Short-term reliability of retrospective childhood trauma reports in schizophrenia spectrum psychosis
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.024. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTChildhood trauma (CT) refers to severe early life adversities, especially experiences of parental abuse and neglect. Patients with schizophrenia spectrum psychosis (SSP) report higher CT rates than the general population. As CT assessment in SSP samples has been mainly conducted retrospectively through adult recollections of childhood adverse events, reservations about the reliability and validity of these reports have arisen. We sought to explore the short-term reliability of retrospective CT reports in sixty-three patients with SSP, by...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stylianos Chatziioannidis Agorastos Agorastos Stergios Kaprinis Vasileios-Panteleimon Bozikas Source Type: research

Social Distance in COVID-19: Drawing the line between protective behavior and stigma manifestation
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.025. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSocial stigma has long been defined by Ervin Goffman as an attribute that it is deeply discrediting and reduces the individual who bears it from a whole and usual person to a tarnished one, unfit to be included into the mainstream society.1 As stigma spans time and space and has been documented in other social species such as ants and chimpanzees, one might argue for its adaptive potential. Neuberg and colleagues2 have suggested that humans generate stigmas against threats to effective group functioning, with a notable case being infecti...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marina Economou Source Type: research

Depressive symptoms in involuntary hospitalized patients in Cyprus: Socio-demographic and psychopathological characteristics
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.026. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTΤhe severity and variation of depressive symptoms (DS), among psychotic individuals under involuntary hospitalization is unclear. We investigated the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of psychotic adults with DS involuntarily hospitalized for compulsory treatment in Cyprus. We also evaluated the psychometric properties (internal consistency, known-group and discriminant validity) of the HDRS-17 and HAM-A for the assessment of depressive and anxiety symptoms, respectively. A descriptive correlational study with cross-sect...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katerina Kaikoushi Maria Karanikola Nicos Middleton Andreas Chatzittofis Maria Nystazaki Evanthia Bella Constantinos Stylianou Evgenios Kinnis Skevi Veniamin Maria Pitta George Alevizopoulos Source Type: research

Do patients with schizophrenia have higher infection and mortality rates due to COVID-19? A systematic review
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.027. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPeople with mental illness are known to have poorer physical health outcomes. Among them, patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders are disproportionately burdened. A number of recent studies have highlighted that patients with schizophrenia are particularly at risk from COVID-19. The aim of this systematic review is to clarify whether patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders are at greater risk for poor COVID-19 outcomes. We conducted a systematic review of the literature following the PRISMA guidelines, using PubMed, PsycINF...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sokratis E Karaoulanis Nikos G Christodoulou Source Type: research

Factor structure and psychometric properties of a new 39-item version of the Criteria for Recovery from Eating Disorders questionnaire (CRED-39)
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.028. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTEating disorders (ED) are a group of mental disorders, which are quite difficult to treat. In studies on the recovery process of ED, patients' experience is rarely been taken into account. In addition, there seems to be a gap between patients' objective improvement, as assessed by clinicians, and patients' own subjective evaluation of their recovery. Criteria for Recovery from Eating Disorders (CRED) is a questionnaire used to investigate recovery criteria which are considered important from the patients' perspective. The purpose of the ...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dafni-Alexandra Karapavlou Dimitris Dikeos Stylianos Gavriilidis Maria Ginieri-Coccossis Fragiskos Gonidakis Source Type: research

Stress management and In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): A pilot randomized controlled trial
The objective of the study was to evaluate the psychological effect of an intervention of 8 stress-management sessions in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). Moreover, the overall IVF success was assessed against the fluctuation of the participants' stress levels. A total of 144 women participated in the study with 74 of them in the intervention group and 70 women in the control group. Demographics and medical history of all participants were recorded. The intervention group only underwent 8 weekly stress management sessions. During the 1st and 8th week of the study, both groups completed the Depression, Anxiety...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maria Koumparou Panagiotis Bakas Konstantinos Pantos Marina Economou George Chrousos Source Type: research

