Effects of dual task on turning ability in stroke survivors and older adults - Hollands KL, Agnihotri D, Tyson SF.

This study sought to measure the effects of competing cognitive demands on the stepping patterns of stroke survivors, compare...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Maria Dekhtyar, Swathi Kiran, Teresa GrayAbstractThe bilingual advantage proposes that bilingual individuals have enhanced cognitive control compared to their monolingual counterparts. Bilingualism has also been shown to contribute to cognitive reserve by offsetting the behavioral presentation of brain injury or neural degeneration. However, this effect has not been closely examined in individuals with post-stroke or post-TBI aphasia. Because bilingualism has been suggested as a factor of cognitive reserve, it may provide protective mechan...
Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Björn Machner, Janina von der Gablentz, Martin Göttlich, Wolfgang Heide, Christoph Helmchen, Andreas Sprenger, Thomas F. MünteAbstractFocal brain lesions may induce dysfunctions in distant brain regions leading to behavioral impairments. Based on this concept of ‘diaschisis’, spatial neglect following stroke has been related to structural damage of the right-lateralized ventral attention network (VAN) and disrupted inter-hemispheric functional connectivity (FC) in the bilateral dorsal attention network (DAN). We ...
Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionA combination of depressive symptoms and CRP was implicated in the onset of CHD, stroke, diabetes/high blood glucose, and pulmonary disease up to 12 years later, reflecting the role of psychobiological processes across multiple disease states.
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the role of the mitochondrial respiratory chain and the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway on the protective effect of Cordyceps sinensis extract (CSE) against cerebral ischemia injury both in vivo and in vitro. In a murine middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model, administration of CSE relieved neuronal morphological damage and attenuated the neuronal apoptosis. CSE also reduced neurobehavioral scores and oxygen free radical (OFR), while improving the levels of ATP, cytochrome c oxidase (COX), and mitochondrial complexes I-IV. Furthermore, the mRNA expression of Bax, cytochrome c (Cyt c) a...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Delivery of exosomes derived from stem cell populations has been demonstrated to improve recovery from injury in numerous studies and human applications. The interesting aspect of this demonstration in stroke recovery in pigs is that exosomes from neural stem cells provoke greater functional recovery without improving some of the structural changes that are normally associated with greater mortality and loss of function. Researchers have presented brain imaging data for a new stroke treatment that supported full recovery in swine, modeled with the same pattern of neurodegeneration as seen in humans with severe str...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Researchers here note a novel mechanism by which exosomes might cause issues following a stroke. Exosomes are a form of intracellular communication, membrane-bound packages of molecules that are released and taken up by cells in large numbers. Researchers are usually concerned with the way in which exosome cargo affects the behavior of cells once the exosomes are taken up, but here they note changes in exosome structure following a stroke that leads them to clump and block blood vessels. This is an interesting mechanism, and it will be equally interesting to see how the research community chooses to try to address it. ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: NeurocomputingAuthor(s): Emmanouil Giannakakis, Cheol E. Han, Bernd Weber, Frances Hutchings, Marcus KaiserAbstractSimulations of neural networks can be used to study the direct effect of internal or external changes on brain dynamics. However, some changes are not immediate but occur on the timescale of weeks, months, or years. Examples include effects of strokes, surgical tissue removal, or traumatic brain injury but also gradual changes during brain development. Simulating network activity over a long time, even for a small number of nodes, is a computational cha...
Source: Neurocomputing - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Philips Healthcare has initiated a field safety notification to correct issues...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Philips cancels 8.5M shares in ongoing buyback program Philips signs Regional Medical Center Philips places emphasis on AI at RSNA 2019 Philips, Inspira partner on $50M deal Philips to launch clinical stroke workflow trial, sets milestone
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Conclusions: Mechanical thrombectomy for anterior circulation strokes based on CTP did not result in a significant functional outcome improvement. The duration of the thrombectomy procedure was the sole time-interval related to improved functional outcome. Published on 2020-01-20 12:01:10
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
HOW TO live longer: Exercise can reduce your risk of major illnesses, including heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and cancer, but which exercise is considered best? One study compared whether walking, running or swimming has the most life-boosting effect.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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