First Molecular Characterisation of < em > Blastocystis < /em > from Experimental Rats in Turkey and Comparison of the Frequencies Between Obese and Non-obese Groups
This study aimed to determine the frequency and subtype distribution of Blastocystis in laboratory rats at a laboratory animal facility in Turkey.METHODS: This study included 54 male Sprague-Dawley rats from Aydın Adnan Menderes University Laboratory Animal Center. Among these rats, 30 were fed with high-fat diet (obese group) and the remaining 24 received standard chow (non-obese group). Blastocystis positivity was determined with amplification of small subunit 18S rRNA gene following their nucleic acid extraction from faecal samples. Subtypes were detected by submitting the partial 18S rRNA gene sequences to the databas...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Erdo ğan Malatyalı Gizem Ba şaran Alpaslan G ökçimen Hatice Ertabaklar Sema Ertu ğ Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of < em > Encephalitozoon cuniculi, Francisella tularensis < /em > and < em > Toxoplasma gondii < /em > in Zoonotic Diseases in European Hares ( < em > Lepus europaesus < /em > )
CONCLUSION: Anti-T. gondii and anti-E. cuniculi antibodies were serologically detected in hares for the first time in Turkey. Furthermore, this is the first study reporting the seropositivity of F. tularensis infection in hares.PMID:34346871 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.7237 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Özcan Özkan Banu çiçek Yücesan Cahit Bab ür Ömer Orkun Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of < em > Toxoplasma gondii < /em > in Pregnant Women Admitted to a State Hospital in Mersin, 2019
CONCLUSION: In our study, a significant portion of pregnant women were observed to be non-immune to the agent, and therefore informing these people about the protection methods from the parasite in order to prevent infection occurrence is important.PMID:34346872 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.7273 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Serpil Gonca Mehmet Sami Serin Sultan Halepliler Sema Erden Ert ürk Source Type: research

Evaluation of Seropositivity of Toxoplasmosis Suspected Patients Admitted to the National Parasitology Reference Laboratory Between 2009 and 2019
CONCLUSION: T. gondii maintains its importance in public health, owing to its high positivity rates. This study, in which 10-year data were collected, showed that despite an increase in awareness, high seropositivity still continues. Therefore, systematic collection and evaluation of laboratory analysis results for toxoplasmosis diagnosis will contribute in taking control measures.PMID:34346873 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.02419 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Cahit Bab ür Banu çiçek Yücesan Figen Sezen Sel çuk Kılıç Source Type: research

Impact of Pandemic in the Frequency of Scabies: Possible Scabies Outbreak Scenario Aftermath COVID-19
This study aimed to evaluate the post-pandemic changes in the frequency of scabies and determined the clues that may indicate a possible outbreak of scabies in the future.METHODS: All patients diagnosed with scabies in the University of Health Sciences Turkey, Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital and Palandöken State Hospital between January 2019 and September 2020 were evaluated.RESULTS: The frequency of scabies of 1.87% was remarkable in the first quarter of 2020, which corresponds to the pre-pandemic, and>50% (n=442) of all patients with scabies in 2019 (n=769) were encountered only in the first 3 mon...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Çağrı Turan Nurcan Metin Source Type: research

Investigation of < em > Dientamoeba fragilis < /em > Frequency in Faecal Samples of Patients with < em > Enterobius vermicularis < /em > Infection by Polymerase Chain Reaction
CONCLUSION: D. fragilis is frequently associated with E. vermicularis, so the presence of D. fragilis should be also considered in affected patients. The use of high-sensitivity molecular methods such as PCR is important in preventing false results.AMAÇ: Dientamoeba fragilis (D. fragilis), amip benzeri morfolojiye sahip, gastrointestinal yerleşimli, kamçılı bir protozoondur. Parazitin Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis) yumurtalarıyla taşındığı hipotezi kabul görmektedir. Çalışmamızda D. fragilis ve E. vermicularis birlikteliğini incelemek, bulunan D. fragilis’lerin genoti...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: İbrahim Yıldız Sema Ertu ğ Evren Tileklio ğlu Erdo ğan Malatyalı Özgür Güçlü Hatice Ertabaklar Source Type: research

