[The impact of the recent financial crisis on the users' profile of a community mental health unit].
Authors: Pikouli Κ, Konstantakopoulos G, Kalampaka Spilioti P, Fytrolaki E, Ploumpidis D, Economou M Abstract During previous financial crises as well as the recent global financial crisis, a strong impact of the crisis on the population mental health in many countries has been observed. Similarly, in Greece, a series of epidemiological studies pointed out the consequences of the economic crisis on the population mental health. However, there is limited data available, both in Greece and worldwide, regarding the impact of the economic crisis from the perspective of mental health services. The goal of the pres...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Psychosocial rehabilitation and severe mental illness: Factors that influence patients' attendance in a support group].
Authors: Kalogerakis Z, Petroutsou A, Chatzakis A, Ploumpidis D, Papageorgiou C, Economou M Abstract Psychosocial rehabilitation for people with chronic-severe mental illness mainly aims to social integration by restoring independent functioning in the community, improving quality of life, and addressing risk factors that lead to social disability. Support groups (SG) are usually part of this multilevel mental health process. Given that non-adherence to treatment is a common phenomenon in people with chronic- severe mental illness, the aim of the current study was to identify which factors influence members' attend...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Clinical presentation and requests for support of people with HIV/AIDS seeking counselling and psychotherapy in Greece].
Authors: Peltekis A, Koulentianou M Abstract Despite the large progress during the last decades in the medical treatment of HIV/AIDS infection, people living with HIV nevertheless face multiple adversities at various levels of their lives. Mental disorders, in particular, are the most common comorbidities in HIV infection with negative consequences in adherence to antiretroviral medication, disease progress and overall quality of life. HIVrelated stigma, still quite intense in Greece, is one of the most debilitating factors concerning people's living with HIV mental health. The present study looked at the clinical ...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Lipids and mental disorders: Evidence, uncertainties and perspectives].
Authors: Theodoropoulou S, Gialouris AG Abstract Brain is an organ with the highest lipid concentration in the body. Cellular membrane lipids can affect both the positioning and the functioning of membrane proteins, thus regulating several cell actions. Changes in the lipid composition of cell membrane can modulate the microenvironment and consequently the function of its proteins, e.g. neurotransmission. Some of the first studies on the subject have shown a negative correlation between serum cholesterol levels and depression, suicidality and behavioral disorders. Several studies -but not all- have found decreased ...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[The effect of physical activity on dementia].
In conclusion, recent research shows physical activity to be a promising intervention for the prevention and non-pharmacological treatment of dementia in that it contributes to the improvement of patients' quality of life. However, results vary according to the particularly characteristics of the exercise under review, such as type, intensity, frequency, and duration. It is therefore important to gain both awareness and understanding of the specific factors that give physical activity its therapeutic potential leading to the development of exercise programs designed specially to treat dementia. PMID: 31425142 [PubMed -...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Empathy in psychiatry and psychotherapy].
Authors: Esagian G, Esagian-Pouftsis S, Kaprinis SG Abstract Empathy is the epicenter of the theoretical and clinical interest of many different scientific domains, constituting a common term in different fields as these of psychology, psychiatry, clinical psychopathology, neuroscience, psychotherapy and psychoanalysis. Studying the phenomenon of empathy requires distinguishing the empathy as a method of observation of psychological phenomena from the empathy as a component of the therapy of psychopathological phenomena. In this case, beyond the empathic understanding, the optimum responsiveness of the therapist is...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[The contribution of the relationship between therapist-patient and the context of the professional relationship].
Authors: Kallergis G Abstract The therapeutic relationship is the common place of all medical specialties in therapeutic practice. It is a professional relationship and consists of two components: the work component and the interpersonal component. The focus of the studies aims to show the contribution of the dynamics of the therapist - patient interpersonal relationship as a therapeutic factor in achieving the therapeutic outcome. The issue of doctor-patient relationship has been studied since antiquity, in particular by Socrates and beyond. Hippocrates promotes and systematizes medical philosophy, bioethics and m...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Insight across mental disorders: A multifaceted metacognitive phenomenon.
