What are the effects of exercise interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community? - A Cochrane Review summary with commentary.
Authors: Fusco A PMID: 31789289 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Bone health, muscle properties and stretch-shortening cycle function of young and elderly males.
Authors: Rice PE, Needle AR, Leicht ZS, Zwetsloot KA, McBride JM Abstract The aim of this study was to examine bone, muscle, strength and stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) performance in young and elderly individuals with an ankle model to elucidate potential effects of ageing that have been suggested to influence fall risk. Moderately active young (n=10; age=22.3±1.3 yrs) and elderly (n=8; age=67.5±3.3 yrs) males completed a peripheral quantitative computed tomography scan on the dominant lower leg, maximal voluntary isometric plantarflexions (MVIP) and SSC tasks: a countermovement hop and drop hops fro...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Comparing effects of rest with or without a NK1RA on fibrosis and sensorimotor declines induced by a voluntary moderate demand task.
CONCLUSIONS: While the NK1RA induced hot temperature hyposensitivity should be taken into consideration if this or related drug were used long-term, the NK1RA more effectively reduced muscle hypercellularity and improved grip strength and forepaw mechanical hypersensitivity. PMID: 31789291 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Effects of eccentric exercise on different slopes.
CONCLUSIONS: Consequently, sedentary individuals are vulnerable to injuries induced by eccentric contraction. Therefore, our study provides information for reconsidering rehabilitation and training programs. PMID: 31789292 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Systematic analysis of long non-coding RNA and mRNA profiling using RNA sequencing in the femur and muscle of ovariectomized rats.
CONCLUSIONS: The expression profile of lncRNAs was significantly altered in femur and quadriceps of OVX rat models, which may offer new insights into pathogenesis of osteoporosis and sarcopenia and potentially provide novel therapeutic targets. PMID: 31789293 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Forearm bone density, cross-sectional size and muscle cross-sectional area in adolescents with diabetes mellitus type 1 assessed by peripheral quantitative computed tomography.
CONCLUSIONS: T1DM girls revealed a decreased ratio of cortical bone area/muscle area, reflecting disturbed adaptation of the cortical shaft to the muscle force. When the Z-scores of cortical shell dimensions were investigated, cases in Tanner stage 5 diverged from "less mature" individuals, which may suggests that bone shaft development in these individuals was impaired, affecting both size and strength. PMID: 31789294 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Effects of obesity class on flat ground walking and obstacle negotiation.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest the need to encourage adults to decrease overweight/Class I obesity but that an equally important goal is to prevent an increase in BMI leading to Class II obesity. PMID: 31789295 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

The effects of whole body vibration therapy on reducing fat mass in the adult general population: A systematic review and meta-analyses.
Authors: Omidvar M, Alavinia SM, Craven BC Abstract Whole Body Vibration (WBV) is a popular and a purported alternative to physical activity to reduce body fat, but reports of efficacy are inconsistent. We aimed to describe the efficacy of WBV therapy for reducing fat mass in the adult general population. A systematic search was conducted using Medline, Embase, Cochrane, CINAHL, and PubMed up to March 27, 2019. Studies, which evaluated the effects of WBV on fat mass (%/kg) as a primary or secondary outcome, were considered for inclusion. Of 2,418 studies, after title and abstract screening, 45 articles underwent fu...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Effects of bariatric surgery on knee osteoarthritis, knee pain and quality of life in female patients.
Authors: Üstün I, Solmaz A, Gülçiçek OB, Kara S, Albayrak R Abstract OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery is an effective intervention for severe obesity and associated comorbidities. We compared symptoms, joint space and life quality of morbidly obese patients with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis before and after bariatric surgery. METHODS: 34 patients with knee osteoarthritis were evaluated with standing anteroposterior and lateral radiography, medial and lateral joint distances of the knees, Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) que...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the extended version of the Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire into Turkish.
Authors: Alaca N, Safran EE, Karamanlargil Aİ, Timucin E Abstract OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the Extended Version of the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ-E) for use in Turkey. METHODS: The cross-cultural adaptation was achieved by translating the items from the original version, with back-translation performed by independent mother-tongue translators, followed by committee review. Reliability (internal consistency and test-retest) was examined for 132 students (97 females, 35 males; mean±SD age: 19.91±1.24 years, mean±SD body mass i...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation techniques in adhesive capsulitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Tedla JS, Sangadala DR Abstract This systematic review aims to determine the effectiveness of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) treatment techniques in adhesive capsulitis for decreasing pain and disability and increasing range of motion (ROM) and function. A thorough, computerized search was done using database search engines by two reviewers. After meticulous scrutiny and screening of 410 studies, according to the selection criteria, 10 full-text articles were included in the review and meta-analysis. All 10 studies had undergone a methodological quality assessment by the Physiotherapy Evid...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

The effectiveness of McKenzie method compared to manual therapy for treating chronic low back pain: a systematic review.
