Early Career Professionals' (Researchers, Practitioners, and Policymakers) Role in Advocating, Disseminating, and Implementing the Global Action Plan on Physical Activity: ISPAH Early Career Network View.
Authors: Direito A, Murphy JJ, Mclaughlin M, Mair J, Mackenzie K, Kamada M, Sutherland R, Montgomery S, Shilton T, ISPAH Early Career Network Abstract Increasing population levels of physical activity (PA) can assist in achieving the United Nations sustainable development goals, benefiting multiple sectors and contributing to global prosperity. Practices and policies to increase PA levels exist at the subnational, national, and international levels. In 2018, the World Health Organization launched the first Global Action Plan on Physical Activity (GAPPA). The GAPPA provides guidance through a framework of effective ...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - October 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Barriers to and Facilitators of the Implementation of Environmental Recommendations to Encourage Physical Activity in Center-Based Childcare Services: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSION: The current review provides guidance to improve the implementation of environmental recommendations in childcare services by addressing environmental, resource, and social barriers. PMID: 31624222 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - October 20, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Prison-Based Exercise Training Programs: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that prison-based exercise programs constitute a feasible and useful strategy for improving the physical and mental health status of prisoners. PMID: 31615971 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - October 18, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Associations Between Trajectories of Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Television Viewing Time Across Adulthood: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Maintaining high LTPA levels were accompanied by less TV over time in women, but not in men. The associations were partially explained by education, body mass index, and smoking. PMID: 31600733 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - October 11, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Supports and Barriers to Home-Based Physical Activity During Preoperative Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer: A Mixed-Methods Study.
Authors: Parker NH, Lee RE, O'Connor DP, Ngo-Huang A, Petzel MQB, Schadler K, Wang X, Xiao L, Fogelman D, Simpson R, Fleming JB, Lee JE, Tzeng CD, Sahai SK, Basen-Engquist K, Katz MHG Abstract BACKGROUND: Physical activity and exercise appear to benefit patients receiving preoperative treatment for cancer. Supports and barriers must be considered to increase compliance with home-based exercise prescriptions in this setting. Such influences have not been previously examined. METHODS: The authors used quantitative and qualitative methods to examine potential physical activity influences among patients who were pr...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - October 10, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Longitudinal Trajectories of Children's Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors on Weekdays and Weekends.
CONCLUSIONS: Children's MVPA and EE generally declined during weekdays but were maintained during weekends across a 3-year time span. Children may benefit most from weekday intervention strategies. PMID: 31593924 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - October 10, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Effects of Physical Activity on the Physical and Psychosocial Health of Youth With Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Kapsal NJ, Dicke T, Morin AJS, Vasconcellos D, Maïano C, Lee J, Lonsdale C Abstract BACKGROUND: The physical and psychosocial benefits of physical activity for typically developing youth are well established; however, its impact on youth with intellectual disabilities is not as well understood. The aims of this review and meta-analysis were to synthesize the literature and quantify the effects of physical activity on the physical and psychosocial health of youth with intellectual disabilities. METHOD: Studies meeting the inclusion criteria were grouped by their focus on physical health and/or psyc...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - October 7, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Creating Activity-Friendly Communities: Exploring the Intersection of Public Health and the Arts.
Authors: Cornett K, Bray-Simons K, Devlin HM, Iyengar S, Moore Shaffer P, Fulton JE PMID: 31575821 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - October 4, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

The Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Kaiser Physical Activity Survey for Pregnant Women.
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that KPAS is a valid and reliable instrument for evaluating physical activity in Turkish pregnant women in different aspects. PMID: 31575822 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - October 4, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