Authors: Konstantakopoulos G Abstract There is now general agreement that lack of insight is not merely a fundamental aspect of delusions and hallucinations, or just a symptom of psychotic disorders but rather a multi-dimensional construct. Several different components of insight have been proposed and empirically examined during the last three decades, such as the ability to recognize that one has a mental illness, the capacity to relabel unusual mental events as pathological, the specific attribution of one's symptoms to having a mental illness, awareness of illness' consequences, and compliance with treatment.1 ...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Understanding of Faux Pas in patients with schizophrenia.
Authors: Giannakou M, Kosmidis MH, Nazlidou EI, Liolios D, Parlapani E, Bozikas VP Abstract Theory of Mind (ToM) refers to our ability to attribute mental states such as beliefs, intentions and desires to other, allowing us to explain, manipulate and predict others' behavior. ToM abilities of patients with schizophrenia were repeatedly found to be deficient. Our purpose in undertaking the present study was to explore ToM deficits in patients with schizophrenia, using a task of an affective aspect of ToM abilities, namely, "Faux Pas" Test (FPT). The FPT requires a "cognitive" ToM ability (i.e., k...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Evidence of advanced parental age linked to sporadic schizophrenia.
Authors: Kollias C, Dimitrakopoulos S, Xenaki LA, Stefanis N, Papageorgiou C Abstract Νovel emergence of schizophrenia (SCZ) in its sporadic type has been linked, among many candidate epigenetic factors, with advanced paternal age (PA) and advanced maternal age (MA). The most common hypothesis to the paternal age effect is the increased "de novo mutations" during spermatogenesis, while the maternal age hypothesis, though controversial, is at most based on studies that support higher frequency of perinatal complications. Our sample consisted of 462 subjects with DSM-IV-TR SCZ spectrum disorders from the...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Severity of domestic abuse and its relationship with distress tolerance and medication adherence in women with mental illness in South India.
This study took place on an outpatient basis in the department of psychiatry at a tertiary care centre in South India. One hundred women with a mental illness currently in remission for at least two months -living in the community with family members after an episode of mental illness- were consecutively recruited by purposive sampling method after obtaining an informed consent. Due to issues related to reliability, patients with a diagnosis of mental retardation or dementia or psychotic symptoms were not included. All participants were initially assessed using socio-demographic and clinical forms. The severity of abuse wa...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Assessing anxiety symptoms in children: Agreement between parents and children.
Authors: Zikopoulou O, Kakaniari K, Simos G Abstract Assessment of anxiety disorders in children is a difficult process and requires the use of multiple resources of information. Such resources may come from children, parents, and educators and they also require the use of multiple types of diagnostic tools, like structured and semi-structured clinical interviews, as well as self-report questionnaires. Previous research shows that anxiety symptoms ratings of different informants are to some degree correlated (low to moderate agreement) but nonetheless also often show clear discrepancies. Important variables may aff...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

A diathesis-stress model conceptualization of depressive symptomatology.
Authors: Kalamatianos A, Canellopoulos L Abstract Depression currently constitutes the most common mental illness observed in mental health services. In addition to its classical, psychiatric and phenomenological approach, a developmental, psychodynamic one has also been formed according to which there are two predisposing depressive types of vulnerability, the anaclitic and the introjective. These refer to the capacity of establishing reciprocal and mutually satisfying interpersonal relationships and to the formation of an integrated, mature and differentiated positive sense of identity, respectively. They are tri...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Drugs for mental illnesses in ancient greek medicine.
Authors: Laios K, Lytsikas-Sarlis P, Manes K, Kontaxaki MI, Karamanou M, Androutsos G Abstract Drugs with psychedelic, hypnotic, narcotic, analgesic, suppressive, euphoric and stimulating effects were used in various ways during the ancient times. We can classify drug use in ancient times into two main categories. On the one hand, ancient physicians prescribed drugs based on their pharmaceutical-therapeutic actions. On the other hand, people not pertaining to medicine and not relating to its accurate implementation often abused drugs to achieve an euphoric state of mind, either for personal gratification or as an i...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Depression and financial capacity assessment in Parkinson's disease with dementia: Overlooking an important factor?
Authors: Giannouli V, Tsolaki M Abstract Depression affects cognitive abilities, such as thinking, concentration and making decisions in both young adults and elders. However, financial capacity (which consists of multiple cognitive domains and specific skills) and depression in Parkinson's disease with dementia (PDD) are little investigated. Sixty participants divided into four groups (PDD with and without depressive symptoms, non-demented elders with and without depression) were examined with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) and the Legal Capacity for Property Law ...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Electroconvulsive therapy: 80 years of use in psychiatry].