The effect of psychosocial interventions on infertility: Inconsistency of research data
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.030. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis systematic review aimed to investigate the inconsistency of research data concerning the contribution of systematic psychosocial interventions to infertility treatments. More specifically, the objective of this review was to investigate the cause of the contradictions in the results of contemporary research with respect to the role of systematic psychosocial interventions in the success of fertility treatments. The suspected cause of these contradictions is the heterogeneity of the relevant clinical studies with respect to their met...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maria Koumparou Panagiotis Bakas George Chrousos Marina Economou Source Type: research

Assessment of the Mobile Mental Health Units' effectiveness in Cyclades islands
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.031. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn Greece, the provision of mental health shows inefficiencies in remote and inaccessible areas due to the lack of appropriate structures and access to healthcare. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the Mobile Mental Health Units (MMHUs) in Cyclades with and without MMHUs' operation based on Real-World Evidence (RWE). The study population consisted of 724 people who visited the MMHUs of the western and northeastern Cyclades in 2015. The data derived from the patients' medical records of EPAPSY classified by Inte...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Aikaterini Lykomitrou Stelios Stylianidis Mary Geitona Stella Pantelidou Kyriakos Souliotis Source Type: research

Adaptive immersive Virtual Environments as a treatment for depersonalization disorder
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.032. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDepersonalization is a dissociative disorder associated to a profound disruption of self-awareness in the form of emotional numbing and feelings of disembodiment. The salient feature of depersonalization is a breakdown in the familiarity of one's psychological and somatic self (and surroundings when derealization is also present), in spite of being aware of the unreality of the change. At an early stage of research it was realized that people inclined to dissociation find it harder to tolerate discontinuity in perceptual environments, po...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Panayiotis Patrikelis George Konstantakopoulos Lambros Messinis Athanasia Alexoudi Maria Stefanatou Grigorios Nasios Stylianos Gatzonis Source Type: research

Validity and reliability of the Greek version of the semistructured Schedule Clinical Interview for personality disorders (SCID-II)
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.033. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe semistructured Schedule of Clinical Interview for Personality Disorders (SCID-II) is a useful tool for measuring personality disorders according to DSM criteria. Personality traits and their assessment are culturally sensitive. Because of this, it is important for clinicians and researchers to have a clearer view of the performance of such instruments in their own culture. Despite the fact that the SCID-II interview has been translated to the Greek language, the psychometric properties of this version have yet to be tested. To addres...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Theofanis Vorvolakos Marina Gymnopoulou Vasiliki Keramida Arsenia Malakozi Eirini Samdanidou Aikaterini Arvaniti Aspasia Serdari Maria Samakouri Source Type: research

Evaluation tools of the characteristics of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents: A literature review
In conclusion, there are a number of evaluation tools that can be used to evaluate specific deficits presented by children and adolescents with ADHD, as well as to evaluate the course of treatment, but also to distinguish children and adolescents with ADHD from those with other types of cognitive and learning disorders.PMID:34390561 | DOI:10.22365/jpsych.2021.034 (Source: Psychiatriki)
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maria Gamvrouli Iro Gamvrouli Christos Triantafyllou Source Type: research

Clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmaceutical forms of long-acting injectable antipsychotics
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 10. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.035. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTLong-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIs) hold an important place in the therapeutic management of patients with schizophrenia and other psychoses. They offer advantages, such as knowledge of whether patients follow the medical advice that is given, stable pharmacokinetics and better correlation between the administered dose and the plasma levels of the drug, regular follow-up and reduced risk of overdose. Knowledge of the best way to administer LAIs is important in clinical practice because it maximizes the efficacy of the drug and ...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Theocharis Chr Kyziridis Source Type: research

