Creating arteriovenous fistulas using surgeon-performed ultrasound.

CONCLUSIONS: Creating a functional autogenous vascular access is possible for most patients. No grafts were used in this series of 1874 consecutive new patients. Important elements for success included SP-US evaluation, utilization of the many vascular access options available, establishing radial artery AVF inflow when feasible, and prompt intervention when indicated. PMID: 27312755 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Carvacrol protected against DCM in mice with T1DM and T2DM by restoring PI3K/AKT signaling-mediated GLUT4 membrane translocation and is a potential treatment of DCM.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
We examined human lung tissue from COPD patients and normal control subjects, and found a substantial increase in p16-expressing alveolar cells in COPD patients. Using a transgenic mouse deficient for p16, we demonstrated that lungs of mice lacking p16 were structurally and functionally resistant to CS-induced emphysema due to activation of IGF1/Akt regenerative and protective signaling. Fat Tissue Surrounds Skeletal Muscle to Accelerate Atrophy in Aging and Obesity Researchers her...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Authors: Guo LL, Shun XL, He B, Fang PH, Bo P, Zhu Y, Zhang ZW Abstract The glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) translocation is a vital link of insulin-induced glucose uptake in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle. It is an important topic in anti-diabetic research to explore novel agents to facilitate the role of insulin. The aim of this study was to verify the hypothesis that neuropeptide galanin may enhance insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation to increase glucose uptake in adipose tissue of type 2 diabetic models. Insulin and/or galanin were injected respectively or cooperatively into type 2 diabetic rats once a day fo...
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
Glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) is involved in regulating glucose uptake in striated muscle, liver and adipose tissue. Neferine is a dibenzyl isoquinoline alkaloid derived from dietary lotus seeds and has multiple pharmacological effects. Therefore, this study investigated neferine’s role in glucose translocation to cell surface, glucose uptake and GLUT4 expression. In our study, neferine upregulated GLUT4 expression, induced GLUT4 plasma membrane fusion, increased intracellular Ca2+, promoted glucose uptake and alleviating insulin resistance in L6 cells. Furthermore, neferine significantly activated phosphorylation of...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats were used as a T2DM rat model to observe ultrastructural alterations in the auditory cortex and investigate possible mechanisms underlying CAS damage in T2DM. The auditory brainstem response (ABR) of ZDF rats was found to be markedly elevated in low (8 kHz) and high (32 kHz) frequencies. Protein expression of NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) and its matching subunits P22phox, P47phox, and P67phox was increased in the auditory cortex of ZDF rats. Expression of 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), a marker of DNA oxidative damage, was also increased in the neuronal mitochon...
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed at evaluation the efficacy of the FX in a model of sepsis mouse. Methods: FX was successfully isolated from Conticribra weissflogii ND-8 for the first time. The FX was identified by thin-layer chromatography (TLC), high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS), and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Animals were randomly divided into 9 groups, including Sham group (mouse received an intraperitoneal injection of normal saline 1.0 mL/kg), FX-treated (0.1–10.0 mg/kg), Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated (20 mg/kg), FX+LPS-treated (0.1–10.0 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg, respectively...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The results suggest thatA. stenophylla aqueous extract increases glucose uptake partly through increasing the GLUT  4 mRNA and translocation potentially acting via the PI-3-K pathway. This study confirms the ethnopharmacological uses ofA.stenophylla indicating potential for anti-diabetic products formulation.Keywords:Annona stenophylla, glucose uptake, GLUT 4, diabetes, wortmannin.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
by Teresa Buenaventura, Stavroula Bitsi, William E. Laughlin, Thomas Burgoyne, Zekun Lyu, Affiong I. Oqua, Hannah Norman, Emma R. McGlone, Andrey S. Klymchenko, Ivan R. Corr êa Jr, Abigail Walker, Asuka Inoue, Aylin Hanyaloglu, Jak Grimes, Zsombor Koszegi, Davide Calebiro, Guy A. Rutter, Stephen R. Bloom, Ben Jones, Alejandra Tomas The glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R), a key pharmacological target in type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity, undergoes rapid endocytosis after stimulation by endogenous and therapeutic agonists. We have previously highlighted the relevance of this process in fine-tuning GLP-1R respon...
Source: PLoS Biology: Archived Table of Contents - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the role of CGRP in high-glucose-induced endothelial dysfunction in rat aorta endothelial cells (RAECs). Quantitative-real time PCR and western blots were used to determine the efficiency of overexpression and interference of CGRP. After incubation with normal glucose (5.5 mM) or high glucose (33 mM), the cell viability and cell apoptosis were tested. Afterwards, the Nitric Oxide (NO) production, the mRNA expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and angiotensin II (Ang II) and the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were ...
Source: Peptides - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese findings reveal a) VAP-A as a marker of skeletal muscle glucose disposal and b) a novel mechanism for GLUT4 translocation by miR-15a.
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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