Authors: Kaliora SC, Zervas IM, Papadimitriou GN Abstract Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the oldest among the early biological treatments introduced in psychiatry, and the only one still in use. In this paper we attempt a brief presentation of ECT usage over the last 80 years, since it was originally introduced. It is a safe, well-tolerated, and highly effective treatment option for major psychiatric disorders, such as mood disorders and schizophrenia, especially when there is an acute exacerbation of psychotic symptoms or if catatonic symptoms are prominent. ECT has also been used successfully for the treatmen...
Source: Psychiatriki - March 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Clinical guidelines for the management of schizophrenia: Pharmacological and psychological interventions (III)].
Authors: Hadjulis M, Margariti M, Lazaridou M, Angelidis GF, Fotopoulos V, Markaki L, Koulouri F Abstract In 2014 a Working Group was set up by the Greek Ministry of Health, with the objective of formulating Clinical Guidelines for the management of schizophrenia which include recommendations for the pharmacological and the psychosocial treatment of schizophrenia. This Working Group utilized the NICE Guideline (National Institute of Clinical Excellence 2014) for the management of Psychosis & Schizophrenia as the main guide in the development of the Greek guidelines, and in addition the American Psychiatric Asso...
Source: Psychiatriki - March 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Persistence of psychosis in the population: Τhe cost and the price for humanity].
[Persistence of psychosis in the population: Τhe cost and the price for humanity]. Psychiatriki. 2018 Oct-Dec;29(4):316-326 Authors: Giotakos O Abstract Schizophrenia is a chronic and highly impairing condition that affects around 1% of the human population. Evolutionary theories lend support for the idea of a continuum approach to the diagnosis of psychosis. Subclinical psychotic-like experiences are relatively common in children and adolescents, occurring in about 17% of youths. The prevalence rate of psychotic symptoms in the general population is up to 8%, which is about ten times higher than t...
Source: Psychiatriki - March 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Patients coming back after interruption of care in a community mental health center: Associations with care provision and psychopathological features].
Authors: Ploumpidis D, Chrysovergi F, Konstantakopoulos G, Loukadakis M, Kalogerakis Z, Economou M Abstract A large number of people with mental health problems do not receive any treatment and in a large number of patients under care the treatment is interrupted. Non-compliance to treatment, observed in many different settings, is a major challenge in providing mental health care. The aim of the present study was to assess the demographic, social and psychological characteristics of the patients coming back for help to community psychiatric services and to shed some light to the reasons of interrupting and coming ...
Source: Psychiatriki - March 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Kynurenine pathway in bipolar disorder].
Authors: Konstantinou G, Papageorgiou CC, Angelopoulos E Abstract Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic psychiatric illness which, among other things, is characterized by cerebral dysfunctions, cognitive disorders and sleep disturbances. The neurobiological basis of these processes remains unclear. In recent years, studies have focused on the role of immune-inflammatory mechanisms induced by the tryptophan metabolism pathway (TRP) and the kynurenine pathway (KYN). Emerging data correlates TRP and KYN metabolites with BD's pathophysiology and course. The purpose of this review is to search the available data on the inv...
Source: Psychiatriki - March 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Artistic expression and Psychiatry in Greece: Prominence highlights (1950-2011)].
Authors: Rossiou E, Orologas A Abstract The art of the confined began to be studied by psychiatrists in the late 19th century for diagnostic purposes, while the first studies of aesthetic interest were found in the first decades of the 20th century, when psychiatrists as the Swiss W. Morgenthaler and the Austrian H. Prinzhorn published studies on mentally ill artworks, having mainly aesthetic approach. The artworks of the mentally ill belong to the field of Art found in the international literature by the term of Art Brut. The term "Brut" was introduced in 1945 by J. Dubuffet to describe the production of...
Source: Psychiatriki - March 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Research and psychoanalysis: A controversial and complex relationship].
