COVID-19 pandemic and the mental health care system
Psychiatriki. 2022 May 18. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2022.081. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe psychological impact of pandemics, which historically appear in the human species, is described in detail in Steven Taylor's excellent book "The Psychology of Pandemics",1 which was published in 2019, a few months before the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic. This pandemic shows similar characteristics in terms of mental health problems to the previous ones described in the book, according to the findings of epidemiological research, both internationally and in Greece.2-5 The results of these studies show a significant increase of t...
Source: Psychiatriki - May 20, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Venetsanos Mavreas Stelios Stylianidis Source Type: research

Dietary interventions for autism spectrum disorder: An updated systematic review of human studies
Psychiatriki. 2022 Apr 27. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2022.073. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAutism is a complex spectrum of disorders with genetic, epigenetic, autoimmune, oxidative stress, and environmental etiologies. Treatment of ASD using dietary approach is a promising strategy, especially owing to its safety and availability. Our study critically analysed the roles and efficacy of antioxidants, probiotics, prebiotics, camel milk and vitamin D. This systematic review provides an updated synopsis of human studies that investigated therapeutic benefits of these dietary interventions in autism. A total of 943 papers were ide...
Source: Psychiatriki - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cecilia N Amadi Chinna N Orish Chiara Frazzoli Orish E Orisakwe Source Type: research

Mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors in Greece living "in limbo"
Psychiatriki. 2022 Apr 27. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2022.074. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe closure of the Balkan migration route in 2016, had implications for unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs), given that the vast majority, who perceived Greece as "stopover" for their desired final destination, were forced to remain in the country for an indeterminate period of time. This created for URMs a challenging situation of living "in limbo" uncertain about their future awaiting for a long time the outcome of their asylum application. This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the mental health of URMs, who arrived in Greece in...
Source: Psychiatriki - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ioanna Giannopoulou Lida Mourloukou Vasiliki Efstathiou Athanassios Douzenis Panagiotis Ferentinos Source Type: research

Cognitive changes in health locus of control attributions after behavioral analysis in patients with panic disorder and/or agoraphobia
We examined whether these cognitive changes observed at the end of BT, begin earlier. Forty patients with PD +/- Ag were assessed on the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale, before and after the diagnostic and psychoeducational sessions that precede the clinical implementation of BT. Decreased health attributions to significant others (t = 4.22, p < 0.01), and an increase trend to self (t = -0.78, p = 0.43) were observed, which are compatible with the active role patients need to adopt in the clinical application of BT.PMID:35477084 | DOI:10.22365/jpsych.2022.075 (Source: Psychiatriki)
Source: Psychiatriki - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yiannis Kasvikis Titika Mitsopoulou Evangelia Alexiou Source Type: research

Regarding "Stress management and In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): A pilot randomized controlled trial"
Psychiatriki. 2022 Apr 27. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2022.076. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTKoumparou et al.1 recently published a randomized controlled trial (RCT) on the effectiveness of psychological interventions (stress management training, SMT) for women planning in vitro fertilization (IVF). They concluded that while the effect of SMT was limited in terms of IVF outcome, it resulted in a significant reduction of stress levels in infertile patients. Since most women undergoing infertility treatment are exposed to high psychological stress,2 this study may be of great value in demonstrating the need for proactive SMT to m...
Source: Psychiatriki - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shinnosuke Komiya Masahiro Banno Yuki Itagaki Source Type: research

Authors Reply: Regarding "Stress Management and in Vitro Fertilization (IVF): A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial"
Psychiatriki. 2022 Apr 27. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2022.077. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTKomiya et al recently sent a letter to the editor1 raising issues of reliability and validity of our study "Stress Management and in Vitro Fertilization (IVF): A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial".2 Their comments focused on the default of the registration, the absence of any mention of case dropout, the ambiguity in the details of IVF treatment and the lack of specific figures on the background of the participants. However, the principles of CONSORT 2010 cannot be applied to Pilot Randomized and Feasibility Trials, only to Randomized T...
Source: Psychiatriki - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maria Koumparou Panagiotis Bakas Konstantinos Pantos Marina Economou George Chrousos Source Type: research

Physicians' attitudes towards euthanasia and correlation with their spirituality
Psychiatriki. 2022 Apr 27. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2022.078. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACT"Suffering" patients' wishes concerning hastening their own death by means of euthanasia, raised by personal, psychological, social and other motives, are becoming increasingly common. This raises controversies and marks challenges within both the scientific community and the public. The aim of this study is to investigate physicians' attitudes towards euthanasia and its correlation with their spirituality. The final sample consisted of 93 physicians (64.5% men), whose attitudes on euthanasia who were evaluated using Euthanasia Attitude...
Source: Psychiatriki - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maria Malliarou Vasileios Tzenetidis Iokasti Papathanasiou Kiriaki Vourdami Nikolaos Tzenetidis Athanasios Nikolentzos Pavlos Sarafis Source Type: research

Theophrastus's "Anaisthetos" ("The Obtuse Man"): the oldest phenomenological description of neurodevelopmental disorders in an adult
Psychiatriki. 2022 Apr 27. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2022.079. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTheophrastus (381-278 B.C.), was the first to adopt the term character for the description of distinct inner psychological and moral features of an individual. In his classic book 'Characters' in a simple style wording he analyses some of his contemporary individuals. The character "Αναίσθητος" (Anaisthetos) has been translated in English as "The Obtuse Man" and in Modern Greek both as "Αναίσθητος", meaning lack of appreciation and "Βραδύνους", meaning slowness of mind. Theophrastus' description of this part...
Source: Psychiatriki - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Artemios Pehlivanidis Katerina Papanikolaou Source Type: research

