Maternal Anxiety and Child Fear during Dental Procedures: A Preliminary Study

Source: Journal of Dentistry for Children - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Clinical Articles Source Type: research

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Publication date: May 2019Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 94Author(s): Aikaterini Traianou, Panayiotis Patrikelis, Mary H. Kosmidis, Vasilios Κ. Kimiskidis, Stylianos GatzonisAbstractDespite the extensive body of research in clinical neurology on the functional organization of posterior cortices, parietal and occipital lobe epilepsy (PLE and OLE) have not as yet received the attention afforded frontal and temporal lobe epilepsy (FLE and TLE), perhaps due to their low prevalence. Posterior epilepsies however, represent a challenge for epileptology in general and neuropsychological differential diagnosis in part...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to determine whether three common genetic polymorphisms [apolipoprotein (APOE) ε4 (rs42938 and rs7412), brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Met (rs6265), and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val (rs4680)] are associated with increased psychiatric symptomatology in individuals with pharmacoresistant epilepsy.MethodsOne hundred forty-eight adults (Mage = 38 years; 53% female) with refractory epilepsy completed self-report measures of mood, anxiety, and/or personality/psychopathology. Mann–Whitney U, t-tests, and Fisher's exact tests were used to determine if APOE4, ...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract Neuropsychiatric adverse events (NPAEs) observed with the integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) dolutegravir (DTG) are usually mild to moderate. The most prevalent symptoms are insomnia and sleep disorders, but the spectrum also includes dizziness, anxiety, depression, headache, paraesthesia, muscle-skeletal pain, poor concentration, and slow thinking. In recent cohort studies involving>6400 patients in different countries, discontinuation rates due to NPAEs were observed in around 3.5% (range, 1.4-7.2%) of subjects treated with DTG. These rates have been higher than those seen in randomized clin...
Source: AIDS Reviews - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: AIDS Rev Source Type: research
This article reviews the epidemiology, clinical features, diagnostic criteria, and psychopathology of trichotillomania with an emphasis on psychopathology and psychiatric comorbidity. PMID: 30901067 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica - Category: Dermatology Tags: Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat Source Type: research
Authors: Hughes LM, Clarke J Abstract Pressurized Submarine Escape Training (PSET) physically prepares submariners to safely escape a submarine at depth. Failure to complete PSET is not a submarine service disqualification. Serious medical incidents are rare, but the safety record tradeoff has been low throughput. From 2009 to 2015, only 34% of students screened completed PSET. Students may be medically screened out of the training altogether (disqualified), or dropout during the physical training (attrite). Training records from 12,122 U.S. Navy students were used to identify factors contributing to training disqu...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study has revealed that, for these samples of study participants, tinnitus has an impact on military Service members that is comparable to how it affects Veterans who have completed their military service within the previous 2.5 years. PMID: 30901434 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
This study examined the relationship between U.S. active duty and veterans' (n = 233) self-reported sleep (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index), anxiety (Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale), and cognitive performance (Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metric). Statistical analyses included Pearson product moment correlations and multivariate analysis of variance, with Tukey-b post-hoc tests, with a p
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
This study assessed the effect of caffeine on neurobehavioral recovery in the WRAIR penetrating ballistic-like brain injury (PBBI) model. Unilateral frontal PBBI was produced in the right hemisphere of anesthetized rats at moderate (7%-PBBI) or severe (10%-PBBI) injury levels. Animals were randomly assigned to pretreatment groups: acute caffeine (25 mg/kg CAF gavage, 1 h prior to PBBI), or chronic caffeine (0.25 g/L CAF drinking water, 30 days prior to PBBI). Motor function was evaluated on the rotarod at fixed-speed increments of 10, 15, and 20 RPM. Cognitive performance was evaluated on the Morris water maze. Acute caffe...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 March 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Marika Premoli, Francesca Aria, Sara Anna Bonini, Giuseppina Maccarinelli, Alessandra Gianoncelli, Silvia Della Pina, Simone Tambaro, Maurizio Memo, Andrea MastinuAbstractThe pharmacological research on the Cannabis sativa-derived compounds has never terminated. Among the phytocannabinoids without psychotropic effects, the prevalent one in Cannabis is cannabidiol (CBD). Although CBD was initially considered a type 2 cannabinoid receptor (CB2R) antagonist, it did not show a good cannabinoidergic activity. Furthermore, heterogeneous results were ...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 March 2019Source: Journal of Electroanalytical ChemistryAuthor(s): N. Lavanya, C. SekarAbstractSerotonin is a monoamine neurotransmitter produced from tryptophan and abnormal levels of these molecules have been associated with several disorders, notably depression, migraine, bipolar disorder, anxiety and schizophrenia. In the present work, we have developed a novel electrochemical sensor using SnO2-SnS2 nanocomposite for selective and simultaneous determination of depression biomarkers serotonin (SE) and tryptophan (Trp) in the presence of ascorbic acid (AA). The SnO2-SnS2 composite pr...
Source: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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