Longitudinal associations between family members’ internalizing symptoms across middle childhood.
An individual’s internalizing symptoms have been shown to relate to greater symptoms in family members. However, an examination of how family members’ symptoms are associated with one another is needed with a model including mothers, fathers, and children. Using 633 families from the National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, the current study examines relations between different family members’ internalizing symptoms over time. In the archival data set, mothers’, fathers’, and children’s internalizing symptoms at first, thi...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Disclosure and holding back: Communication, psychological adjustment, and marital satisfaction among couples coping with osteoarthritis.
This study examined two types of illness-related communication (disclosure and holding back) and their associations with psychological adjustment and marital satisfaction in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and their spouses. A sample of 142 couples reported on disclosure and holding back of OA-related concerns, marital satisfaction, and depressive symptoms at two time points across 1 year. Results from dyadic analyses indicated that holding back was associated with decreases in one’s own marital satisfaction for patients and spouses and increases in one’s own depressive symptoms for spouses over 1 year. ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reconsidering the links between sibship size, maternal sensitivity, and child attachment: A multidimensional interactive approach.
Despite being a well-documented predictor of children’s cognitive and social development, sibship has received remarkably little attention in the attachment and maternal sensitivity literature. The only study that has examined both sensitivity and attachment in relation to sibship found greater maternal sensitivity but no more secure attachment among first-born infants. In the current study, we sought to examine the same links while testing two related hypotheses: that sibship size relates only to some specific aspects of sensitivity, and that sibship size relates to sensitivity only among certain mothers, namely tho...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

“Can’t live with or without them:” Transitions and young adults’ perceptions of sibling relationships.
Extant research documents how siblings’ relationships develop from childhood through adolescence; yet, we know little about how sibling relationships change in young adulthood. Rooted in life course theory, this 2-wave longitudinal study investigated changes in sibling closeness and conflict, and the roles of life transitions and sibling similarity in life stage. Participants included 273 young adults from 180 families who reported on 340 sibling relationships (Time 1 M age = 24.45, SD = 5.33; Time 2 M age = 30.23, SD = 5.33). Multilevel repeated measures analysis of covariance indicated that, on average, siblings&rs...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Negative relationship behavior is more important than positive: Correlates of outcomes during stressful life events.
When people who are married or cohabiting face stressful life situations, their ability to cope may be associated with two separate dimensions of interpersonal behavior: positive and negative. These behaviors can be assessed with the Couple Resilience Inventory (CRI). It was expected that scales on this instrument would correlate with outcome variables regarding life well-being, stress, and relationship satisfaction. It was also expected that effects for negative behavior would be larger than effects for positive and that the effects might be curvilinear. Study 1 included 325 married or cohabiting people currently experien...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Patterns of perceived partner responsiveness and well-being in Japan and the United States.
Quality of marital relationships is consistently linked to personal well-being. However, almost all of the studies linking marital processes to well-being have been conducted in Western (particularly North American) countries. Growing evidence shows that perceived partner responsiveness is a central relationship process predicting well-being in Western contexts but little is known about whether this association generalizes to other countries. The present work investigated whether the predictive role of perceived partner responsiveness in well-being differs across the United States and Japan—2 contexts with contrastin...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Longitudinal effects of increases and decreases in intimate partner aggression.
Interventions aimed at reducing interpartner aggression assume that within-couple declines in aggression enhance individual and relational outcomes, yet reductions in aggression may fail to yield these benefits when other risk-generating mechanisms remain intact. The present study evaluates this possibility by investigating whether naturally observed within-couple changes in aggression are associated with improved individual and relational outcomes in the manner assumed by intervention programs. Drawing upon 4 waves of data collected at 9-month intervals from a community sample of 431 newlywed couples (76% Hispanic) living...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effects of parent-adolescent reported family functioning discrepancy on physical activity and diet among Hispanic youth.
Research has shown that family functioning has been positively associated with physical activity and dietary intake, both of which are obesity-related risk factors. The most widely practiced methodological approach to assessing this construct in empirical studies relies on either parent or adolescent report. Yet, discrepancy in parent and adolescent report of family functioning may provide a fuller understanding of the effects of this construct on obesity-related health outcomes. This is especially important among Hispanics, a population that suffers from disproportionately high rates of obesity and its health-related cons...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Patterns of family management for adolescent and young adult brain tumor survivors.
