Electroretinography and Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment.
Authors: Parvaresh MM PMID: 30090174 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Lacrimal Gland Changes on Orbital Imaging after Glaucoma Drainage Implant Surgery.
Conclusion: GDI placement was associated with radiographically-appreciable lacrimal gland changes in two-thirds of patients, with changes occurring in a predictable pattern of lacrimal gland flattening, posteriorization, and volume loss. Radiographic changes correlated with clinical symptoms in few patients. PMID: 30090175 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Visual Field Changes in Professional Wind versus Non-wind Musical Instrument Players in the Philadelphia Orchestra.
Authors: Lin SC, Zheng CX, Waisbourd M, Molineaux J, Zeng L, Zhan T, Rahmatnejad K, Resende A, Mantravadi AV, Hark LA, Moster MR, Markoff JI, Spaeth GL, Katz LJ Abstract Purpose: We compare the prevalence of glaucoma in professional wind versus non-wind instrument players in the Philadelphia Orchestra. Visual field changes in individuals with glaucoma and glaucoma suspects were evaluated, and the results were correlated with cumulative practice time. Methods: In this cross-sectional, observational study, fifty-one Philadelphia Orchestra musicians were enrolled and categorized as wind or non-wind instrument play...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Mini-vitrectomy; a Simple Solution to a Serious Condition.
Conclusion: Mini-vitrectomy is a simple, safe, and effective procedure in the management of pseudophakic aqueous misdirection, and it can be adopted by all ophthalmologists who are involved in glaucoma management and are not comfortable with the pars plana vitrectomy approach. PMID: 30090177 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Subthreshold Continuous Wave Autofluorescence-controlled Laser Treatment of Chronic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy.
Conclusion: Subthreshold continuous wave autofluorescence-controlled laser treatment may be a good treatment for chronic CSCR to avoid the risks of retinal damage by clinically suprathreshold laser therapy. PMID: 30090178 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Preoperative Electrophysiological Characterization of Patients with Primary Macula-involving Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment.
Authors: Lin JB, Sein J, Van Stavern GP, Apte RS Abstract Purpose: To determine 1) which components of retinal function are impaired after rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, 2) which outer retinal pathways (rod- or cone-driven) are more severely affected, and 3) whether there is concomitant inner retinal dysfunction. Methods: We conducted a prospective observational study in a large academic institution. We performed preoperative electroretinography on eight patients to assess outer and inner retinal function. In all cases, a comparison between the eye with the detached retina and the control fellow eye was mad...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Early Macular Changes after Phacoemulsification in Eyes with High Myopia.
Conclusion: Uncomplicated phacoemulsification had no significant effect on the prevalence or characteristics of pre-existing macular abnormalities in eyes with high myopia up to 6 months of follow-up. The incidence of CME 2 months after uncomplicated cataract surgery in eyes with high myopia was about 9%. PMID: 30090180 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Visual and Anatomical Outcomes of Pars Plana Vitrectomy for Dropped Nucleus after Phacoemulsification.
Authors: Lashgari A, Kabiri M, Ramezani A, Entezari M, Karimi S, Kakaei S, Yaseri M, Nikkhah H Abstract Purpose: To determine the prognostic factors and visual and anatomic outcomes of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in patients with dropped nucleus following complicated phacoemulsification (PE). Methods: The records of patients with complicated PE who underwent PPV to remove posteriorly dislocated nucleus fragments from January 2011 to December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Of 43 patients, 36 patients (36 eyes) were included with mean age of 73 ± 9.5 years and mean follow-up duration of 2...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Foveal Avascular Zone and Vessel Density in Healthy Subjects: An Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Study.
Authors: Falavarjani KG, Shenazandi H, Naseri D, Anvari P, Kazemi P, Aghamohammadi F, Alissmail F, Alemzadeh SA Abstract Purpose: To report the normal characteristics and correlations of the foveal microvascular networks using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in a healthy Iranian population. Methods: Enface 3x3 OCTA images were obtained using the RTVue Avanti spectral-domain optical coherence tomography with AngioVue software (Optovue, Fremont, CA, USA). Foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, central foveal point thickness and inner retinal thickness at the foveal center and the vascular density of th...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Analysis of VSX1 Variations in Brazilian Subjects with Keratoconus.
