Cognitive remediation for severe mental illness: state of the field and  future directions.
Cognitive remediation for severe mental illness: state of the field and future directions. World Psychiatry. 2019 Oct;18(3):274-275 Authors: Bowie CR PMID: 31496075 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bowie CR Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

The effect of minority status and social context on the development of depression and anxiety: a longitudinal study of Puerto Rican descent youth.
Abstract Few longitudinal studies have explored to date whether minority status in disadvantaged neighborhoods conveys risk for negative mental health outcomes, and the mechanisms possibly leading to such risk. We investigated how minority status influences four developmental mental health outcomes in an ethnically homogeneous sample of Puerto Rican youth. We tested models of risk for major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), depressive and anxiety symptoms (DAS), and psychological distress, as Puerto Rican youth (aged 5-13 years) transitioned to early adulthood (15-29 years) in two s...
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alegria M, Shrout PE, Canino G, Alvarez K, Wang Y, Bird H, Markle SL, Ramos-Olazagasti M, Rivera DV, Cook BL, Musa GJ, Falgas-Bague I, NeMoyer A, Dominique G, Duarte C Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental illness among relatives of successful academics: implications for psychopathology-creativity research.
PMID: 31496077 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Parnas J, Sandsten KE, Vestergaard CH, Nordgaard J Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Therapeutic change processes link and clarify targets and outcomes.
PMID: 31496078 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hofmann SG, Hayes SC Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

The crossroads of psychiatric epigenomics.
PMID: 31496079 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Petronis A, Labrie V Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatry, human rights and social development: progress on the WPA Action Plan 2017-2020.
PMID: 31496080 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Herrman H Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Fidelity vs. flexibility in the implementation of psychotherapies: time to move on.
PMID: 31496081 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fonagy P, Luyten P Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Outcomes help map out evidence in an uncertain terrain, but they are relative.
PMID: 31496082 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kendall T Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Transdiagnostic psychiatry: premature closure on a crucial pathway to clinical utility for psychiatric diagnosis.
PMID: 31496083 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: McGorry PD, Nelson B Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

The all-encompassing perspective of the mental health care patient.
PMID: 31496084 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Groeneweg B Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

TRANSD recommendations: improving transdiagnostic research in psychiatry.
PMID: 31496085 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fusar-Poli P Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Building resilience through psychotherapy.
PMID: 31496086 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Reynolds CF Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

The assessment and management of insomnia: an update.
Abstract Insomnia poses significant challenges to public health. It is a common condition associated with marked impairment in function and quality of life, psychiatric and physical morbidity, and accidents. As such, it is important that effective treatment is provided in clinical practice. To this end, this paper reviews critical aspects of the assessment of insomnia and the available treatment options. These options include both non-medication treatments, most notably cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia, and a variety of pharmacologic therapies such as benzodiazepines, "z-drugs", melatonin recept...
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Krystal AD, Prather AA, Ashbrook LH Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Evocative gene-environment correlation between genetic risk for schizophrenia and bullying victimization.
PMID: 31496088 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pergola G, Papalino M, Gelao B, Sportelli L, Vollerbergh W, Grattagliano I, Bertolino A Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Post-traumatic stress disorder: a state-of-the-art review of evidence and challenges.
Abstract Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is arguably the most common psychiatric disorder to arise after exposure to a traumatic event. Since its formal introduction in the DSM-III in 1980, knowledge has grown significantly regarding its causes, maintaining mechanisms and treatments. Despite this increased understanding, however, the actual definition of the disorder remains controversial. The DSM-5 and ICD-11 define the disorder differently, reflecting disagreements in the field about whether the construct of PTSD should encompass a broad array of psychological manifestations that arise after trauma or...
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bryant RA Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Putting the psychotherapy spotlight back on the self-reflecting actors who make it work.
PMID: 31496090 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: van Os J, Kamp D Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Factors facilitating or preventing compulsory admission in psychiatry.
r W PMID: 31496091 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rössler W Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

