The list strength effect in cued recall

Publication date: August 2017 Source:Journal of Memory and Language, Volume 95 Author(s): Jack H. Wilson, Amy H. Criss Episodic memory is the process by which information about experienced events is encoded and retrieved. Successful retrieval of episodic memories is dependent on the way in which memory is tested and as a result many effects and theories of episodic memory are task dependent. One such finding is the list strength effect. In free recall, a positive list strength effect is observed; memory for a given item is harmed by the presence of other strongly encoded items and helped by the presence of other weakly encoded items. In recognition, a null list strength is observed; memory for a given item is unaffected by the strength of other items. Such differential empirical findings are crucial to understanding memory, but it is undesirable to have multiple task-specific theories rather than a unified theory of memory. Here we use cued recall, a task that shares properties of both free recall and recognition, to move toward that goal. In a series of 5 experiments, we observed a null list strength effect in cued recall. We suggest that a successful theory would entail the use of both item and context information during retrieval, consistent with the approach of the Search of Associative Memory model.
Source: Journal of Memory and Language - Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Data on the impact of rapid, cloud-enabled, onsite testing on patient health, care delivery, and clinical decision-making is scarce. More robust real-world data would confirm the validity of our model. Rapid, cloud-enabled, onsite testing has the potential to generate significant value to payers. PMID: 30019600 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Economics - Category: Health Management Tags: J Med Econ Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2018Source: Research in Veterinary Science, Volume 118Author(s): Philip J. Pedersen, Kirsten B. Thomsen, Jon B. Flak, Maria A. Tejada, Frank Hauser, Dagmar Trachsel, Rikke Buhl, Theodore Kalbfleisch, Michael Scott DePriest, James N. MacLeod, Kirstine Calloe, Dan A. Klaerke
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In this study, the differential protein expression of the acidophilic halophile, Acidihalobacter prosperus DSM 14174 (strain V6) was studied with the aim of understanding its mechanisms of tolerance to high chloride ion stress in the presence of low pH, using Sequential Window Acquisition of all Theoretical Mass Spectra (SWATH-MS). In acidophiles, chloride stress results in both osmotic stress as well as acidification of the cytoplasm due to the ability of chloride to permeate the cell membrane and disrupt the reversed transmembrane potential which normally extrudes protons. The proteomic response of Ac. prosperus DSM 1417...
Source: Research in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2018Source: Research in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Carmen Falagán, D. Barrie JohnsonAbstractThe ability of acidophilic bacteria to grow in the presence of elevated concentrations of cationic transition metals, though varying between species, has long been recognized to be far greater than that of most neutrophiles. Conversely, their sensitivity to both inorganic and organic anions, with the notable exception of sulfate, has generally been considered to be far more pronounced. We have compared the tolerance of different species of mineral-oxidizing Acidithiobacillus and Sulfobac...
Source: Research in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: July–August 2018Source: Research in Microbiology, Volume 169, Issue 6Author(s):
Source: Research in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Authors: Khan AO Abstract PURPOSE: Early-onset retinal dystrophy is usually isolated but can also be the presenting manifestation of an undiagnosed systemic disease. The purpose of this report is to highlight the initial presentation of a girl with early-onset retinal dystrophy and chronic dermatitis who was found to have an undiagnosed congenital disorder of glycosylation (SRD5A3-CDG). METHODS: Retrospective case report. RESULTS: A 13-year-old Baluchi girl was referred for evaluation of low vision since soon after birth. Clinical exam confirmed retinal dystrophy. She also had developmental disability and c...
Source: Ophthalmic Genetics - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Ophthalmic Genet Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2018Source: Journal of Microbiological MethodsAuthor(s): Nagaraja R. Thirumalapura, Willard Feria, Deepanker TewariAbstractWe evaluated three DNA extraction methods for confirmation of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis from liquid cultures of bovine feces. Use of DNA Extract All Reagents Kit™ resulted in efficient extraction of amplifiable DNA from higher proportion (96.29%) of known positive samples compared to Chelex-100 resin (25.92%) and polyethylene glycol (0%).
Source: Journal of Microbiological Methods - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The CFs, PGs and lamellae had degenerated, caused by swelling. 3D imaging demonstrated that the impairment of the microfibrils and PGs within the CF, is caused by the excessive hydration or swelling in the anterior as well as in the middle and posterior stroma. The lamellae of the anterior stroma which provides the biomechanical strength in the normal cornea, had degenerated in the swollen corneas due to the presence of the damaged CFs and PGs. PMID: 30019745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Histology and Histopathology - Category: Cytology Tags: Histol Histopathol Source Type: research
In this study, we propose a class of generalized Friedman urns with random entries. The class has the property of self-equilibrium. We prove the almost-sure convergence to the equilibrium point of this entire class by the method of stochastic approximation. We develop a central limit theorem for the proportion of white balls through the convergence theorem of stochastic approximation algorithms. We then apply this class of schemes to model the effect of trading on the price in the stock market under the efficient market hypothesis.
Source: Statistics and Probability Letters - Category: Statistics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2018Source: Statistics &Probability LettersAuthor(s): Holger fink, Georg schlüchtermannAbstractWe prove a general Picard–Lindelöf-type framework for stochastic differential equations driven by Mandelbrot–Van Ness fractional Lévy processes. This allows us to derive the existence of a fractional Lévy Cox–Ingersoll–Ross and Jacobi model with almost surely positive, respectively bounded, samples paths.
Source: Statistics and Probability Letters - Category: Statistics Source Type: research
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