Authors: Navridi A, Anagnostopoulos D Abstract The connection between empirical research and clinical practice in the psychoanalytic area, as an approach where the psychoanalytic procedure and its results get objectified, continues to be controversial. Even if it is not so frequent, the significance of giving emphasis to the psychoanalytic areas in research, is evident through the literature review, as the benefits are supported to be many and substantial. To begin with, the empirical research is necessary in order for the psychoanalytic clinical theory to be strengthened in a wider scientifically accepted way and ...
Source: Psychiatriki - March 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis parameters and neurocognitive evaluation in patients with bipolar disorder.
Authors: Τournikioti K, Dikeos D, Αlevizaki M, Michopoulos Ι, Ferentinos P, Porichi Ε, Soldatos CR, Douzenis Α Abstract Bipolar disorder is associated with neurocognitive impairment but the etiology of such impairment remains largely unknown. The present study aimed at investigating the performance of bipolar patients in various neuropsychological tasks within the framework of HPA axis hyperactivity model and also the impact of disease characteristics on neuropsychological functioning. Cognitive performance of 60 bipolar-I patients and 30 healthy controls was evaluated by using tasks fr...
Source: Psychiatriki - January 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Quality of life and depression in chronic sexually transmitted infections in UK and Greece: The use of WHOQOL-HIV/STI BREF.
Authors: Ginieri-Coccossis M, Triantafillou E, Papanikolaou N, Baker R, Antoniou C, Skevington SM, Christodoulou GN Abstract This is a comparative study aiming to investigate quality of life (QoL) and depression in individuals diagnosed either with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), or genital warts (GW) and genital herpes (GH), in two healthcare settings, in the United Kingdom (UK) or in Greece (Gr). Using a matched-pairs design, two equalized patient samples with sexually transmitted infections (STI) were recruited: from UK (n=43) and from Greece (n=43). QoL was assessed ...
Source: Psychiatriki - January 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Validation of the greek version of the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form 3: Internal consistency reliability and validity.
Authors: Malogiannis IA, Aggeli A, Garoni D, Tzavara C, Michopoulos I, Pehlivanidis A, Kalantzi-Azizi A, Papadimitriou GN Abstract Schema therapy (ST) is an integrative therapy, which combines elements of cognitive behavior therapy, attachment theory, object relations theory and emotional-focused models. Schema therapy is an effective treatment for patients with personality disorders and other chronic psychological disorders. Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMSs) are a main concept in schema theory referring to self-defeating, core themes or patterns. They develop as a result of traumatic or toxic childhood experiences ...
Source: Psychiatriki - January 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Mental health and psychosocial factors in young refugees, immigrants and Greeks: A retrospective study.
We examined differences in psychiatric diagnoses and factors influencing their health status between four groups: (i) 90 files of children whose families referred to the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (DeCAP), University of Athens, during 2005-2009, (ii) 216 files of children whose families seek for help during 2010-2014. Immigrants who referred to the DeCAP during the first period were mainly economic immigrants, whereas immigrants of the second period were mainly refugees from countries in conflict. These data were matched with age and sex with 151 files of natives who referred to the DeCAP during the afor...
Source: Psychiatriki - January 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Measuring authoritarianism in a Greek health care setting.
Authors: Arvaniti A, Livaditis M, Kalamara E, Vorvolakos T, Serdari A, Samakouri M Abstract Few studies have investigated the level of authoritarianism in the area of health. Staff with authoritarian personality may put in danger the quality of health services, especially towards stigmatized groups, such as the mentally ill and HIV positive people or the minority ethnic communities. Authoritarianism Scale (AS) by P. Heaven, is an instrument focusing on the multi-faced nature of authoritarianism and authoritarian behaviors. The aim of this study is to assess the psychometric properties of the Greek Authoritarianism ...
Source: Psychiatriki - January 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

The DSM-ICD diagnostic approach as an essential bridge between the patient and the "big data".
The DSM-ICD diagnostic approach as an essential bridge between the patient and the "big data". Psychiatriki. 2018 Jul-Sep;29(3):249-256 Authors: Mitropoulos GB Abstract The use of diagnostic manuals in psychiatry is generally necessitated by the lack of tests that would corroborate psychiatric diagnosis. Criticism towards the today prevailing DSM-ICD diagnosis traditionally regards among others such problems as hyponarrativity, biologism, "death of phenomenology", and a questionably valid over-fragmentation of diagnosis. Lately, and especially after the appearance of the 5th edition...