Authors: Namnaqani FI, Mashabi AS, Yaseen KM, Alshehri MA Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the McKenzie method compared to manual therapy in the management of patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Randomised controlled trials evaluating the McKenzie method in treating CLBP in adults compared to manual therapy (MT) were searched in MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, and PEDro. The primary outcomes were pain and disability. Five trials were eligible for inclusion in the review, of which, most had a score of 8 out of 11 on the PEDro scale. At 2-3 months, all studies reported si...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Effect of simultaneous proprioceptive-visual feedback on gait of children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy.
CONCLUSION: The simultaneous proprioceptive - visual training might improve spatial and temporal gait parameters with no effect on kinetic gait parameters of children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy. PMID: 31789301 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Plyometric exercises: subsequent changes of weight-bearing symmetry, muscle strength and walking performance in children with unilateral cerebral palsy.
Authors: Elnaggar RK, Elbanna MF, Mahmoud WS, Alqahtani BA Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the subsequent effects of plyometric training on weight-bearing symmetry, muscle strength, and gait performance in children with unilateral cerebral palsy. METHODS: Thirty-nine children with spastic hemiplegia (age 8-12 years) were randomly divided into either the PLYO group (n=19, received a 30-minute plyometric exercise program plus the traditional physical rehabilitation, twice/week for eight consecutive weeks) or Non-PLYO group (n=20, received the traditional physical rehabilitation only). The weight-bearing symmetry ...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Comprehensive nursing based on feedforward control and postoperative FMA and SF-36 levels in femoral intertrochanteric fracture.
Authors: Fan D, Han L, Qu W, Tian S, Li Z, Zhang W, Xu L, Gao H, Zhang N Abstract OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of comprehensive nursing based on the concept of feedforward control on postoperative FMA (Fugl-Meyer Assessment) and SF-36 (health status questionnaire) in patients with femoral trochanteric fracture. METHODS: 114 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture were enrolled in the study. Patients were divided into control group and observation group according to order of admission, 57 cases in each group. Both groups of patients received proximal femoral nail antirotation surgery, conventional nur...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Farber disease: report of three cases with joint involvement mimicking juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
Authors: Moghadam SH, Tavasoli AR, Modaresi M, Ziaee V Abstract Farber disease is a rare recessive autosomal disorder presented with three main features of joint involvement, subcutaneous nodules and hoarseness. Hereby we describe three new cases of Farber disease. All three cases were first misdiagnosed as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) due to the presentation of joint swelling. Addition of hoarseness and subcutaneous nodules to the initial joint swelling questioned the diagnosis of JIA and further evaluations led to the diagnosis of Farber disease. The first case was a 4-year old girl in whom a novel genetic...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction with dilated biliary tract as a spectrum of stiff person syndrome in a nondiabetic patient.
Authors: Nguyen A, de Boysson H, Audrey F, Yameogo S, Aouba A Abstract Stiff person syndrome (SPS) is a rare and challenging neuromuscular junction disorder with typical musculoskeletal manifestations associated with anti-GAD65 antibodies, extra rheumatological manifestations, including neuropsychiatric symptoms and severe dysautonomic troubles. Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is also a rare condition corresponding to a sub-occlusive syndrome, resulting from the functional or structural impairment of smooth neuromuscular tissues of the intestinal tract. In the clinical spectrum of SPS, CIPO has rarely ...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Hellenic Spinal Cord Section of the Hellenic Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine National Congress 2019, "Healthy, and long living after SCI" Proceedings. 13th-15th December 2019, Vellideio, Thessaloniki, Greece.
Hellenic Spinal Cord Section of the Hellenic Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine National Congress 2019, "Healthy, and long living after SCI" Proceedings. 13th-15th December 2019, Vellideio, Thessaloniki, Greece. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2019 Dec 01;19(4):531-559 Authors: PMID: 31789306 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Is transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) effective in adults with fibromyalgia? A Cochrane Review summary with commentary.
Authors: Arienti C PMID: 31475930 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Circulating noggin levels following treatment with denosumab or teriparatide in postmenopausal women with low bone mass.