Comparison of the New Multiepitope Recombinant Peptide Antigen with Cyst Fluid Antigen in the Follow-up of Patients with Cystic Echinococcosis
CONCLUSION: We found that recDipol did not perform as expected in the follow-up due to the higher number of seronegative patients compared to HF-ELISA in the first blood and during the entire follow-up. Our results suggest that imaging methods are gold standards in the diagnosis and that, in parallel, longer-term patient follow-up is required with recombinant antigens that have an improved diagnostic performance.PMID:34346876 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.7286 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Eylem Akdur Öztürk Mesut Ak ıl Ay şe Caner Halil Bozkaya Nazmiye Alt ıntaş Ay şegül Ünver Source Type: research

Laboratory Results of Cystic Echinococcosis in 2017 and 2018
CONCLUSION: The results indicate that CE maintains its importance as a public health problem in Bursa as in Turkey.PMID:34346877 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.43434 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Oktay Alver Ay şe Melda Payaslıoğlu C üneyt Özakın Sema Esen Source Type: research

< em > Wolbachia < /em > spp. and < em > Spiroplasma < /em > spp. in < em > Musca < /em > spp.: Detection Using Molecular Approaches
CONCLUSION: Wolbachia spp. were not detected in Musca flies. Of the total Musca flies, only one was positive for Spiroplasma spp. To our knowledge, this is the first study to detect the presence of Spiroplasma in Musca flies.PMID:34346878 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.35229 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Mustafa Karatepe Serap Aksoy Bilge Karatepe Source Type: research

Imported Malaria: A < em > Plasmodium falciparum < /em > Malaria Case in Turkey with Rarely Seen Blood Stages of Infection
Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2021 Aug 4;45(3):216-219. doi: 10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.7003.ABSTRACTMalaria is an important public health problem, with about 219 million cases, which account for 435 thousand deaths of children in Africa in 2017. The infection is transmitted by female anopheles mosquito, including Plasmodium species pathogen for human. In Turkey, no domestic cases have been reported; however, according to Annual Health Statistics, 214 imported cases were reported in 2017. Although P. vivax exactly was reported in previous years, imported Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) cases have increased in the last few ye...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Koray Öncel Leman Karaa ğaç Ahmet Özbilgin Source Type: research

A Rare Cause of Acute Appendicitis: < em > Enterobius vermicularis < /em >
In this study, we report a rare case of acute appendicitis caused by Enterobius vermicularis.PMID:34346880 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.6731 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Mehmet Patmano Tufan G ümüş Filiz İlhan Türkel Source Type: research

Acute Toxoplasmosis During Pregnancy: A Hard Call
Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2021 Aug 4;45(3):223-226. doi: 10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.43043.ABSTRACTToxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that infects all animals, including humans, and causes toxoplasmosis. If toxoplasmosis occurs during pregnancy, it may affect the foetus owing to transplacental transmission. Such transmission may lead to foetal complications, some of which can be very serious, e.g. hydrocephaly and chorioretinitis; however, not all cases of acute toxoplasmosis during pregnancy result in foetal complications. The decision whether to continue or terminate the pregnancy is a difficult problem f...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Tonay İnceboz Metin Korkmaz Derya Dirim Erdo ğan Ümit İnceboz Source Type: research

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis with Mucosal Involvement
This study reported cases of two patients, who were from Syria and lived in Hatay, with cutaneous leishmaniasis and mucosal involvement. Two patients presented to the infectious diseases clinic with a complaint of facial lesions and were subsequently referred to the parasitology department laboratory. Smears were prepared from the lesions, stained with Giemsa and examined under a microscope. Moreover, aspirates taken from the patients' lesions were inoculated into the modified Novy-MacNeal-Nicolle medium. The diagnosis was made when amastigotes were detected in both smears. Proliferation of promastigotes was observed in on...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Mehmet Çabalak G ülnaz Çulha Tayibe Bal Tu ğba Kaya Ebru Çelik Source Type: research

Relationship Between Prevalence of Opisthorchiasis and Incidence of COVID-19: An Observation
Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2021 Aug 4;45(3):230. doi: 10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.30602.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34346883 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.30602 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Rujittika Mungmunpuntipantip Viroj Wiwanitkit Source Type: research

