The role of general change mechanisms in sudden gains in the treatment of anorexia nervosa

This study investigated the role of general change mechanisms in body-weight related SGs in AN. Data were drawn from a randomized-controlled trial on cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and focal psychodynamic therapy (FPT) for adult outpatients with AN. Session-level data on the general change mechanisms 'clarification' (insight), 'mastery' (coping), and 'therapeutic relationship' were analyzed. Pre-gain sessions were compared with control (pre-pre-gain) sessions in 99 patients with a SG in body weight. Additionally, propensity score matching was used to compare data from pre-gain sessions from 44 patients with SG and data from the corresponding session from 44 patients without SG. In the pre-gain session, patients experienced higher levels of clarification and mastery but not therapeutic relationship. Compared to patients without a SG, patients with a SG likewise experienced more clarification and mastery but not a better therapeutic relationship in the pre-gain/corresponding session. CBT and FPT did not differ regarding these effects. The findings suggest that general change mechanisms contribute to SGs in CBT and FPT for AN.PMID:36913844 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2023.104285
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research