restaging imaging predicts for pathologic response measured by tumor regression grade (TRG) after preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer. Methods: A retrospective review of 220 patients with stage II-III esophageal cancer treated with neoadjuvant CRT followed by surgery was performed. In total, 187 patients were eligible for statistical analysis. Pretreatment and posttreatment PET/CT scans were reviewed. Maximum standard uptake value (SUV) at the site of the primary tu...
Source: American Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Original Articles: Thoracic Source Type: research
We report a rare case of a 53-year-old man with no significant past medical history who reported multiple tick bites within a 2-month period. The patient reported not “feeling well” for the 2 ½ weeks. He complained of generalized body aches, pains, and chills. He did not report nausea, vomiting, or yellowish discoloration of the eyes or skin. He presented to the emergency room with syncope preceded by severe abdominal pain. Upon presentation, he was pale and hypotensive. He had not experienced any trauma. Computed tomography revealed a splenic rupture, hemoperitoneum, and active extravasation of contrast...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Publication date: 21 February 2018 Source:The Lancet, Volume 391, Supplement 2 Author(s): Amir Abukaresh, Rami Al-Abadlah, Bettina Böttcher, Khamis El-Essi Background In the 2014 Palestinian annual health report, cerebrovascular accident was ranked as the third leading cause of death in the occupied Palestinian territory. Cerebrovascular accident is also one the most common causes of disability worldwide. Good management decreases mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study was to assess the current management of patients with ischaemic stroke at the Al-Shifa Hospital and to compare this with international guideli...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study is to determine whether iterative model reconstruction (IMR) optimized for brain CT could improve the detection of acute stroke in the setting of thin image slices and narrow window settings.MethodsWe retrospectively reviewed 27 patients who presented acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) stroke. Images were reconstructed using filtered back projection (FBP; 1- and 5-mm slice thickness) and IMR (1  mm thickness), and contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs) of infarcted and non-infarcted areas were compared. To analyze the performance of acute MCA stroke detection, we used receiver operati...
Source: Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract: Coccidioidomycosis is the major systemic mycoses, considered to be 1 of the most infectious fungal diseases. In symptomatic patients, the most common manifestation is pulmonary disease, but many other organs can be affected. Disseminated disease occurs in 1%–5% of all patients affected by coccidioidomycosis and can affect any organ, with the skin, central nervous system, and musculoskeletal system being reported as the most prevalent. Here, we report a 42-year-old male farmer from the west Texas who presented with an approximately 2-month history of progressive shortness of breath and dyspnea on exertion,...
Source: The American Journal of Dermatopathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Extraordinary Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusions: A set of circulating miRNAs (miR-125a-5p, miR-125b-5p, miR-143-3p) associates with acute IS and might have clinical utility as an early diagnostic marker.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Non-coding RNA profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
A 17 year old girl presented with a progressively increasing swelling in her neck since 9 months. On examination a2*3 cm, firm, pulsatile swelling was felt in the left anterior triangle. The CT scan of the mass was suggestive of a carotid body tumor and urinary cathecholamines were negative. The mass was excised completely.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Hematology Oncology - Category: Hematology Tags: Morphology Corner Source Type: research
Conclusion FNAC is a reliable diagnostic tool for common salivary gland neoplasms; however, rare tumors often represent diagnostic challenges. Clinical relevance In such rare tumors, the role of aspiration cytology may be limited to establishing the dignity of the lesion (benign/malignant). This knowledge enables the surgeon to choose the most appropriate therapeutic procedure. A definitive diagnosis of rare tumors (either epithelial or nonepithelial) is obtained by histological examination; cytology is limited in this regard due to overlapping features.
Source: Journal of Applied Oral Science - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
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