Scientism and Pseudoscience: A Philosophical Commentary

Abstract The term “scientism” is used in a variety of ways with both negative and positive connotations. I suggest that some of these uses are inappropriate, as they aim simply at dismissing without argument an approach that a particular author does not like. However, there are legitimate negative uses of the term, which I explore by way of an analogy with the term “pseudoscience.” I discuss these issues by way of a recent specific example provided by a controversy in the field of bioethics concerning the value, or lack thereof, of homeopathy. I then frame the debate about scientism within the broader context of C.P. Snow’s famous essay on the “two cultures.”
Source: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: The prevalence of children using CAM in Novara is high, in line with investigations conducted in Northern European countries. The distribution of pathologies treated with CAM, parental socio-economic status and general scepticism towards vaccination are consistent with the literature. Physicians should keep themselves up-to-date also about evidence-based CAM therapies and, most importantly, should have an open dialogue about CAM with their patients. PMID: 31780014 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS:  Every homeopathic medicine is a complex nano-scale system involving multiple inter-connected, interacting components, and emergent properties. Simillimum individualization derives from formation of a unique personalized protein corona shell adsorbed to the reactive surface of the homeopathic nano-structures on contact with the recipient's body fluids. Low doses of such complex nano-structures initiate the adaptive processes of hormesis to mobilize endogenous healing of a disease state. The capacity for self-organization and self-similarity in complex systems is the key to future research on the nature of...
Source: Homeopathy - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Homeopathy Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS:  The body as a complex system has the capacity for self-organization, emergence and self-similarity over global (overall health and wellbeing) and local (organ) levels of organization. These features are key for future research on the systemic healing that evolves over time during individualized homeopathic treatment. PMID: 31785596 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Homeopathy - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Homeopathy Source Type: research
This article reviews the current understanding of cataract development and discusses several homeopathic remedies purported to treat age-related cataract. Additionally, we will present an overview of evidence regarding the development of pharmacologic cataract reversal therapies. Recent findings Some homeopathic therapies have been shown to prevent cataract development in experimental models. More studies are required to elucidate the potential medicinal and toxic properties of the various alternative therapies. However, in recent years, scientists have begun to investigate substances that address cataract by reversing ...
Source: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: CATARACT SURGERY AND LENS IMPLANTATION: Edited by Natalie A. Afshari Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 108Author(s): Shujat Ali, Samina Perveen, Mumtaz Ali, Tianhui Jiao, Arumugam Selva Sharma, Hamada Hassan, Sabarinathan Devaraj, Huanhuan Li, Quansheng ChenAbstractPhytochemicals sources have been extensively used as reducing and capping agents for synthesis of nanoparticles (NPs). However, morphology-controlled synthesis and shape/size dependent applications of these NPs still need to be explored further, and there is a need to develop a way in which particular and optimized phytochemicals result in the desired NPs in lesser time and cost with...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: The present study suggested that while managing pain following flap surgery, traumeel was superior as compared to ibuprofen, with minimal or no side effects.
Source: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: The mean age of patients was high, low schooling, and no correct use of therapy. It requires continued education to improve care delivery and adherence to treatment.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Nurses Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Although there are many modern and alternative treatment strategies available to treat psoriasis, none of them have been proven to provide complete relief to patients. Moreover, they are associated with certain side effects. In order to overcome them, novel drug delivery systems have been utilized and found effective; however, their stability and safety become the major impediments towards their successful positioning. Traditional and alternative treatment strategies have found to be safe and effective but their use is localized to certain areas. In a nutshell, to achieve successful treatment of psoriasis, ther...
Source: Current Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Drug Deliv Source Type: research
Former NDP leader Tom Mulcair's work for a pro-homeopathy advocacy group is raising eyebrows among critics who denounce the field as pseudoscience.
Source: CBC | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Politics Source Type: news
Classical homeopathy can be included among the treatment options for congenital heterotopic ossification. AbstractClassical homeopathy can be included among the treatment options for congenital heterotopic ossification.
Source: Clinical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
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