Little is known about how families systemically incorporate the work of caring for adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors of childhood brain tumors who often remain dependent on their families well into adulthood. The primary aim of this study was to develop a typology of family management (FM) patterns for AYA survivors. The secondary aims were to compare them with FM patterns previously described for children with chronic health conditions and to validate the patterns using quantitative and qualitative data. Guided by the Family Management Styles Framework, a sequential, mixed-methods design was used to gather quanti...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Family cohesion and enmeshment moderate associations between maternal relationship instability and children’s externalizing problems.
This study examined the moderating roles of 2 different types of family-level closeness (i.e., family cohesion and enmeshment) in associations between maternal relationship instability and children’s externalizing problems in early childhood. Participants in this longitudinal (i.e., 2 waves of data collection spaced 2 years apart), multimethod (i.e., survey, observations), multi-informant (i.e., parent, teacher, observer) study included 243 preschool children (Mage = 4.60 years) and their parents. Findings from the lagged, autoregressive tests of the predictive pathways indicated that family cohesion and enmeshment m...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

(Why) do victims become perpetrators? Intergenerational transmission of parental violence in a representative German sample.
Child maltreatment can severely impair children’s emotional and physical well-being as well as their individual development across the life span. In 2011, the Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony (Germany), conducted a nationally representative victim survey on diverse forms of victimizations (N = 11,428). Among other things, experienced and exerted parental violence as well as participants’ knowledge regarding the abolition of the parental right of corporal punishment were assessed. Apart from providing current estimates of the prevalence of experienced and exerted parental violence in Germany, we...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Premarital education and later relationship help-seeking.
Despite evidence that empirically supported couple therapies improve marital relationships, relatively few couples seek help when they need it. Low-income couples are particularly unlikely to engage in relationship interventions despite being at greater risk for distress and dissolution than their higher-income counterparts. The present study aimed to clarify how premarital education influences couples’ progression through different stages of later help-seeking, as identified in prior research. Using 5 waves of self-report data from a sample of 431 ethnically diverse newlywed couples living in low-income neighborhood...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A randomized controlled trial comparing family mediation with and without motivational interviewing.
Family mediation is a widely used approach to assist separated parents to resolve conflicts about parenting arrangements for their children, yet frequently parents undertaking mediation do not reach a mutually agreeable resolution. In Australia, where the current study was conducted, separated parents must attempt family mediation before they can seek to appear in the family court for custody issues. We compared mediation enhanced with motivational interviewing (MI) with mediation as usual (MAU) in a randomized controlled trial. One hundred and seventy-seven separated-parent dyads were recruited from a community-based tele...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Birth Experiences Questionnaire: A brief measure assessing psychosocial dimensions of childbirth.
In conclusion, the BEQ can be administered shortly after birth to both parents, and may capture important dimensions of the perinatal experience. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Family Psychology)
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Relationships with former stepgrandparents after remarriage dissolution.
Increases in stepfamily formation and longevity suggest that more children have stepgrandparent relationships than ever before. Because remarriages end in divorce more often than first marriages, many children experience the involuntary dissolution of stepgrandparent ties. Little is known about stepgrandparent relationships in general, and even less is known about how these relationships are affected by remarriage dissolution. Guided by symbolic interaction theory, the purpose of this study was to understand how stepgrandchildren make sense of their relationships with former stepgrandparents. We explored their perceptions ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Longitudinal associations of maternal depression and adolescents’ depression and behaviors: Moderation by maltreatment and sex.
This study explored the longitudinal relationships among maternal depressive symptoms, children’s depressive symptoms, aggression, and rule breaking and tested the moderating effects of maltreatment and child sex. A sample of 175 biological mother-child dyads (86 maltreated and 89 comparison) were seen at three time points, beginning at an average child age of 10.87 years. Results from cross-lagged models showed maternal depressive symptoms were related to higher levels of children’s depressive symptoms but not children’s aggression or rule breaking. Rule breaking predicted maternal depressive symptoms on...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Child internalizing problems and mother–child discrepancies in maternal rejection: Evidence for bidirectional associations.
We investigated the bidirectional associations between mother–child discrepancies in their perceptions of maternal rejection and children’s internalizing problems over 10 years from pre/early adolescence to early adulthood. Mothers’ reports of rejection and involvement in the parent–child relationship, the children’s perception of the mother’s rejection, and children’s self-report of internalizing problems were collected from a sample of 360 low-income ethnically diverse urban mother–child dyads at three time points (T1, T2, and T3) with 5-year intervals. Children were on ave...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Parent contributions to friendship stability during the primary school years.
