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Beyond the forensic pathology investigation: improving warfighter survivability - Mazuchowski EL, Jordan CJ, Finelli LN, Harcke HT.

The Armed Forces Medical Examiner System (AFMES) conducts forensic pathology investigations in accordance with Title 10 U.S. Code 1471. Since 2004, the AFMES has incorporated advanced radiologic imaging, such as computed tomography, into its protocol. This...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

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In the recently published article by Loewenstern et  al,1 the authors attempted to determine the utility of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the diagnosis and management of compressive optic neuropathy secondary to fibrous dysplasia (FD). OCT is a relatively new imaging modality, which uses high-resolution cross-sections of the retina to determ ine the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness. The study evaluated 6 patients with cranial base FD for optic nerve compression and RNFL thinning, using computed tomography (CT) and OCT, respectively.
Source: World Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
Conclusions: The radiological identification of the site of CSF leak through sensitive imaging studies such as MRC with intrathecal gadolinium is crucial for surgical approach. PMID: 29770252 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our case demonstrates that histopathological defined diagnosis may significantly inform therapeutic decision-making in irresectable cholangiocarcinoma even in regard to conventional systemic therapy. In case of an undifferentiated carcinoma poly-chemotherapy may provide significant success. PMID: 29774134 [PubMed]
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Conclusion: In our study the overlap between baseline and post-therapeutic metabolic tumor sub-volumes was only moderate. These results need to be investigated in a larger cohort acquired with a more standardized patient repositioning protocol for sequential PET imaging. Methods: Pre and post treatment PET/CT scans of ninety four HNSCC patients treated with radio-chemotherapy were retrospectively reviewed. Follow-up 18F-FDG PET/CT images were registered to baseline scans using a rigid body transformation. Seven metabolic tumor sub-volumes were obtained on the baseline scans using a fixed percentage of SUVmax (I30, I40,...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe 3D IR-UTE-Cones MRI technique selectively visualizes lamellar bone, produces similar contrast to 2D CT imaging, and compares favorably to measurements made using 2D and 3D CT.
Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
We read the article “Arteriovenous fistula: an uncommon cause of heart failure,” reported by Koratala et al,1 with great interest. The study reported a 72-year-old patient with arteriovenous fistula that resulted in heart failure. Recently we encountered an 84-year-old patient suffering from aorta–aorta fistula w ith chest discomfort. The initial chest computed tomography angiography of the patient showed a descending aorta–pulmonary aorta fistula with collateral vessels (Figure). However, the chest pain was considered as unstable angina, for which the patient received 2 coronary stents.
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Letter Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Radiotherapy is effective treatment in advance vaginal adenocarcinoma, however, with high morbidity. The authors advise rigorous gynecologic exams in young females with renal agenesis as there may be a risk of malignant changes in vagina. PMID: 29767889 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Eur J Gynaecol Oncol Source Type: research
Authors: Beyazal Celiker F, Turan A, Beyazal M, Tmel Eroglu H, Bulut G, Colcimen N, Beyazal Polat H Abstract In the present case report, the authors investigated the clinicopathological characteristics of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arising from teratoma of the ovary and intended to report their clinical experience. Malignant transformation of ovarian teratoma is a quite rare condition with SCC observed to be the most common form of transformation. The present case was a 43-year-old female patient and her clinical presentation was abdominal pain, abdominal distension, and abdominal mass sensation. The patient und...
Source: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Eur J Gynaecol Oncol Source Type: research
Authors: Jung Y, Ahn JH, Kim RY, Yoon JH, Lee SJ Abstract The loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) is commonly used to remove cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) because of its safety profile and likelihood of fewer complications. The authors report a rare case of massive retroperitoneal bleeding combined with hypovolemic shock after LEEP conization. Vessel injury was detected by angiographic computed tomography (CT) and embolization of the uterine artery was successfully performed to achieve hemostasis by an intervention radiologist. A pigtail catheter was subsequently inserted for the drainage of t...
Source: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Eur J Gynaecol Oncol Source Type: research
This study aimed to establish a scientific rationale for choosing the optimal insertion angle and insertion point for access to the subarachnoid space or the epidural space by using a computer algorithm to perform measurements in computed tomography (CT) scans in 52 patients at different spine levels.
Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Mechanisms, Equipment, Hazards Source Type: research
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