First Molecular Characterisation of < em > Blastocystis < /em > from Experimental Rats in Turkey and Comparison of the Frequencies Between Obese and Non-obese Groups
This study aimed to determine the frequency and subtype distribution of Blastocystis in laboratory rats at a laboratory animal facility in Turkey.METHODS: This study included 54 male Sprague-Dawley rats from Aydın Adnan Menderes University Laboratory Animal Center. Among these rats, 30 were fed with high-fat diet (obese group) and the remaining 24 received standard chow (non-obese group). Blastocystis positivity was determined with amplification of small subunit 18S rRNA gene following their nucleic acid extraction from faecal samples. Subtypes were detected by submitting the partial 18S rRNA gene sequences to the databas...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Erdo ğan Malatyalı Gizem Ba şaran Alpaslan G ökçimen Hatice Ertabaklar Sema Ertu ğ Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of < em > Encephalitozoon cuniculi, Francisella tularensis < /em > and < em > Toxoplasma gondii < /em > in Zoonotic Diseases in European Hares ( < em > Lepus europaesus < /em > )
CONCLUSION: Anti-T. gondii and anti-E. cuniculi antibodies were serologically detected in hares for the first time in Turkey. Furthermore, this is the first study reporting the seropositivity of F. tularensis infection in hares.PMID:34346871 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.7237 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Özcan Özkan Banu çiçek Yücesan Cahit Bab ür Ömer Orkun Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of < em > Toxoplasma gondii < /em > in Pregnant Women Admitted to a State Hospital in Mersin, 2019
CONCLUSION: In our study, a significant portion of pregnant women were observed to be non-immune to the agent, and therefore informing these people about the protection methods from the parasite in order to prevent infection occurrence is important.PMID:34346872 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.7273 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Serpil Gonca Mehmet Sami Serin Sultan Halepliler Sema Erden Ert ürk Source Type: research

Evaluation of Seropositivity of Toxoplasmosis Suspected Patients Admitted to the National Parasitology Reference Laboratory Between 2009 and 2019
CONCLUSION: T. gondii maintains its importance in public health, owing to its high positivity rates. This study, in which 10-year data were collected, showed that despite an increase in awareness, high seropositivity still continues. Therefore, systematic collection and evaluation of laboratory analysis results for toxoplasmosis diagnosis will contribute in taking control measures.PMID:34346873 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.02419 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Cahit Bab ür Banu çiçek Yücesan Figen Sezen Sel çuk Kılıç Source Type: research

Impact of Pandemic in the Frequency of Scabies: Possible Scabies Outbreak Scenario Aftermath COVID-19
This study aimed to evaluate the post-pandemic changes in the frequency of scabies and determined the clues that may indicate a possible outbreak of scabies in the future.METHODS: All patients diagnosed with scabies in the University of Health Sciences Turkey, Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital and Palandöken State Hospital between January 2019 and September 2020 were evaluated.RESULTS: The frequency of scabies of 1.87% was remarkable in the first quarter of 2020, which corresponds to the pre-pandemic, and>50% (n=442) of all patients with scabies in 2019 (n=769) were encountered only in the first 3 mon...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Çağrı Turan Nurcan Metin Source Type: research

Investigation of < em > Dientamoeba fragilis < /em > Frequency in Faecal Samples of Patients with < em > Enterobius vermicularis < /em > Infection by Polymerase Chain Reaction
CONCLUSION: D. fragilis is frequently associated with E. vermicularis, so the presence of D. fragilis should be also considered in affected patients. The use of high-sensitivity molecular methods such as PCR is important in preventing false results.AMAÇ: Dientamoeba fragilis (D. fragilis), amip benzeri morfolojiye sahip, gastrointestinal yerleşimli, kamçılı bir protozoondur. Parazitin Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis) yumurtalarıyla taşındığı hipotezi kabul görmektedir. Çalışmamızda D. fragilis ve E. vermicularis birlikteliğini incelemek, bulunan D. fragilis’lerin genoti...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: İbrahim Yıldız Sema Ertu ğ Evren Tileklio ğlu Erdo ğan Malatyalı Özgür Güçlü Hatice Ertabaklar Source Type: research

Comparison of the New Multiepitope Recombinant Peptide Antigen with Cyst Fluid Antigen in the Follow-up of Patients with Cystic Echinococcosis
CONCLUSION: We found that recDipol did not perform as expected in the follow-up due to the higher number of seronegative patients compared to HF-ELISA in the first blood and during the entire follow-up. Our results suggest that imaging methods are gold standards in the diagnosis and that, in parallel, longer-term patient follow-up is required with recombinant antigens that have an improved diagnostic performance.PMID:34346876 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.7286 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Eylem Akdur Öztürk Mesut Ak ıl Ay şe Caner Halil Bozkaya Nazmiye Alt ıntaş Ay şegül Ünver Source Type: research