Conclusion: VSX1 polymorphisms found in the Brazilian population support a genetic component in KCN pathogenesis. L68H is a novel mutation, and the phenotypic data suggest that this mutation might enhance disease severity when combined with other polymorphisms. However, further investigations are needed. PMID: 30090183 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Trichostatin A Restores Expression of Adherens and Tight Junction Proteins during Transforming Growth Factor β-Mediated Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition.
Conclusion: TSA increases histone acetylation and restores the adherens junction complex in LECs. TSA helps in preventing EMT and thus shows potential against lens fibrosis and vision compromising conditions. PMID: 30090184 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Assessment of Horizontal Inequity in Eye Care Utilization in the Iranian Middle-aged Population.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated that horizontal inequity exists in eye care utilization among the middle-aged Iranian population. PMID: 30090185 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

The Shiraz Pediatric Eye Study; a Population Based Survey of School Age Children: Rationale, Design and Baseline Characteristics.
Conclusion: This study is expected to provide accurate estimates of the prevalence of visual impairments and their related determinants in Shiraz. In addition, it will identify children who should be targeted by blindness prevention programs. PMID: 30090186 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Impact of Vision Therapy on Eye-hand Coordination Skills in Students with Visual Impairment.
Authors: Shandiz JH, Riazi A, Khorasani AA, Yazdani N, Torab Mostaedi M, Zohourian B Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the enhancing effects of vision therapy on eye-hand coordination skills in students with visual impairments. Methods: Thirty-five visually impaired patients who underwent vision therapy comprised the treatment group, and 35 patients with impaired vision who received no treatment comprised the control group. Full ophthalmic examinations were performed, including biomicroscopy, retinoscopy, and assessments of subjective refraction and visual acuity. Eye-hand coordination was evaluated using the Frost...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Comparison of Three Vision Therapy Approaches for Convergence Insufficiency.
Authors: Aletaha M, Daneshvar F, Mosallaei M, Bagheri A, Khalili MR Abstract Purpose: We compared the effectiveness of three active vision therapy approaches for convergence insufficiency (CI). Methods: This randomized clinical trial included patients meeting the eligibility criteria and with symptomatic CI, who were allocated into three groups. In the home-based vision orthoptic therapy (HBVOT) group, patients performed the pencil push-up procedure 15 min/day for 5 days/week. In the office-based vision orthoptic therapy (OBVOT) group, patients underwent 60-min orthoptic therapy using a major amblyoscope twice ...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Eyes with Retinal Vein Occlusion.
Authors: Tsai G, Banaee T, Conti FF, Singh RP Abstract Optical coherence angiography (OCTA) is a noninvasive technique that has been introduced in recent years to detect ophthalmological pathology. The growing usage of OCTA to detect retinal abnormalities can be attributed to its advantages over the reference-standard fluorescein angiography (FA), although both of these techniques can be used in association. OCTA's advantages include its dye independency, its ability to produce depth-resolved images of retinal and choroidal vessels that yield images of different vascular layers of the retina, and the better delinea...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Eye Health Information Systems in Selected Countries.
This study aimed to describe eye health information systems in selected countries. The status of eye health information systems in Australia, the United States, and England was reviewed. Data were gathered from the PubMed, Scopus, and ScienceDirect databases. The main key terms used included, but were not limited to "National Action plan", "Eye Health Information System", "Database", and "Registery". Also, the websites of the World Health Organization, the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness, and Departments of Health in the selected countries were accessed. Fifty do...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

A Historical Perspective on Treatment of Fuchs' Endothelial Dystrophy: We have Come a Long Way.