The present study examines whether characteristics of parents predict the stability of a child’s best friendships across the primary school years. Participants included 1,523 Finnish children (766 boys) who reported involvement in a total of 1,326 reciprocated friendship dyads in the 1st grade (M = 7.16 years old). At the onset of the study, mothers and fathers completed questionnaires describing their own parenting (i.e., behavioral control, psychological control, and affection toward the child) and depressive symptoms. Child scores for peer status (i.e., acceptance and rejection) were derived from 1st grade peer no...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Coparenting in the family of origin and new parents’ couple relationship functioning.
To better understand the long-term implications of coparenting quality for adult child outcomes, we examined the associations between coparenting quality in the family of origin (Generation 1; G1), and attachment avoidance and anxiety and perceived relationship functioning of new parents (Generation 2; G2) using a dyadic approach. Dual-earner families expecting their first child (n = 182) were followed across the transition to parenthood and assessed at the third trimester of pregnancy (3T) and 9 months after childbirth (9M). At 3T, parents reported on the coparenting quality in their families of origin, and attachment avo...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Adult adiposity linked to relationship hostility for low-cortisol reactors.
Past research on the relation between hostility in intimate relationships and adiposity has yielded mixed findings. The present study investigated whether the association between relationship hostility and adiposity is moderated by people’s biological reactions to couple conflict. Cohabiting adult couples (N = 117 couples) engaged in two conflict interactions, before and after which salivary cortisol levels were measured. Results revealed an association between relationship hostility and adiposity, but this association was concentrated among people with relatively low levels of cortisol reactivity to couple conflict....
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Stress spillover, African Americans’ couple and health outcomes, and the stress-buffering effect of family-centered prevention.
This study investigated (a) the stress spillover pathways linking contextual stressors, changes in couple relationship functioning and depressive symptoms, and changes in individuals’ physical health, and (b) the stress-buffering effect of participation in an efficacious, family centered prevention program designed to protect couples from the deleterious effects of stressors. The sample consisted of 346 rural African American couples (63% married) who participated in a randomized controlled trial of the Protecting Strong African American Families (ProSAAF) program. Participants were assessed at three time points acro...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Interparental conflict and long-term adolescent substance use trajectories: The role of adolescent threat appraisals.
Although interparental conflict (IPC) has been linked directly and indirectly (via adolescents’ appraisals) with a wide range of adolescent outcomes, little is known about the implications of IPC and related adolescent threat appraisals for substance use. Drawing on the cognitive-contextual framework, we test competing hypotheses about how IPC may impact adolescent substance use outcomes, specifically testing whether (a) threat appraisals are directly related to escalation in alcohol and tobacco use over adolescence, or (b) threat appraisals are indirectly associated with substance use through their impact on adolesc...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Family rituals in pediatric epilepsy: Links to parental competence and adaptation.
This cross-sectional study examined the associations between family ritual meaning and 3 indicators of parental adaptation (anxious and depressive symptoms and quality of life) via 2 dimensions of parental competence—satisfaction and efficacy—in parents of children with epilepsy. Two hundred Portuguese parents of children diagnosed with epilepsy for at least 6 months completed self-report measures assessing the main study variables. Our results showed that when parents reported stronger family ritual meaning, they also reported higher levels of parental satisfaction and efficacy, which were in turn were associa...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Parental executive function and verbal ability matter for scaffolding.
In this study, parents and preschool-aged children completed a challenging puzzle to assess scaffolding. EF and verbal ability were measured for parents and children. Parental verbal ability was used as an index of global higher-order cognitive function. Higher levels of parental EF related to more effective scaffolding, above and beyond parental verbal ability and independent of child cognitive level. These results highlight the significance of considering parental cognitive capacities in future studies to better understand the sources of individual differences in scaffolding. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all r...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - March 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Diabetes-specific family conflict: Informant discrepancies and the impact of parental factors.
Family conflict in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) has been linked to worse disease management (i.e., glycemic control, adherence to treatment regimen) and reduced quality of life. We sought to examine parental risk factors associated with increased levels of diabetes-specific family conflict and to investigate the discrepancies between parent and adolescent reports of conflict. Adolescents with T1D and their parents (N = 120 dyads) completed measures of diabetes-specific family conflict. Adolescents also reported on health-related quality of life, and parents reported on demographic information. Clinical data were ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - March 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Coparenting and children’s disruptive behavior: Interacting processes for parenting sense of competence.