Religiosity and mental health of adolescents and young adults: a review
This article is a review of the literature on the relationship between religiosity and the mental health of adolescents and young adults. Religiosity - which includes the term spirituality - in adolescents and young adults has been shown to act as a potential protective factor against psychopathology like depression, anxiety, stress and drug use but also as an enhancer of normal psychological characteristics (e.g., resilience, self-control, personality traits). Also, religiosity is positively associated with life satisfaction. Greek literature, though limited, has highlighted the positive effects of religiosity on mental h...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Panagiotis N Papanikolopoulos Stergios G Kaprinis Source Type: research

FiD: a smartphone application for anxiety assessment: two weeks study
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 10. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.037. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAnxiety disorders affect approximately one in six people, causing significant problems in their quality of life and that of their families with a significant percentage of mentally ill people not showing compliance with treatment or not receiving appropriate treatment. Research data therefore reveal the need to develop new and effective interventions that will improve the compliance and therapeutic management of the mentally ill. Because of the recent technological advancement, the field of electronic mental health applications (MHapps)...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Charalampos Pischos Antonios Politis Artemios Pechlivanidis Vassilis Masdrakis Charalampos Papageorgiou Source Type: research

Pathophysiological mechanisms of major mental disorders related to cardiovascular disease
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 10. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.038. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlthough the relationship of mental health with cardiovascular dysfunction is not a recent finding, scientific data has appeared approximately at the middle of the last century. Firstly, depression was studied as a risk factor for premature death in cases of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Much later, the mechanism of psychosis and schizophrenia in the development of CVD were studied, as it was observed that most premature deaths in schizophrenia were related to cardiovascular disease. This interaction is supported both by epidemiological...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Panagiotis Theodosis-Nobelos Evanthia Asimakopoulou Michael Madianos Source Type: research

Social stigma in mental illness: A review of concepts, methods and empirical evidence
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 10. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.039. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSixty years are coming close since the first edition of the book by Goffman on social stigma, and research that connects it with mental illness has produced significant knowledge across different scientific fields, such as psychiatry and social sciences. This paper aims at providing a review of that scientific knowledge published over the last decades, and covers the following topics: a) basic theoretical concepts related to social stigma, such as public stigma, self-stigma, structural stigma and stigma by courtesy, b) representative fi...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anastasia Zissi Source Type: research

Short-term reliability of retrospective childhood trauma reports in schizophrenia spectrum psychosis
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.024. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTChildhood trauma (CT) refers to severe early life adversities, especially experiences of parental abuse and neglect. Patients with schizophrenia spectrum psychosis (SSP) report higher CT rates than the general population. As CT assessment in SSP samples has been mainly conducted retrospectively through adult recollections of childhood adverse events, reservations about the reliability and validity of these reports have arisen. We sought to explore the short-term reliability of retrospective CT reports in sixty-three patients with SSP, by...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stylianos Chatziioannidis Agorastos Agorastos Stergios Kaprinis Vasileios-Panteleimon Bozikas Source Type: research

Social Distance in COVID-19: Drawing the line between protective behavior and stigma manifestation
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.025. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSocial stigma has long been defined by Ervin Goffman as an attribute that it is deeply discrediting and reduces the individual who bears it from a whole and usual person to a tarnished one, unfit to be included into the mainstream society.1 As stigma spans time and space and has been documented in other social species such as ants and chimpanzees, one might argue for its adaptive potential. Neuberg and colleagues2 have suggested that humans generate stigmas against threats to effective group functioning, with a notable case being infecti...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marina Economou Source Type: research

Depressive symptoms in involuntary hospitalized patients in Cyprus: Socio-demographic and psychopathological characteristics
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.026. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTΤhe severity and variation of depressive symptoms (DS), among psychotic individuals under involuntary hospitalization is unclear. We investigated the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of psychotic adults with DS involuntarily hospitalized for compulsory treatment in Cyprus. We also evaluated the psychometric properties (internal consistency, known-group and discriminant validity) of the HDRS-17 and HAM-A for the assessment of depressive and anxiety symptoms, respectively. A descriptive correlational study with cross-sect...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katerina Kaikoushi Maria Karanikola Nicos Middleton Andreas Chatzittofis Maria Nystazaki Evanthia Bella Constantinos Stylianou Evgenios Kinnis Skevi Veniamin Maria Pitta George Alevizopoulos Source Type: research

