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Family psychology: Past and future reflections on the field.
Prominent issues in the field of family psychology during my term as editor (1998 –2003) of this journal were briefly noted, including a focus on marital issues, divorce, remarriage and family conflict. Parenting, attachment and parent-child relationships were also significant topics in this period. Special sections of the journal focused on cultural variations, families and th e law, families and religion, and family routines and rituals. Several neglected issues that need more attention in the future were noted. These include the need to recognize the embeddedness of families in socioecological contexts, the importance...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - April 3, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Parke, Ross D. Source Type: research

Parenting in poverty: Attention bias and anxiety interact to predict parents ’ perceptions of daily parenting hassles.
This study extends a growing literature on neurocognitive models of parenting by exploring the extent to which attention processes in parents operate independently and interactively with intrapsychic processes, proximal interpersonal stressors, and the larger socioeconomic context to predict perc eptions of parenting hassles in primarily low-income Latino/a parents of young children living in urban areas of concentrated disadvantage (N = 185). Analyses indicated that parent reports of anxiety, intimate partner violence, and perceptions of financial hardship each uniquely predicted parents’ perceptions of daily parenting ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - February 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Finegood, Eric D.; Raver, C. Cybele; DeJoseph, Meriah L.; Blair, Clancy Source Type: research

Maternal executive function, heart rate, and EEG alpha reactivity interact in the prediction of harsh parenting.
Do physiological and behavioral performance indicators of effortful cognitive self-regulation converge additively or interactively in their statistical prediction of individual differences in harsh parenting? To answer this question, we examined heart rate (HR) and electroencephalography alpha ( α) reactivity during executive function (EF) tasks, along with observed and self-reported indicators of harsh parenting. A socioeconomically diverse sample of 115 mothers with 3- to 7-year-old children completed questionnaires and a laboratory visit. Three quarters of the mothers showed typical pat terns of task reactivity that we...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - February 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Deater-Deckard, Kirby; Bell, Martha Ann Source Type: research

Introduction to the special section: Mind and matter: New insights on the role of parental cognitive and neurobiological functioning in process models of parenting.
This is an introduction to the special section on neurobiological and neurocognitive factors in parenting. The collection of 11 papers are published in 2 serial subsections of consecutive issues of the journal. The science they present captures the leading edge of work examining the interface of cognitive, emotional, behavioral, and physiological self-regulation in parenting and how these operate to protect or increment risk for poorer parenting among families who face chronic stressors (e.g., poverty, single parenthood, homelessness, mood disorders). Samples span the poor to the affluent, many ethnicities, several nationa...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - February 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Deater-Deckard, Kirby; Sturge-Apple, Melissa L. Source Type: research

Family psychology and the psychology of men and masculinities.
This article was invited to mark the 30th anniversary of the Journal of Family Psychology, which is also the 125th anniversary of APA publications. I served as the second Editor of the journal, from 1992 to 1997. I reflect on some of the similarities and differences between the journal ’s mission statements from 1992 and 2016, and then discuss my intellectual evolution from family psychologist to psychologist of men and masculinities, pointing out opportunities for collaboration. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Family Psychology)
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - February 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Levant, Ronald F. Source Type: research

Introduction to three decades of family psychology: Perspectives toward the future.
This article introduces the 30th anniversary of the Journal of Family Psychology (JFP). In addition it marks the 125th anniversary of publications by the American Psychological Association. In recognition of this milestone the editorial team has invited the past editors of the journal to write brief reflections on the field and commenting on their vision for the future of the field. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Family Psychology)
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - February 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Fiese, Barbara H. Source Type: research

Members ’ attendance rates and outcomes of relationship education groups: A consensus-dispersion analysis.
Relationship education programs (REPs) are an effective way to enhance relationship communication, prevent relational distress, and increase relationship quality. Most REPs are delivered in a group format; however, there is little known about the influence of group processes on outcomes for these programs, such as group members ’ attendance. Therefore, the current study applied a dispersion-consensus model to test the impact of attendance at the member and group levels on group members’ REP outcomes. In a sample of 558 lower income, primarily African American participants, we examined whether individual and group atten...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - February 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kivlighan III, D. Martin; Owen, Jesse; Antle, Becky Source Type: research

