Eur Addict Res 2016;22:286
Source: European Addiction Research - Category: Addiction Source Type: research

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Authors: Gold S, Figueiro-Filho E, Agrawal S, Selk A Abstract OBJECTIVE: To reduce opioids consumed after discharge from hospital after elective cesarean delivery by 50%. METHODS: This was a two-week parallel group non-blinded randomized controlled trial at Mount Sinai Hospital. Eligible women undergoing elective cesarean delivery were assigned by random number generation to receive the hospital's standard post-cesarean opioid prescription of 20 1-mg hydromorphone tablets or a prescription for 10 1-mg hydromorphone tablets if opioids were required in hospital or no hydromorphone if no opioids were required in h...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research
Conditions:   Schizophrenia;   Schizoaffective Disorder;   Schizophreniform Disorders Interventions:   Device: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation;   Device: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (Intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation);   Device: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (Sham) Sponsors:   Centre for Addiction and Mental Health;   The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research;   Maryland Psychiatric Research Centre;   National Institutes of Health ...
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Ordak M, Nasierowski T, Pawlik K, Muszynska E, Bujalska-Zadrozny M Abstract Objectives: The purpose of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of the methadone programme in a group of patients taking mephedrone with heroin.Methods: The research involved 230 people who took part in the methadone programme between 2010 and 2019: 101 people on a mephedrone binge and taking heroin and 129 people addicted to heroin.Results: Number of re-hospitalisations was higher in a group of patients on a mephedrone binge taking heroin in comparison to heroin dependent patients (91.9 vs 79.8%, p 
Source: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract Source Type: research
Stimulant drugs, including novel psychoactive substances (NPS, formerly “legal highs”) have addictive potential which their users may not realize. Stimulants increase extracellular dopamine levels in the brain, including the reward and addiction pathways, through interacting with dopamine transporter (DAT). This work aimed to assess the molecular and atomistic mechanisms of stimulant NPS actions at DAT, which translate into biological outcomes such as dopamine release in the brain’s reward pathway. We applied combined in vitro, in vivo, and in silico methods and selected 2-diphenylmethylpiperidine (2-DPMP...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study investigated whether patterns of impulsive decision-making (i) differ between individuals with DSM-5 substance use disorders (SUD) or non-substance-related addictive disorders (ND) and healthy controls, and (ii) predict the increase of SUD and ND severity after one year.MethodsIn a prospective-longitudinal community study, 338 individuals (19 –27 years, 59% female) were included in one of three groups: SUD (n = 100), ND (n = 118), or healthy controls (n = 120). Group differences in four impulsive decision-making facets were analyzed with the Bayesian priors: delay discounting (mean = 0.37, variance = 0.02)...
Source: Psychopharmacology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Source: Journal of Addictive Diseases - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
This report examines e-cigarette use among U.S. adults aged 18 and over by selected sociodemographic characteristics and in relation to cigarette smoking status. PMID: 32487293 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NCHS data brief - Category: American Health Tags: NCHS Data Brief Source Type: research
This article provides an overview of evidence-based models of integrated care, discusses the key elements of such models, considers how existing policies have fallen short, and outlines future policy strategies. Priorities include payment policies that adequately support structural elements of integrated care and incentivize multidisciplinary team formation and accountability for patient outcomes, as well as policies to expand the specialty mental health and addiction treatment workforce and address the social determinants of health that disproportionately influence health and well-being among people with mental illness or...
Source: Psychiatric Services - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Serv Source Type: research
"Most students and parents recognize it as the small USB-shaped device that produces fruit-flavored smoke. Very few seem to grasp the long-term consequences of vaping habits. That being said, those consequences might already be here." The post School vaping cultures: Acknowledging the impact of COVID-19 appeared first on Counseling Today.
Source: Counseling Today - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Counseling Today Online Exclusives Children & Adolescents Coronavirus parenting school counselors audience Substance Abuse & Addictions teenager Source Type: research
Having trouble viewing this email? View it as a Web page. NIDCR's Summer 2020 E-Newsletter In this issue: NIDCR News Funding Opportunities NIH/HHS News Funding Notices Science Advances Subscribe to NICDR News Grantee News   NIDCR News NIDCR Announces Availability of COVID-19 Research Funding On May 5, NIDCR issued two Notices of Special Interest highlighting the urgent need for research on coronavirus disease 2019. This research may be conducted either via the National Dental PBRN infrastruc...
Source: NIDCR Science News - Category: Dentistry Source Type: news
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