Do patients with schizophrenia have higher infection and mortality rates due to COVID-19? A systematic review
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.027. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPeople with mental illness are known to have poorer physical health outcomes. Among them, patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders are disproportionately burdened. A number of recent studies have highlighted that patients with schizophrenia are particularly at risk from COVID-19. The aim of this systematic review is to clarify whether patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders are at greater risk for poor COVID-19 outcomes. We conducted a systematic review of the literature following the PRISMA guidelines, using PubMed, PsycINF...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sokratis E Karaoulanis Nikos G Christodoulou Source Type: research

Factor structure and psychometric properties of a new 39-item version of the Criteria for Recovery from Eating Disorders questionnaire (CRED-39)
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.028. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTEating disorders (ED) are a group of mental disorders, which are quite difficult to treat. In studies on the recovery process of ED, patients' experience is rarely been taken into account. In addition, there seems to be a gap between patients' objective improvement, as assessed by clinicians, and patients' own subjective evaluation of their recovery. Criteria for Recovery from Eating Disorders (CRED) is a questionnaire used to investigate recovery criteria which are considered important from the patients' perspective. The purpose of the ...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dafni-Alexandra Karapavlou Dimitris Dikeos Stylianos Gavriilidis Maria Ginieri-Coccossis Fragiskos Gonidakis Source Type: research

Stress management and In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): A pilot randomized controlled trial
The objective of the study was to evaluate the psychological effect of an intervention of 8 stress-management sessions in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). Moreover, the overall IVF success was assessed against the fluctuation of the participants' stress levels. A total of 144 women participated in the study with 74 of them in the intervention group and 70 women in the control group. Demographics and medical history of all participants were recorded. The intervention group only underwent 8 weekly stress management sessions. During the 1st and 8th week of the study, both groups completed the Depression, Anxiety...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maria Koumparou Panagiotis Bakas Konstantinos Pantos Marina Economou George Chrousos Source Type: research

The effect of psychosocial interventions on infertility: Inconsistency of research data
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.030. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis systematic review aimed to investigate the inconsistency of research data concerning the contribution of systematic psychosocial interventions to infertility treatments. More specifically, the objective of this review was to investigate the cause of the contradictions in the results of contemporary research with respect to the role of systematic psychosocial interventions in the success of fertility treatments. The suspected cause of these contradictions is the heterogeneity of the relevant clinical studies with respect to their met...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maria Koumparou Panagiotis Bakas George Chrousos Marina Economou Source Type: research

Assessment of the Mobile Mental Health Units' effectiveness in Cyclades islands
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.031. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn Greece, the provision of mental health shows inefficiencies in remote and inaccessible areas due to the lack of appropriate structures and access to healthcare. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the Mobile Mental Health Units (MMHUs) in Cyclades with and without MMHUs' operation based on Real-World Evidence (RWE). The study population consisted of 724 people who visited the MMHUs of the western and northeastern Cyclades in 2015. The data derived from the patients' medical records of EPAPSY classified by Inte...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Aikaterini Lykomitrou Stelios Stylianidis Mary Geitona Stella Pantelidou Kyriakos Souliotis Source Type: research

Adaptive immersive Virtual Environments as a treatment for depersonalization disorder
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.032. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDepersonalization is a dissociative disorder associated to a profound disruption of self-awareness in the form of emotional numbing and feelings of disembodiment. The salient feature of depersonalization is a breakdown in the familiarity of one's psychological and somatic self (and surroundings when derealization is also present), in spite of being aware of the unreality of the change. At an early stage of research it was realized that people inclined to dissociation find it harder to tolerate discontinuity in perceptual environments, po...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Panayiotis Patrikelis George Konstantakopoulos Lambros Messinis Athanasia Alexoudi Maria Stefanatou Grigorios Nasios Stylianos Gatzonis Source Type: research