The heart of parenting: Parent HR dynamics and negative parenting while resolving conflict with child.
The current study examined parent heart rate (HR) dynamic changing patterns and their links to observed negative parenting (i.e., emotional unavailability and psychological control) during a parent –child conflict resolution task among 150 parent–child dyads (child age ranged from 6 to 12 years, Mage = 8.54 ± 1.67). Parent HR was obtained from electrocardiogram (ECG) data collected during the parent–child conflict resolution task. Negative parenting was coded offline based on the video recording of the same task. Results revealed that emotionally sensitive parents during the task showed greater HR increases while di...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Zhang, Xutong; Cui, Lixian; Han, Zhuo Rachel; Yan, Jia Source Type: research

Maternal scaffolding in a disadvantaged global context: The influence of working memory and cognitive capacities.
The current study focuses on maternal cognitive capacities as determinants of parenting in a highly disadvantaged global context, where children ’s experiences at home are often the 1st and only opportunity for learning and intellectual growth. In a large sample of 1,291 biological mothers of preschool-aged children in rural Pakistan, we examined the unique association of maternal working memory skills (independent of related cognitive cap acities) with cognitively stimulating parenting behaviors. Path analysis revealed that directly assessed working memory, short-term memory, and verbal intelligence independently predic...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Obradovi ć, Jelena; Portilla, Ximena A.; Tirado-Strayer, Nicole; Siyal, Saima; Rasheed, Muneera A.; Yousafzai, Aisha K. Source Type: research

Developmental delay and emotion dysregulation: Predicting parent –child conflict across early to middle childhood.
Cumulative risk research has increased understanding of how multiple risk factors impact various socioemotional and interpersonal outcomes across the life span. However, little is known about risk factors for parent –child conflict early in development, where identifying predictors of change could be highly salient for intervention. Given their established association with parent–child conflict, child developmental delay (DD) and emotion dysregulation were examined as predictors of change in conflict across early to middle childhood (ages 3 to 7 years). Participants (n = 211) were part of a longitudinal study examining...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Marquis, Willa A.; Noro ña, Amanda N.; Baker, Bruce L. Source Type: research

Relational aggression and marital quality: A five-year longitudinal study.
Relational aggression occurs in many different contexts, including in romantic relationships. The current study examined associations between two subtypes of relational aggression (love withdrawal and social sabotage) and marital quality over a 5-year time period. Participants consisted of 311 married couples who completed a number of questionnaires on relational aggression and relationship quality once a year over a 5-year period. Results revealed that relational aggression was highly stable over time and that women used more relational aggression than men. Men ’s use of social sabotage and love withdrawal were bidirect...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Coyne, Sarah M.; Nelson, David A.; Carroll, Jason S.; Smith, Nathan J.; Yang, Chongming; Holmgren, Hailey G.; Johnson, Chad Source Type: research

Parental mentalizing as an indirect link between attachment anxiety and parenting satisfaction.
Attachment anxiety in parents is associated with lower quality parent –child relationships. An inhibited capacity to reflect on children’s mental states, referred to as prementalizing, may reduce the pleasure parents derive from their relationships. In the current study, we explored the associations among attachment anxiety, prementalizing, and parenting satisfact ion in two groups of participants randomly assigned either to reflect on a positive memory with their child (n = 150) or to reflect on a positive memory not involving their child (n = 150). Narratives were evaluated for positive content using two metrics: cod...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 4, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Burkhart, Margaret L.; Borelli, Jessica L.; Rasmussen, Hannah F.; Brody, Robin; Sbarra, David A. Source Type: research

Executive function and parenting in the context of homelessness.
There is mounting evidence that maternal executive function (EF) plays a critical role in parenting behavior. However, the majority of the research on this topic has been conducted in low-risk samples. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether individual differences in maternal EF are associated with parenting behavior in the high-risk, high adversity context of family homelessness. The study included 94 mothers and their children, ages 4 to 6 years, living in emergency homeless shelters. Mothers completed a battery of “hot” and “cool” EF tasks as well as a self-report questionnaire of perceived s...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 4, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Monn, Amy R.; Narayan, Angela J.; Kalstabakken, Amanda W.; Schubert, Erin C.; Masten, Ann S. Source Type: research

