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When analogies harm: The effects of analogies on metacomprehension

Publication date: Available online 2 November 2017 Source:Learning and Instruction Author(s): Jennifer Wiley, Allison J. Jaeger, Andrew R. Taylor, Thomas D. Griffin The main goal of the present research was to test whether the presence of analogies would affect the relative accuracy of metacognitive judgments about learning from expository science texts, and whether any effect would depend on the type of cues that readers used as the basis for their judgments of comprehension. In a series of experiments, students read texts that either contained or did not contain analogies; were asked to judge how well they understood each text; took comprehension tests for each topic; and were asked to self-report the basis for their judgments. Relative metacomprehension accuracy was computed as the intra-individual correlation between judgments and test performance. Results showed that the presence of analogies can lead to poor relative metacomprehension accuracy for students who fail to use situation-model-based cues to judge their understanding of text.
Source: Learning and Instruction - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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