Validity and reliability of the Greek version of the semistructured Schedule Clinical Interview for personality disorders (SCID-II)
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.033. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe semistructured Schedule of Clinical Interview for Personality Disorders (SCID-II) is a useful tool for measuring personality disorders according to DSM criteria. Personality traits and their assessment are culturally sensitive. Because of this, it is important for clinicians and researchers to have a clearer view of the performance of such instruments in their own culture. Despite the fact that the SCID-II interview has been translated to the Greek language, the psychometric properties of this version have yet to be tested. To addres...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Theofanis Vorvolakos Marina Gymnopoulou Vasiliki Keramida Arsenia Malakozi Aikaterini Arvaniti Aspasia Serdari Maria Samakouri Eirini Samdanidou Source Type: research

Evaluation tools of the characteristics of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents: A literature review
In conclusion, there are a number of evaluation tools that can be used to evaluate specific deficits presented by children and adolescents with ADHD, as well as to evaluate the course of treatment, but also to distinguish children and adolescents with ADHD from those with other types of cognitive and learning disorders.PMID:34390561 | DOI:10.22365/jpsych.2021.034 (Source: Psychiatriki)
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maria Gamvrouli Iro Gamvrouli Christos Triantafyllou Source Type: research

Clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmaceutical forms of long-acting injectable antipsychotics
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 10. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.035. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTLong-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIs) hold an important place in the therapeutic management of patients with schizophrenia and other psychoses. They offer advantages, such as knowledge of whether patients follow the medical advice that is given, stable pharmacokinetics and better correlation between the administered dose and the plasma levels of the drug, regular follow-up and reduced risk of overdose. Knowledge of the best way to administer LAIs is important in clinical practice because it maximizes the efficacy of the drug and ...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Theocharis Chr Kyziridis Source Type: research

Religiosity and mental health of adolescents and young adults: a review
This article is a review of the literature on the relationship between religiosity and the mental health of adolescents and young adults. Religiosity - which includes the term spirituality - in adolescents and young adults has been shown to act as a potential protective factor against psychopathology like depression, anxiety, stress and drug use but also as an enhancer of normal psychological characteristics (e.g., resilience, self-control, personality traits). Also, religiosity is positively associated with life satisfaction. Greek literature, though limited, has highlighted the positive effects of religiosity on mental h...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Panagiotis N Papanikolopoulos Stergios G Kaprinis Source Type: research

FiD: a smartphone application for anxiety assessment: two weeks study
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 10. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.037. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAnxiety disorders affect approximately one in six people, causing significant problems in their quality of life and that of their families with a significant percentage of mentally ill people not showing compliance with treatment or not receiving appropriate treatment. Research data therefore reveal the need to develop new and effective interventions that will improve the compliance and therapeutic management of the mentally ill. Because of the recent technological advancement, the field of electronic mental health applications (MHapps)...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Charalampos Pischos Antonios Politis Artemios Pechlivanidis Vassilis Masdrakis Charalampos Papageorgiou Source Type: research

Pathophysiological mechanisms of major mental disorders related to cardiovascular disease
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 10. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.038. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlthough the relationship of mental health with cardiovascular dysfunction is not a recent finding, scientific data has appeared approximately at the middle of the last century. Firstly, depression was studied as a risk factor for premature death in cases of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Much later, the mechanism of psychosis and schizophrenia in the development of CVD were studied, as it was observed that most premature deaths in schizophrenia were related to cardiovascular disease. This interaction is supported both by epidemiological...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Panagiotis Theodosis-Nobelos Evanthia Asimakopoulou Michael Madianos Source Type: research