Couple relationship education: A randomized controlled trial of professional contact and self-directed tools.
The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the efficacy of an evidence-based relationship distress prevention program, the Couples Coping Enhancement Training (CCET), in dual well-earning couples and to investigate whether effects vary by (a) hours of professional contact and (b) mode of delivery (face to face vs. self-learning DVD). N = 159 couples were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 intervention conditions: (1) standard CCET (15 hours face to face), (2) compact CCET (12 hr face to face), (3) short CCET (self-learning DVD + 8 hr face to face), or (4) wait-list control group. Relationship satisfaction and dyad...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 19, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Zemp, Martina; Merz, Corina A.; Nussbeck, Fridtjof W.; Halford, W. Kim; Schaer Gmelch, Marcel; Bodenmann, Guy Source Type: research

When stress gets into your head: Socioeconomic risk, executive functions, and maternal sensitivity across childrearing contexts.
This study used a longitudinal design, and utilized a socioeconomically diverse sample of 185 mothers and their 3.5-year-old toddlers. Multi-informants and methods were used to assess constructs. Findings revealed that maternal EF mediated associations between socioeconomic risk and parenting sensitivity with specific effects for working memory and baseline sensitivity and inhibitory control and change in sensitivity as childrearing demands increased. Results are interpreted within emerging conceptual frameworks regarding the role of parental neurocognitive functioning and caregiving. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 18, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sturge-Apple, Melissa L.; Jones, Hannah R.; Suor, Jennifer H. Source Type: research

The psychophysiology of parenting: Individual differences in autonomic reactivity to positive and negative mood inductions and observed parental affect during dyadic interactions with children.
Parenting is a complex activity driven, in part, by parental emotional and physiological responses. However, work examining the physiological underpinnings of parenting behavior is still in its infancy, and very few studies have examined such processes beyond early childhood. The current study examines associations between Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) indices of parents ’ physiological reactivity to positive and negative mood states and observed parental affect during a series of discussion tasks with their adolescent child. Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia (RSA) was measured as an index of parasympathetic nervous system (...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 18, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Connell, Arin M.; Dawson, Glen C.; Danzo, Sarah; McKillop, Hannah N. Source Type: research

Environmental adversity and children ’s early trajectories of problem behavior: The role of harsh parental discipline.
In conclusion, harsh parental discipli ne predicted emotional and behavioral problems in high- and low-risk children and moderated the effects of family poverty and adversity on these problems. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Family Psychology)
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 14, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Flouri, Eirini; Midouhas, Emily Source Type: research

Child neglect and maternal cross-relational social cognitive and neurocognitive disturbances.
This study focused on highly disadvantaged mothers of preschoolers and compared mothers with histories of perpetrating child neglect (n = 69) to demogra phically similar mothers without such histories (n = 76). Participants completed measures of unrealistic expectations for children and other adults, social problem-solving in parenting and nonparenting situations, executive functioning (EF), and attributions for children and other adults. As predict ed, associations among these measures were found within and across relational domains. Exploratory factor analysis revealed two distinct clusters that distinguished the two gro...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 11, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Azar, Sandra T.; McGuier, Devin J.; Miller, Elizabeth A.; Hernandez-Mekonnen, Robin; Johnson, David R. Source Type: research

Decision-making style and response to parental involvement in brief interventions for adolescent substance use.
Adolescent decision making has been previously identified as risk factor for substance abuse as well as a proximal intervention target. The study sought to extend this research by evaluating the role of decision-making style in response to parent involvement in brief substance abuse interventions. Adolescents (aged 12 to 18 years; n = 259) identified in a school setting as abusing alcohol and marijuana were randomly assigned to complete 1 of 2 brief interventions (BIs), either a 2-session adolescent-only program (BI-A) or the 2-session adolescent program with an additional parent session (BI-AP). Interventions were manuali...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Piehler, Timothy F.; Winters, Ken C. Source Type: research

Pathways from maternal effortful control to child self-regulation: The role of maternal emotional support.
This study examined the direct and indirect pathways from maternal effortful control to 2 aspects of children ’s self-regulation—executive functioning and behavioral regulation—via maternal emotional support. Two hundred seventy-eight children and their primary caregivers (96% mothers) participated in laboratory visits when children were 4 and 5 years, and teachers reported on children’s behavior at kindergarten. At the 4-year assessment, maternal effortful control was measured using the Adult Temperament Questionnaire (Evans& Rothbart, 2007) and maternal emotional support was observed during a semistructured mothe...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 7, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Zeytinoglu, Selin; Calkins, Susan D.; Swingler, Margaret M.; Leerkes, Esther M. Source Type: research