We examined mothers’ and fathers’ perceptions of children’s disruptive behavior and the quality of coparenting, as well as their interaction in association with PSOC. Mothers and fathers from 108 ‘intact’ families participating in the Twins, Family, and Behavior (TFaB) Study reported on their children’s disruptive behavior, coparenting and PSOC via postal questionnaire (Mchild age = 6 years, SDchild age = 6.12 months). Dyadic multilevel analyses revealed that higher levels of children’s disruptive behavior related to lower levels of parents’ PSOC and perceptions of higher-qua...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - March 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Between- and within-subject associations of PTSD symptom clusters and marital functioning in military couples.
Using data from 570 male service members and their wives, the current study investigated over-time associations between male service members’ self-report of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and marital functioning (marital satisfaction, positive bonding, conflict behavior) as perceived by both spouses. Analyses spanned 5 time points over a 2-year period and fully disentangled between- and within-subject effects. Higher levels of all four PTSD symptom clusters (numbing, hyperarousal, effortful avoidance, and reexperiencing) showed significant between-subject associations with lower levels of marital satis...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - March 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Early cumulative risk predicts externalizing behavior at age 10: The mediating role of adverse parenting.
Multiple environmental risk factors in early childhood predict a broad range of adverse developmental outcomes. However, most prior longitudinal research has not illuminated explanatory mechanisms. Our main goals were to examine predictive associations between cumulative ecological risk factors in early childhood and children’s later externalizing problems and to determine whether these associations were explained by variations in parenting quality. Participants were 241 children (118 girls) at risk for school-age conduct problems and their parents and teachers. Children were approximately 3 years old at Time 1 (T1) ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - March 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Maternal involvement in children’s leisure activities in rural China: Relations with adjustment outcomes.
This 1-year longitudinal study examined maternal involvement in children’s leisure activities and its relations with children’s adjustment in rural China. Participants included 184 children (93 boys and 91 girls) initially in third grade (mean age = 9.31 years). Children were asked to report the frequencies of mothers’ involvement in leisure activities. Information on children’s social, school, and psychological adjustment were collected from multiple sources including peer evaluations, teacher ratings, self-reports, and school records. The results showed that children’s perceptions of materna...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - March 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric evaluation of a measure of intimate partner communication during deployment.
Intimate partner communication has become a part of the daily routine of military couples during deployment. However, there is a scarcity of research examining the individual and relationship implications of communication during deployment, likely due in part to the lack of existing measures of deployment communication. The current study examined the psychometric characteristics of a newly developed, multidimensional tool for assessing the process and outcomes of deployment communication in a sample of 391 recently deployed male Army National Guard soldiers and their female intimate partners. The Deployment Communication I...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - March 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Something to talk about: Topics of conversation between romantic partners during military deployments.
Long-distance communication has been frequently identified as essential to military couples trying to maintain their relationship during a deployment. Little quantitative research, however, has assessed the types of topics discussed during such communication and how those topics relate to overall relationship satisfaction. The current study draws on a sample of 56 Army couples who provided data through online surveys while the service member was actively deployed. These couples provided information on current marital satisfaction, topics discussed during deployment (problem talk, friendship talk, love talk), and how they c...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - March 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Communication of military couples during deployment predicting generalized anxiety upon reunion.
This study draws on the emotional cycle of deployment model (Pincus, House, Christenson, & Adler, 2001) to consider how the valence of communication between military personnel and at-home partners during deployment predicts their generalized anxiety upon reunion. Online survey data were collected from 555 military couples (N = 1,110 individuals) once per month for 8 consecutive months beginning at homecoming. Dyadic growth curve modeling results indicated that people’s anxiety declined across the transition. For at-home partners, constructive communication during deployment predicted a steeper decline in anxiety ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - March 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Deployment communication: Underlying processes and outcomes.
This concurrent embedded mixed methods study explored important aspects of communication occurring between military service members and their intimate partners during a combat deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan. Fifty-eight participants (32 military veterans and 26 non-veteran partners) participated in an interview using standardized self-report measures assessing the current level of relationship satisfaction, trauma symptoms of the veteran, and the veterans’ trauma exposure. Participants also participated in a semistructured interview focused on combat deployment and reintegration experiences. The findings suggested...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - March 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Recent advances in the understanding of relationship communication during military deployment.
