Designing and Implementing a Quality Physical Education Policy: Successes, Setbacks, and Lessons Learned From the Quality Physical Education Policy Project in Mexico.
CONCLUSIONS: The QPE project in Mexico served as a pilot project to test the feasibility of implementing a QPE policy revision process. The experience and lessons learned in Mexico can be drawn on to inform the work of other stakeholders interested in advocating for a national QPE policy. PMID: 32652513 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - July 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Toward Harmonized Treadmill-Based Validation of Step-Counting Wearable Technologies: A Scoping Review.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite divergent study methodologies, the authors identified common practices and summarized MAPE values representing device step-count accuracy during treadmill walking. These initial empirical findings should be further refined to ultimately establish harmonized best practices for validating wearable technologies. PMID: 32652514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - July 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Semisupervised Physical Exercise and Lifestyle Counseling in Cardiometabolic Risk Management in Sedentary Adults: Controlled Randomized Trial (BELLUGAT).
CONCLUSIONS: AIT appears to be a feasible and effective strategy in sedentary individuals with cardiometabolic risk factors. AIT could be included in intervention programs tackling unhealthy lifestyles. PMID: 32531762 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - June 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Temporal Trends of Compliance With School-Based Physical Activity Recommendations Among Spanish Children, 2011-2018.
Authors: Grao-Cruces A, Conde-Caveda J, Cuenca-García M, Nuviala R, Pérez-Bey A, Martín-Acosta F, Castro-Piñero J Abstract BACKGROUND: According to the current physical activity (PA) recommendations, children should accumulate 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) throughout the day, 30 minutes of MVPA during the school hours, and 50% of the recess time in MVPA. Our aim was to examine the temporal trends of accelerometer-based PA during the previously mentioned day segments and the proportion of children who met the PA recommendations. METHODS: This was a cross-secti...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - June 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Promoting Physical Activity During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Implications for Obesity and Chronic Disease Management.
Authors: Hudson GM, Sprow K PMID: 32516752 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - June 11, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Nordic Walking for Overweight and Obese People: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: NW can potentially lead to improvements in parameters related to major health outcomes in overweight and obese people. The lack of control for confounding variables in the analyzed studies prevents further elaboration on its potential benefits. PMID: 32502974 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - June 7, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Associations Between Physical Activity and Perceived School Performance of Young Adolescents in Health Behavior in School-Aged Children Countries.
CONCLUSIONS: Young adolescents with average or better PSP took part in at least 3 days of MVPA in a week, suggesting that participating in some MVPA was positively associated with PSP. More days of MVPA in a week, especially for young adolescents with below average PSP, would be beneficial for health and school performance. PMID: 32492655 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - June 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Multiyear Square Dancing Is Associated With Superior Mental Processing Capacity But Not Memory in Middle-Aged and Older Chinese Women: A Cross-Sectional Propensity Score Matching Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Long-term square dancing as one type of physically and socially engaging activities may preserve cognition. Future longitudinal and interventional studies are needed to further clarify the causal relationship. PMID: 32473588 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - June 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Competencies for a Healthy Physically Active Lifestyle-Reflections on the Model of Physical Activity-Related Health Competence.
CONCLUSIONS: The article concludes with a scientific positioning of model components and some empirical results that have been accumulated so far. PMID: 32473589 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - June 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Polypharmacy Among Brazilian Community-Dwelling Older Adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, light and moderate to vigorous PA were inversely associated to polypharmacy and differed by gender. Promotion of PA in older adults may be an effective intervention to reduce the number of medicines used independent of the number of comorbidities. PMID: 32473590 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - June 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

The Association of Trail Features With Self-Report Trail Use by Neighborhood Residents.
CONCLUSIONS: These correlates should be confirmed in other studies and, if supported, should be considered in the promotion and design of urban trails. PMID: 32464596 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - May 29, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Importance of Frequency and Intensity of Strength Training for Reduced Musculoskeletal Pain in the Back, Neck-Shoulder, and Arm-Hand Among Physical Therapists.