Social stigma in mental illness: A review of concepts, methods and empirical evidence
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 10. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.039. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSixty years are coming close since the first edition of the book by Goffman on social stigma, and research that connects it with mental illness has produced significant knowledge across different scientific fields, such as psychiatry and social sciences. This paper aims at providing a review of that scientific knowledge published over the last decades, and covers the following topics: a) basic theoretical concepts related to social stigma, such as public stigma, self-stigma, structural stigma and stigma by courtesy, b) representative fi...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anastasia Zissi Source Type: research

Short-term reliability of retrospective childhood trauma reports in schizophrenia spectrum psychosis
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.024. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTChildhood trauma (CT) refers to severe early life adversities, especially experiences of parental abuse and neglect. Patients with schizophrenia spectrum psychosis (SSP) report higher CT rates than the general population. As CT assessment in SSP samples has been mainly conducted retrospectively through adult recollections of childhood adverse events, reservations about the reliability and validity of these reports have arisen. We sought to explore the short-term reliability of retrospective CT reports in sixty-three patients with SSP, by...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stylianos Chatziioannidis Agorastos Agorastos Stergios Kaprinis Vasileios-Panteleimon Bozikas Source Type: research

Social Distance in COVID-19: Drawing the line between protective behavior and stigma manifestation
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.025. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSocial stigma has long been defined by Ervin Goffman as an attribute that it is deeply discrediting and reduces the individual who bears it from a whole and usual person to a tarnished one, unfit to be included into the mainstream society.1 As stigma spans time and space and has been documented in other social species such as ants and chimpanzees, one might argue for its adaptive potential. Neuberg and colleagues2 have suggested that humans generate stigmas against threats to effective group functioning, with a notable case being infecti...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marina Economou Source Type: research

Depressive symptoms in involuntary hospitalized patients in Cyprus: Socio-demographic and psychopathological characteristics
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.026. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTΤhe severity and variation of depressive symptoms (DS), among psychotic individuals under involuntary hospitalization is unclear. We investigated the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of psychotic adults with DS involuntarily hospitalized for compulsory treatment in Cyprus. We also evaluated the psychometric properties (internal consistency, known-group and discriminant validity) of the HDRS-17 and HAM-A for the assessment of depressive and anxiety symptoms, respectively. A descriptive correlational study with cross-sect...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katerina Kaikoushi Maria Karanikola Nicos Middleton Andreas Chatzittofis Maria Nystazaki Evanthia Bella Constantinos Stylianou Evgenios Kinnis Skevi Veniamin Maria Pitta George Alevizopoulos Source Type: research

Do patients with schizophrenia have higher infection and mortality rates due to COVID-19? A systematic review
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.027. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPeople with mental illness are known to have poorer physical health outcomes. Among them, patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders are disproportionately burdened. A number of recent studies have highlighted that patients with schizophrenia are particularly at risk from COVID-19. The aim of this systematic review is to clarify whether patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders are at greater risk for poor COVID-19 outcomes. We conducted a systematic review of the literature following the PRISMA guidelines, using PubMed, PsycINF...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sokratis E Karaoulanis Nikos G Christodoulou Source Type: research

Factor structure and psychometric properties of a new 39-item version of the Criteria for Recovery from Eating Disorders questionnaire (CRED-39)
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.028. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTEating disorders (ED) are a group of mental disorders, which are quite difficult to treat. In studies on the recovery process of ED, patients' experience is rarely been taken into account. In addition, there seems to be a gap between patients' objective improvement, as assessed by clinicians, and patients' own subjective evaluation of their recovery. Criteria for Recovery from Eating Disorders (CRED) is a questionnaire used to investigate recovery criteria which are considered important from the patients' perspective. The purpose of the ...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dafni-Alexandra Karapavlou Dimitris Dikeos Stylianos Gavriilidis Maria Ginieri-Coccossis Fragiskos Gonidakis Source Type: research

