Toward Minimizing Overtreatment and Undertreatment of Ductal Carcinoma In Situ in the United States EDITORIALS
AbstractPurpose of ReviewBreast Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS) is an increasingly common diagnosis and already accounts for ~20% of screen-detected breast cancers. A subset of patients with DCIS will experience disease recurrence and some will die from breast cancer. Tailored strategies for treatment are lacking at this time. Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2) is a tumor associated antigen that is shown to correlate with poorer outcomes among patients with early breast cancer, including DCIS. Significant interactions between the humoral and cellular branches of the immune system were observed in tumorigenesis...
We present a 40 years old male patient with IPC who was managed by modified radical mastectomy and adjuvant hormone therapy. A brief review of the literature and clinical characteristics, pathology, and treatment of IPC are discussed. PMID: 32039836 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Mittal Miller The mechanisms that drive ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) progression to invasive cancer are not clear. Studying DCIS progression in humans is challenging and not ethical, thus necessitating the characterization of an animal model that faithfully resembles human disease. We have characterized a canine model of spontaneous mammary DCIS and invasive cancer that shares histologic, molecular, and diagnostic imaging characteristics with DCIS and invasive cancer in women. The purpose of the study was to identify markers and altered signaling pathways that lead to invasive cancer and shed light on early m...
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of CTSV in DCIS. METHODS: CTSV protein expression was immunohistochemically assessed in a well-characterised and annotated cohort of DCIS comprising pure DCIS (n=776) and DCIS coexisting with IBC (n=239). CTSV expression was analysed in tumour cells and surrounding stroma, including its association with clinicopathological parameters and outcome. RESULTS: In pure DCIS, high CTSV expression was observed in 29% of epithelial tumour cells and 20% of surrounding stroma. High expression in both components was associated with features of poor prognosis inc...
Conclusion: The findings of this study are comparable to results in the literature on OPS and demonstrate that OPS is an attractive alternative to standard lumpectomy for Canadian general surgeons who treat breast cancer. PMID: 31995336 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
ConclusionRadiologists were able to predict invasive disease better than chance, particularly for smaller DCIS lesions (
This study compared the prevalence of breast and other cancers in women with monoallelic and biallelicCHEK2 PVs.MethodsCHEK2 PV carriers were identified through commercial hereditary cancer panel testing (09/2013 –07/2019). We compared cancer histories of 6473 monoallelic carriers to 31 biallelic carriers. Breast cancer risks were estimated using multivariate logistic regression and are reported as odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).ResultsBreast cancer frequency was higher among biallelicCHEK2 PV carriers (80.6%, 25/31) than monoallelic carriers (41.2%, 2668/6473;p
ConclusionThe results suggest that non-surgical management of patients with radiologic-pathologic concordant IDP without atypia diagnosed on CNB may be appropriate in routine practice.
This study confirms the existence of a low-grade, purely apocrine form of IDC. In its pure form, i.e., without an intercalated duct-type component, low-grade apocrine IDC is genetically similar to high-grade salivary duct carcinoma, with frequentHRAS and PI3K pathway mutations. Despite its molecular similarities to the aggressive salivary duct carcinoma, low-grade apocrine IDC appears to behave in a very indolent manner, supporting is classification as a non-invasive neoplasm, and underscoring the need to distinguish these tumors from each other.
CONCLUSION: Mammography was more accurate than ultrasonography in measuring the largest cancer diameter in DCIS of breast cancer. The correlation coefficient improved in the group of almost entirely fatty/ scattered areas of fibroglandular dense breast or in microcalcification negative group. PMID: 31975667 [PubMed - in process]