CONCLUSIONS: High-intensity strength training is strongly associated with lower levels of MP in arm-hand, neck-shoulder, and back, whereas no association was found with frequency or lower intensities. PMID: 32464597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - May 29, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Clustering of Domain-Specific Sedentary Behaviors and Their Association With Physical Function Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults.
CONCLUSIONS: It has been concluded that the television viewing group identified as a high-risk group of physical functional decline; therefore, interventions targeting this group are needed to prevent physical functional decline. PMID: 32432441 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - May 22, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Physical Activity and Sport in Trans Persons Before and After Gender Disclosure: Prevalence, Frequency, and Type of Activities.
CONCLUSIONS: The results show that the high involvement of trans persons coincides with strategies used to hide or conceal their gender identities when participating in PAS. A decrease in PAS participation is observed after GD probably because it is an acute potential period of anxiety, discrimination, and victimization caused by trans persons' body exposure. PMID: 32404533 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - May 16, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Framing Social Comparison Feedback With Financial Incentives for Physical Activity Promotion: A Randomized Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Changing social comparison feedback did not impact physical activity. PMID: 32396866 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - May 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Are Exercise Referral Schemes Associated With an Increase in Physical Activity? Observational Findings Using Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis From the National Referral Database.
CONCLUSIONS: Most participants undergoing ERSs are already "moderately active." Changes in PA behavior associated with participation are through increased moderate to vigorous PA and reduced sitting. However, this was insufficient to change the International Physical Activity Questionnaire category, and the participants were still "moderately active." PMID: 32396867 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - May 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Physical Exercise as an Immunomodulator of Chronic Diseases in Aging.
CONCLUSION: Epidemiological, experimental, and clinical studies permit us to affirm that regular physical activity improves immunomodulation and may play a key role in the prevention and treatment of several age-related chronic diseases. However, further studies are needed to better describe the prophylactic and therapeutic effects of physical exercise in specific organs of older individuals, as well as the mechanisms involved in such response. PMID: 32396868 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - May 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Effects of the Mat Pilates Method on Body Composition: Systematic Review With Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSION: The findings of this study suggest that the mat Pilates method is no better than the control condition or other types of training to reduce body composition. PMID: 32396869 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - May 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Trends in Total Physical Activity Time, Walking, and Vigorous Physical Activity Time in Queensland Adults From 2004-2018.
CONCLUSIONS: Since 2004, PA time has increased for Queensland adults, with substantial variability by employment status. PMID: 32384262 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - May 11, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Required Health and Wellness Courses: Associations With College Student Physical Activity Behavior and Attitudes.
CONCLUSIONS: When given the option, college students appear to select health and wellness courses that match their current activity levels. These courses do not significantly change the average student's behavior or attitudes about physical activity. PMID: 32369760 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - May 6, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Physical Activity, Mental and Personal Well-Being, Social Isolation, and Perceptions of Academic Attainment and Employability in University Students: The Scottish and British Active Students Surveys.
CONCLUSIONS: UK university students are insufficiently active compared with the general population of 16- to 24-year olds. Yet, students with higher PA report better outcomes for mental and personal well-being, social isolation, and perceptions of academic attainment and employability. PMID: 32369765 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - May 6, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Effects of Sharing Data With Teachers on Student Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in the Classroom.
Authors: Hodgin KL, von Klinggraeff L, Dauenhauer B, McMullen JM, Kuhn AP, Stoepker P, Carson RL Abstract BACKGROUND: Data-driven decision making is an accepted best practice in education, but teachers seldom reflect on data to drive their physical activity (PA) integration efforts. The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of a data-sharing intervention with classroom teachers on teacher-directed movement integration and students' PA and sedentary behavior. METHODS: Teacher-directed movement behaviors from 8 classroom teachers in 1 primary school were systematically observed during four 1-hour class ...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - April 28, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Acute Effects of Intermittent Physical Activity on Perceptions of Exercise-Related Fatigue in Children.