Unique contributions of emotion regulation and executive functions in predicting the quality of parent –child interaction behaviors.
Parenting is a cognitive, emotional, and behavioral endeavor, yet limited research investigates parents ’ executive functions and emotion regulation as predictors of how parents interact with their children. The current study is a multimethod investigation of parental self-regulation in relation to the quality of parenting behavior and parent–child interactions in a diverse sample of parents and k indergarten-age children. Using path analyses, we tested how parent executive functions (inhibitory control) and lack of emotion regulation strategies uniquely relate to both sensitive/responsive behaviors and positive/collab...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 7, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shaffer, Anne; Obradovi ć, Jelena Source Type: research

Maternal executive functioning as a mechanism in the intergenerational transmission of parenting: Preliminary evidence.
Multiple lines of inquiry, including experimental animal models, have recently converged to suggest that executive functioning (EF) may be one mechanism by which parenting behavior is transmitted across generations. In the current investigation, we empirically test this notion by examining relations between maternal EF and parenting behaviors during mother-infant interactions, and by examining the role of maternal EF in the intergenerational transmission of parenting behavior. Mother-infant dyads (N = 150) in a longitudinal study participated. Mothers were administered measures of EF (working memory and inhibition), report...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 7, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bridgett, David J.; Kanya, Meghan J.; Rutherford, Helena J. V.; Mayes, Linda C. Source Type: research

Enhancing relationship quality measurement: The development of the Relationship Flourishing Scale.
This study evaluates the development of the Relationship Flourishing Scale, a 12-item measure of eudaimonic relationship quality that assesses meaning, personal growth, relational giving, and goal sharing. The study supports the construct validity of the Relationship Flourishing Scale, including its content, concurrent, convergent, discriminant, and incremental validity. Its incremental validity and independence suggest that it provides information about deeper and richer aspects of relationship quality than do current hedonic relationship quality measures. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Sour...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 4, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Fowers, Blaine J.; Laurenceau, Jean-Philippe; Penfield, Randall D.; Cohen, Laura M.; Lang, Samantha F.; Owenz, Meghan B.; Pasipandoya, Elizabeth Source Type: research

Dyadic effects of attachment on mental health: Couples in a postdisaster context.
Research on mental health following disasters has led to the identification of many individual protective and risk factors for postdisaster mental health. However, there is little understanding of the exact influence that disasters have on the functioning of intimate relationships. Especially relevant are attachment styles, which are likely to play an important role in the provision and perception of social support between partners, and subsequent mental health outcomes. Heterosexual couples (N = 127) affected by the 2009 Victorian “Black Saturday” Bushfires in southeastern Australia were surveyed for disaster experien...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - November 20, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gallagher, H. Colin; Lusher, Dean; Gibbs, Lisa; Pattison, Philippa; Forbes, David; Block, Karen; Harms, Louise; MacDougall, Colin; Kellett, Connie; Ireton, Greg; Bryant, Richard A. Source Type: research

From early family systems to internalizing symptoms: The role of emotion regulation and peer relations.
In this study, we conceptualize families as dynamic family system types, consisting of both marital and parenting trajectories over the trans ition to parenthood. First, we examine how early family system types predict children’s anxiety, depression, peer exclusion, and emotion regulation. Second, we test whether couples’ infertility history and other family related contextual factors moderate the effects of family system types on chi ld outcomes. Third, we test whether children’s emotion regulation and peer exclusion mediate the effects of family system types on anxiety and depression. The participants were 452 fami...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - November 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lindblom, Jallu; V änskä, Mervi; Flykt, Marjo; Tolvanen, Asko; Tiitinen, Aila; Tulppala, Maija; Punamäki, Raija-Leena Source Type: research