Laboratory Results of Cystic Echinococcosis in 2017 and 2018
CONCLUSION: The results indicate that CE maintains its importance as a public health problem in Bursa as in Turkey.PMID:34346877 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.43434 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Oktay Alver Ay şe Melda Payaslıoğlu C üneyt Özakın Sema Esen Source Type: research

< em > Wolbachia < /em > spp. and < em > Spiroplasma < /em > spp. in < em > Musca < /em > spp.: Detection Using Molecular Approaches
CONCLUSION: Wolbachia spp. were not detected in Musca flies. Of the total Musca flies, only one was positive for Spiroplasma spp. To our knowledge, this is the first study to detect the presence of Spiroplasma in Musca flies.PMID:34346878 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.35229 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Mustafa Karatepe Serap Aksoy Bilge Karatepe Source Type: research

Imported Malaria: A < em > Plasmodium falciparum < /em > Malaria Case in Turkey with Rarely Seen Blood Stages of Infection
Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2021 Aug 4;45(3):216-219. doi: 10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.7003.ABSTRACTMalaria is an important public health problem, with about 219 million cases, which account for 435 thousand deaths of children in Africa in 2017. The infection is transmitted by female anopheles mosquito, including Plasmodium species pathogen for human. In Turkey, no domestic cases have been reported; however, according to Annual Health Statistics, 214 imported cases were reported in 2017. Although P. vivax exactly was reported in previous years, imported Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) cases have increased in the last few ye...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Koray Öncel Leman Karaa ğaç Ahmet Özbilgin Source Type: research

A Rare Cause of Acute Appendicitis: < em > Enterobius vermicularis < /em >
In this study, we report a rare case of acute appendicitis caused by Enterobius vermicularis.PMID:34346880 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.6731 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Mehmet Patmano Tufan G ümüş Filiz İlhan Türkel Source Type: research

Acute Toxoplasmosis During Pregnancy: A Hard Call
Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2021 Aug 4;45(3):223-226. doi: 10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.43043.ABSTRACTToxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that infects all animals, including humans, and causes toxoplasmosis. If toxoplasmosis occurs during pregnancy, it may affect the foetus owing to transplacental transmission. Such transmission may lead to foetal complications, some of which can be very serious, e.g. hydrocephaly and chorioretinitis; however, not all cases of acute toxoplasmosis during pregnancy result in foetal complications. The decision whether to continue or terminate the pregnancy is a difficult problem f...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Tonay İnceboz Metin Korkmaz Derya Dirim Erdo ğan Ümit İnceboz Source Type: research

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis with Mucosal Involvement
This study reported cases of two patients, who were from Syria and lived in Hatay, with cutaneous leishmaniasis and mucosal involvement. Two patients presented to the infectious diseases clinic with a complaint of facial lesions and were subsequently referred to the parasitology department laboratory. Smears were prepared from the lesions, stained with Giemsa and examined under a microscope. Moreover, aspirates taken from the patients' lesions were inoculated into the modified Novy-MacNeal-Nicolle medium. The diagnosis was made when amastigotes were detected in both smears. Proliferation of promastigotes was observed in on...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Mehmet Çabalak G ülnaz Çulha Tayibe Bal Tu ğba Kaya Ebru Çelik Source Type: research

Relationship Between Prevalence of Opisthorchiasis and Incidence of COVID-19: An Observation
Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2021 Aug 4;45(3):230. doi: 10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.30602.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34346883 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.30602 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Rujittika Mungmunpuntipantip Viroj Wiwanitkit Source Type: research

