Factors associated with possible complicated grief and major depressive disorders

Abstract ObjectiveComplicated grief (CG) is considered a distinctive symptom from other bereavement‐related mental impairments such as major depressive disorder (MDD). CG and MDD may appear independently or co‐morbidly; however, the factors associated with each situation are unclear. MethodsWe conducted a nationwide cross‐sectional questionnaire survey involving bereaved family members of cancer patients in 175 institutions. The following items were included in the questionnaires to assess the prevalence of CG and MDD, and the following associated factors: demographic characteristics; bereaved family depression (Patient Health Questionnaire‐9) and grief status (Brief Grief Questionnaire); structure and process of care (Care Evaluation Scale); overall care satisfaction; and achievement of a good death (Good Death Inventory). ResultsA total of 9,123 questionnaires were returned. The prevalence of CG and MDD was 14% and 17%, respectively. Additionally, 58% of the possible CG participants showed co‐morbid symptoms. Common factors that showed significant association with either independent or co‐morbid symptoms of CG and MDD were pre=existing mental impairment; belief in the survival of the soul after physical death; unpreparedness for the death; poor physical or psychological health status; and the belief that the deceased felt themselves as a burden to others (all p
Source: Psycho-Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: PAPER Source Type: research

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This study sought to investigate what could be learned from how these men have fared. The men were born in 1925-1928 and similar health-related data from questionnaires, physical examination, and blood samples are available for all surveys. Survival curves over various variable strata were applied to evaluate the impact of individual risk factors and combinations of risk factors on all-cause deaths. At the end of 2018, 118 (16.0%) of the men had reached 90 years of age. Smoking in 1974 was the strongest single risk factor associated with survival, with observed percentages of men reaching 90 years being 26.3, 25.7, ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: To investigate the effectiveness of home-based exercise training on exercise capacity, dyspnea, anxiety, depression, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). LITERATURE SEARCH: A systematic literature search of the Cochrane Central Register of Randomized Controlled Trials, Embase®, PubMed®, and Web of Science databases was performed for articles published through July 22, 2018. DATA EVALUATION: The meta-analysis was conducted with Review Manager, version 5.3, following PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. ...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of diabetes on the symptoms of women with breast cancer. SAMPLE & SETTING: 121 women with breast cancer who self-identified as having a diabetes diagnosis and 1,006 women with breast cancer without diabetes from 97 sites across the United States. METHODS & VARIABLES: Symptom scores for depression, anxiety, sexual function, peripheral neuropathy, physical function, attention function, sleep disturbance, and fatigue were compared between women with breast cancer and diabetes and women with breast cancer without diabetes, controlling for age, education, inc...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, safety, and fidelity of a psychoeducational intervention to improve family caregiver technical and communication skills using structured simulations. SAMPLE & SETTING: 18 family caregivers of adult patients receiving radiation therapy for head and neck cancer at University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center in Cleveland, Ohio. METHODS & VARIABLES: A two-group, randomized pilot trial design was used. The intervention consisted of four one-on-one sessions between the caregiver and nurse interventionist during the patient's first, second,...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study demonstrated ‘proof of principle’ that daily moderate-to-high intensity cycle ergometer exercise was feasible, safe and well tolerated among newly diagnosed patients with locally advanced NSCLC undergoing concomitant chemoradiotherapy. Larger randomized controlled trials are warranted.
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Long noncoding RNA SNHG15 enhances the development of colorectal carcinoma via functioning as a ceRNA through miR-141/SIRT1/Wnt/β-catenin axis. Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol. 2019 Dec;47(1):2536-2544 Authors: Sun X, Bai Y, Yang C, Hu S, Hou Z, Wang G Abstract Colon cancer, also known as colorectal carcinoma (CRC), remains to be one of the most mainsprings of cancer-produced deaths entire world. We planned to grab the role and possible biological cause of a long noncoding RNA, namely, small nucleolar RNA host gene 15 (SNHG15), in CRC. The mRNA level of SNHG15 in CRC tissues and cells was detected,...
Source: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Tags: Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol Source Type: research
By Christian Jarrett There is increasing recognition that while our personality traits are stable enough to shape our lives profoundly, they are also partly malleable, so that our choices and experiences can feedback and influence the kind of people we become. A new study in the Journal of Research in Personality shines a light on a highly consequential behaviour that captures this dynamic – smoking cigarettes. The results add “… to existing knowledge on the implications of smoking by showing that this behaviour is also likely to alter individuals’ characteristic ways of thinking, feeling, and beha...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Health Personality Source Type: blogs
Eating right can help keep your body and mind healthy and extend your quality of life. But some older Americans may face barriers to getting enough nutrients or calories. Many ways aging can affect appetite Physiological changes that come with aging can result in reduced calorie needs, which can lead to decreased food intake and altered body composition, even in healthy older adults. This can be compounded by diminished smell and taste, and changes in hormone levels that affect how quickly you feel full. Depression, lack of independence, and social isolation can make food less appealing, further contributing to a less than...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Healthy Eating Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: The epidemic of opioid misuse has shown that there is a lack of fundamental knowledge about the characteristics and management of chronic pain, that conflicts of interest and validity of models must be more intensively considered in the context of drug development and that novel analgesics with less addictive potential are urgently needed. Currently, the most promising perspectives appear to be augmenting endogenous opioid actions and the selective activation of peripheral opioid receptors. PMID: 31222410 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Schmerz - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Schmerz Source Type: research
Mortality from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is rare and even rarer in paediatric patients. Usually when we consider causes of death in patients with IBD, cancer, venous thromboembolism, sepsis and nutrition are at the front of mind. However, the pop...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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