The ICD-11 has been adopted by the World Health Assembly.
PMID: 31496092 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pocai B Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Transdiagnostic psychiatry goes above and beyond classification.
PMID: 31496093 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mansell W Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Reimagining outcomes requires reimagining mental health conditions.
PMID: 31496094 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Patel V Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

The efficacy of app-supported smartphone interventions for mental health problems: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Abstract Although impressive progress has been made toward developing empirically-supported psychological treatments, the reality remains that a significant proportion of people with mental health problems do not receive these treatments. Finding ways to reduce this treatment gap is crucial. Since app-supported smartphone interventions are touted as a possible solution, access to up-to-date guidance around the evidence base and clinical utility of these interventions is needed. We conducted a meta-analysis of 66 randomized controlled trials of app-supported smartphone interventions for mental health problems....
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Linardon J, Cuijpers P, Carlbring P, Messer M, Fuller-Tyszkiewicz M Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

iSupport: a WHO global online intervention for informal caregivers of people with dementia.
PMID: 31496096 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pot AM, Gallagher-Thompson D, Xiao LD, Willemse BM, Rosier I, Mehta KM, Zandi D, Dua T, iSupport development team Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Migration, ethnicity and psychoses: evidence, models and future directions.
Abstract There is a large body of research reporting high rates of psychotic disorders among many migrant and minority ethnic groups, particularly in Northern Europe. In the context of increasing migration and consequent cultural diversity in many places worldwide, these findings are a major social and public health concern. In this paper, we take stock of the current state of the art, reviewing evidence on variations in rates of psychoses and putative explanations, including relevant theories and models. We discuss in particular: a) the wide variation in reported rates of psychotic disorders by ethnic group, and ...
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Morgan C, Knowles G, Hutchinson G Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Toward a personalized approach to psychotherapy outcome and the study of therapeutic change.
PMID: 31496098 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Barber JP, Solomonov N Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

What is treatment resistance in psychiatry? A "difficult to treat" concept.
What is treatment resistance in psychiatry? A "difficult to treat" concept. World Psychiatry. 2019 Oct;18(3):354-355 Authors: Demyttenaere K PMID: 31496099 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Demyttenaere K Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

The role of the evolutionary approach in psychiatry.
DR PMID: 31496100 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Abed R, Brüne M, Wilson DR Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

The network approach to psychopathology: promise versus reality.
PMID: 31496101 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Forbes MK, Wright AGC, Markon KE, Krueger RF Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Targets and outcomes of psychotherapies for mental disorders: an  overview.
Targets and outcomes of psychotherapies for mental disorders: an overview. World Psychiatry. 2019 Oct;18(3):276-285 Authors: Cuijpers P Abstract It is not yet clear what mental disorders are and what are the causal pathways that lead to them. That makes it difficult to decide what the targets and outcomes of psychotherapies should be. In this paper, the main types of targets and outcomes of psychotherapies are described, and a brief overview is provided of some of the main results of research on these types. These include symptom reduction, personal targets and outcomes from the patient...
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cuijpers P Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

The efficacy and safety of nutrient supplements in the treatment of mental disorders: a meta-review of meta-analyses of randomized  controlled trials.
In conclusion, clinicians should be informed of the nutrient supplements with established efficacy for certain conditions (such as eicosapentaenoic acid in depression), but also made aware of those currently lacking evidentiary support. Future research should aim to determine which individuals may benefit most from evidence-based supplements, to further elucidate the underlying mechanisms. PMID: 31496103 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Firth J, Teasdale SB, Allott K, Siskind D, Marx W, Cotter J, Veronese N, Schuch F, Smith L, Solmi M, Carvalho AF, Vancampfort D, Berk M, Stubbs B, Sarris J Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Embodiment and the Other's look in feeding and eating disorders.
PMID: 31496104 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stanghellini G Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