First Molecular Characterisation of < em > Blastocystis < /em > from Experimental Rats in Turkey and Comparison of the Frequencies Between Obese and Non-obese Groups
This study aimed to determine the frequency and subtype distribution of Blastocystis in laboratory rats at a laboratory animal facility in Turkey.METHODS: This study included 54 male Sprague-Dawley rats from Aydın Adnan Menderes University Laboratory Animal Center. Among these rats, 30 were fed with high-fat diet (obese group) and the remaining 24 received standard chow (non-obese group). Blastocystis positivity was determined with amplification of small subunit 18S rRNA gene following their nucleic acid extraction from faecal samples. Subtypes were detected by submitting the partial 18S rRNA gene sequences to the databas...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Erdo ğan Malatyalı Gizem Ba şaran Alpaslan G ökçimen Hatice Ertabaklar Sema Ertu ğ Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of < em > Encephalitozoon cuniculi, Francisella tularensis < /em > and < em > Toxoplasma gondii < /em > in Zoonotic Diseases in European Hares ( < em > Lepus europaesus < /em > )
CONCLUSION: Anti-T. gondii and anti-E. cuniculi antibodies were serologically detected in hares for the first time in Turkey. Furthermore, this is the first study reporting the seropositivity of F. tularensis infection in hares.PMID:34346871 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.7237 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Özcan Özkan Banu çiçek Yücesan Cahit Bab ür Ömer Orkun Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of < em > Toxoplasma gondii < /em > in Pregnant Women Admitted to a State Hospital in Mersin, 2019
CONCLUSION: In our study, a significant portion of pregnant women were observed to be non-immune to the agent, and therefore informing these people about the protection methods from the parasite in order to prevent infection occurrence is important.PMID:34346872 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.7273 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Serpil Gonca Mehmet Sami Serin Sultan Halepliler Sema Erden Ert ürk Source Type: research

Evaluation of Seropositivity of Toxoplasmosis Suspected Patients Admitted to the National Parasitology Reference Laboratory Between 2009 and 2019
CONCLUSION: T. gondii maintains its importance in public health, owing to its high positivity rates. This study, in which 10-year data were collected, showed that despite an increase in awareness, high seropositivity still continues. Therefore, systematic collection and evaluation of laboratory analysis results for toxoplasmosis diagnosis will contribute in taking control measures.PMID:34346873 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.02419 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Cahit Bab ür Banu çiçek Yücesan Figen Sezen Sel çuk Kılıç Source Type: research

Impact of Pandemic in the Frequency of Scabies: Possible Scabies Outbreak Scenario Aftermath COVID-19
This study aimed to evaluate the post-pandemic changes in the frequency of scabies and determined the clues that may indicate a possible outbreak of scabies in the future.METHODS: All patients diagnosed with scabies in the University of Health Sciences Turkey, Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital and Palandöken State Hospital between January 2019 and September 2020 were evaluated.RESULTS: The frequency of scabies of 1.87% was remarkable in the first quarter of 2020, which corresponds to the pre-pandemic, and>50% (n=442) of all patients with scabies in 2019 (n=769) were encountered only in the first 3 mon...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Çağrı Turan Nurcan Metin Source Type: research

Investigation of < em > Dientamoeba fragilis < /em > Frequency in Faecal Samples of Patients with < em > Enterobius vermicularis < /em > Infection by Polymerase Chain Reaction
CONCLUSION: D. fragilis is frequently associated with E. vermicularis, so the presence of D. fragilis should be also considered in affected patients. The use of high-sensitivity molecular methods such as PCR is important in preventing false results.AMAÇ: Dientamoeba fragilis (D. fragilis), amip benzeri morfolojiye sahip, gastrointestinal yerleşimli, kamçılı bir protozoondur. Parazitin Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis) yumurtalarıyla taşındığı hipotezi kabul görmektedir. Çalışmamızda D. fragilis ve E. vermicularis birlikteliğini incelemek, bulunan D. fragilis’lerin genoti...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: İbrahim Yıldız Sema Ertu ğ Evren Tileklio ğlu Erdo ğan Malatyalı Özgür Güçlü Hatice Ertabaklar Source Type: research

Comparison of the New Multiepitope Recombinant Peptide Antigen with Cyst Fluid Antigen in the Follow-up of Patients with Cystic Echinococcosis
CONCLUSION: We found that recDipol did not perform as expected in the follow-up due to the higher number of seronegative patients compared to HF-ELISA in the first blood and during the entire follow-up. Our results suggest that imaging methods are gold standards in the diagnosis and that, in parallel, longer-term patient follow-up is required with recombinant antigens that have an improved diagnostic performance.PMID:34346876 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.7286 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Eylem Akdur Öztürk Mesut Ak ıl Ay şe Caner Halil Bozkaya Nazmiye Alt ıntaş Ay şegül Ünver Source Type: research