Self-reported parenting style is associated with children ’s inflammation and immune activation.
This study highlights parental monitoring and supervision as a specific aspect of parenting behavior that may be important for children’s physical and mental health. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Family Psychology)
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - November 7, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Byrne, Michelle L.; Badcock, Paul B.; Simmons, Julian G.; Whittle, Sarah; Pettitt, Adam; Olsson, Craig A.; Mundy, Lisa K.; Patton, George C.; Allen, Nicholas B. Source Type: research

Randomized control trial follow-up: Online program and waiting period for unmarried parents in Title IV-D Court.
Despite a lack of research on parent programs for separating unmarried parents, many judicial officers mandate participation. Rudd, Holtzworth-Munroe, Reyome, Applegate, and D ’Onofrio (2015) conducted the only randomized controlled trial of any online parent program for separating parents, ProudToParent.org (PTP), and related court processes (e.g., having a waiting period between the establishment of paternity and the court hearing regarding child related issues vs. ha ving the hearing the same day). They recruited a unique sample of 182 cases in a Title IV-D Court (i.e., a court for primarily low income parents) (Autho...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - November 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rudd, Brittany N.; Poladian, Ani R.; Holtzworth-Munroe, Amy; Applegate, Amy G.; D'Onofrio, Brian M. Source Type: research

Child behavior and sibling relationship quality: A cross-lagged analysis.
Bidirectional associations between sibling relationships and children ’s problem behaviors are robust, and links with prosocial behavior have also been reported. Using cross-lagged models, we were able to conservatively test temporal directions of links between positive and negative aspects of sibling relationships and children’s prosocial behavior and conduct pro blems across a 3-year time span in middle childhood. The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; http://www.bristol.ac.uk/alspac/researchers/data-access/data-dictionary/) is an ongoing population-based study designed to investigate the effect...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - October 30, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Pike, Alison; Oliver, Bonamy R. Source Type: research

Disorder-specific patterns of emotion coregulation in couples: Comparing obsessive compulsive disorder and anorexia nervosa.
This study examined coregulation as a form of interpersonal emotion regulation in OCD and AN. We hypothesized that OCD is associated with exaggerated and AN with diminished coregulation, and that OCD patients have greater overall levels of emotional arousal than AN patients. Greater symptom severity was expected to exacerbate these opposing tendencies. Vocally encoded emotional arousal was measured during couple conversations in 34 AN patients, 18 OCD patients, and their partners. Two indicators of coregulation (covariation and coupling) were analyzed using cross-lagged actor –partner interdependence and coupled linear o...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - October 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Fischer, Melanie S.; Baucom, Donald H.; Baucom, Brian R.; Abramowitz, Jonathan S.; Kirby, Jennifer S.; Bulik, Cynthia M. Source Type: research

Expressing negative emotions to children: Mothers ’ aversion sensitivity and children’s adjustment.
In this study, we isolated 1 kind of negative expression to test the aversion sensitivity hypothesis: that rapid increases in mothers’ negativity as a function of increases in the aversiveness of children’s behavior are uniquely problematic for children. During multiple assessme nts of a divorcing sample over 2 years (N = 284), 12-min interactions between mothers and their 4- to 11-year-old children were recorded. Forty-seven observed child behaviors were ranked from low to high aversive. Within-dyad changes demonstrated that mothers’ general negativity—their tendency t o express negative emotion at high rates—wa...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - October 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Moed, Anat; Dix, Theodore; Anderson, Edward R.; Greene, Shannon M. Source Type: research

Social support and coparenting among lesbian, gay, and heterosexual adoptive parents.
In this study, we examined associations between qualities of families ’ social contexts and experiences of coparenting. In a sample of 92 adoptive families, we assessed perceived social support among 23 lesbian, 28 gay, and 41 heterosexual adoptive parent families and its association with parents’ perceptions of their coparenting alliances. Results showed that par ents in same- and other-sex couples reported receiving similar amounts of social support from family, friends, and significant others. Perceived social support was positively associated with stronger coparenting alliance among all family types. Perceived supp...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - October 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sumontha, Jason; Farr, Rachel H.; Patterson, Charlotte J. Source Type: research

