The Validation of Ultrasound-Guided Target Segment Identification in Thoracic Spine as Confirmed by Fluoroscopy.

Conclusions: Ultrasound-guided detection using the 12th rib as a starting landmark for scanning could be a promising technique for successful target segment identification in the thoracic spine. PMID: 29201300 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Clin Orthop Surg Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Our study showed that fasting for more than 6–10 hours does not guarantee an empty stomach. Those with co-morbidities like diabetes mellitus, obesity and chronic kidney disease (CKD) appear more prone to have unsafe gastric contents.
Source: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
Clinical Obesity, EarlyView.
Source: Clinical Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Source Type: research
This article in our series on point-of-care ultrasound (US) for the regional anesthesiologist and pain management specialist describes the emerging role of gastric ultrasonography. Although gastric US is a relatively new point-of-care US application in the perioperative setting, its relevance for the regional anesthesiologist and pain specialist is significant as our clinical practice often involves providing deep sedation without a secured airway. Given that pulmonary aspiration is a well-known cause of perioperative morbidity and mortality, the ability to evaluate for NPO (nil per os) status and risk stratify patients sc...
Source: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain: Review Article Source Type: research
ConclusionSurgeons must have high index of suspicion for elderly obese males with inguinal hernias and urinary or intestinal obstruction symptoms. Careful preoperative planning must be made to avoid repair associated bladder injuries.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Purpose of review Abdominal obesity, especially the increase of visceral adipose tissue (VAT), is closely associated with increased mortality related to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and fatty liver disease. This review provides an overview of the recent advances for abdominal obesity measurement. Recent findings Compared to simple waist circumference, emerging three-dimensional (3D) body-scanning techniques also measure abdominal volume and shape. Abdominal dimension measures have been implemented in bioelectrical impedance analysis to improve accuracy when estimating VAT. Geometrical models have been applied in ...
Source: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care - Category: Nutrition Tags: ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL AND METABOLIC STATUS: Edited by Dwight E. Matthews and Kristina Norman Source Type: research
Conclusion: Dyslipidemia is common in overweight, obese children. FLD is prevalent in those with elevated liver transaminases. WC is an easy tool that can be utilized to screen for dyslipidemia and FLD in overweight and obese children. PMID: 30009050 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research
The current study herein presents a cohort of 66 patients with suspected anastomotic or staple line leakage (ASLL) after bariatric surgery that underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans as part of their diagnostic workup. These 66 patients were a subset of a larger group of 121 patients suspected of ASLL. The remainder of the patients underwent another form of workup including diagnostic laparoscopy, upper GI series, and abdominal ultrasound. With a negative predictive value of 95-97% among the 66 patients undergoing CT scan for suspected ASLL, the authors conclude that a negative CT can be trusted to rule out ASL...
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
The present study presents a cohort of 66 patients with suspected anastomotic or staple line leakage (ASLL) after bariatric surgery who underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans as part of their diagnostic workup. These 66 patients were a subset of a larger group of 121 patients suspected of having ASLL. The remainder of the patients underwent another form of workup, including diagnostic laparoscopy, upper gastrointestinal series, and abdominal ultrasound. With a negative predictive value of 95% to 97% among the 66 patients undergoing CT scan for suspected ASLL, the authors conclude that a negative CT can be trust...
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Editorial comment Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 April 2018Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Seema PatelAbstractPolycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder, afflicting females of reproductive age. This syndrome leads to infertility, insulin resistance, obesity, and cardiovascular problems, including a litany of other health issues. PCOS is a polygenic, polyfactorial, systemic, inflammatory, dysregulated steroid state, autoimmune disease, manifesting largely due to lifestyle errors. The advent of biochemical tests and ultrasound scanning has enabled the detection of PCOS in the a...
Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
This study, though a simulation in nature, shows promise for being able to accurately diagnose the peripheral vasculature using electromagnetic parameters. This feasibility study proved successful for possible future implementation using MEMS/NEMS device systems to be designed to detect EM parameters to serve as a diagnostic tool for the early detection of peripheral vascular disease, and ultimately, diabetic foot ulcers.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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