Laboratory Results of Cystic Echinococcosis in 2017 and 2018
CONCLUSION: The results indicate that CE maintains its importance as a public health problem in Bursa as in Turkey.PMID:34346877 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.43434 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Oktay Alver Ay şe Melda Payaslıoğlu C üneyt Özakın Sema Esen Source Type: research

< em > Wolbachia < /em > spp. and < em > Spiroplasma < /em > spp. in < em > Musca < /em > spp.: Detection Using Molecular Approaches
CONCLUSION: Wolbachia spp. were not detected in Musca flies. Of the total Musca flies, only one was positive for Spiroplasma spp. To our knowledge, this is the first study to detect the presence of Spiroplasma in Musca flies.PMID:34346878 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.35229 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Mustafa Karatepe Serap Aksoy Bilge Karatepe Source Type: research

Imported Malaria: A < em > Plasmodium falciparum < /em > Malaria Case in Turkey with Rarely Seen Blood Stages of Infection
Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2021 Aug 4;45(3):216-219. doi: 10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.7003.ABSTRACTMalaria is an important public health problem, with about 219 million cases, which account for 435 thousand deaths of children in Africa in 2017. The infection is transmitted by female anopheles mosquito, including Plasmodium species pathogen for human. In Turkey, no domestic cases have been reported; however, according to Annual Health Statistics, 214 imported cases were reported in 2017. Although P. vivax exactly was reported in previous years, imported Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) cases have increased in the last few ye...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Koray Öncel Leman Karaa ğaç Ahmet Özbilgin Source Type: research

A Rare Cause of Acute Appendicitis: < em > Enterobius vermicularis < /em >
In this study, we report a rare case of acute appendicitis caused by Enterobius vermicularis.PMID:34346880 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.6731 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Mehmet Patmano Tufan G ümüş Filiz İlhan Türkel Source Type: research

Acute Toxoplasmosis During Pregnancy: A Hard Call
Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2021 Aug 4;45(3):223-226. doi: 10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.43043.ABSTRACTToxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that infects all animals, including humans, and causes toxoplasmosis. If toxoplasmosis occurs during pregnancy, it may affect the foetus owing to transplacental transmission. Such transmission may lead to foetal complications, some of which can be very serious, e.g. hydrocephaly and chorioretinitis; however, not all cases of acute toxoplasmosis during pregnancy result in foetal complications. The decision whether to continue or terminate the pregnancy is a difficult problem f...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Tonay İnceboz Metin Korkmaz Derya Dirim Erdo ğan Ümit İnceboz Source Type: research

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis with Mucosal Involvement
This study reported cases of two patients, who were from Syria and lived in Hatay, with cutaneous leishmaniasis and mucosal involvement. Two patients presented to the infectious diseases clinic with a complaint of facial lesions and were subsequently referred to the parasitology department laboratory. Smears were prepared from the lesions, stained with Giemsa and examined under a microscope. Moreover, aspirates taken from the patients' lesions were inoculated into the modified Novy-MacNeal-Nicolle medium. The diagnosis was made when amastigotes were detected in both smears. Proliferation of promastigotes was observed in on...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Mehmet Çabalak G ülnaz Çulha Tayibe Bal Tu ğba Kaya Ebru Çelik Source Type: research

Relationship Between Prevalence of Opisthorchiasis and Incidence of COVID-19: An Observation
Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2021 Aug 4;45(3):230. doi: 10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.30602.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34346883 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.30602 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Rujittika Mungmunpuntipantip Viroj Wiwanitkit Source Type: research

First Molecular Characterisation of < em > Blastocystis < /em > from Experimental Rats in Turkey and Comparison of the Frequencies Between Obese and Non-obese Groups
This study aimed to determine the frequency and subtype distribution of Blastocystis in laboratory rats at a laboratory animal facility in Turkey.METHODS: This study included 54 male Sprague-Dawley rats from Aydın Adnan Menderes University Laboratory Animal Center. Among these rats, 30 were fed with high-fat diet (obese group) and the remaining 24 received standard chow (non-obese group). Blastocystis positivity was determined with amplification of small subunit 18S rRNA gene following their nucleic acid extraction from faecal samples. Subtypes were detected by submitting the partial 18S rRNA gene sequences to the databas...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Erdo ğan Malatyalı Gizem Ba şaran Alpaslan G ökçimen Hatice Ertabaklar Sema Ertu ğ Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of < em > Encephalitozoon cuniculi, Francisella tularensis < /em > and < em > Toxoplasma gondii < /em > in Zoonotic Diseases in European Hares ( < em > Lepus europaesus < /em > )
CONCLUSION: Anti-T. gondii and anti-E. cuniculi antibodies were serologically detected in hares for the first time in Turkey. Furthermore, this is the first study reporting the seropositivity of F. tularensis infection in hares.PMID:34346871 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.7237 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Özcan Özkan Banu çiçek Yücesan Cahit Bab ür Ömer Orkun Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of < em > Toxoplasma gondii < /em > in Pregnant Women Admitted to a State Hospital in Mersin, 2019
CONCLUSION: In our study, a significant portion of pregnant women were observed to be non-immune to the agent, and therefore informing these people about the protection methods from the parasite in order to prevent infection occurrence is important.PMID:34346872 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.7273 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Serpil Gonca Mehmet Sami Serin Sultan Halepliler Sema Erden Ert ürk Source Type: research