In recent decades, there has been a dramatic increase in the ability of service members and their intimate partners to communicate while the service member is deployed to a combat zone. Communication among partners is a crucial aspect of intimate relationships that has been demonstrated to be highly associated with couples’ satisfaction. In addition, it is often cited by unhappy partners as a primary relationship problem. This special section of the Journal of Family Psychology presents five articles investigating deployment communication among service members and their intimate partners. The studies address the cont...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - March 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Couples coping with stress: Between-person differences and within-person processes.
In intimate relationships, spousal support (or dyadic coping) can directly benefit relationships (i.e., direct effect) and protect the relationship against the negative spillover effects of stress (i.e., buffer effect). As stress-coping theories suggest, both processes can vary between persons as well as within persons. However, empirically, this distinction is not always made explicit, resulting in potentially misleading conclusions about dyadic stress-coping processes. In the current study, we investigated stress and coping processes in couples at both between- and within-person levels. Participants were 84 Chinese dual-...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - March 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Within-family processes: Interparental and coparenting conflict and child adjustment.
Previous studies have found evidence that interparental conflict, parents’ coparenting behavior, and children’s adjustment are reciprocally related. Most prior research, however, has failed to empirically distinguish between-family differences from within-family changes, limiting our understanding of how within-family fluctuations in each construct may be interrelated over time. In the present study, we focused on within-family associations among interparental conflict factors (i.e., verbal aggression and withdrawing), coparenting conflict, and children’s internalizing and externalizing problems. Longitud...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - March 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Father–child closeness and conflict: Validating measures for nonresident fathers.
A child’s relationship with his or her nonresident father has been found to be related to that child’s development in important ways. However, validated measures of the relationship between nonresident fathers and their children are rare, particularly for low-income nonresident fathers. To provide guidance for researchers and practitioners evaluating nonresident fatherhood programs, this study uses a sample of 420 primarily low-income nonresident fathers to examine the reliability, convergent validity, and predictive validity of measures of father–child closeness and conflict contained in the Child–...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Zooming in: A microanalysis of couples’ dyadic coping conversations after experimentally induced stress.
Growing evidence that social support in times of stress is crucial for well-functioning relationships raises important questions about how intimate partners elicit specific forms of supportive behavior. To explore the process of support elicitation, we exposed either the male or female partner in a relationship to a standardized laboratory stressor (N = 127 couples), videotaped their subsequent reunion, and then coded those interactions at a microanalytic level to investigate links between expressions of stress and partner responses to those expressions. Multilevel analyses indicated that the type of stress expression serv...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Longitudinal links between work experiences and marital satisfaction in african american dual-earner couples.
This study assessed associations between both work demands (pressure, hours) and work resources (self-direction) and marital satisfaction in a sample of 164 African American dual-earner couples who were interviewed annually across 3 years. Grounded in the work–home resources and family systems frameworks, results from longitudinal actor–partner interdependence models (APIM) revealed main effects of spouses’ work experiences on their own marital satisfaction, but these effects were qualified by the interactive effects of spouses’ and partners’ work experiences. Some interactive effects were con...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Using the factor of curves model to evaluate associations among multiple family constructs over time.
Research in family psychology often focuses on understanding how multiple familial constructs develop over time. To examine these developmental processes, researchers frequently use a multivariate latent growth model (LGM) in which univariate LGMs are specified for each individual construct and then correlations are examined between the slopes and intercepts of different pairs of constructs. However, if the developmental associations among the constructs are hypothesized to derive from a higher-order common “cause” or factor, then a more appropriate model is the factor of curves (FOCUS) model. In this paper, we...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Intergenerational continuity in attitudes: A latent variable family fixed-effects approach.
Attitudes are associated with behavior. Adolescents raised by parents who endorse particular attitudes are relatively more likely to endorse those same attitudes. The present study addresses conditions that would moderate intergenerational continuity in attitudes across 6 domains: authoritative parenting, conventional life goals, gender egalitarianism, deviancy, abortion, and sexual permissiveness. Hypothesized moderators included the attitudes of the other parent, and adolescent sex. Data come from a 2-generation study of a cohort of 451 adolescents (52% female), a close-aged sibling, and their parents. After employing a ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Examining inter-family differences in intra-family (parent–adolescent) dynamics using grid-sequence analysis.
Family systems theorists have forwarded a set of theoretical principles meant to guide family scientists and practitioners in their conceptualization of patterns of family interaction—intra-family dynamics—that, over time, give rise to family and individual dysfunction and/or adaptation. In this article, we present an analytic approach that merges state space grid methods adapted from the dynamic systems literature with sequence analysis methods adapted from molecular biology into a “grid-sequence” method for studying inter-family differences in intra-family dynamics. Using dyadic data from 86 paren...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Using technology to enhance and expand interventions for couples and families: Conceptual and methodological considerations.