Dyadic effects of resilience on well-being in Chinese older couples: Mediating role of spousal support.
This study aimed to examine the actor and partner effects of resilience on well-being in Chinese older couples and the potential mediating role of spousal exchanges at the actor and partner levels. Using a 2-wave longitudinal design, a total of 158 Chinese couples (age range 60 –97 years) completed measures of resilience, perceived spousal exchanges (spousal support and negative exchanges), and well-being. The results showed that (a) the dyad had significant congruence in resilience and well-being, respectively; (b) resilience had significant actor and partner effects on well-being within the dyad; and (c) negative spous...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - October 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Zhang, Jinfeng; Yu, Nancy Xiaonan; Zhou, Mingjie; Zhang, Jianxin Source Type: research

Positive family relationships: Longitudinal network of relations.
The construct of positive family relationships (PFR), defined as family members getting along well and supporting each other, was investigated in a long-term prospective study. A newly constructed scale of positive family relationships developed using the nominal response model of item-response theory, was subject to a longitudinal network of relations analysis. The conceptualization for this research was founded on a positive psychology framework. Data derived from the Fullerton Longitudinal Study and spanned 20 years from middle childhood (age 9 years) to early adulthood (age 29 years). Evidence indicated both stability ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - October 2, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Preston, Kathleen S. J.; Gottfried, Allen W.; Oliver, Pamella H.; Gottfried, Adele Eskeles; Delany, Danielle E.; Ibrahim, Sirena M. Source Type: research

Dyadic coping and salivary interleukin-6 responses to interpersonal stress.
Dysregulated immune responses to stress are a potential pathway linking close relationship processes to health, and couples ’ abilities to cope with stress together (dyadic coping) likely impact such immune responses. Most stress research has focused on immune reactivity, whereas knowledge of immune recovery remains limited. The present study examined how acute interpersonal stress affects immune reactivity and recover y, as well as whether dyadic coping moderates these effects. Healthy couples (N = 24) completed the Dyadic Coping Inventory and provided saliva samples 4 times each day for 5 days, including 2 days before ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 26, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Reed, Rebecca G.; O'Connor, Mary-Frances; Pace, Thaddeus W. W.; Raison, Charles L.; Butler, Emily A. Source Type: research

Relationship satisfaction, PTSD symptom severity, and mental healthcare utilization among OEF/OIF veterans.
Despite the availability of evidence-based PTSD treatments at most facilities within the VA Healthcare System, most Iraq and Afghanistan veterans returning from deployments with posttraumatic stress symptoms do not receive an adequate dose of mental health treatment, prompting the need to identify potential barriers to or facilitators of mental health care utilization. Previous research demonstrated self-reported mental health care utilization in the prior year varies as a function of PTSD symptom severity, and the interaction of PTSD symptom severity and romantic relationship satisfaction (Meis et al., 2010). We extended ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 25, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: McGinn, Meghan M.; Hoerster, Katherine D.; Stryczek, Krysttel C.; Malte, Carol A.; Jakupcak, Matthew Source Type: research

Parenting self-efficacy moderates linkage between partner relationship dissatisfaction and avoidant infant –mother attachment: A Dutch study.
The early infant –mother attachment relationship is part of a network of close relationships in which the relationship between parents is especially relevant. Evidence for linkages between maternal satisfaction with the partner relationship and infant–mother attachment is equivocal. The current study tested whet her associations between partner relationship dissatisfaction and infant–mother attachment quality might be conditional on mothers’ parenting self-efficacy. The bivariate effect of partner relationship dissatisfaction on infant–mother attachment as well as moderation of this effect by parentin g self-effi...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 14, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cass é, Julie F. H.; Oosterman, Mirjam; Schuengel, Carlo Source Type: research

Marital, parental, and whole-family predictors of toddlers ’ emotion regulation: The role of parental emotional withdrawal.
The present study aims to address how dyadic and triadic family interactions across the transition to parenthood contribute to the later development of toddlers ’ adaptive emotion regulation using structural equation modeling methods. Specifically, we examined the interrelations of observed marital negative affect before childbirth, parents’ emotional withdrawal during parent–infant interactions at 8 months, and coparenting conflict at 24 months as pr edictors of toddlers’ adaptive emotion regulation at 24 months. Data for the present study were drawn from a longitudinal dataset in which 125 families were observed ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gallegos, Martin I.; Murphy, Sarah E.; Benner, Aprile D.; Jacobvitz, Deborah B.; Hazen, Nancy L. Source Type: research

