Early diagnostics and treatment with acute burn sepsis

Conclusions This in turn confirms the efficacy of early necrectomy and auto dermoplasty of deep burn wounds in victims with sepsis.
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

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In this study, we combined our well-established murine model of scald burn injury with bacterial 16S-rRNA gene sequencing to investigate how burn injury affects the fecal microbiome in aged versus young mice. Of our treatment groups, the most substantial shift in gut microbial populations was observed in aged mice that underwent burn injury. We then profiled antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in the ileum, and found that burn injury stimulated a 20-fold rise in levels of regenerating islet-derived protein 3 gamma (Reg3γ), a 16-fold rise in regenerating islet-derived protein 3 beta (Reg3β), and an 8-fold rise in Cathe...
Source: Shock - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Basic Science Aspects Source Type: research
We present our experience on the use of CPFA in septic shock severe burn patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) needing renal replacement therapy (RRT) with the main goal to evaluate efficacy and safety of CPFA in this specific subset of septic shock patients.MethodsIn this observational study, we retrospectively reviewed the medical notes of all burn patients admitted to our adult Burn Center who received CPFA, as part of the septic shock treatment requiring RRT, between January 2001 and December 2017 (CPFA group).We compared CPFA group with all the burn patients admitted to our Center in the same period of time, with th...
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Purpose of review The current review discusses the supplemental use of vitamin C as an adjunct in the management of sepsis and septic shock. Recent findings The antioxidant properties of vitamin C are touted to be useful in modulating the inflammatory response, decreasing vasopressor requirements, and improving resuscitation. Current resuscitation practices are focused on addressing the hemodynamic instability and ensuring adequate oxygen delivery to tissues. The conceptual framework of the use of vitamin C during a resuscitation is to modulate in a beneficial fashion the inflammatory response to sepsis while concomit...
Source: Current Opinion in Critical Care - Category: Nursing Tags: THE SURGICAL PATIENT: Edited by Terence O’Keeffe Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 October 2019Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Zheng Liu, Kezhe Tan, Lan Bu, Lulong Bo, Wen Ni, Miaomiao Fei, Fang Chen, Xiaoming Deng, Jinbao LiAbstractSepsis is the leading cause of death in burn patients. Monocytes/macrophages rapidly exhibit impaired production of proinflammatory cytokines and an elevated generation of anti-inflammatory cytokines in septic patients with immunosuppression. However, the expression patterns of Tim4 and Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NALP3) inflammasome and their roles during immunosuppression in septic shock patients are not well understood. Tim4 and NALP3 inflamm...
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
The current review discusses the supplemental use of vitamin C as an adjunct in the management of sepsis and septic shock. The antioxidant properties of vitamin C are touted to be useful in modulating the inflammatory response, decreasing vasopressor requirements, and improving resuscitation. Current resuscitation practices are focused on addressing the hemodynamic instability and ensuring adequate oxygen delivery to tissues. The conceptual framework of the use of vitamin C during a resuscitation is to modulate in a beneficial fashion the inflammatory response to sepsis while concomitantly resuscitating and treating the in...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
A new blood filtration technology may prove to be life-saving for patients whose normally healthy inflammatory response to injury or illness has gone into overdrive, resulting in fatally high levels of cytokines in their blood. In an interview with MD+DI, Dr. Phillip Chan, MD, PhD, CEO of CytoSorbents Corp., explained that inflammation, and the production of substances called cytokines that drive inflammation, are the body’s natural response to heal injury or infection. But sometimes, the inflammatory response is so severe in such conditions as sepsis and infection, burn injuries, trauma, pancreatitis, li...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiovascular Source Type: news
Conclusion The impact of sepsis on the gut is manifold, e.g., sepsis mediated alteration of the gut-blood barrier and increase in the intestinal permeability, which may correlate with the phenomena of bacterial translocation and lymphatic activation (“toxic-lymph”). Systemic consequences of sepsis are widespread and concern to the coagulative system, the microbiome as well as enzymes, such as pancreatic proteases, MMPs and IAPs. Nevertheless, the therapeutic approaches for modulating the mucosal immune system are still rarely effective in daily routine. Recent published studies showing that treatment with FMT,...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract Thiamin is a hydrosoluble vitamin that plays a role in several biological processes, mainly in glucose metabolism. There are several risk factors for developing thiamin deficiency, such as malnutrition, refeeding syndrome, gastrointestinal surgery, and alcoholism. Recently, the role of thiamin in critically ill patients has gained prominence, and the prevalence of thiamin deficiency was found to be increased in patients with severe burns, major surgery, septic shock, end-stage renal disease, and heart failure. In adults, thiamin deficiency presents as encephalopathy, dry beriberi (with neurological signs ...
Source: Nutrition in Clinical Practice - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Nutr Clin Pract Source Type: research
Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a common occurrence resulting from acute mesenteric ischemia, traumatic or septic shock, burns, and surgical procedures that can lead to multiple organ failure and high mortality in critically ill patients. Mitochondria are often considered the cellular power factory via their capacity for ATP generation. Recently, mitochondria have been further identified as vital regulators of cell death, inflammation, and oxidative stress, all of which can aggravate I/R injury. Studies have indicated that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage leads to mitochondrial dysfunction and aggravates I/R injury. m...
Source: Shock - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to explore the impact of an outbreak of imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (IR-AB) on renal outcomes.MethodsWe performed a before-and-after observational study in a French burn intensive care unit during an IR-AB outbreak: a 13-month period before (period A, October 2013-October 2014) and a 13-month period after outbreak control (period B, December 2014-December 2015). A total of 409 patients were included, 195 during period A and 214 during period B. The main endpoint was major adverse kidney events at day 90 (MAKE 90). Secondary endpoints were acute kidney injury (AKI) and persiste...
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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