Evaluation of Seropositivity of Toxoplasmosis Suspected Patients Admitted to the National Parasitology Reference Laboratory Between 2009 and 2019
CONCLUSION: T. gondii maintains its importance in public health, owing to its high positivity rates. This study, in which 10-year data were collected, showed that despite an increase in awareness, high seropositivity still continues. Therefore, systematic collection and evaluation of laboratory analysis results for toxoplasmosis diagnosis will contribute in taking control measures.PMID:34346873 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.02419 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Cahit Bab ür Banu çiçek Yücesan Figen Sezen Sel çuk Kılıç Source Type: research

Impact of Pandemic in the Frequency of Scabies: Possible Scabies Outbreak Scenario Aftermath COVID-19
This study aimed to evaluate the post-pandemic changes in the frequency of scabies and determined the clues that may indicate a possible outbreak of scabies in the future.METHODS: All patients diagnosed with scabies in the University of Health Sciences Turkey, Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital and Palandöken State Hospital between January 2019 and September 2020 were evaluated.RESULTS: The frequency of scabies of 1.87% was remarkable in the first quarter of 2020, which corresponds to the pre-pandemic, and>50% (n=442) of all patients with scabies in 2019 (n=769) were encountered only in the first 3 mon...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Çağrı Turan Nurcan Metin Source Type: research

Investigation of < em > Dientamoeba fragilis < /em > Frequency in Faecal Samples of Patients with < em > Enterobius vermicularis < /em > Infection by Polymerase Chain Reaction
CONCLUSION: D. fragilis is frequently associated with E. vermicularis, so the presence of D. fragilis should be also considered in affected patients. The use of high-sensitivity molecular methods such as PCR is important in preventing false results.AMAÇ: Dientamoeba fragilis (D. fragilis), amip benzeri morfolojiye sahip, gastrointestinal yerleşimli, kamçılı bir protozoondur. Parazitin Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis) yumurtalarıyla taşındığı hipotezi kabul görmektedir. Çalışmamızda D. fragilis ve E. vermicularis birlikteliğini incelemek, bulunan D. fragilis’lerin genoti...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: İbrahim Yıldız Sema Ertu ğ Evren Tileklio ğlu Erdo ğan Malatyalı Özgür Güçlü Hatice Ertabaklar Source Type: research

Comparison of the New Multiepitope Recombinant Peptide Antigen with Cyst Fluid Antigen in the Follow-up of Patients with Cystic Echinococcosis
CONCLUSION: We found that recDipol did not perform as expected in the follow-up due to the higher number of seronegative patients compared to HF-ELISA in the first blood and during the entire follow-up. Our results suggest that imaging methods are gold standards in the diagnosis and that, in parallel, longer-term patient follow-up is required with recombinant antigens that have an improved diagnostic performance.PMID:34346876 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.7286 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Eylem Akdur Öztürk Mesut Ak ıl Ay şe Caner Halil Bozkaya Nazmiye Alt ıntaş Ay şegül Ünver Source Type: research

Laboratory Results of Cystic Echinococcosis in 2017 and 2018
CONCLUSION: The results indicate that CE maintains its importance as a public health problem in Bursa as in Turkey.PMID:34346877 | DOI:10.4274/tpd.galenos.2021.43434 (Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology)
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - August 4, 2021 Category: Parasitology Authors: Oktay Alver Ay şe Melda Payaslıoğlu C üneyt Özakın Sema Esen Source Type: research