Family rituals, financial burden, and mothers ’ adjustment in pediatric cancer.
In this study, we aimed to determine if family ritual meaning moderates the relationship between financial burden and anxiety and depression symptoms among mothers of children with cancer. Portuguese mothers of children with cancer on-treatment and off-treatment (N = 244) completed measures of financial burden, anxiety and depression symptoms, and family ritual meaning. Moderating effects were tested using hierarchical multiple regression analyses. Family ritual meaning buffered the effect of financial burden on anxiety, but not on depression symptoms. The relationship between financial burden and anxiety symptoms was not ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 11, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Santos, Susana; Crespo, Carla; Canavarro, M. Cristina; Alderfer, Melissa A.; Kazak, Anne E. Source Type: research

The complex contribution of sociodemographics to decision-making power in gay male couples.
Relationship power is an important dyadic construct in close relationships that is associated with relationship health and partner ’s individual health. Understanding what predicts power in heterosexual couples has proven difficult, and even less is known about gay couples. Resource models of power posit that demographic characteristics associated with social status (e.g., age, income) confer power within the relationship, wh ich in turn shapes relationship outcomes. We tested this model in a sample of gay male couples (N = 566 couples) and extended it by examining race and HIV status. Multilevel modeling was used to tes...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 7, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Perry, Nicholas S.; Huebner, David M.; Baucom, Brian R. W.; Hoff, Colleen C. Source Type: research

Mothers ’ depressive symptoms and children’s externalizing behavior: Children’s negative emotionality in the development of hostile attributions.
This study examined processes that might account for why negatively emotional children are at high risk for externalizing behavior problems when raised by mothers with depressive symptoms. Because negative emotionality regulates adaptation to stress, we predicted that it would undermine children ’s adjustment to mothers’ depressive symptoms by increasing child emotions likely to elicit reciprocal negativity from depressed mothers, bias negatively children’s attributions about others, and activate difficult-to-control oppositional responses. In a large sample (N = 1,082) evaluated from 6 months to second grade, result...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - August 31, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Wang, Yiji; Dix, Theodore Source Type: research

Newlyweds ’ perceptions of partner conflict behaviors and change in intimate safety over time.
This study is the first to test a key hypothesis of the behaviora l conceptualization of intimacy, and findings are generally consistent with the theory. This line of research has important implications for couple interventions, which often target intimacy. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Family Psychology)
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - August 31, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: LaMotte, Adam D.; Khalifian, Chandra E.; Barry, Robin A. Source Type: research

Examining ethnic differences in parental rejection of LGB youth sexual identity.
Upward of 70% of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth experience some degree of parental rejection of their sexual identity, which is problematic in light of research documenting links between parental rejection and psychological difficulties in LGB youth. Additionally, emerging research suggests that ethnic minority LGB youth may be at greater risk to experience parental rejection than ethnic majority LGB youth. However, this research is inconclusive and has significant gaps. The current study is one of the first to include a multiethnic sample of LGB youth and their parents to investigate how ethnicity may be related t...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - August 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Richter, Brian E. J.; Lindahl, Kristin M.; Malik, Neena M. Source Type: research

Parental insightfulness is associated with cooperative interactions in families with toddlers.
A growing body of research has highlighted the importance of mother –father–child interactions in families with toddlers, but little is known about the internal processes underlying parenting in such interactions. Dyadic studies of parent–child relationships have focused on parental insightfulness as promoting sensitive parent–child interactions, and the goa l of the present study was to examine whether insightfulness would similarly be associated with cooperative triadic interactions. To address this question, we observed 77 mother–father–toddler triads in the Lausanne Trilogue Play (LTP) procedure to assess f...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - August 24, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Marcu, Inbal; Oppenheim, David; Koren-Karie, Nina Source Type: research

Cortisol response to family interaction as a predictor for adjustment.
Emerging adult (EA) cortisol response during family interaction predicts change in EA anxious behavior during the transition to college (Johnson& Gans, in press). In the present study, we take an initial step toward integrating family systems research and physiology by including assessment of EA salivary cortisol collected during a triadic (mother –father–EA offspring) family interaction task. Emerging adults (N = 101) between the ages of 17 and 19 were assessed at 3 time points across their first college year: the summer before college, Fall and Spring semesters. Two parents accompanied the emerging adult child to the...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - August 24, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gans, Susan E.; Johnson, Vanessa Kahen Source Type: research