Group psychotherapy for parents of patients with borderline personality disorder: Basic assumptions and group's containing function
Psychiatriki. 2022 Apr 27. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2022.080. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPatients with borderline personality disorders (BPD) have great difficulties with interpersonal relations. Their extreme difficulties with interpersonal relations are illustrated in psychic family interaction. Parents become the recipients of conflicts and patient's aggressive behaviour, while family stress increases due to suicidal tendency, self-injuries and substance abuse. The current report presents the introduction of group psychotherapy for parents of young adult patients with BPD, treated in a special unit of personality disorde...
Source: Psychiatriki - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pentagiotissa Stefanatou Source Type: research

Dietary interventions for autism spectrum disorder: An updated systematic review of human studies
Psychiatriki. 2022 Apr 27. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2022.073. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAutism is a complex spectrum of disorders with genetic, epigenetic, autoimmune, oxidative stress, and environmental etiologies. Treatment of ASD using dietary approach is a promising strategy, especially owing to its safety and availability. Our study critically analysed the roles and efficacy of antioxidants, probiotics, prebiotics, camel milk and vitamin D. This systematic review provides an updated synopsis of human studies that investigated therapeutic benefits of these dietary interventions in autism. A total of 943 papers were ide...
Source: Psychiatriki - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cecilia N Amadi Chinna N Orish Chiara Frazzoli Orish E Orisakwe Source Type: research

Mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors in Greece living "in limbo"
Psychiatriki. 2022 Apr 27. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2022.074. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe closure of the Balkan migration route in 2016, had implications for unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs), given that the vast majority, who perceived Greece as "stopover" for their desired final destination, were forced to remain in the country for an indeterminate period of time. This created for URMs a challenging situation of living "in limbo" uncertain about their future awaiting for a long time the outcome of their asylum application. This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the mental health of URMs, who arrived in Greece in...
Source: Psychiatriki - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ioanna Giannopoulou Lida Mourloukou Vasiliki Efstathiou Athanassios Douzenis Panagiotis Ferentinos Source Type: research

Cognitive changes in health locus of control attributions after behavioral analysis in patients with panic disorder and/or agoraphobia
We examined whether these cognitive changes observed at the end of BT, begin earlier. Forty patients with PD +/- Ag were assessed on the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale, before and after the diagnostic and psychoeducational sessions that precede the clinical implementation of BT. Decreased health attributions to significant others (t = 4.22, p < 0.01), and an increase trend to self (t = -0.78, p = 0.43) were observed, which are compatible with the active role patients need to adopt in the clinical application of BT.PMID:35477084 | DOI:10.22365/jpsych.2022.075 (Source: Psychiatriki)
Source: Psychiatriki - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yiannis Kasvikis Titika Mitsopoulou Evangelia Alexiou Source Type: research

Regarding "Stress management and In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): A pilot randomized controlled trial"
Psychiatriki. 2022 Apr 27. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2022.076. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTKoumparou et al.1 recently published a randomized controlled trial (RCT) on the effectiveness of psychological interventions (stress management training, SMT) for women planning in vitro fertilization (IVF). They concluded that while the effect of SMT was limited in terms of IVF outcome, it resulted in a significant reduction of stress levels in infertile patients. Since most women undergoing infertility treatment are exposed to high psychological stress,2 this study may be of great value in demonstrating the need for proactive SMT to m...
Source: Psychiatriki - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shinnosuke Komiya Masahiro Banno Yuki Itagaki Source Type: research

Authors Reply: Regarding "Stress Management and in Vitro Fertilization (IVF): A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial"
Psychiatriki. 2022 Apr 27. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2022.077. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTKomiya et al recently sent a letter to the editor1 raising issues of reliability and validity of our study "Stress Management and in Vitro Fertilization (IVF): A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial".2 Their comments focused on the default of the registration, the absence of any mention of case dropout, the ambiguity in the details of IVF treatment and the lack of specific figures on the background of the participants. However, the principles of CONSORT 2010 cannot be applied to Pilot Randomized and Feasibility Trials, only to Randomized T...
Source: Psychiatriki - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maria Koumparou Panagiotis Bakas Konstantinos Pantos Marina Economou George Chrousos Source Type: research

Physicians' attitudes towards euthanasia and correlation with their spirituality
Psychiatriki. 2022 Apr 27. doi: 10.22365/jpsych.2022.078. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACT"Suffering" patients' wishes concerning hastening their own death by means of euthanasia, raised by personal, psychological, social and other motives, are becoming increasingly common. This raises controversies and marks challenges within both the scientific community and the public. The aim of this study is to investigate physicians' attitudes towards euthanasia and its correlation with their spirituality. The final sample consisted of 93 physicians (64.5% men), whose attitudes on euthanasia who were evaluated using Euthanasia Attitude...
Source: Psychiatriki - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maria Malliarou Vasileios Tzenetidis Iokasti Papathanasiou Kiriaki Vourdami Nikolaos Tzenetidis Athanasios Nikolentzos Pavlos Sarafis Source Type: research