What is "evidence" in psychotherapies?
What is "evidence" in psychotherapies? World Psychiatry. 2019 Oct;18(3):245-246 Authors: Lilienfeld SO PMID: 31496105 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lilienfeld SO Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Moderation, mediation, and moderated mediation.
PMID: 31496106 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hollon SD Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Systematic inclusion of culture-related information in ICD-11.
PMID: 31496107 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gureje O, Lewis-Fernandez R, Hall BJ, Reed GM Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Evidence and perspectives in eating disorders: a paradigm for a multidisciplinary approach.
PMID: 31496108 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Monteleone AM, Fernandez-Aranda F, Voderholzer U Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Five Factor Model of personality structure: an update.
PMID: 31496109 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Widiger TA, Crego C Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Targets and outcomes of psychological interventions: implications for guidelines and policy.
PMID: 31496110 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: van Ommeren M Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

The symptom-specific efficacy of antidepressant medication vs. cognitive behavioral therapy in the treatment of depression: results from an individual patient data meta-analysis.
rs RA, Cuijpers P Abstract A recent individual patient data meta-analysis showed that antidepressant medication is slightly more efficacious than cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in reducing overall depression severity in patients with a DSM-defined depressive disorder. We used an update of that dataset, based on seventeen randomized clinical trials, to examine the comparative efficacy of antidepressant medication vs. CBT in more detail by focusing on individual depressive symptoms as assessed with the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression. Five symptoms (i.e., "depressed mood" , "feeling...
Source: World Psychiatry - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Boschloo L, Bekhuis E, Weitz ES, Reijnders M, DeRubeis RJ, Dimidjian S, Dunner DL, Dunlop BW, Hegerl U, Hollon SD, Jarrett RB, Kennedy SH, Miranda J, Mohr DC, Simons AD, Parker G, Petrak F, Herpertz S, Quilty LC, John Rush A, Segal ZV, Vittengl JR, Schoev Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Implementation of the Action Plan of the WPA Secretary for Publications.
PMID: 31059604 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Botbol M Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Current goals of neuroimaging for mental disorders: a report by the WPA Section on Neuroimaging in Psychiatry.
PMID: 31059605 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Giordano GM, Borgwardt S Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Neurocognitive disorders in ICD-11: a new proposal and its outcome.
PMID: 31059606 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gaebel W, Reed GM, Jakob R Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

The meaning of group differences in cognitive test performance.
PMID: 31059607 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Grant PM, Best MW, Beck AT Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

The need to investigate nocebo effects in more detail.
PMID: 31059608 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Benedetti F, Frisaldi E, Piedimonte A Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

ICD-11 PTSD and complex PTSD: structural validation using network analysis.
PMID: 31059609 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: McElroy E, Shevlin M, Murphy S, Roberts B, Makhashvili N, Javakhishvili J, Bisson J, Ben-Ezra M, Hyland P Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Innovative methods for improving cognition, motivation and wellbeing in schizophrenia.
PMID: 31059610 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sahakian BJ, Savulich G Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

WPA Secretariat: keeping pace with changing times!
PMID: 31059611 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kallivayalil RA Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cognitive impairment as a diagnostic criterion and treatment target in schizophrenia.
PMID: 31059612 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Davidson M Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Nidotherapy: a cost-effective systematic environmental intervention.
PMID: 31059613 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tyrer P Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Addressing the opioid crisis globally.
PMID: 31059614 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Volkow ND, Icaza MEM, Poznyak V, Saxena S, Gerra G, UNODC-WHO Informal Scientific Network Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cognitive impairment and psychosis in schizophrenia: independent or linked conditions?
PMID: 31059615 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Reichenberg A, Velthorst E, Davidson M Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Acceptance and commitment therapy: towards a unified model of behavior change.
PMID: 31059616 [PubMed] (Source: World Psychiatry)
Source: World Psychiatry - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hayes SC Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research