Authors: Moshirfar M, Ding Y, Shah TJ Abstract Fuchs' endothelial corneal dystrophy is a hereditary and progressive vision-threatening disease with a high prevalence in our adult population. In the past two decades, endothelial transplantation has dramatically changed the way we treat these patients. Back then, our limited surgical techniques often resulted in less than ideal outcomes. It was unimaginable for our patients to achieve near perfect visual acuity in such a short span of time. Over the years, we have tenaciously refined our surgical techniques to vastly improve patient outcomes, and with the recent adve...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

"Mouse Sign" on Optical Coherence Tomography of Detached Endothelial Graft Indicates Graft Inversion.
"Mouse Sign" on Optical Coherence Tomography of Detached Endothelial Graft Indicates Graft Inversion. J Ophthalmic Vis Res. 2018 Jul-Sep;13(3):344-347 Authors: Kumar DA, Sood S, Agarwal A Abstract Purpose: To report the mouse-like configuration of detached endothelial keratoplasty graft observed on optical coherence tomographic imaging after pre-Descemet's endothelial keratoplasty (PDEK). Case Report: Three eyes of 3 patients who underwent PDEK and had graft detachment in the initial postoperative period of
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Severe Cutaneous Reaction to Latanoprost Eye Drops.
Conclusion: Topical latanoprost can cause severe blistering of the skin that could undermine a patient's confidence in the treating medical team. Reporting of an adverse effect is difficult when a generic topical medication is used. PMID: 30090193 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Ophthalmic Artery Occlusion Following Facial Sclerosing Therapy.
Conclusion: Persistent total visual loss should be kept in mind as a disastrous complication of sclerosing therapy in a patient with facial hemangioma. PMID: 30090194 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Regression of Giant Olfactory Groove Meningioma and Complete Visual Acuity Recovery after Discontinuation of Cyproterone Acetate.
Conclusion: In meningiomas associated with CA, treatment cessation may result in prompt improvement in symptoms and a reduction in tumor volume, even if the tumor is large and causing neurologic impairments. PMID: 30090195 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Artistic Iris: A Case of Congenital Sectoral Heterochromia Iridis.
Authors: Tomar M, Dhiman R, Sharma G, Yadav N PMID: 30090196 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Ocular Myiasis.
Authors: Gupta PC, Ram J, Faisal TT, Agarwal A, Khurana S, Prasad A PMID: 30090197 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Giant Atypical Macular Hole after Vitrectomy for Needle Perforation.
Authors: Ferreira BFA, Martins ALB, Carricondo PC PMID: 30090198 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Corneal Thickness Measurement after Hyperopic Photorefractive Keratectomy.
Authors: Bernardo M, Rosa N PMID: 30090199 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Author's Reply.
Authors: Jabbarvand M, Askarizadeh F, Sedaghat MR, Ghadimi H, Khosravi B, Amiri MA, Narooie-Noori F PMID: 30090200 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Traumatic Macular Retinoschisis.
Authors: Tripathy K PMID: 30090201 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Author's Reply.
Authors: Jabbarpoor Bonyadi MH PMID: 30090202 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - August 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Erratum: Review of Static Approaches to Surgical Correction of Presbyopia.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article on p. 413 in vol. 12, PMID: 29090052.]. PMID: 29722364 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 5, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Erratum: Distribution of Different Sized Ocular Surface Vessels in Diabetics and Normal Individuals.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article on p. 361 in vol. 12, PMID: 29090043.]. PMID: 29722367 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 5, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Intravitreal Injections: A Historic Background.
Authors: Peyman GA PMID: 29719634 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Mean Posterior Corneal Power and Astigmatism in Normal Versus Keratoconic Eyes.
Authors: Feizi S, Delfazayebaher S, Javadi MA, Karimian F, Ownagh V, Sadeghpour F Abstract Purpose: To compare mean posterior corneal power and astigmatism in normal versus keratoconus affected eyes and determine the optimal cut-off points to maximize sensitivity and specificity in discriminating keratoconus from normal corneas. Methods: A total of 204 normal eyes and 142 keratoconus affected eyes were enrolled in this prospective comparative study. Mean posterior corneal power and astigmatism were measured using a dual Scheimpflug camera. Correlation coefficients were calculated to assess the relationship betw...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Effect of Cycloplegia on Corneal Biometrics and Refractive State.