Authors: Nagy M, O'Sullivan M, Block S, Hasson RE Abstract PURPOSE: To investigate the acute effects of intermittent activity performed at varying intensities on the perceptions of exercise-related fatigue in children. METHODS: A total of 30 children completed 4 experimental conditions in random order, which consisted of 8 hours of sitting interrupted with 20 two-minute low-, moderate-, or high-intensity activity breaks or 20 two-minute sedentary breaks. The perceptions of exercise-related fatigue were determined via the Subjective Exercise Experience Scale at the beginning (0 breaks), middle (after 10 breaks),...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - April 22, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Are BMI, Self-Perceptions, Motor Competence, Engagement, and Fitness Related to Physical Activity in Physical Education Lessons?
CONCLUSION: The authors extended previous research by providing evidence that motor competence varies across childhood in explaining participation in PA, and appropriate motor engagement plays a critical role in being active during lessons and was the strongest predictor of PA. BMI and self-perception were not significant in the models. PMID: 32303003 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - April 19, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Hydration Does Not Change Postexercise Hypotension and Its Mechanisms.
This study investigated the effects of intentional hydration on postaerobic exercise hemodynamics and autonomic modulation. METHODS: A total of 18 young men randomly underwent 4 experimental sessions as follows: (1) control with intentional hydration (1 L of water in the previous night, 500 mL 60 min before the intervention, and 1 mL for each 1 g of body mass lost immediately after the intervention); (2) control without intentional hydration (ad libitum water ingestion before the intervention); (3) exercise (cycle ergometer, 45 min, 50% of VO2peak) with intentional hydration...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - April 16, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Moderators of Parents' Perceptions of the Neighborhood Environment and Children's Physical Activity, Time Outside, and Screen Time.
CONCLUSION: Future neighborhood environment initiatives and interventions aiming to promote active living communities should consider differences in age and SEP. PMID: 32294621 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - April 16, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Trends in Muscle-Strengthening Exercise Among Nationally Representative Samples of United States Adults Between 2011 and 2017.
This study describes the prevalence, trends, and correlates of MSE among a large sample of US adults. METHODS: The data were analyzed from the 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2017 US Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys. Self-reported MSE participation was assessed using the same validated survey item. Population-weighted proportions were calculated for (1) "insufficient" (0-1 time/wk) or (2) "sufficient MSE" (≥2 times/wk). Prevalence ratios of those reporting sufficient MSE across sociodemographic characteristics were calculated using multivariate Poisson regression. ...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - April 15, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Understanding the Role of Fathers in Children's Physical Activity: A Qualitative Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Fathers play an important role in their children's physical activity, suggesting that physical activity may be one context in which to prompt paternal involvement, foster father-child relationships, and strengthen paternal parenting. PMID: 32283541 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - April 15, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Self-Efficacy, Social-Support, and Physical Activity Measures Among Hospital Employees: A Multisite Cross-Sectional Study.
Authors: John JC, Sharma SV, Hoelscher D, Swartz MD, Huber C Abstract INTRODUCTION: Associations across self-efficacy, social support, and multiple measures of physical activity (PA) have not been thoroughly explored in hospital employees. METHODS: Validated surveys assessed psychosocial factors; the IPAQ-long assessed PA, and mixed-effects analyses examined relations between psychosocial variables and PA in 920 employees from 6 Texas hospitals. RESULTS: At P
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - April 11, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Can IGF-1 Serum Levels Really be Changed by Acute Physical Exercise? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The systematic review and meta-analysis suggest that there is no determinant in serum IGF-1 changes for the exercise load characteristic. Therefore, physical exercise may be an alternative treatment to control changes in IGF-1 metabolism and blood concentration. PMID: 32259791 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - April 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Influence of Previous-Year Physical Activity on the Cognition of COPD Older Patients During Exacerbation.
