NIH BRAIN Initiative Unveils Detailed Atlas of the Mammalian Primary Motor Cortex
The NIH Brain Research Through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies ® (BRAIN) Initiative Cell Census Network (BICCN) has unveiled an atlas of cell types and an anatomical neuronal wiring diagram for the mammalian primary motor cortex, derived from detailed studies of mice, monkeys, and humans. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - October 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

Macrophage Infection by HIV: Implications for Pathogenesis and Cure
The NIMH and the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT, and Harvard are conducting a virtual meeting to examine emerging data related to macrophage interactions with the immune system during HIV infection, macrophage reservoirs and approaches to their elimination, and the involvement of CNS myeloid reservoirs and associated co-morbidities. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - October 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

Genomic Data From More Than 41,000 People Shed New Light on Bipolar Disorder
In the largest genome-wide association study of bipolar disorder to date, researchers found about twice as many genetic locations associated with bipolar disorder as reported in previous studies. These and other findings help improve our understanding of the biological origins of bipolar disorder. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - September 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

The NIMH Director ’s Innovation Speaker Series: Life Through a Navajo Lens Beyond the Navajo Reservation
Glorinda Segay, D.B.H., will be the next guest speaker for NIMH ’s Director’s Innovation Speaker Series. Dr. Segay will share her journey, her work at the Indian Health Service, and what the agency does to promote mental health among Native Americans. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - September 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

Addressing Mental Health Disparities Research Gaps: Aggregating and Mining Existing Data Sets for Secondary Analyses
This initiative seeks to encourage theory-based research targeting the reduction and elimination of mental health disparities in the United States. Given that there are many existing, untapped data resources, the purpose of this initiative is to provide an opportunity for investigators to integrate and analyze datasets in a cost-efficient manner to yield novel findings, identify key scientific gaps, and inform future research investments. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - September 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

Neuron-Glia Computations Governing Complex Behaviors
The goal of this concept is to facilitate behavioral systems-level neuroscience research on neuron-glia interactions. There are major gaps in the understanding of how neuron-glia interactions enable complex behavior. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - September 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

NIMH Biobehavioral Research Awards for Innovative New Scientists (NIMH BRAINS)
This initiative aims to continue the successful NIMH Biobehavioral Research Awards for Innovative New Scientists (NIMH BRAINS) program. This initiative is intended to encourage potentially transformative research from exceptional early-stage scientists. The NIMH BRAINS program plans to focus on research priorities and gap areas identified in the NIMH Strategic Plan for Research. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - September 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

Integrating Mental Health Care into Health Care Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries and Other Low-Resources Settings
The goal of this concept is to encourage implementation research to develop, optimize, and test innovative theory-based strategies to integrate mental and physical health care within health care systems in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) and other low-resource settings. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - September 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

Post-Acute Interventions to Optimize Long-Term Mental Health Outcomes in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
The goal of this concept is to encourage research that improves post-acute mental health services in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and low-resource settings. Of specific interest is research that generates new information on the health system changes that could improve the scalability and sustainability of service provision. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - September 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

Mental Health Research Dissertation Grant to Enhance Workforce Diversity
This concept would provide continued support for a long-standing and successful program for doctoral students in the dissertation stage of graduate school. The program aims to continue enhancing the diversity of the mental health research workforce by providing dissertation level research support to individuals who are underrepresented in the biomedical, clinical, behavioral, and social sciences (as defined by NIH) who are proposing projects consistent with the NIMH ’s mission and research priorities. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - September 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies ® (BRAIN) Initiative: Brain-Behavior Quantification and Synchronization
This concept aims to: develop high resolution tools and analytic approaches that can precisely quantify species-appropriate behaviors as a multi-dimensional response and synchronize these with simultaneously recorded brain activity; build new conceptual and computational models of behavioral systems, with which to establish causal brain/behavior relationships and enable closed loop intervention development; and, establish a cross-disciplinary consortium of researchers to develop and disseminate new tools, ontologies, research designs, and ethical frameworks that will transform how mechanistic brain-behavioral research is c...
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - September 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

NIMH Livestream Event on Suicide Prevention During COVID: A Continuing Priority
During National Suicide Prevention Awareness Month, NIMH hosted a livestream event on suicide prevention during the pandemic, focusing on unemployment, youth, and other population subgroups who may be experiencing elevated risk. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - September 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

A New Strength-Focused Framework to Prevent American Indian and Alaska Native Youth Suicide
Researchers have developed a promising new framework for suicide prevention in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities. The research framework expands on conventional risk reduction strategies by placing Indigenous culture, knowledge, beliefs, and community collaboration at the center of the approach. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - September 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

Researchers Use Exosome-Based Strategy to Block HIV in Mice
In this NIMH-funded study, researchers used exosomes to deliver novel protein into the cells of mice infected with HIV. The protein attached to HIV ’s genetic material and prevented it from replicating, resulting in reduced levels of HIV in the bone marrow, spleen, and brain. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - September 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news