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Assessment of cough strength in patients with a tracheostomy

Source: Canadian Journal of Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

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We report a first case of a patient experiencing reactivation of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) during treatment of oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A 44-year-old male patient visited the hospital with cough. He had been treated with erlotinib (oral TKI) for 8 months after being diagnosed as NSCLC with sensitive epidermal growth factor receptor mutation in our clinic. At initial chest imaging, the patient had fibroatelectatic calcified granuloma in the right upper lobe (RUL) apex as well as 1.9 cm × 2.5 cm sized cancer mass encasing the RUL bronchus. He had not been treated f...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
This study was designed to elucidate the role of lipid mediators in bronchoconstriction-triggered cough response in an experimental animal model. We examined the influence of bronchoconstriction on cell components and mediators including prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). We studied the cough response to bronchoconstriction (CRB) by measuring the correlation between the increase in enhanced pause (Penh), an index of bronchoconstriction, and cough counts induced by methacholine (Mch) inhalation in conscious guinea pigs. We then examined the effects of intraperitoneal pretreatment with 16, 16-dim...
Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Gayretli Aydın ZG, Tanır G, Nar Ötgün S, Turan M, Aydın Teke T, Kaman A, Kılıç S Abstract Although a significant decrease has been reported in the incidence of diphteria in many regions of the world following the routine diphtheria immunization programs, the emergence of new cases indicated that toxigenic strains are still circulating in the community. Diphtheria vaccine does not provide protection against asymptomatic carriage and colonization of non-toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae. It is a known fact that invasive infections may arise from non-toxigenic C.diphtheriae strains t...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
Drugs likely to get off prescription will initially include those commonly used for cold, cough and analgesics such as paracetamol and ibuprofen.
Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Conclusions: The most common tomography findings were nodular formations in the trachea, as well as solid or cavitated nodules and masses in the lung parenchyma. Malignant transformation of the lesions was observed in 5 cases.RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar os achados em TCs de t órax em 16 pacientes (8 homens e 8 mulheres) com papilomatose laringotraqueobrônquica. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo que incluiu pacientes com idade variando de 2 a 72 anos. As imagens de TC foram avaliadas por dois observadores, de forma independente, e os casos discordantes foram resolvidos po r consenso. Os critérios de inc...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
FLU symptoms include a cough and stuffy nose, but they are also signs of a deadly genetic condition called cystic fibrosis.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Ikeue T, Yoshida H, Tanaka E, Ohi I, Noguchi S, Fukao A, Terashita S, Horikawa S, Sugita T Abstract We herein describe the first known case of pleuritis caused by Mycobacterium kyorinense without pulmonary involvement. A 48-year-old man undergoing immunosuppressant therapy presented with cough and dyspnea. An accumulation of pleural fluid was noted; however, computed tomography revealed no pulmonary lesions. Cultures of the fluid yielded non-tuberculous mycobacteria, which was identified as Mycobacterium kyorinense. The patient recovered after 6 months of therapy with clarithromycin and moxifloxacin. Clini...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Authors: Hasegawa M, Sakai F, Okabayashi A, Sato A, Yokohori N, Katsura H, Asano C, Kamata T, Koh E, Sekine Y, Hiroshima K, Ogura T, Takemura T Abstract Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogeneous subset of immunodeficiency disorders. Recurrent bacterial infection is the main feature of CVID, but various non-infectious complications can occur. A 42-year-old woman presented with cough and abnormal chest X-ray shadows. Laboratory tests showed remarkable hypogammaglobulinemia. Computed tomography revealed multiple consolidation and nodules on the bilateral lung fields, systemic lymphadenopathy, and sple...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Updated Date: Sep 21, 2017 EST
Source: DailyMed Drug Label Updates - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: alerts
(Boston University School of Medicine) The startling global resurgence of pertussis, or whooping cough, in recent years can largely be attributed to the immunological failures of acellular vaccines, Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) researchers argue in a new journal article.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
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