The Association Between Neighborhood Socioeconomic Deprivation, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Physical Activity in US Youth.
CONCLUSIONS: While not significant, cardiorespiratory fitness levels were observed to decrease as neighborhood SED increased. Future research is needed to better understand this relationship and to identify underlying mechanisms beyond fitness or physical activity that may drive the relationship between neighborhood SED and health. PMID: 31553943 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 27, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Parent Perceptions on a Walking School Bus Program Among Low-Income Families: A Qualitative Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Most parents voiced support for the WSB program as a means to improve child health, to learn pedestrian safety, and to interact with positive adult role models. Parents made several suggestions to improve the program, including better recruitment methods, logistical improvements, and a platform for communicating with other parents. PMID: 31553945 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 27, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the 5A's Model for Changing Physical Activity Behaviors in Rural Adults Recruited From Primary Care Clinics.
CONCLUSIONS: It is vitally important to continue to find ways to make PA a priority to improve the overall health and well-being of rural adults. Future research warrants adjusting the intervention dose and strategies to increase PA that can be maintained long term. PMID: 31553946 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 27, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

The Association of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Ideal Cardiovascular Health in the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study.
This study examined the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and ideal cardiovascular health (CVH). METHODS: CRF and the 7 CVH components were measured in 11,590 (8865 males; 2725 females) adults at baseline and in 2532 (2160 males; 372 females) adults with at least one follow-up examination from the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study. Ideal CVH score was calculated as a composite of 7 measures, each scored 0 to 2. CVH groups were based on participant point score: ≤7 (poor), 8 to 11 (intermediate), and 12 to 14 (ideal). Analyses included general linear, logistic regression...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 27, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

The Effects of Parental Stress on Physical Activity Among Overweight and Obese Hispanic Adolescents: Moderating Role of Family Communication and Gender.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings provide support that addressing parental stress and family communication may help facilitate MVPA among Hispanic boys, the most at-risk group for pediatric obesity. PMID: 31557723 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 27, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Application of an Ecological Momentary Assessment Protocol in a Workplace Intervention: Assessing Compliance, Criterion Validity, and Reactivity.
Authors: Weatherson K, Yun L, Wunderlich K, Puterman E, Faulkner G Abstract BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is a method of collecting behavioral data in real time. The purpose of this study was to examine EMA compliance, identify factors predicting compliance, assess criterion validity of, and reactivity to, using EMA in a workplace intervention study. METHODS: Forty-five adults (91.1% female, 39.7 [9.6] y) were recruited for a workplace standing desk intervention. Participants received 5 surveys each day for 5 workdays via smartphone application. EMA items assessed current position (sitt...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Geographical Patterning of Physical Activity Prevalence in Iran: Spatial Analysis of 4 Pooled National Health Surveys Among 119,560 Adults.
CONCLUSIONS: The regions with low and high PA are predominately situated in the near center/southeast and west, respectively. PMID: 31541069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Combined Exercise Modulates Cortisol, Testosterone, and Immunoglobulin A Levels in Individuals Living With HIV/AIDS.
CONCLUSION: CE modulates cortisol, testosterone, and immunoglobulin A levels without the change in immunological parameters in ILWHA. PMID: 31527301 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 20, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Make Them Move: Understanding Visitors' Sedentary Behavior in Protected Natural Areas. A Case Study in Spain.
CONCLUSION: The study contributed to documenting the information about visitors' behavior in protected areas, and the findings may aid park managers in developing effective management strategies for promoting and enhancing physical activity in protected natural areas. PMID: 31527302 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 20, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Perceptions of the Built Environment and Support for Policies That Promote Physical Activity.