CONCLUSIONS: In postmenopausal women with low bone mass noggin levels were not correlated with bone parameters at any time point, except with P1NP at 12 months, and remained stable with both denosumab and teriparatide treatment. PMID: 31475931 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Normative data for isometric strength of 8 different muscle groups and their usefulness as a predictor of loss of autonomy among physically active nursing home residents: the SENIOR cohort.
CONCLUSIONS: The normative values for knee extensors and ankle extensors are independent predictors for loss of autonomy. PMID: 31475932 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Time course of changes in neuromuscular responses during rides to exhaustion above and below critical power.
CONCLUSIONS: The timecourse of changes in EMG and MMG signals were different at CP-10% and CP+10%, but responses observed indicated cycle ergometry to exhaustion relies on similar motor unit activation strategies. PMID: 31475933 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Analysis of fatigue in the three heads of the triceps brachii during isometric contractions at various effort levels.
The objective of this study was to investigate fatigue in the three heads of the triceps brachii (TB) muscle using surface electromyography (sEMG) obtained at 30%, 45% and 60% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC). METHODS: Twenty-five subjects performed isometric elbow extension until failure, and the rate of fatigue (ROF), time to fatigue (TTF) and normalized TTF (NTTF) were statistically analysed. Subsequently, the behaviour of root-mean-square (RMS), mean-power frequency (MPF) and median-power frequency (MDF) under pre-, onset- and post-fatigue conditions were compared. RESULTS: The findings indicated that, am...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Bilateral and ipsilateral peak torque of quadriceps and hamstring muscles in elite judokas.
CONCLUSIONS: The Ex knee strength of PLs was high, particularly at low angular velocities, leading to differences of bilateral asymmetry in the Q muscle group. Regarding ipsilateral strength ratios, there were no differences in the H and Q muscle groups at both angular velocities, indicating that both legs were similar in terms of ipsilateral asymmetry. PMID: 31475935 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

The longitudinal association between alcohol consumption and muscle strength: A population-based prospective study.
CONCLUSION: In this Japanese population, high alcohol consumption was associated with a greater decline in muscle strength. Future studies are needed to ascertain whether this relationship is present in other populations. PMID: 31475936 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

How do tendons adapt? Going beyond tissue responses to understand positive adaptation and pathology development: A narrative review.
Authors: Docking SI, Cook J Abstract Understanding how tendons adapt to load is crucial to understanding how training can improve performance, minimise the risk of injury and aid rehabilitation. Adaptation is the positive response of an organism or tissue to benefit its function. In tendons, numerous tissue responses to load have been identified in vivo. Changes in tendon dimensions, structure on imaging, mechanical properties, and blood flow have been reported in response to mechanical stimuli. However, research has focused on tissue level changes with little understanding of how changes at the tissue level affect...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Which method for frozen shoulder mobilization: manual posterior capsule stretching or scapular mobilization?
CONCLUSIONS: Scapular mobilization and manual posterior capsule interventions were effective in improving the acute joint range of motion in frozen shoulder patients. PMID: 31475938 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Is somatosensory electrical stimulation effective in relieving spasticity? A systematic review.
This study was carried out according to PRISMA recommendations using SCOPUS, PubMed, BVS, Google Scholar and BASE databases screening, which provided 483 references. Six additional records were found from other sources. All these records were submitted to a filtering process following the eligibility criteria, and 44 studies were selected for further analysis. Ten were replicas. Consequently, 34 studies were read in full with the aim of checking their eligibility criterion, which resulted in 10 manuscripts for qualitative synthesis. Even though they evaluated the effects of TENS/SES both at the spinal and/or corticospinal ...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Relationship between serum and synovial fluid CCL20 concentrations with disease severity in primary knee osteoarthritis.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that local CCL20 levels may reflect the disease severity of knee OA. PMID: 31475940 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Effect of adding whole-body vibration training to squat training on physical function and muscle strength in individuals with knee osteoarthritis.
CONCLUSIONS: Adding 8 weeks of WBV training to ST can more effectively improve the muscular strength of knee extensors compared with ST in patients with KOA. PMID: 31475941 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Myostatin dysfunction does not protect from fasting-induced loss of muscle mass in mice.
CONCLUSION: Myostatin dysfunction does not protect from loss of muscle mass during fasting. PMID: 31475942 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Moderate and high intensity chronic exercise reduces plasma tumor necrosis factor alpha and increases the Langerhans islet area in healthy rats.