Source: Psychiatriki - January 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Psychoanalytic psychotherapy in times of social crisis: The impact on therapeutic relationship.
Discussion on defining therapy factors develops along two lines: one focusing on the interpretation and another focusing on the relationship. Changes in the socio-economic circumstances, cultural particularities, dismissal of institutions, constant negation, lack of boundaries, confusion of roles, various family secrets revealed due to "collapses," major conflicts, violence and aggression filling the individual as part of both the internal and the external reality - all are known risk factors causing the individual to experience trauma either due the nature of the received stimuli/threats or due to the loss of th...
Source: Psychiatriki - January 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Is impulsivity in part a lithium deficiency state?
Authors: Giotakos O Abstract Lithium mechanisms of action are related to the function of many enzymes, hormones, vitamins, and growth factors. In humans, lithium treatment has been associated with humoral and structural evidence of neuroprotection, such as increased expression of antiapoptotic genes, inhibition of cellular oxidative stress, synthesis of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, cortical thickening, increased grey matter density, and hippocampal enlargement. Lithium, in pharmacological doses, has been used successfully in treating bipolar disorders, and has been shown to decrease suicidality and violent cr...
Source: Psychiatriki - January 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Adolescents' mental health during the financial crisis in Greece: The first epidemiological data.
Authors: Paleologou MP, Anagnostopoulos DC, Lazaratou H, Economou M, Peppou LE, Malliori M Abstract Greek financial crisis has incurred adverse effects on the mental health of the population; however existing research is constrained in the adult population. Therefore, the present study aims to shed light on the mental health state of adolescents during the recession. In this context 2,150 adolescents were recruited from a random and representative sample of public and private schools in the greater Athens area. Mental health problems were assessed with the selfreport Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire while a...
Source: Psychiatriki - January 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[A proposal for the implementation of Early Intervention in Psychosis (EIP) services in Greece: If not now, when?]
Authors: Stefanis NC, Mavreas V, Νimatoudis Ι, Gourzis F, Sarakouri Μ, Vgontzas A, Douzenis A, EIP Working group Abstract The disorders of the psychosis spectrum, with the most severe being schizophrenia, are prevalent and have a great impact on the patients' quality of life. The purpose of this article is to highlight the need for a novel national strategic approach to the management of psychotic disorders in accordance with the international principles of early intervention. Even though outpatient treatment is considered adequate, there is an urgent need to adopt an early and more comprehensive and eff...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Clinical guidelines for the management of schizophrenia ( ΙΙ): Community service-level interventions and the role of Primary Care].
[Clinical guidelines for the management of schizophrenia (ΙΙ): Community service-level interventions and the role of Primary Care]. Psychiatriki. 2018 Apr-Jun;29(2):118-129 Authors: Margariti M, Hadjulis M, Lazaridou M, Angelidis GF, Fotopoulos V, Markaki L, Koulouri F Abstract Schizophrenia is one of the most disabling disorders globally, with a significant impact on the professional, social and personal functioning of those affected. Mortality rates are estimated to be 2-2.5 times greater than in the general population attributable to not only suicide but also physical illnesses, such as ca...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Psychosomatic disorders in ancient Greek medicine].
Authors: Laios K, Kontaxaki MI, Markatos K, Lagiou E, Karamanou M, Androutsos G Abstract The concept of psychosomatic disorders, as defined by modern medicine, was difficult to be perceived by the ancient Greek physicians. Two main reasons contributed to this. One was that physicians in Greek antiquity had formed the idea that the mental illnesses that were recognized at that time, namely mania, melancholy, frenzy, caros, lethargy, apoplexy, but even epilepsy, was the result of a disturbance of the essential elements of the body, the balance of them contributed to the preservation of health. Thus, depending on the ...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Prisoners in Greek prisons: Correlation of demographic and psychosocial data with committed crimes].
Authors: Apostolopoulos A, Michopoulos I, Rizos E, Manthou V, Tzeferakos G, Kalemi G, Papageorgiou C, Douzenis A Abstract Previous literature shows an association between several psychosocial factors or life events in general and delinquency. Factors such as gender, cannabis and drugs use are firmly connected to delinquency. Similarly, interpersonal violent behavior appears to be more frequent in people with lower socioeconomic status and people with lower education. The association of these factors with the violent or non-violent crimes, especially in Greek research literature, is very limited. The present study i...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[ Βullying and the mental health of schoolchildren with special educational needs in primary education].