Authors: Torres-Sánchez I, Ortiz-Rubio A, Cabrera-Martos I, Granados-Santiago M, López-Torres I, Valenza MC Abstract BACKGROUND: Growing evidence demonstrates the negative health impact of physical inactivity. Our aim was to examine the influence of previous-year physical activity (PA) on the cognition of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients during exacerbation. METHODS: Observational study. One hundred and fifty-one patients with COPD exacerbation were recruited over a period of 3 years and divided in 2 groups according to their previous activity level. Sociodemographic, anthropo...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Classical Ballet Training on Health-Related Outcomes: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: Classical ballet training may improve balance in novices and maintain physical activity across the life span. Experienced dancers showed no further improvement, perhaps due to an already greater ability. There was large heterogeneity between the included studies. A greater focus on classical ballet interventions for inexperienced populations is required. PMID: 32235002 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Total and Domain-Specific Physical Activity and Associated Factors Among Nepalese Adults: A Quantile Regression Analysis.
CONCLUSION: Increasing age, higher education, unpaid employment, unemployment or retirement, and urban residence were associated with lower PA, with the stronger association at the upper tails of the distribution. The correlates had dissimilar associations across the quantiles of PA distribution. PMID: 32217789 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - March 30, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Academic Achievement and Physical Activity: The Ideal Relationship to Promote a Healthier Lifestyle in Adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents who satisfy the international recommendations tend to obtain better academic achievement. Therefore, MVPA for adolescents should be prescribed within some beneficial time margins (50-70 min/d). PMID: 32221041 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - March 30, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

The Effect of Exercise Training on Total Daily Energy Expenditure and Body Composition in Weight-Stable Adults: A Randomized, Controlled Trial.
Authors: Hand GA, Shook RP, O'Connor DP, Kindred MM, Schumacher S, Drenowatz C, Paluch AE, Burgess S, Blundell JE, Blair SN Abstract BACKGROUND: The present study examined, among weight-stable overweight or obese adults, the effect of increasing doses of exercise energy expenditure (EEex) on changes in total daily energy expenditure (TDEE), total body energy stores, and body composition. METHODS: Healthy, sedentary overweight/obese young adults were randomized to one of 3 groups for a period of 26 weeks: moderate-exercise (EEex goal of 17.5 kcal/kg/wk), high-exercise (EEex goal of 35 kcal/kg/wk), or o...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - March 17, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Updated National Estimates of Disparities in Physical Activity and Sports Participation Experienced by Children and Adolescents With Disabilities: NSCH 2016-2017.
CONCLUSION: Children with function and mobility disabilities were identified as priority subpopulations least likely to be sufficiently active. The disparity in sports participation highlights a critical intervention point for increasing PA among children with disabilities. PMID: 32150728 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - March 10, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Associations of Physical Activity Policies With Sports Participation in EU Countries: Higher Overall Levels, Smaller Social Inequalities, and More Positive Trends Since 2009.
CONCLUSION: In addition to the many influencing factors at the individual and social levels, these findings lend support to the notion that sports participation can also be promoted at the national level by implementing specific HEPA policies. PMID: 32106077 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - February 29, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Environmental Influences on Children's Physical Activity in Early Childhood Education and Care.
Authors: Tonge K, Jones RA, Okely AD Abstract BACKGROUND: To examine the relationship between attributes of early childhood education and care (ECEC) settings and children's physical activity and sedentary behavior. METHODS: Cross-sectional study involving 490 children aged 2-5 years from 11 ECECs. The ECEC routine, size of the outdoor environment, and time spent in the outdoor environment were calculated for each center. Children's physical activity and sedentary time were measured using accelerometers. Multivariate linear regressions were used to examine associations of the attributes of ECEC centers with the...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - February 29, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

The Prevalence and 5-Year Incidence Rate of Low Physical Activity in an Urban Population of 10,000 in Southeastern Iran: Relationship With Other Cardiovascular Risk Factors.
CONCLUSION: Almost half of the studied population suffering from LPA was at risk of CAD. Such risky lifestyle pattern while worsened in the last 5 years makes the emerging of CAD epidemic unavoidable, if appropriate timely interventions not being in place accordingly. PMID: 32109881 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - February 29, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Child Care Setting and Its Association With Policies and Practices That Promote Physical Activity and Physical Literacy in the Early Years in British Columbia.