Authors: Gustat J, Anderson CE, O'Malley K, Hu T, Tabak RG, Goins KV, Valko C, Litt JS, Eyler AA Abstract BACKGROUND: To assess how perceptions of the community built environment influence support for community policies that promote physical activity (PA). METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey assessed perceptions of the local built environment and support of community policies, including school and workplace policies, promoting PA. A random digit-dialed telephone survey was conducted in US counties selected on Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for high or low prevalence of obesity and inacti...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 16, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Intensity-Weighted Physical Activity Volume and Risk of All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality: Does the Use of Absolute or Corrected Intensity Matter?
CONCLUSIONS: The association between PA volume and risk of mortality was similar regardless of whether PA volume was estimated using absolute or corrected METs. There is no empirical justification against the use of absolute METs to estimate PA volume from questionnaires. PMID: 31521056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 16, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Not All Play Equipment Is Created Equal: Associations Between Equipment at Home and Children's Physical Activity.
CONCLUSION: Having the right combination of play equipment at home may be important for children's PA. PMID: 31518988 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 14, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Associations Between Neighborhood Recreation Environments and Adolescent Physical Activity.
Authors: Gavand KA, Cain KL, Conway TL, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Kerr J, Glanz K, Sallis JF Abstract BACKGROUND: To examine relations between parents' perceived neighborhood recreation environments and multiple measures of adolescent physical activity (PA). METHODS: Participants (N = 928; age 14.1 [1.4] y, 50.4% girls, and 33.4% nonwhite/Hispanic) and their parents were recruited. Teen moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) was assessed with 7-day accelerometry. Self-reported total PA, PA near home, and PA at recreation locations were also assessed. Proximity of home to 8 types of recreation facilities was reported b...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 13, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Using Music-Based Cadence Entrainment to Manipulate Walking Intensity.
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates the potential for using music to evoke predictable metabolic intensities. PMID: 31509799 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 13, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Turning Science Into Effective Policy Advocacy-The Foundations for the Evidence-Based Policymaking Act of 2018.
Authors: Kane T PMID: 31509800 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 13, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Sociodemographic Differences in Young Children Meeting 24-Hour Movement Guidelines.
Authors: Kracht CL, Webster EK, Staiano AE Abstract BACKGROUND: Little is known about variation in meeting the 24-Hour Movement Guidelines (including physical activity [PA], sleep, and screen time [ST]) in early childhood. The aim was to evaluate sociodemographic differences in meeting the 24-Hour Movement Guidelines. METHODS: Parents of 3-4 year old children reported sociodemographic information and ST. Sleep and PA were measured using accelerometry, and height and weight were objectively measured. The 24-Hour Movement Guidelines include daily PA (total PA: ≥3 h; including ≥1 h of moderate to v...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 7, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Chronic Standing Desk Use and Arterial Stiffness.
CONCLUSIONS: Standing for>50% of a workday did not affect PWV. Consistent with previous research, fitness and age are important modulators of arterial stiffness. PMID: 31484157 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 6, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Toward Whole-of-System Action to Promote Physical Activity: A Cross-Sectoral Analysis of Physical Activity Policy in Australia.
CONCLUSIONS: This study describes current PA-relevant policy in Australia and identifies opportunities for improving coordination, implementation, and evaluation to strengthen a whole-of-system and cross-agency approach to increasing population PA. PMID: 31476734 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 4, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