Stress management and In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): A pilot randomized controlled trial
The objective of the study was to evaluate the psychological effect of an intervention of 8 stress-management sessions in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). Moreover, the overall IVF success was assessed against the fluctuation of the participants' stress levels. A total of 144 women participated in the study with 74 of them in the intervention group and 70 women in the control group. Demographics and medical history of all participants were recorded. The intervention group only underwent 8 weekly stress management sessions. During the 1st and 8th week of the study, both groups completed the Depression, Anxiety...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maria Koumparou Panagiotis Bakas Konstantinos Pantos Marina Economou George Chrousos Source Type: research

The effect of psychosocial interventions on infertility: Inconsistency of research data
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.030. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis systematic review aimed to investigate the inconsistency of research data concerning the contribution of systematic psychosocial interventions to infertility treatments. More specifically, the objective of this review was to investigate the cause of the contradictions in the results of contemporary research with respect to the role of systematic psychosocial interventions in the success of fertility treatments. The suspected cause of these contradictions is the heterogeneity of the relevant clinical studies with respect to their met...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maria Koumparou Panagiotis Bakas George Chrousos Marina Economou Source Type: research

Assessment of the Mobile Mental Health Units' effectiveness in Cyclades islands
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.031. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn Greece, the provision of mental health shows inefficiencies in remote and inaccessible areas due to the lack of appropriate structures and access to healthcare. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the Mobile Mental Health Units (MMHUs) in Cyclades with and without MMHUs' operation based on Real-World Evidence (RWE). The study population consisted of 724 people who visited the MMHUs of the western and northeastern Cyclades in 2015. The data derived from the patients' medical records of EPAPSY classified by Inte...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Aikaterini Lykomitrou Stelios Stylianidis Mary Geitona Stella Pantelidou Kyriakos Souliotis Source Type: research

Adaptive immersive Virtual Environments as a treatment for depersonalization disorder
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.032. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDepersonalization is a dissociative disorder associated to a profound disruption of self-awareness in the form of emotional numbing and feelings of disembodiment. The salient feature of depersonalization is a breakdown in the familiarity of one's psychological and somatic self (and surroundings when derealization is also present), in spite of being aware of the unreality of the change. At an early stage of research it was realized that people inclined to dissociation find it harder to tolerate discontinuity in perceptual environments, po...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Panayiotis Patrikelis George Konstantakopoulos Lambros Messinis Athanasia Alexoudi Maria Stefanatou Grigorios Nasios Stylianos Gatzonis Source Type: research

Validity and reliability of the Greek version of the semistructured Schedule Clinical Interview for personality disorders (SCID-II)
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.033. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe semistructured Schedule of Clinical Interview for Personality Disorders (SCID-II) is a useful tool for measuring personality disorders according to DSM criteria. Personality traits and their assessment are culturally sensitive. Because of this, it is important for clinicians and researchers to have a clearer view of the performance of such instruments in their own culture. Despite the fact that the SCID-II interview has been translated to the Greek language, the psychometric properties of this version have yet to be tested. To addres...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Theofanis Vorvolakos Marina Gymnopoulou Vasiliki Keramida Arsenia Malakozi Aikaterini Arvaniti Aspasia Serdari Maria Samakouri Source Type: research

Evaluation tools of the characteristics of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents: A literature review
In conclusion, there are a number of evaluation tools that can be used to evaluate specific deficits presented by children and adolescents with ADHD, as well as to evaluate the course of treatment, but also to distinguish children and adolescents with ADHD from those with other types of cognitive and learning disorders.PMID:34390561 | DOI:10.22365/jpsych.2021.034 (Source: Psychiatriki)
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maria Gamvrouli Iro Gamvrouli Christos Triantafyllou Source Type: research

Clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmaceutical forms of long-acting injectable antipsychotics
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 10. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.035. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTLong-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIs) hold an important place in the therapeutic management of patients with schizophrenia and other psychoses. They offer advantages, such as knowledge of whether patients follow the medical advice that is given, stable pharmacokinetics and better correlation between the administered dose and the plasma levels of the drug, regular follow-up and reduced risk of overdose. Knowledge of the best way to administer LAIs is important in clinical practice because it maximizes the efficacy of the drug and ...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Theocharis Chr Kyziridis Source Type: research

Religiosity and mental health of adolescents and young adults: a review
This article is a review of the literature on the relationship between religiosity and the mental health of adolescents and young adults. Religiosity - which includes the term spirituality - in adolescents and young adults has been shown to act as a potential protective factor against psychopathology like depression, anxiety, stress and drug use but also as an enhancer of normal psychological characteristics (e.g., resilience, self-control, personality traits). Also, religiosity is positively associated with life satisfaction. Greek literature, though limited, has highlighted the positive effects of religiosity on mental h...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Panagiotis N Papanikolopoulos Stergios G Kaprinis Source Type: research

FiD: a smartphone application for anxiety assessment: two weeks study
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 10. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.037. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAnxiety disorders affect approximately one in six people, causing significant problems in their quality of life and that of their families with a significant percentage of mentally ill people not showing compliance with treatment or not receiving appropriate treatment. Research data therefore reveal the need to develop new and effective interventions that will improve the compliance and therapeutic management of the mentally ill. Because of the recent technological advancement, the field of electronic mental health applications (MHapps)...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Charalampos Pischos Antonios Politis Artemios Pechlivanidis Vassilis Masdrakis Charalampos Papageorgiou Source Type: research

Pathophysiological mechanisms of major mental disorders related to cardiovascular disease
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 10. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.038. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlthough the relationship of mental health with cardiovascular dysfunction is not a recent finding, scientific data has appeared approximately at the middle of the last century. Firstly, depression was studied as a risk factor for premature death in cases of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Much later, the mechanism of psychosis and schizophrenia in the development of CVD were studied, as it was observed that most premature deaths in schizophrenia were related to cardiovascular disease. This interaction is supported both by epidemiological...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Panagiotis Theodosis-Nobelos Evanthia Asimakopoulou Michael Madianos Source Type: research

Social stigma in mental illness: A review of concepts, methods and empirical evidence
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 10. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.039. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSixty years are coming close since the first edition of the book by Goffman on social stigma, and research that connects it with mental illness has produced significant knowledge across different scientific fields, such as psychiatry and social sciences. This paper aims at providing a review of that scientific knowledge published over the last decades, and covers the following topics: a) basic theoretical concepts related to social stigma, such as public stigma, self-stigma, structural stigma and stigma by courtesy, b) representative fi...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anastasia Zissi Source Type: research

Short-term reliability of retrospective childhood trauma reports in schizophrenia spectrum psychosis
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.024. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTChildhood trauma (CT) refers to severe early life adversities, especially experiences of parental abuse and neglect. Patients with schizophrenia spectrum psychosis (SSP) report higher CT rates than the general population. As CT assessment in SSP samples has been mainly conducted retrospectively through adult recollections of childhood adverse events, reservations about the reliability and validity of these reports have arisen. We sought to explore the short-term reliability of retrospective CT reports in sixty-three patients with SSP, by...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stylianos Chatziioannidis Agorastos Agorastos Stergios Kaprinis Vasileios-Panteleimon Bozikas Source Type: research

Social Distance in COVID-19: Drawing the line between protective behavior and stigma manifestation
Psychiatriki. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2021.025. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSocial stigma has long been defined by Ervin Goffman as an attribute that it is deeply discrediting and reduces the individual who bears it from a whole and usual person to a tarnished one, unfit to be included into the mainstream society.1 As stigma spans time and space and has been documented in other social species such as ants and chimpanzees, one might argue for its adaptive potential. Neuberg and colleagues2 have suggested that humans generate stigmas against threats to effective group functioning, with a notable case being infecti...
Source: Psychiatriki - August 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marina Economou Source Type: research