Technological advances provide tremendous opportunities for couple and family interventions to overcome logistical, financial, and stigma-related barriers to treatment access. Given technology’s ability to facilitate, augment, or at times even substitute for face-to-face interventions, it is important to consider the appropriate role of different technologies in treatment and how that may vary across specific instances of technology use. To that end, this article reviews the potential contributions of telemental health (aka, telehealth; e.g., videoconferencing to remotely deliver real-time services) and asynchronous ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Conceptual and statistical issues in couples observational research: Rationale and methods for design decisions.
This article describes conceptual and statistical considerations involved in these 3 areas of research and presents principle- and empirically based rationale for design decisions related to these issues. A unifying principle underlying these guidelines is the need for careful consideration of fit between theory, research questions, selection of coding systems, and creation of coding teams. Implications of (mis)fit for the advancement of theory are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Family Psychology)
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Introduction to the special issue: Advances in methods and measurement in family psychology.
This special issue presents a collection of reports that highlight recent advances in methods and measurement and also shed light on the complexity of family psychology. The importance of theory in guiding solid family science is evident throughout these reports. The reports include guides for researchers who incorporate direct observation into their research protocols and the ever-expanding field of tele-health interventions. Advanced analytic approaches are offered in the areas of grid sequence analysis, latent fixed-effects models, and the Factors of Curves Model (FOCUS). These sophisticated analytic approaches may be a...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Influence of parent–youth relationship, parental monitoring, and parent substance use on adolescent substance use onset.
We examined how parent–youth relationship quality, parental monitoring, and parent substance use were associated with initiation of alcohol use, binge drinking, and marijuana use by 400 adolescents by the spring of 8th grade (ages 13–14), and changes in initiation through 9th grade (assessed 3 times; fall, winter, and spring). We measured both parent and adolescent report of parent–youth relationship quality and parental monitoring, expecting that both perspectives would uniquely contribute. Discrete Time Survival models showed that youth report of both a poorer parent–youth relationship and lower p...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

PTSD as a moderator of a parenting intervention for military families.
The stress of multiple deployments and exposure to combat places service members at risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which may detrimentally affect parenting. Evidence-based parenting programs have been successful in promoting adaptive parenting practices among families exposed to stress. However, the effects of preventive interventions on parenting may vary by military parent’s PTSD. The current study includes families who participated in a randomized controlled trial of a parenting intervention for military families known as After Deployment, Adaptive Parenting Tools (ADAPT). Families were randomized ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 28, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reports of maternal socialization goals, emotion socialization behaviors, and child functioning in China and India.
A body of literature connects parental emotion socialization behaviors to child outcomes, though little research attention has been devoted to parents’ culturally embedded socialization goals that influence their socialization behaviors in diverse samples. In the present study, we examined interrelations among maternal socialization goals, emotion socialization behaviors, and child functioning in families from 2 major Asian countries, China and India. A total of 305 6th and 7th grade children and their mothers across both countries participated. Mothers completed measures of their socialization goals, their responses...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - November 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Socialization of coping in a predominantly female sample of caregivers: Contributions to children’s social adjustment in middle childhood.
This study applied a short-term longitudinal design to examine whether socialization of coping, observed in real time, predicted social adjustment (i.e., friendship quality and social problems) in middle childhood. Further, this study explored whether socialization of coping contributed to children’s social adjustment independent of other aspects of parenting (i.e., positive involvement, autonomy support). Parents’ (primarily mothers’) coping suggestions were observed while children completed a challenging star-tracing task, and children and parents reported on children’s social adjustment at baseli...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - October 30, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Piloting relationship education for female same-sex couples: Results of a small randomized waitlist-control trial.
Relationship education represents a promising, nonstigmatizing approach to promoting the health and stability of same-sex couples. A new culturally sensitive adaptation of relationship education was developed specifically for female same-sex couples (The Strengthening Same-Sex Relationships Program, Female version; SSSR-F). SSSR-F includes adaptations of evidence-based strategies to build core relationship skills (e.g., communication skills training) as well as new content to address unique challenges faced by this population (e.g., discrimination; low social support). A small randomized waitlist-control trial (N = 37 coup...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - October 30, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research