CONCLUSIONS: Under healthy conditions, the chronic exercise reduced plasmatic TNF-α level, and in the same sense, increased the size of the Langerhans islets, depending to the exercise intensity. PMID: 31475943 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Chondroprotective effect of Nigella sativa oil in the early stages of osteoarthritis: an experimental study in rabbits.
CONCLUSIONS: Intraarticular administration of Nigella sativa oil has the potential to protect cartilage from degeneration in the early stages of osteoarthritis. PMID: 31475944 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Successful management of tertiary hyperparathyroidism associated with hypophosphataemic rickets in an adult.
We report a case of THP, which developed during the course of HR. Preoperatively, cinacalcet administration along with gradual increase in alphacalcidol dose, led to almost normalization of serum calcium and decrease in parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations. The patient underwent an uneventful subtotal parathyroidectomy, resulting in PTH normalization and stabilization of eucalcaemia during 18 months of follow-up. We conclude that, except for optimal dosage of elementary phosphate and alphacalcidol, cinacalcet prior to parathyroidectomy may be an effective option in patients with HR complicated with THP. PMID: 31475...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Minimally invasive treatment of femoral head avascular necrosis in a beta thalassemia carrier. A case-report.
Authors: Economopoulos DG, Triantafyllopoulos IK Abstract Avascular necrosis (AVNFH) of the femoral head is a relatively rare condition linked with numerous causes. If not treated promptly then arthritis may be inevitable, making hip replacement the only treatment option. In this case report we present a young AVNFH patient with history of heterozygous beta thalassemia. To our knowledge this is the second case where a thalassemia carrier presents AVNFH. Due to his age and pre-collapse stage, we elected to use a minimally invasive, femoral head sparing technique. Therefore, the patient underwent arthroscopy and fluo...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Lessons learned from the management of Hungry Bone Syndrome following the removal of an Atypical Parathyroid Adenoma.
In conclusion, preoperative restoration of low 25OHD levels is essential for prevention of HBS. Postoperative treatment with active metabolites of vitamin D must be initiated as early as possible, in order to prevent or minimize the development of HBS, and to reduce the duration of hospitalization. PMID: 31475947 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Is whole body vibration exercise training effective and safe in fibromyalgia patients? A Cochrane Review summary with commentary.
Authors: Gimigliano F PMID: 31186382 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - June 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Association between structural changes in brain with muscle function in sarcopenic older women: the women's healthy ageing project (WHAP).
CONCLUSIONS: Brain structure was not associated with functional changes or falls in this population of older women. PMID: 31186383 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - June 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

A biosignal analysis for reducing prosthetic control durations: a proposed method using electromyographic and mechanomyographic control theory.
Authors: Smith CM, Housh TJ, Hill EC, Keller JL, Johnson GO, Schmidt RJ Abstract OBJECTIVES: This project proposes a unique methodology utilizing electromyography and mechanomyography to determine the intensity of a desired movement which may be useful in further developing decomposition algorithms for prosthetic controls. METHODS: Ten males performed isometric leg extension muscle actions corresponding to 20, 40, 60, 80, and 100% of their maximal voluntary isometric contraction force. The duration and amplitude of the gross lateral movement of the mechanomyographic signal as well as electromechanical delay wer...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - June 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Osteogenic benefits of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound and vibration in a rodent osseointegration model.
Authors: Ruppert DS, Harrysson O, Marcellin-Little DJ, Bollenbecker S, Weinhold PS Abstract OBJECTIVES: Osseointegrated prostheses are increasingly used for amputees, however, the lengthy rehabilitation time of these prostheses remains a challenge to their implementation. The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of locally applied vibration or low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) to accelerate osseointegration and increase peri-implant bone volume. METHODS: A 4-week and 8-week rodent study were conducted in a femoral intramedullary implant model (control, vibration, LIPUS, and combined treatment)...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - June 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Changes in motor unit activity and respiratory oxygen uptake during 6 weeks of progressive whole-body vibration combined with progressive, high intensity resistance training.
Authors: Rosenberger A, Beijer Å, Schoenau E, Mester J, Rittweger J, Zange J Abstract OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that the additional activation of motor units (MU) and the elevation of metabolic energy turnover resulting from whole-body vibration (WBV) superimposed to high intensity resistance training on a smith machine persist after 6 weeks of training with progressively increasing loads and vibration frequencies. METHODS: Two groups of healthy male subjects performed either 6 weeks of Resistive Vibration Exercise (RVE, squats and heel raises with WBV, n=13) or Resistive Exercise (RE using the same pro...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - June 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Whole body vibration at low-frequency can increase trabecular thickness and width in adult rats.