In conclusion, this study showed that in the fifth and sixth grades of primary school, a group of schoolchildren with SEN reported higher levels than a control group of victimization and bullying. These findings suggest that there is a great need for raising the awareness of this situation among the school staff through the provision of special training. Mental health preventive and promotive programs can enable school staff to identify students who are at higher risk of becoming victims of bullying and victimization. It is also recommended that children with SEN should be taught coping strategies against school bullying i...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[The relationship of internet addiction with anxiety and depressive symptomatology].
Authors: Soulioti E, Stavropoulos V, Christidi S, Papastefanou Y, Roussos P Abstract Internet stimulates the user's senses causing a variety of subjective experiences and sensations, even though it has no inherent addictive quality. These experiences could be positive, as the improvement of education, or adverse, as the development of internet addiction. There are many people who prefer to invest their time and energy in the virtual world of the internet. They choose to withdraw their emotional investments from face to face communication, while in some cases the internet connection signifies the user's disconnectio...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[The role of the family in adolescents' subjective well-being].
Authors: Lampropoulou A Abstract The goal of this research is to study the relation between adolescents' subjective well-being with: (a) their perceptions regarding their relationship with their parents, (b) the corresponding perceptions of their parents and (c) parents' subjective well-being. The participants of this study were 714 adolescents attending the two last grades of Junior High School (Gymnasium) and the two last grades of High School (Lyceum) as well as their parents from schools of the broader area of Athens randomly selected. The following questionnaires were used for data collection from the adolesce...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Delusional misidentifications in a procrustean bed.
Authors: Christodoulou GN, Margariti M, Christodoulou N Abstract The Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMSs) are characterized by defective integration of the normally The Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMSs) are characterized by defective integration of the normally fused functions of perception and recognition. The classical sub-types are: the syndromes of Capgras, Fregoli,Intermetamorphosis (mentioned in 3) and Subjective doubles. These syndromes occur in a clear sensorium and shouldbe differentiated from the banal transient misidentifications occurring in confusional states and in mania and from ...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Criminality in Greece during the years of financial crisis: 2008-2014.
We examined if the recent financial crisis in Greece has coincided with an increase in crime, analyzing crime rates since the start of the financial crisis and over an extensive time period (7 years). Crime statistics were taken from the Greek Police. Repeated measures analyses of variance were performed to reveal potential differences in criminality for the years 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014. There was a significant increase in global criminality rate per 100,000 residents (Wilks' Lambda=0.32, F (3,11)=7.93, p=0.004). There was a significant increase in illegal gun possession (Wilks' Lambda=0.16, F (3,11)=18.68, p=0.001), fr...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Sleep problems six-months after continuous earthquake activity in a Greek island.
Authors: Lazaratou H, Paparrigopoulos T, Anomitri C, Alexandropoulou N, Galanos G, Papageorgiou C Abstract Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, are traumatic events causing both acute and enduring stress to affected individuals. Psychosocial consequences include posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), reactions of anxiety and depression and sleep problems. The island of Cephalonia in Ionian Sea is characterized by its high seismic activity. More specifically, this activity has been considered to be the highest of the Balkan Peninsula and Europe in general. In January and February of 2014 a long sequence of earthqu...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Exploring emotional aspects of infertility in women from two countries.
Authors: Giannouli V, Stoyanova S Abstract A plethora of studies have examined the prevalence and severity of anxiety and depression in relation to infertility, while ignoring social and cultural factors. The aim of this cross-cultural study is to examine emotions related to quality of life, perceived social support, depression and anxiety in two groups of young women with identical demographic characteristics (age, education, and duration of infertility - years to have a child) who experience fertility problems in two neighboring countries, Greece and Bulgaria. A total of one hundred forty-eight women from both co...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

A pilot study and brief overview of rehabilitation via virtual environment in patients suffering from dementia.