Authors: McConnell-Nzunga J, Weatherson KA, Masse L, Carson V, Faulkner G, Lau E, McKay H, Temple V, Wolfenden L, Naylor PJ Abstract BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is critical to early child development, and child care is a key setting for promotion. The authors investigated differences in daily PA and sedentary behavior practices as well as physical environments between family child care (FCC) and group child care (GCC) settings for children aged 3-5 years in Canada. METHODS: Group child care (n = 581) and FCC (n = 357) managers completed surveys assessing the implementation of PA promoting practices and d...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - February 24, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Understanding Contemplators' Knowledge and Awareness of the Physical Activity Guidelines.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings guided the development of the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion's Move Your Way campaign and reinforced the need to raise awareness of the guidelines and promote behavior change among physical activity contemplators-particularly those from lower socioeconomic groups. PMID: 32087601 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - February 24, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

The Move Your Way Campaign: Encouraging Contemplators and Families to Meet the Recommendations From the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans.
CONCLUSION: The Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion translated these findings into 3 themes used for Move Your Way implementation: (1) leverage social and community connections, (2) emphasize representation through inclusion and diversity, and (3) customize physical activity recommendations to make them more achievable. PMID: 32050160 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - February 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Musculoskeletal Fitness Among Indigenous Populations in North America and Circumpolar Inuit Populations.
CONCLUSIONS: Further research is needed to better understand physical fitness among indigenous peoples and the potential for improving health and reducing chronic disease risk for indigenous peoples through physical fitness. PMID: 32050161 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - February 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Modifiable Physical Factors Associated With Physical Functioning for Patients Receiving Dialysis: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: Physical activity levels, sedentary behavior levels, and muscle strength are related to physical function status for patients receiving dialysis. There is a need for robust longitudinal data to confirm the results of this investigation and for more focus on populations receiving peritoneal dialysis. PMID: 32045878 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - February 12, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Leisure-Time Physical Inactivity's Association With Environmental, Demographic, and Lifestyle Factors in the United States.
CONCLUSIONS: The significant effects of temperature, fine particulate matter, precipitation, altitude, urban dwelling, poverty, smoking, and obesity on LTPI were both direct and indirect, and sex, precipitation, and altitude modified many of these associations. PMID: 32045880 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - February 12, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Physical Activity Intervention Effects on Sedentary Time in Spanish-Speaking Latinas.
CONCLUSION: An intervention to increase moderate to vigorous physical activity resulted in greater sedentary time, raising concerns regarding compensation and highlighting the need for interventions to address both physical activity and sedentary behavior to improve public health. PMID: 32035412 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Associations Between Television Time and activPAL-Measured Duration and Pattern of Sedentary Time Among Pregnant Women at Risk of Gestational Diabetes in the UK.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that high TV time may be associated with higher evening ST and fewer breaks in ST. The link between TV time and sitting patterns requires further investigation. PMID: 32035413 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Health Is Power: Active Transportation, Physical Activity, and Cardiometabolic Health Among Ethnic Minority Women.
This study explored these associations in 327 African American and Hispanic/Latina women. METHODS: This analysis used sociodemographics, self-reported AT via the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, accelerometer-measured moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), body mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, resting heart rate, and body fat percentage (BF). Unadjusted bivariate associations and associations adjusted for sociodemographic factors were examined. RESULTS: AT users had higher levels of objective MVPA, but this was not statistically significant. AT was not associated with cardio...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Application of Raw Accelerometer Data and Machine-Learning Techniques to Characterize Human Movement Behavior: A Systematic Scoping Review.
CONCLUSIONS: Machine-learning algorithms demonstrate good accuracy when predicting physical activity components; however, their application to free-living settings is currently uncertain. PMID: 32035416 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - February 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Assessing the Measurement Properties of the Fitbit Zip ® Among Adults Living With HIV.
CONCLUSIONS: The Fitbit Zip® demonstrated criterion validity for its ability to measure number of steps taken but not distance walked, and did not demonstrate construct validity for measuring physical activity among adults with HIV. PMID: 31958771 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research