Obesity Treatments Compared: Bariatric Surgery vs. Nonsurgical Options, Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy vs. Bypass

Studies in JAMA's obesity issue offer additional evidence on bariatric surgery's benefits and may ease potential concerns over increasing use of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. First...
Source: Physician's First Watch current issue - Category: Primary Care Source Type: news

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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), including erosive esophagitis, is highly prevalent in the obese population. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) is one of the most frequently performed bariatric procedures. The relationship between LSG and GERD has gained increasing attention. This retrospective study aims to assess the effectiveness of combined LSG and modified Rossetti anti-reflux fundoplication for the treatment of GERD on morbidly obese patients after bariatric surgery.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original articles Source Type: research
ConclusionsSuper morbidly obese patients required fewer opioids and analgesics perioperatively. They exhibited higher comorbidities with greater anaesthesia time and ICU admissions. PACU stay time and pain scores were comparable.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) who are morbidly obese cannot be easily bridged to heart transplantation (HT). Reported UNOS data show that the survival rate of such patients was low after HT. Some patients are obese at the time of LVAD implantation, whereas others become morbidly obese following LVAD implantation. We applied laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) as a treatment strategy and our study looked to determine its efficacy and safety.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: (835) Source Type: research
Abstract The worldwide obesity epidemic has led to an increase in the number of bariatric procedures for treatment. Currently, the most commonly performed bariatric surgical operation in the United States is the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is exceptionally high following the LSG: as much as 65%. Anesthesia providers should be mindful of this elevated risk and stay up to date on evidence-based techniques that help to mitigate the incidence of PONV related to this specific procedure. The purposes of this clinical review are to increase provider awarenes...
Source: AANA Journal - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: AANA J Source Type: research
ConclusionsForegut pathology is common in bariatric patients with subjective symptoms of GERD. Implementing a comprehensive protocol to objectively assess these patients leads to a significant clinical impact on which procedure these patients ultimately undergo.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study included patients who underwent primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The primary outcome of interest was incisional SSI occurring within 30  days. Surgeries performed in 2015 were used in a derivation cohort and the predictive tool was validated against the 2016 cohort. A forward selection algorithm was used to build a logistic regression model predicting probability of SSI.ResultsA total of 274,187 patients were included with 71.7% being LSG and 28.3% LRYGB. 0.7% of patients had a SSI in which 71.0% had an incisional SSI, and 29.9% had an organ/spa...
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
We examined the association of hospital length of stay (LOS) by race-ethnicity (Hispanic, non-Hispanic white [NHW], NH black [NHB]) and MBS-procedure among Florida inpatients. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of inpatient records was performed using the 2016 Florida Agency for Health Care Administrative (AHCA) data. Records of Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB), Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB), and Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) procedures based on ICD 10th edition code were analyzed. Via logistic regression analysis, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of longer LOS (≥2 versus 
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research
Abstract Bariatric surgeries have been demonstrated to be safe and effective treatment options for morbid obesity patients, but operative risks and high health care costs limit their clinical application. Endoscopic bariatric therapies are emerging as valuable alternatives for patients with doubts about bariatric surgery or ineligible for it. Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG), a relatively novel technique of endoscopic bariatric therapies, has gained standing in the past few years. The safety, feasibility, repeatability, and potential for reversibility of ESG have been proven by multicenter studies. Compared to...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Bariatric surgery is an effective therapeutic procedure for morbidly obese patients. The two most common interventions are Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) and Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (LRYGB).
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original articles Source Type: research
ConclusionLSG might induce weight loss in part by increasing SC and FC between DLPFC and ACC, and thus strengthening top-down control over food intake.
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
More News: Bariatric Surgery | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Gastrectomy | Gastroenterology | Laparoscopy | Obesity | Study