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Social Conditions and High Levels of Dental Caries in Five-year-old Children in Brazil

Source: Journal of Dentistry for Children - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Public Health Source Type: research

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Dental caries is the most common, chronic, noncommunicable, preventable oral disease worldwide. Oxidation may play an important role in dental caries initiation and progression. Antioxidants in body fluids protect cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate salivary and serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in dental caries. A total of 118 healthy caries-free and caries-active male and female students participated. Caries was detected clinically. Unstimulated whole-saliva samples and blood samples were obtained. Sialochemical analysis was carried out by spectrophotometric assay. Data were...
Source: Caries Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
ConclusionsThere is a strong association between child abuse and neglect and dental caries. Abused children often have severe dental caries and in children who had dental caries, child abuse and neglect is often established. An important factor is insufficient parenting; therefore, we believe that severe dental caries is an important indicator for child abuse and neglect.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
International Dental Journal, EarlyView.
Source: International Dental Journal - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveThe study aims to investigate how mothers ’ oral health behaviour and perception thereof influence the dental health in their children.MethodsA total of 556 Vietnamese mother –child pairs participated in the current study. Mothers self-reported their oral status and oral health behaviour and perception. Dental caries of the children were examined using the index of decayed, missing, and filled teeth. The Dental Anxiety Scale instrument was used to assess the dental anx iety level in mothers and children.ResultsAmong mothers, 41.3% had gingival bleeding, 40% perceived their dentition and gingiva...
Source: EPMA Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
We review the literature on the oral microbiome and the role of the microbiota in the development of dental caries and periodontitis. While most research has been focused on identifying one or more specific determinants of these diseases, the results have provided limited predictive value and have not been able to explain the variation in the distribution of these diseases observed in epidemiological or clinical studies. Drawing on existing knowledge about the nature of the oral microbiota, we suggest that a stochastic model based on the Weiner process provides simple and parsimonious explanations for the pathogenesis of b...
Source: Caries Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
(University of Pennsylvania) Some young children experience severe tooth decay that resist normal therapies. New research led by Dongyeop Kim and Hyun (Michel) Koo of Penn's School of Dental Medicine shows how plaque's protective matrix can shield fungal cells from the drugs intended to kill them.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
ConclusionThe detected features in the IR spectra of mixed saliva as well as the calculated changes in the ratios between organic and inorganic components can be used as biomarkers of cariogenesis in the oral cavity, as a diagnostic criterion in the analysis of the oral fluid samples.
Source: EPMA Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
The objective of this study is to evaluate the inhibitory effects of curcumin on metabolism and biofilm formation in S. mutans using a vitro biofilm model in an artificial oral environment. S. mutans biofilms were treated with varying concentrations of curcumin. The biofilm metabolism and biofilm biomass were assessed by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay and the crystal violet assay. Confocal laser scanning microscopy was used to analyse the composition and extracellular polysaccharide content of S. mutans biofilm after curcumin treatment. The biofilm structure was evaluated using a sc...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Abstract It is important to have an epidemiological understanding of oral diseases among indigenous persons, in order to contribute with the organization of health services for these populations. The SB Brasil 2010 database was used to compare the prevalence of dental caries among 308 self-identified indigenous and 37,211 non-indigenous individuals from urban areas, in the following age/age-groups: 5, 12, 15-19, 35-44, 65-74. The study also analyzed the effect of the complex sample design and the sample weight in the outcomes. Kruskal-Wallis, Wilcoxon Scores (Rank Sums), logistic and multiple linear regressions were used f...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, EarlyView.
Source: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
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