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that WBV at low-frequencies may become a potent modality for the primary prevention of osteoporosis in adults. PMID: 31186387 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - June 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Comparison of extracorporeal shock wave therapy with custom foot orthotics in plantar fasciitis treatment: A prospective randomized one-year follow-up study.
Authors: Çağlar Okur S, Aydın A Abstract PURPOSE: Plantar fasciitis (PF) is characterized by the degeneration of the plantar fascia, leading to heel pain. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and custom foot orthotics (CFO). METHOD: The study was planned as a prospective randomized controlled study. In total, 83 patients were evaluated. The patients were divided into two groups: patients treated with ESWT (group I, n=40) and patients treated with CFO (group II, n=43). Visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to evaluate pain in the morning, evening, at rest ...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - June 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Effects of progressive resistance exercises on quality of life and functional capacity in pediatric patients with chronic kidney disease: a randomized trail.
Authors: Abd-Elmonem AM, Al-Tohamy AM, Galal RE, Abd-Elhalim FA Abstract AIM: To investigate the effects of progressive resistance exercises on quality of life and functional capacity in pediatric patients with chronic kidney disease. METHODS: Thirty-two children with chronic kidney disease from both genders, age ranged from 8 to 12 years participated in this study. They were allocated randomly into two groups of equal numbers, standard medical care (SC) and exercise (EX) groups. The SC group received standard medical care with no change of their regular daily activities. The EX group received progressive resis...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - June 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Bone matrix mineralization and osteocyte lacunae characteristics in patients with chronic kidney disease - mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD).
Authors: Misof BM, Blouin S, Roschger P, Werzowa J, Klaushofer K, Lehmann G Abstract OBJECTIVES: Little is known about bone mineralization and osteocyte lacunae properties in chronic kidney disease mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD). METHODS: In this retrospective study, we measured the bone mineralization density distribution (BMDD) and osteocyte lacunar section (OLS) 2D-characteristics by quantitative backscatter electron imaging in Straumann drill biopsy samples from n=58 patients with CKD-MBD. Outcomes were studied in relation to serum parathyroid hormone (PTH), alkaline phosphatase (APH), histomorphometric bo...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - June 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Slow torque recovery after eccentric exercise and the repeated bout effect; the role of primary and secondary muscle damage.
Authors: Muanjai P, Mickevičius M, Sniečkus A, Satkunskiene D, Kamandulis S, Jones DA Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of primary and secondary damage in the variation between people of maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) torque recovery following eccentric exercise and the faster recovery following a repeated bout of exercise. METHODS: Twenty-one healthy, active but untrained young female subjects undertook eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors and 11 repeated the exercise 28 days later. Changes of MVC torque and creatine kinase (CK) were followed for 7 days after each bout of exercise. RESUL...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - June 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Determine real change in performance during single session of functional testing.
CONCLUSIONS: The current study provides data that can guide clinicians in determining whether trial-to-trial changes in performance would be real changes or just measurement error. PMID: 31186392 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - June 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Lesions in the legs do not preclude ultra-marathon running for 100 days without pain: case report.
In conclusion, this runner displayed multiple lesions in the leg joints at the start but was able to increase running volume by ~10-fold for>100 consecutive days without significantly exacerbating the pre-existing skeletomuscular abnormalities or inducing pain. PMID: 31186393 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - June 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

A patient with Guillain-Barr é syndrome and late recovery after 1 year.
A patient with Guillain-Barré syndrome and late recovery after 1 year. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2019 Jun 01;19(2):226-228 Authors: Athanasopoulos KG, Papanastassiou ID, Drinis I, Groumas N, Gerochristou MA, Petropoulou K PMID: 31186394 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - June 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Clinical application of percutaneous kyphoplasty under the guidance of DynaCT in the treatment of compression fractures of thoracolumbar.
This study aims to investigate the clinical application values of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) under the guidance of DynaCT in the treatment of compression fractures of thoracolumbar. METHODS: 57 patients with compression fractures of thoracolumbar who were treated with PKP in The Second People's Hospital of Weifang from December 2014 to August 2016 were selected. Patients were randomly divided into DynaCT+DSA treatment group (27 cases) and DSA treatment group (30 cases) for PKP surgery. There were 19 cases of simple thoracic compression fractures, 28 cases of simple lumbar compression fractures, and 10 cases of thor...
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - June 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research