Genetic moderation of transactional relations between parenting practices and child self-regulation.
The present study addressed the ways in which parent and child dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) genotypes jointly moderate the transactional relations between parenting practices and child self-regulation. African American children (N = 309) and their parents provided longitudinal data spanning child ages 11 to 15 years and a saliva sample from which variation at DRD4 was genotyped. Based on the differential susceptibility perspective, this study examined moderation effects of DRD4 status on (a) the extent to which parenting practices affect child self-regulation and (b) the extent to which child self-regulation, as an environm...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - August 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cho, Junhan; Kogan, Steven M.; Brody, Gene H. Source Type: research

Parent cortisol and family relatedness predict anxious behavior in emerging adults.
Emerging-adult cortisol response during family interaction predicts change in emerging-adult anxious behavior during the transition to college (Gans& Johnson, in press). In the present study, we take an additional step toward integrating family systems research and physiology by including assessment of parent physiology. We collect salivary cortisol from parents and emerging adults during triadic family interaction. Emerging adults (N = 101) between the ages of 17 and 19 years were assessed at 3 time points across their first college year: the summer before college and the Fall and Spring semesters. Two parents accompanied...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - August 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Johnson, Vanessa Kahen; Gans, Susan E. Source Type: research

Maternal anxiety and physiological reactivity as mechanisms to explain overprotective primiparous parenting behaviors.
In this study, we sought to determine whether the affective and physiological experience of primiparous, or first-time, motherhood is distinct from multiparous motherhood, how the child ’s level of inhibited temperament impacts it, and if such a temperament results in overprotective parenting behaviors. A total of 117 mothers and their 24-month-old toddlers participated in novelty tasks designed to elicit parenting behaviors and toddler’s typical fear reactions. Mothers also co mpleted a battery of questionnaires. Results suggest that primiparous mothers experienced more worry, which was associated with increased overp...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - August 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kalomiris, Anne E.; Kiel, Elizabeth J. Source Type: research

Happy Family Kitchen: A community-based research for enhancing family communication and well-being in Hong Kong.
Urban families worldwide are often characterized by busy working lives which leave little time for family gatherings and communication. The Happy Family Kitchen project, which emphasized cooking and dining with family members, was conducted in a deprived district in Hong Kong. We hypothesized that the community-based family intervention, derived from a positive psychology framework, can improve family communication, family well-being, and subjective happiness. Twenty-three social service units organized and delivered the intervention programs for 1,419 individuals from 612 families. The core intervention was developed with...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - August 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ho, Henry C. Y.; Mui, Moses; Wan, Alice; Ng, Yin-lam; Stewart, Sunita M.; Yew, Carol; Lam, Tai Hing; Chan, Sophia S. Source Type: research

“It takes two to take”: Caregiving style, relational entitlement, and medication adherence.
Partners ’ support has been associated with both patients’ increased and decreased inclination toward health-promoting behaviors. Our hypothesis for understanding this enigma is that it is the interplay between partners’ manner of care provision and patients’ ability to accept these care efforts that may best predict patients’ adherence. Thus, the current study’s main goal was to examine the contribution of the interaction between caregivers’ support style (sensitive and compulsive) and cardiac patients’ sense of relational entitlement (restricted, excessive, assertive, entitlement expe ctations) to patient...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - August 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: George-Levi, Sivan; Vilchinsky, Noa; Tolmacz, Rami; Khaskiaa, Abid; Mosseri, Morris; Hod, Hanoch Source Type: research

Adolescent functioning in housing and family contexts: A mixed methods study.
Although adolescents begin to seek autonomy and strive to be out of the home on their own, the housing context remains the primary setting of their daily lives. Using survey and ethnographic data from Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three City Study (e.g., Winston et al., 1999), this study explored quantitatively and qualitatively how two salient aspects of the housing context, physical housing problems and household size, were associated with low-income adolescents ’ emotional and academic functioning, and how these associations were modified by mother–adolescent relationships (specifically, trust and communication...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - August 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Elliott, Margaret C.; Shuey, Elizabeth A.; Leventhal, Tama Source Type: research