The Associations Between Environmental Characteristics of Early Childhood Education and Care Centers and 1-Year Change in Toddlers' Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior.
CONCLUSION: Better "interaction" and "program structure" may preclude children's physical activity from declining over time and may be considered important features to target in future interventions in ECEC centers aiming at promoting active lifestyles. PMID: 31476735 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 4, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

A Prior High-Intensity Exercise Bout Attenuates the Vascular Dysfunction Resulting From a Prolonged Sedentary Bout.
CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that lower limb vascular dysfunction was significantly attenuated by an acute presitting bout of high-intensity interval aerobic exercise. Further analysis of lower limb blood samples revealed no changes in circulating oxidative stress or inflammation in either condition. PMID: 31476736 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 4, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Sedentary and Physical Activity Behavior in "Blue-Collar" Workers: A Systematic Review of Accelerometer Studies.
CONCLUSIONS: High levels of sedentary time and insufficient PA to offset risk are health issues for "blue-collar" workers. To better inform interventions, research groups need to adopt common measurement and reporting methodologies. PMID: 31469366 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - September 1, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Crime and Physical Activity: Development of a Conceptual Framework and Measures.
This article advances research on crime-related safety and physical activity by developing a multilevel conceptual framework and reliable measures applicable across age groups. METHODS: Criminologists and physical activity researchers collaborated to develop a conceptual framework. Survey development involved qualitative data collection and resulted in 155 items and 26 scales. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were computed to assess test-retest reliability in a subsample of participants (N = 176). Analyses were conducted separately by age groups. RESULTS: Test-retest reliability for most scales (63 of 104...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - August 31, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Distinct Methods for Assessing Compliance With a Physical Activity Guideline for Children in Preschools.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings demonstrate the importance of examining compliance with both the average and everyday methods to more accurately portray level of Institute of Medicine PA guideline compliance. PMID: 31454781 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - August 29, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Questionnaire-Based Prevalence of Physical Activity Level on Adults According to Different International Guidelines: Impact on Surveillance and Policies.
Authors: Soares EMKVK, Molina GE, Saint Martin D, Leitão JLAESP, Fontana KE, Junqueira LF, de Araújo TL, Matsudo SM, Matsudo VK, Porto LGG Abstract BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (PA) throughout the week. However, the weekly frequency of PA and how to combine moderate and vigorous PA to define who reaches the recommended PA are controversial. PA level might be highly different based on the recommendation and/or the criteria employed. METHODS: Demographic data and PA level evaluated by International Physical Activity Questi...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - August 29, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Factors Related to Physical Activity in Early Childhood: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: According to the studies included in this research project, the factors identified as associated with moderate to vigorous physical activity are environmental (play in open spaces) and sociocultural (the role of the family and the physical activity of the mother). The evidence is not strong enough to conclude that biologico-demographic factors are significantly influential in the physical activity at this age. PMID: 31444315 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - August 25, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Excellent Self-Rated Health Associated With Activities of Higher Intensities: A Compositional Data Analysis Approach.
This study investigates the association between self-rated health and the time spent in sedentary behavior (SB), low light-intensity physical activity (LLPA), high light-intensity physical activity (HLPA), and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), by controlling for demographics, socioeconomic status, and chronic diseases. METHODS: A total of 1665 participants (55% women) completed a questionnaire about demographics, chronic diseases, and anthropometric characteristics and provided objective physical activity data on time in SB, LLPA, HLPA, and MVPA, using an ActiGraph 7164 accelerometer. Association between s...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - August 24, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

The International Impact of the Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance Physical Activity Report Cards for Children and Youth.
CONCLUSIONS: It is hoped that the Report Card activities will initiate a measurable shift in the physical activity levels of children and contribute to achieving the 4 strategic objectives of the World Health Organization Global Action Plan as follows: creating an active society, creating active environments, creating active lives, and creating active systems. PMID: 31412317 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - August 15, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

The Association of Physical Activity and Mortality Risk Reduction Among Smokers: Results From 1998-2009 National Health Interview Surveys-National Death Index Linkage.
CONCLUSION: Smokers who adhere to physical activity guidelines show a significant reduction in mortality. PMID: 31387083 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - August 8, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Physical Activity Before or During Pregnancy and Low Back Pain: Data From the 2015 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study.
CONCLUSION: Meeting the recommended levels of physical activity during pregnancy is associated with less activity limitation related to LBP during pregnancy. However, physical activity levels, either before or during pregnancy, were not associated with pain intensity, care seeking, and postpartum LBP. PMID: 31387084 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - August 8, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

A Comparison of the Physiology of Sedentary Behavior and Light Physical Activity in Adults With and Without a Physical Disability.
This study aimed to compare metabolic demand and muscle activity in healthy controls, adults with stroke, and adults with CP during sedentary behavior and light physical activities. METHODS: Seventy-one adults (45.6 [18.9] y, range 18-86) participated in this study, of which there were 18 controls, 31 with stroke, and 22 with CP. The metabolic equivalent of task (MET) and level of muscle activation were assessed for different sedentary positions (sitting supported and unsupported) and light physical activities (standing and walking). RESULTS: During sitting supported and unsupported, people with mild to modera...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - August 7, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

