Echo spots sign for A-fib, cardioembolic stroke

Echocardiography can identify an imaging sign for atrial fibrillation, cardioembolic (more)
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Authors: Xie X, Li T Abstract Objective: We investigated the risk of ischaemic stroke in patients with 1 another stroke risk factor (i.e. CHA2DS2-VASc score =1 [males] or 2 [females]) and the impact of different component risk factors.Methods: Database were collected from two hospitals in the city of Hohhot in china. Among 3148 Nonvalvular AF patients not on antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapy, we evaluated males with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1 and females with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 2. The clinical endpoint was the occurrence of ischaemic stroke.Results: Among 546 AF male patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc scor...
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our meta-analysis suggests that uninterrupted DOAC is not superior to VKA in patients undergoing catheter ablation of AF with comparable rates of major bleeding and stroke. PMID: 32056498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
ConclusionInfarction location in the cerebellum and/or dorsal brainstem is an independent predictor of vertigo. Furthermore, larger infarction volume in these structures is associated with vertigo. A considerable proportion of patients with vascular vertigo present without focal neurological deficits posing a diagnostic challenge. National Institute of Health Stroke Scale is not sensitive for vertebrobasilar stroke.
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Conclusion: Patients with HCM may have higher plasma D-dimer levels than subjects without HCM. D-dimer levels in patients with HCM are influenced by age, sex, atrial fibrillation, statin therapy and diastolic blood pressure. PMID: 32057272 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Future Medicine: Biomarkers in Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Biomark Med Source Type: research
AbstractThere were limited studies comparing the anterior (AC) and posterior (PC) circulation acute ischemic strokes (AIS). Our study aimed to evaluate distinct features of AC and PC strokes regarding clinical, vascular risk, pathogenesis and outcome factors after endovascular procedures. This multicenter prospective study registered 873 patients with acute large occlusion of anterior circulation stroke (ACS) and posterior circulation stroke (PCS). Patients who underwent endovascular procedures were included in this study. The differences in ACS and PCS regarding baseline characteristics, post-operative intracranial hemorr...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Oral anticoagulation is recommended for primary and secondary prevention of cardioembolic acute ischemic stroke (AIS). In nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF), direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) efficacy and safety have been largely proven and are recommended over vitamin K antagonists (VKA) by international guidelines.1-3 AIS in the setting of AF is more often disabling and leads to increased mortality compared with stroke in patients without AF.4
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Comorbid depression was associated with a significantly lower OAT uptake in patients with AF, which questions whether depressed patients receive sufficient support to manage this consequential cardiac condition. However, a substantial increase in the overall OAT uptake and a decrease of the depression-associated deficit in OAT were seen over the period during which OAT was developed through the introduction of new oral anticoagulation therapy.
Source: Medical Care - Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to develop a new score (RA-CHADSV) (rheumatoid arthritis - congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years, diabetes mellitus, stroke/transient ischemic attack/thromboembolism, and vascular disease), modified from the CHA2DS2-VASc score (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years (doubled), diabetes mellitus, stroke/transient ischemic attack (doubled), vascular disease, age 65-74 years, and female), in predicting the risk of ischemic stroke in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients without atrial fibrillation (AF)...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In a national cohort of Medicare beneficiaries with newly-diagnosed AF, overall oral anticoagulant initiation was lower in blacks and women, with no difference observed by Hispanic ethnicity. Among oral anticoagulant initiators, blacks were less likely to initiate novel DOACs, with no differences identified by Hispanic ethnicity or sex. Identifying modifiable causes of treatment disparities is needed to improve quality of care for all patients with AF. PMID: 32035755 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research
Background: Left atrial appendage (LAA) closure is primarily performed in patients who have contraindications to anticoagulants. However, anticoagulants are recommended for the first few weeks after LAA closure to prevent the device related thrombus. Purpose of this study was to evaluate if short term use of anticoagulant is safe and effective after LAA closure in patients with a history of intracranial hemorrhage. Methods: It is a retrospective observational study done at a single center. Baseline characteristics, perioperative, and postoperative complications of patients with a history of intracranial hemorrhage and Watc...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
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