Fourteenth Meeting of the Network Italiano per la Bioterapia dei Tumori (NIBIT) on Cancer Bio-Immunotherapy, Siena, Italy, October 13 –15, 2016

Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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tro V Abstract Immunotherapy has been showed as a promisor treatment, in special for hematological diseases. Chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CARs) which are showing satisfactory results in early-phase cancer clinical trials can be highlighted. However, preclinical models are critical steps prior to clinical trial. In this way, a well-established preclinical model is an important key in order to confirm the proof of principle. For this purpose, in this chapter will be pointed the methods to generate tumor cells expressing firefly Luciferase. In turn, these modified cells will be used to create a subcutaneous and...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
m KCR Abstract CAR-T cell immunotherapy is a promising therapeutic modality for cancer patients. The success of CAR-T cell therapy has been associated with the phenotype, activation and functional profiling of infused CAR-T cells. Therefore, immunophenotypic characterization of CAR-T cells during bioprocess is crucial for cell quality control and ultimately for improved antitumor efficacy. In this chapter, we propose a flow cytometry panel to characterize the immunophenotype of the CAR-T subsets. PMID: 31707677 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
Abstract Lentiviral vectors are being used in a growing number of clinical applications, including T cell immunotherapy for cancer. As this new technology moves forward, a safety concern is the inadvertent recombination and subsequent development of a replication-competent lentivirus (RCL) during the manufacture of the vector material. To assess this risk, regulators have required screening of T cell products infused into patients for RCL. Since vector particles have many of the proteins and nucleotide sequences found in RCL, a biologic assay has proven the most sensitive method for RCL detection. As regulators ha...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
Abstract Adoptive immunotherapy of cancer using T cells expressing chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) is now an approved treatment for non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), inducing high response rates in patients. The infusion products are generated by using retro- or lentiviral transduction to induce CAR expression in T cells followed by an in vitro expansion protocol. However, use of viral vectors is cumbersome and is associated with increased costs due to the required high titers, replication-competent retrovirus (RCR) detection and production/use in a biosafety level 2 cul...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
Abstract Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) cancer immunotherapy uses autologous immune system's cells, genetically modified, to reinforce the immune system against cancer cells. Genetic modification is usually mediated via viral transfection, despite the risk of insertional oncogenesis and off target side effects. In vitro-transcribed (IVT)-mRNA-mediated transfection could contribute to a much safer CAR therapy, since IVT-mRNA leaves no ultimate genetic residue in recipient cells. In this chapter, the IVT-mRNA generation procedure is described, from the selection of the target of the CAR T-cells, the cloning of the ...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
as DT Abstract Immunotherapy has been growing in the past decade as a therapeutic alternative for cancer treatment. In this chapter, we deal with CAR-T cells, genetically engineered autologous T cells to express a chimeric receptor specific for an antigen expressed on tumor cell surface. While this type of personalized therapy is revolutionizing cancer treatment, especially B cell malignancies, it has some challenging limitations. Here, we discuss the basic immunological and technological aspects of CAR-T cell therapy, the limitations that have compromised its efficacy and safety, and the current proposed strategi...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Tribius S, Würdemann N, Laban S, Hoffmann TK, Sharma SJ, Klussmann JP Abstract At this year's Annual Meeting of the American Society for Clinical Oncology (ASCO), the keyword search "HPV-associated head and neck cancer" resulted in 920 hits-74% of the hits on human papillomavirus (HPV). This underlines the relevance of the topic. The spectrum ranged from validation and separation of the prognostic groups of patients with HPV-associated oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPSCC) according to TNM 8, to the characterization of new tumor markers and tumor mutational burden for possible de-escalation s...
Source: HNO - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research
Abstract The combined immunotherapy of nivolumab and ipilimumab causes a variety of autoimmune-related adverse events (irAEs). The current report details a 70-year-old woman with clear cell renal cell carcinoma metastasis in the lung. Two weeks after two courses of treatment, the patient complained of headache, dizziness and nausea. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis revealed an elevated protein level of 195 mg/dl and a significantly elevated white blood cell (WBC) count of 830/mm3 (lymphocytes, 825/mm3; neutrophils, 5/mm3). The results excluded malignancy and infection. The patient was diagnosed with aseptic meni...
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Mol Clin Oncol Source Type: research
Abstract The clinical success of immune checkpoint blockade provides great hope for curing cancers. However, the patient responses are not even. Precise understanding of tumor immunity is necessary to improving the current cancer immunotherapies and to developing new treatment options. Here we applied full-length single cell RNA-seq (scRNA-seq) to three cancer types and provide a comprehensive single T cell data resource for understanding various characteristics of tumor-infiltrating T cells. We also developed an analytical framework named as STARTRAC to quantitatively characterize the dynamic properties of variou...
Source: Advances in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Adv Immunol Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewImmune checkpoint blockade (ICB) has changed the clinical course of multiple cancer types and durable responses have now been observed in breast cancer (BC) patients. Most data suggest that, compared to other subtypes, triple-negative BC (TNBC) patients are more responsive to ICB, and anti-PD-L1 therapy is now approved in PD-L1+ metastatic TNBC, in combination with chemotherapy.Recent FindingsNearly 40% of PD-L1+ TNBC patients did not respond to this combination. Thus, additional biomarkers appear to be necessary to more precisely identify potential responders. A comprehensive analysis of the breas...
Source: Current Breast Cancer Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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