ODI composite score improvements may not correlate with SF-12 PCS following fusion surgery for spondylolisthesis
A study published online in the journal Spine questions the appropriateness of composite Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) score in the evaluation of quality of life in studies of surgically treated degenerative spondylolisthesis patients.
CONCLUSION: For patients with spondylolisthesis-associated low back and leg pain without spinal instability, TFELD is a safe and effective surgical treatment option. PMID: 32227330 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: When clinical and surgical heterogeneity were minimized, elderly patients undergoing minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion not only had comparable rates of perioperative complications but also experienced similar improvements in pain, function, and quality of life. A high rate of satisfaction was achieved. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, prognostic study. PMID: 32197034 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
We examined patient-reported functional improvement (≥15-point reduction in the Oswestry Disability Index [ODI]) and minimal disability (reaching ≤22 on the ODI) 1 year after surgery in 17 hospitals and 58 surgeons between 2012 and 2017. Outcomes were risk-adjusted for patient characteristics with multiple logistic regressions and reliability-adjusted using hierarchical models. Results. Of the 737 patients who underwent lumbar fusion (mean [SD] age, 63  years; 60% female; 84% had stenosis; 70% had spondylolisthesis), 58.7% achieved functional improvement and 42.5% reached minimal disability status at 1 year. A...
CONCLUSIONS: To execute future, high-quality studies, it is important to identify patients undergoing surgery for spondylolisthesis who might be lost to follow-up. In a large, prospective registry, the authors found that those lost to follow-up were more likely to be younger, be employed, have anxiety disorder, and have worse PRO scores. PMID: 32109871 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: Interbody fusion and percutaneous reduction with MMED provides a minimally invasive procedure for lumbar spondylolisthesis, with sufficient decompression, reduction, fusion, and satisfactory clinical results.
ConclusionsDespite a small degree of slip progression in the majority of patients, there was no correlation with symptom worsening, as measured by the ODI.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
CONCLUSIONS: Female patients undergoing surgery for lumbar degenerative disease (disc degeneration, disc herniation, spondylolisthesis, and spinal canal stenosis) have worse absolute preoperative pain, disability, and HRQoL. Following surgery, females have worse absolute pain, disability, and HRQoL, but demonstrate an equal or greater interval change compared to males. Further studies should examine gender differences in preoperative workup and clinical course. PMID: 32005013 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: These preliminary results show that PRF accelerates the rate of fusion in low-grade lytic spondylolisthesis in short-term follow-up.
ConclusionMI-TLIF has equivalent efficacy to O-TLIF in obese patients at long-term follow-up. In addition, complication rate, blood loss, and length of hospital stay were lower in MI-TLIF than in O-TLIF.
ConclusionsOur results revealed that the clinical improvement in pain and disability did not significantly differ according to age, although the patients aged 80 years or older had increased incidences of mortality and complication than younger patients. Age alone is not a contraindication for lumbar surgery in very old patients. A careful preoperative evaluation, proper patient selection and appropriate surgical approach are important to achieve successfu l surgical outcomes.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.