The Validation of Ultrasound-Guided Target Segment Identification in Thoracic Spine as Confirmed by Fluoroscopy.

Conclusions: Ultrasound-guided detection using the 12th rib as a starting landmark for scanning could be a promising technique for successful target segment identification in the thoracic spine. PMID: 29201300 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Clin Orthop Surg Source Type: research

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Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a condition of extra fat buildup in the liver, is on the rise — it now affects roughly 20% to 40% of the US population. It usually doesn’t cause any symptoms, and is often first detected by accident when an imaging study (such as an abdominal ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI) is requested for another reason. A fatty liver may also be identified on an imaging test as a part of investigating abnormal liver blood tests. NAFLD is intimately related to conditions like diabetes and obesity. It’s also linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Understanding NAFLD...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Digestive Disorders Health Source Type: blogs
This study aimed to use a portable ultrasound method to quantitatively measure skin thickness and to compare leg edema in obese and non-obese pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty-six pregnant women (17 primiparas and 19 multiparas) at 27/28 and 37/38 weeks of pregnancy, with and without leg edema, had their lower leg skin thickness measured using a B-scan portable ultrasonography device (72 legs and maximum of 98 measurements). Measurements were compared between women who were obese prior to pregnancy, with a body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m² and non-obese with a BMI
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Discussion Intrauterine growth retardation or fetal growth retardation is due to a pathological process that causes decelerated fetal growth velocity. Small-for-gestational age (SGA) is an infant with growth parameters below the normal range for gestational age. More commonly, SGA is defined as a birth weight
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Hematological cancer has risk of venous thromboembolism of 28 fold compared to sex and age adjusted incidence in general population (JAMA 2005;293:715-722). This risk increases in patients with MM receiving dexamethasone and immunomodulatory drug. Thus, thromboprophylaxis with aspirin in low risk patients and LMWH or warfarin in high risk patients are recommended (Leukemia 2008;22:414-423). Direct oral anticoagulants are promising due to their convenience and costs-effectiveness in preventing VTE in other settings. They have not been extensively studied in myeloma therapy.From January of 2010 to December of 2017, 105 with ...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 332. Antithrombotic Therapy Source Type: research
ConclusionsAccidental placement of CVC s into the PA is a rare complication. The catheter should be removed. Patients should be urgently transferred to a center with access to interventional radiology and cardiothoracic surgery.
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Performing EAS along with R-TAS improves completion rates for anatomic evaluation in the obese gravida and is associated with greater patient and sonographer satisfaction. PMID: 30390944 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research
The purpose of this prospective observational study was to measure gastric volumes in fasted patients using bedside gastric ultrasound. Patients presenting for non-emergency surgery underwent a gastric antrum assessment, using the two-diameter and free-trace methods to determine antral cross-sectional area (CSA). Gastric residual volume (GRV) was calculated using a validated formula. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed to examine any potential relationships between ‘at risk’ GRVs (>100 ml) and patient factors. Two hundred and twenty-two successful scans were performed; of these 110 patients ...
Source: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our study showed that fasting for more than 6–10 hours does not guarantee an empty stomach. Those with co-morbidities like diabetes mellitus, obesity and chronic kidney disease (CKD) appear more prone to have unsafe gastric contents.
Source: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
Clinical Obesity, EarlyView.
Source: Clinical Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Source Type: research
This article in our series on point-of-care ultrasound (US) for the regional anesthesiologist and pain management specialist describes the emerging role of gastric ultrasonography. Although gastric US is a relatively new point-of-care US application in the perioperative setting, its relevance for the regional anesthesiologist and pain specialist is significant as our clinical practice often involves providing deep sedation without a secured airway. Given that pulmonary aspiration is a well-known cause of perioperative morbidity and mortality, the ability to evaluate for NPO (nil per os) status and risk stratify patients sc...
Source: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain: Review Article Source Type: research
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