Authors: Bagheri A, Feizi M, Shafii A, Faramarzi A, Tavakoli M, Yazdani S Abstract Purpose: To determine changes in refractive state and corneal parameters after cycloplegia with cyclopentolate hydrochloride 1% using a dual Scheimpflug imaging system. Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study patients aged 10 to 40 years who were referred for optometric evaluation enrolled and underwent autorefraction and corneal imaging with the Galilei dual Scheimpflug system before and 30 minutes after twice instillation of medication. Changes in refraction and astigmatism were investigated. Corneal biometrics inclu...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Histopathological Parameters in Pterygia and Significant Clinical Correlations.
Authors: Reda AM, Shaaban YMM, Saad El-Din SA Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and histopathological parameters of pterygium to determine significant correlations between parameters that can affect management strategies. Methods: A total of 47 pterygia were clinically examined and excised for histopathological evaluation of epithelial and stromal changes. Some samples were immunostained with P53 (a protein of 53 kilodalton used as dysplastic epithelial marker), CD20 (CD/cluster of differentiation, are group of surface receptors providing targets for cellular immunophenotyping, CD20 as a B lymphocyte m...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Topical Olopatadine Hydrochloride versus Ketotifen Fumarate for Allergic Conjunctivitis.
Conclusion: Compared to ketotifen, olopatadine provided quicker relief of symptoms, and improved symptoms of AC and QOL, with fewer side effects. PMID: 29719638 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Changes Following Primary Retinal Detachment Repair with Silicone Oil Tamponade and Subsequent Oil Removal.
Authors: Takkar B, Azad R, Kamble N, Azad S Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the correlation between the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), particularly the temporal RNFL (TRNFL), and visual outcomes following surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). Methods: This retrospective study was performed at a tertiary center; 32 patients underwent single and successful vitrectomy for total RRD using silicone oil as tamponade. Data were collected after oil removal. RNFL thickness and central foveal thickness (CFT) were measured using spectral domain optical coherence tomography. RNFL thickness and CFT of normal...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Outcomes of Light Silicone Oil Tamponade for Failed Idiopathic Macular Hole Surgery.
In this study, medical charts of consecutive patients who underwent redo pars plana vitrectomy, extended dye-assisted internal limiting membrane peel, and light silicone oil tamponade for failed previous macular hole surgery (from January 2010 to June 2014) were retrospectively reviewed. Best spectacle corrected visual acuity and anatomical closure rates were regarded as outcome measures. Results: Overall, data from 13 patients was recorded and analyzed. The mean (±SD) age of patients was 66 ± 7 years, and four (30.7%) were male. Mean interval between the primary and redo surgeries was 3.7 ± 2.0 mo...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Patterns of Uveitis at a Tertiary Referral Center in Northeastern Iran.
Conclusion: In contrast to most epidemiologic studies of uveitis, the clinical and etiologic patterns of uveitis were different in a tertiary referral center in northeastern Iran. Panuveitis was the most common clinical pattern in this study, and the most common associated systemic disease was Behçet disease. PMID: 29719641 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

OCT Based Macular Thickness in a Normal Indian Pediatric Population.
Authors: Nigam B, Garg P, Ahmad L, Mullick R Abstract Purpose: Cirrus optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides high resolution cross-sectional images of the retina, vitreous humor, and optic nerve head with an axial resolution of 5 μm and a reproducibility of 1.6 μm. An integrated normative database is available only for adult subjects ≥18 years of age; the normal reference ranges of the macular thicknesses of pediatric subjects are not available. The purpose of this study was to determine the normal reference range of macular thickness of pediatric. Methods: A total of 340 eyes of 170 children 5-17...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Quantitative Analysis of Macular Thickness following Open Globe Injury in Subjects with Clear Media and no Retinal Damage.