The Physiological Assessment and Analysis of the Physical Demand of Riding a Snowmobile.
Authors: Pereira T, Durocher J, Burr J Abstract BACKGROUND: Insufficient physical activity (PA) is associated with numerous chronic diseases and premature mortality, and the challenge of meeting recommended PA guidelines is exacerbated in the winter. Snowmobiling can potentially contribute to PA accumulation, but the objective metabolic and physical demands are unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess the physical demands of riding a snowmobile. METHODS: Habitual snowmobile riders responded to a survey describing a typical ride (n = 4015). Using this data, terrain-specific testing courses were created, ...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - August 7, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Stepping Up Active Transportation in Community Health Improvement Plans: Findings From a National Probability Survey of Local Health Departments.
Authors: Sreedhara M, Valentine Goins K, Frisard C, Rosal MC, Lemon SC Abstract BACKGROUND: Local health departments (LHDs) are increasingly involved in Community Health Improvement Plans (CHIPs), a collaborative planning process that represents an opportunity for prioritizing physical activity. We determined the proportion of LHDs reporting active transportation strategies in CHIPs and associations between LHD characteristics and such strategies. METHODS: A national probability survey of US LHDs (
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - August 2, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Sitting and Screen Time Outside School Hours: Correlates in 6- to 8-Year-Old Children.
This study aimed to determine the correlates of screen time and sitting in 6- to 8-year-old children. METHODS: In 2011-2012, parents in the Healthy Active Preschool and Primary Years (HAPPY) study (n = 498) reported their child's week/weekend day recreational screen time and potential correlates. ActivPALs™ measured children's nonschool sitting. In model 1, linear regression analyses were performed, stratified by sex and week/weekend day and controlling for age, clustered recruitment, and activPAL™ wear time (for sitting analyses). Correlates significantly associated with screen time or sitting (P
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - August 2, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Promoting Physical Activity and Reducing Sedentary Time Among Tertiary Workers: Position Stand From the French National ONAPS.
Authors: Genin PM, Dutheil F, Larras B, Esquirol Y, Boirie Y, Tremblay A, Pereira B, Praznoczy C, Thivel D, Duclos M PMID: 31365902 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - August 2, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Metabolic Syndrome, Physical Activity, and Medication-Related Expenditures: A Longitudinal Analysis.
Authors: Lemes ÍR, Fernandes RA, Turi-Lynch BC, Codogno JS, de Morais LC, Koyama KAK, Monteiro HL Abstract BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a combination of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of MetS worldwide is increasing. There is no study investigating the economic burden of MetS, especially in developing countries, on medication-related expenditure. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of medication-related expenditures with MetS and to explore how physical activity (PA) may influence this association. METHODS: A total of ...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - August 2, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

The Association of Sport and Exercise Activities With Cardiovascular Disease Risk: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Participation in specific sport and exercises may substantially reduce the risk for CVD. PMID: 31369998 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - August 2, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Program Reach and Implementation Feasibility of a Physical Activity School Health Program: A Qualitative Study of Teachers ’ Perception
Conclusion: Active All Year Round is a standardized, flexible, and easily implemented program in Danish schools. Future studies are needed to study implementation from a student’s perspective and/or students’ role in and experiences with competition-based health programs. PMID: 31357258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - July 31, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Aerobic Training Performed at Ventilatory Threshold Improves Psychological Outcomes in Adolescents With Obesity
Conclusion: Results from the present study demonstrate that 24 weeks of multidisciplinary intervention improves depression and anxiety symptoms in adolescents with obesity; however, the magnitude of changes is higher in HIG compared with LIG. PMID: 31357259 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - July 31, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Associations of School Day Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity With Gross Motor Skills: Use of Compositional Data Analysis
Conclusion: Replacing %SED and %LPA with %MVPA during school hours may be an effective strategy for improving gross motor skills, specifically ball skills, in low-income elementary school-aged children. PMID: 31357260 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - July 31, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Exploring Stakeholders ’ Perceptions of the Acceptability, Usability, and Dissemination of the Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years
Conclusion: Seeking stakeholder perceptions is an important process in the development of national Movement Guidelines. This study successfully examined stakeholders’ perceptions regarding the acceptability, usability, and dissemination of the Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines. Effective and innovative strategies for maximizing compliance and uptake of the Guidelines should be prioritized. PMID: 31357261 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - July 31, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Associations of Sitting Behavior Patterns With Cardiometabolic Risk in Children: The Sit Less for Health Cross-Sectional Study.
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that increasing the number of breaks in sitting and increasing standing time are beneficially associated with cardiometabolic risk and should be considered in health promotion interventions in children. PMID: 31330500 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - July 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research