Combined use of a laryngeal mask airway during extubation reduces the incidence of postoperative pulmonary fistula in patients undergoing lung cancer surgery

Source: Respirology - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Lung Cancer 2 Source Type: research

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Baseline tumor size has been reported to be predictive of immune checkpoint inhibitor efficacy in melanoma and lung cancer. We investigated whether pre-treatment tumor size (PTS) is predictive of progression-free survival (PFS) and tumor shrinkage in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients treated with nivolumab.
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
MicroRNAs (miRs) play important roles in tumor progression. miR-936 has been reported to suppress cell invasion and proliferation of glioma and non-small cell lung cancer. Nevertheless, the function of miR-936 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) remains undiscovered. Hence, our study was to investigate the role of miR-936 in LSCC. In our present research, we have testified that miR-936 was substantially downregulated in LSCC tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues. Furthermore, miR-936 could inhibit proliferation, migration and invasion, and improve the sensitivity to doxorubicin and cisplatin of LSCC cells. ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We present clinical and histopathological features and grading of 25 cases of CD classified according to CDCN histological criteria and according to this clinical algorithm, along with outcomes. Here we provide a fine-resolution description of the histological features of CD. We review and discuss the current diagnostic algorithm, grading system, and recently recommended treatment options. In the presented group of 25 patients with CD there were 14 women and 11 men in the age range 15-79 years. UCD was identified in 15 patients and it was most often located in mediastinum. MCD most frequently occurred as generalized lympha...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
ConclusionsSubstantial differences in cancer incidences were founded depending on occupation reflecting socioeconomic position, in the Korean working population. Cancer prevention policy should focus on addressing these socioeconomic inequalities.
Source: Safety and Health at Work - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 123Author(s): Ying Wang, Nayiyuan Wu, Xia Luo, Xiaoyun Zhang, Qianjin Liao, Jing WangAbstractSOX2OT is a long non-coding RNA that is highly expressed in embryonic stem cells. The SOX2OT gene is comprised of 10 exons and more than two transcription start sites. Dysregulation of SOX2OT is observed in various tumors, including lung cancer, gastric cancer, esophageal cancer, breast cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, ovarian cancer, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, osteosarcoma, nasopharyngeal carc...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe anticipated increase in the number of cancer patients in Ukraine clearly has knock-on effects on a healthcare system undergoing reforms. Tobacco control appears to be the only functioning aspect of cancer prevention in the country, and there is a need for a broader national cancer control plan. The continued monitoring and evaluation of implemented cancer control measures by the NCRU will help prioritize targets and allocate future resources to cancer services.
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, high ITGB4 expression may lead to the occurrence and development of LSCC via various signaling pathways.
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
We describe the characteristics of first 50 patients with OSA and cancer of the register. Only 30% were females, 70% smokers (current or former), the median AHI at diagnosis was 43, 80% received positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment. Cancer diagnosis were retrospectively collected by anamnestic data from Vercelli register at the time of OSA diagnosis before starting PAP treatment.Results: In OSA and cancer patients from Vercelli Register, 34% had Urinary Tract Cancer (only 2 females, p
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and control of breathing Source Type: research
Conclusions: In patients with two cancers, lung cancer is usually the second event, presumably due to comorbidity, survival and our unique population e.g. radical vs adjuvant or palliative intent. The commonest first cancers were breast and prostate. Prostate, bladder and colon cancer developed lung cancer earlier than breast cancer. These data help to inform which cancer types are likely to develop lung cancer and influence tumour surveillance strategies.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Lung cancer Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Second primary lung cancer occurs at a rate of 1.6 per cent per year following a diagnosis of laryngeal cancer, and this is associated in a statistically significant manner with supraglottic primary tumour. The recent National Lung Cancer Screening Trial suggests a survival advantage of 20 per cent at five years with annual screening using low-dose computed tomography scanning of the chest in a comparable cohort to ours. These findings have the potential to inform post-treatment surveillance protocols in the future. PMID: 31668148 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research
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