Ligament injuries of fingers and thumbs.

[Ligament injuries of fingers and thumbs]. Radiologe. 2017 Jan 11;: Authors: Schmitt R Abstract Degenerative and traumatic ligament lesions of the carpometacarpal joints frequently occur at the thumb ray, whereas the carpometacarpal amphiarthrosis of other finger rays are rarely affected. The metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joints of the thumb and fingers are stabilized by bilaterally running collateral ligaments and palmar plates. At the base of the metacarpophalangeal joints, several ligaments of the extensor hoods guide the extensor tendons and coordinate the fine motoric skills of phalangeal flexing and extending. Several annular and cruciform ligaments hold the flexor tendons close to the finger skeleton. Other than at the wrist, differentiation between dynamic and static instability patterns is possible by physical examination. This review article presents the ligaments of the thumb and the fingers, the traumatic and degenerative lesions as well as the diagnostic capability of x‑rays, cinematography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and MR arthrography. PMID: 28078364 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Yunzhe Xue, Fadi G. Farhat, Olga Boukrina, A.M. Barrett, Jeffrey R. Binder, Usman W. Roshan, William W. GravesAbstractAutomatic identification of brain lesions from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of stroke survivors would be a useful aid in patient diagnosis and treatment planning. It would also greatly facilitate the study of brain-behavior relationships by eliminating the laborious step of having a human expert manually segment the lesion on each brain scan. We propose a multi-modal multi-path convolutional neural network sys...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an effective method for immediate efficacy evaluation of rabbit renal VX2 tumors after MWA and can serve as a valuable reference for the clinical assessment of post-ablative renal tumors. PMID: 31814458 [PubMed - in process]
Source: International Journal of Hyperthermia - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Int J Hyperthermia Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study provides information about Aβ plaque burden, tau tangle burden, and neurodegeneration in cognitively unimpaired persons at three levels of genetic risk for AD. Unimpaired APOE ϵ4 HMs can be studied before their 70s to evaluate the understanding of factors, processes, and interventions involved in the predisposition to and prevention of AD, and after their 70s, to discover factors, processes, and interventions involved in the resilience or resistance to and prevention of AD.
Source: Alzheimer's and Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck DiseasesAuthor(s): A. Attyé, M. EliezerAbstractEndolymphatic hydrops features excess endolymph in the membranous labyrinth, and is a marker of Menière's disease. Between the early 1980s and late 2000s, MRI in Menière's disease aimed purely to rule out tumor or malformation as differential diagnoses for the pressure disorder. Progress in high-resolution MRI, however, now enables excess endolymph to be visualized in the membranous labyrinth, differentiating saccule and utricle in Menière...
Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our proposed framework provides a feasible method to investigate brain dynamics and has the potential to become a widely used tool in neuroimaging studies.
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Methods - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
In this study, we compared different anesthesia and operation methods for modeling VX2 hepatocarcinoma in rabbits. Forty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into three groups: A, B, and C. Group A underwent ultrasound-guided implantation and intravenous anesthesia; Group B underwent ultrasound-guided implantation and inhalation anesthesia; Group C underwent laparotomy implantation and intravenous anesthesia. Anesthesia and operation differences were compared between groups A and B, and A and C, respectively. We used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess tumor formation and growth, and pathological examinat...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Arun Jose, Akhil Kher, Robert E. O’Donnell, Jean M. ElwingAbstractPurposeTargeted treatment for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), diagnosed via right heart catheterization (RHC), has been shown to improve morbidity and mortality. Identifying characteristics that predict clinical worsening has been challenging. We sought to evaluate the role of cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (CMR) as a predictor of clinical worsening in a cohort of treatment-naïve pulmonary hypertension (PH) patients.MethodsWe performed a r...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: NeuroImageAuthor(s): Robert A. Brown, Dumitru Fetco, Robert Fratila, Giulia Fadda, Shangge Jiang, Nuha M. Alkhawajah, E. Ann Yeh, Brenda Banwell, Amit Bar-Or, Douglas L. Arnold, Canadian Pediatric Demyelinating Disease NetworkAbstractIn conventional non-quantitative magnetic resonance imaging, image contrast is consistent within images, but absolute intensity can vary arbitrarily between scans. For quantitative analysis of intensity data, images are typically normalized to a consistent reference. The most convenient reference is a tissue that is always present in th...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: NeuroImageAuthor(s): Erik D. Fagerholm, Rosalyn J. Moran, Inês R. Violante, Robert Leech, Karl J. FristonAbstractModels of coupled phase oscillators are used to describe a wide variety of phenomena in neuroimaging. These models typically rest on the premise that oscillator dynamics do not evolve beyond their respective limit cycles, and hence that interactions can be described purely in terms of phase differences. Whilst mathematically convenient, the restrictive nature of phase-only models can limit their explanatory power. We therefore propose a generalisati...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionThe present study demonstrated abnormal spontaneous synchrony in the left insula and left precuneus in patients with PD-MCI compared to PD-NC, which might provide a novel insight into the diagnosis and clinical treatment of cognitive impairment in PD.
Source: Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
More News: MRI Scan | Radiology