In conclusion, a review and brief analysis of the relevant literature was carried out in order to investigate the specification of potentially beneficial variables and to appreciate as much as possible the multifactorial causes related to this particular rehabilitation method of the corresponding suffering population. The ultimate purpose of our research is the design and creation of a prospective interactive cognitive rehabilitation training SG, able to combine both the neuro-rehabilitative character of the controlled virtual environment, as well as the potential realism that is also attributed to it (factual validity und...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Promoting healthy lives and well-being for all: The contribution of the International College of Person-Centered Medicine (ICPCM).
In conclusion, the contribution of the ICPCM during the ten years of its existence, with reference to the sensitization of health professionals in the Person-centered approach is noted. This contribution has been carried out in line with the principles of the ICPCM and with its Geneva Declarations. PMID: 29754120 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatriki)
Source: Psychiatriki - May 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Early intervention services in Greece: Time to focus on people at high risk.
Authors: Bargiota SI, Bozikas VP, Garyfallos G, McGuire P Abstract Over the last twenty years, a lot of early intervention services operate worldwide with the aim of offering assistance and promoting the early diagnosis and management, not only of people who experience a first episode of psychosis but also of individuals that are at high risk of developing psychosis. The early intervention services that operate in other countries have been reviewed in correlation with the current status of early intervention services for psychosis in Greece. Early intervention services were first established in Australia, and now h...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Schizophrenia and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Authors: Mamakou V, Thanopoulou A, Gonidakis F, Tentolouris N, Kontaxakis V Abstract Schizophrenia is associated with increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus, resulting in elevated cardiovascular risk and limited life expectancy, translated into a weighted average of 14.5 years of potential life lost and an overall weighted average life expectancy of 64.7 years. The exact prevalence of type 2 diabetes among people with schizophrenia varies across studies and ranges 2-5fold higher than in the general population, whereas the aetiology is complex and multifactorial. Besides common diabetogenic factors, applied sim...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

Psychiatry trainees' attitudes towards euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide.
Authors: Kontaxaki MI, Paplos K, Dasopoulou M, Kontaxakis V Abstract We investigated the attitudes towards Euthanasia (EUT) and Physician-Assisted Suicide (PAS) in a sample of Greek Psychiatry trainees (PT), (n=120, mean age 32.01±0.21, male 60.0%) and compared these to those of medical trainees of other specialties (OMT), i.e. internal medicine, surgery, intensive care (n=154, mean age 32.97±1.17, male 57.1%). Most of the responders were for the acceptance of EUT and PAS under some circumstances. More often PT answer "never" in the question regarding the permission to withdraw life-sustaini...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Perceptions regarding pharmacotherapy and effective treatment disease in people diagnosed with bipolar disorder].
Authors: Ηatzioannou A, Karanikola M, Papathanasoglou E, Kaikoushi A, Nystazaki M, Alevizopoulos G Abstract Bipolar disorder (BD) encompasses neuro-cognitive disturbances leading to psychological and social consequences affecting the quality of life of those suffering from it. However, the number of studies on the lived experience of people with BD about the treatment provided is relatively scant. The aim of this study is to investigate the lived experience of people with BD, focused on their perceptions and meanings about the treatment provided for their disorder. A qualitative, phenomenological design was app...
Source: Psychiatriki - March 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Clinical guidelines for the management of schizophrenia:Aims and limitations ( Ι)].
This article will be followed by two further publications (incorporating the Hellenic Psychiatric Association comments) which include: (1) the summary recommendations regarding the pharmacological, psychological and psychosocial interventions in the treatment of schizophrenia, and (2) the summary recommendations regarding: (a) the role of primary health care service and the role of the family physician in the treatment of schizophrenia (b) the summary recommendations regarding continuity of care and c) the summary recommendations regarding community interventions with documented effectiveness in the treatment of schizophre...
Source: Psychiatriki - March 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

[Restraints in Greek mental health services: Ethics, practice and costs].
Authors: Alevizopoulos G, Bozikas V, Touloumis C Abstract The use of physical and mechanical restraints in mental health services in Greece arise many ethical and practical issues. The justification of the use of such procedures is rather controversial and subjective to scientific debate. The practice of restraint puts both patients and staff at risk for injury and death. Moreover, restraints can be traumatic even when they do not result in any physical injury to the patient. The types of the physical adverse events include dehydration, suffocation, circulation disturbances, skin problems, loss of strength and mobi...
Source: Psychiatriki - March 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research