The impact of DSM ‐5 on the diagnosis and severity indicator of eating disorders in a treatment‐seeking sample

DiscussionThe DSM‐5 effectively reduced the reliance on residual categories and differentiated the diagnostic groups in eating disorder psychopathology. However, our findings show limited support for the DSM‐5 severity specifiers for eating disorders. It is necessary to test additional clinical or functional variables for severity specifiers across eating disorders.
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

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BACKGROUND: While restrictive and compensatory eating disorders (e.g. anorexia and bulimia) are associated with elevated risk of suicide, less is known about binge eating disorder (BED). There is suggestive evidence of a U-shaped relationship between body ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news
While restrictive and compensatory eating disorders (e.g. anorexia and bulimia) are associated with elevated risk of suicide, less is known about binge eating disorder (BED). There is suggestive evidence of a ...
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2018 Source:Journal of Psychiatric Research, Volume 103 Author(s): Bethan Dalton, Savani Bartholdy, Lauren Robinson, Marco Solmi, Mohammad A.A. Ibrahim, Gerome Breen, Ulrike Schmidt, Hubertus Himmerich Cytokines are signalling molecules, which play an important role in both immune system function and brain development and function, and subsequently mental states and behaviour. Cytokines have been implicated in eating disorders (EDs) due to their role in psychological health, body weight and appetite regulation. This meta-analysis examined cross-sectional and longitudinal studies measuring concentr...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Because modifying risk factors of suicide attempt is important for preventing completed suicide, clinicians should carefully evaluate and monitor the risk factors of suicide attempt. PMID: 29882994 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research
Abstract Orofacial pain and temporomandibular dysfunction may cause chronic facial pain, which may interfere with the emotional state and food intake of patients with eating disorders (ED), such as anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Sixty-four patients were assigned to four groups: Group A (AN – restricting subtype): 07; Group B (AN – purging subtype ): 19; Group C (BN): 16; and Group D (control): 22. Complaints of pain are more prevalent in individuals with eating disorders (p
Source: Brazilian Oral Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
AbstractDespite ancient knowledge on cocaine appetite-suppressant action, the molecular basis of such fact remains unknown. Addiction/eating disorders (e.g., binge eating, anorexia, bulimia) share a central control involving reward circuits. However, we here show that the sigma-1 receptor ( σ1R) mediates cocaine anorectic effects by interacting in neurons with growth/hormone/secretagogue (ghrelin) receptors. Cocaine increases colocalization of σ1R and GHS-R1a at the cell surface. Moreover, in transfected HEK-293T and neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, and in primary neuronal cultures, pretreatment with cocaine or a &...
Source: Molecular Neurobiology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Dopamine physiological functions make dopaminergic genes suitable candidates for association studies in eating disorders (ED). A Val158Met polymorphism in the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene, which is involved in dopamine degradation, has been studied in relation to ED. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze the association between this polymorphism and general psychopathological symptoms that are often coupled to these disorders. METHOD: A total of 303 ED patients, diagnosed according to DSM-5 criteria, completed the SCL-90R questionnaire and were genotyped for the Val158Met polymo...
Source: Current Molecular Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Curr Mol Med Source Type: research
Conclusionsour data showed a clear relation between cognitive impairment and altered eating attitudes, which was reflected by both biochemical (albumin) and nutritional parameters, while no classic eating disorder was observed in residents with normal cognitive-status. These data confirm the need to strengthen our efforts towards maintaining the nutritional status of the subjects with cognitive impairment.
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
This article provides a review of the current diagnostic criteria for pica, rumination disorder, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, avoidant restrictive food intake disorder, binge-eating disorder, other specified feeding or eating disorder, and unspecified feeding or eating disorder as described in The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition. Recommendations for initial medical evaluation and helpful screening measures are discussed. [Pediatr Ann. 2018;47(6):e244-e249.]. PMID: 29898236 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pediatric Annals - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Pediatr Ann Source Type: research
(Elsevier) Biological Psychiatry has published a new study revising the outdated estimates of the prevalence of eating disorders in the United States. The new estimates were based on a nationally representative sample of 36,309 adults -- the largest national sample of US adults ever studied. The findings estimate that 0.80 percent of US adults will be affected by anorexia nervosa in their lifetime; 0.28 percent will be affected by bulimia nervosa; and 0.85 percent will be affected by binge eating disorder.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
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