The role of language proficiency in producing false memories
We report three experiments examining the role that language proficiency plays in the production of false memory. We constructed Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm lists using both English and Spanish free association norms, which enabled us to control the associations between studied items and critical words. Experiment 1 showed that native English speakers who were learning Spanish produced more false memory when DRM critical words were studied and tested in English compared to Spanish. Experiment 2 showed that native Spanish speakers who were learning English produced more false memory when DRM critical words were studied and tested in Spanish compared to English. Experiment 3 showed that native Spanish speakers who were highly proficient in English produced more false memory for DRM critical words studied and tested in English compared to native Spanish speakers who were lower in English proficiency. Collectively, these results support the role that the automaticity of concept access plays in producing false memory.
Edgardo Sepulveda, Andrei N. Lupas
Cory Schwartz, Keith Frogue, Joshua Misa, Ian Wheeldon
Carole Pfister, St éphane Bourque, Odile Chatagnier, Annick Chiltz, Jérôme Fromentin, Diederik Van Tuinen, Daniel Wipf, Nathalie Leborgne-Castel
Xue-Ying Tian, Cheng-Sheng Zhang
Guangshan Yao, Feng Zhang, Xinyi Nie, Xiuna Wang, Jun Yuan, Zhenhong Zhuang, Shihua Wang
Hany S. Zinad, Inas Natasya, Andreas Werner
Majdiah Othman, Arbakariya B. Ariff, Leonardo Rios-Solis, Murni Halim
ConclusionsA MEL‐A2 with novel composition and surface activities was efficiently produced from a novel MEL producer. This is the first report on production of MEL‐A2 as the major product and from soybean oil. The biosurfactant has potential application as a wetting agent and oil‐in‐water emulsifier. Significance and Impact of the StudyDiscovery of novel structures and novel strains is valuable for further commercial development and application of MELs. Sporisorium sp. aff. sorghi SAM20 can be considered as a potential candidate for commercial production of biosurfactants.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. The phosphodiesterase VieA regulates gene expression by modifying the intracellular cyclic diguanylate pool. This article reveals the differential regulation of VieA in Vibrio cholerae O1 biotypes. Expression of VieA is repressed by the nucleoid‐associated protein H‐NS and the LysR‐type regulator LeuO in classical biotype V. cholerae, and by H‐NS and the quorum sensing regulator HapR in the El Tor biotype.
We describe approaches for back‐calculating model parameter estimates and their standard errors from available summary statistics with various techniques, including approximate Bayesian computation. We propose to use a quadratic approximation to the log‐likelihood for each historical trial based on 2 independent terms for the log mean rate and the log of the dispersion parameter. A Bayesian hierarchical meta‐analysis model then provides the posterior predictive distribution for these parameters. Simulations show this approach with back‐calculated parameter estimates results in very similar inference as using parame...