Conclusion: Macular thickness had no significant change following OGI repair in eyes with clear media and without retinal damage; thus, it seems that OGI of this extent and its surgical repair have no effect on macular thickness. PMID: 29719643 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Contrast Sensitivity Abnormalities in Deaf Individuals.
Conclusion: Hearing impaired boys are at a greater risk for contrast sensitivity abnormalities than boys with normal hearing. The larger frequency of contrast sensitivity abnormalities in high spatial frequencies than in other frequencies may demonstrate greater defects in the central visual system compared with the periphery in individuals with hearing loss. PMID: 29719644 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Intravitreal Injection of Anti-vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Agents for Ocular Vascular Diseases: Clinical Practice Guideline.
Conclusion: The implementation of this guideline can standardize the management of the common ocular vascular diseases by intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF agents. It can lead to better policy-making and evidence-based clinical decision by ophthalmologists and optimal evidence based eye care for patients. PMID: 29719645 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Intraocular Pressure Fluctuation: Is It Important?
Authors: Kim JH, Caprioli J Abstract Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is a major risk factor for the development and progression of glaucoma. Previous prospective, randomized, long-term studies have demonstrated the strength of IOP reduction in slowing the progression of disease. It is well known that IOP is not a fixed value but fluctuates considerably over time. Although there have been some studies on IOP fluctuation and the progression of glaucoma, whether IOP fluctuation is an independent risk factor for glaucomatous damage and disease progression remains controversial. In this article, we reviewed the defi...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Common Orbital Infections ~ State of the Art ~ Part I.
Authors: Hamed-Azzam S, AlHashash I, Briscoe D, Rose GE, Verity DH Abstract Infections of the orbit and periorbita are relatively frequent, and can cause significant local and systemic morbidity. Loss of vision occurs in more than 10% of patients, and systemic sequelae can include meningitis, intracranial abscess, and death. Numerous organisms infect the orbit, but the most common are bacteria. There are many methods through which orbital infections occur, with infection from the neighboring ethmoid sinuses the most likely cause for all age groups. Prompt management is essential in suspected orbital cellulitis, and...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Rare Orbital Infections ~ State of the Art ~ Part II.
Authors: Hamed-Azzam S, AlHashash I, Briscoe D, Rose GE, Verity DH Abstract Infections of the orbit and periorbita are relatively frequent. Identifying unusual organisms is crucial because they can cause severe local and systemic morbidity, despite their rarity. Opportunistic infections of the orbit should be considered mainly in debilitated or immunocompromised patients. The key to successful management includes a high index of suspicion, prompt diagnosis, and addressing the underlying systemic disease. This review summarizes unusual infectious processes of the orbit, including mycobacterial, fungal, and parasitic...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

A Case of Post Encephalitic Optic Neuritis: Clinical Spectrum, Differential Diagnosis and Management.
Conclusion: This case report highlights the patient's clinical course and includes a brief history of the systemic effects of HSE, as well as the pathophysiology, management, and differential diagnosis of post-encephalitic optic neuritis. We suggest that clinicians should routinely perform an ophthalmologic examination during the follow-up visits of such patients. PMID: 29719649 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Intraocular Lens Calcification: Clinico-pathological Report of Two Cases and Literature Review.
Conclusion: The calcification of each IOL was confirmed by a pathologist. Further studies are required to determine the primary causes and mechanisms of the calcification of biomaterials including IOLs. PMID: 29719650 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Combined Tenonplasty and Scleral Graft for Refractory Pseudomonas Scleritis Following Pterygium Removal with Mitomycin C Application.
Conclusion: Through restoration of blood supply to the ischemic sclera, tenonplasty is an effective adjunctive procedure in addition to conventional scleral patch graft for the treatment of refractory Pseudomonas scleritis associated with ischemia. PMID: 29719651 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research

Simultaneous Unilateral Presentation of Three Different Ocular Manifestations of Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis.
Conclusion: This case suggests that unilateral eye involvement may be a manifestation of underlying granulomatosis with polyangiitis. PMID: 29719652 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research - May 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmic Vis Res Source Type: research