Public Knowledge and Attitude towards Epilepsy and Its Associated Factors: Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study, Ethiopia, 2019.
Conclusions: The current study revealed that nearly half of Debre Berhan dwellers have deficits in terms of general knowledge about epilepsy and attitude towards a person living with epilepsy. Poor knowledge about epilepsy and unfavorable attitude towards a person living with epilepsy are likely to have an important impact on stigmatization and treatment-seeking behavior, and it should be given due attention. It would be better if health educators give special emphasis for the individuals with predictors of poor knowledge and unfavorable attitude. PMID: 32724319 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - July 31, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Determinants of Tobacco Smoking Addiction in Rural Indonesian Communities.
Conclusion: Increased awareness toward the health risk, good social control, and mass media reporting the danger of tobacco smoking is significantly in correlation with the decreased addiction in rural areas. However, the high perceived stress has no correlation with its increase. PMID: 32724320 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - July 31, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

A Qualitative Study of Patients' Beliefs and Perception on Medicinal Properties of Natural Hot Spring Bath for Musculoskeletal Problems.
In conclusion, the medicinal benefits of such natural hot water springs have to be studied further and awareness regarding safety should be given to the people seeking treatment. PMID: 32695190 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - July 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Corruption and Solid Waste Management in Mbarara Municipality, Uganda.
This study fills this knowledge gap by illustrating how corruption influences poor solid waste management in Mbarara Municipality. The study finds that municipal technical officials, garbage truck drivers, their turn boys, garbage sorters, factory owners, and private land grabbers all involved in different forms of corruption have directly and indirectly turned solid waste collection and disposal into a very costly problem to the municipal council and the general public. The article recommends that fighting corruption in all its forms without fear or favor, encouraging them to play their role particularly in sorting waste,...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - July 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Comparing the Characteristics of Cigarette Smoking and e-Cigarette and IQOS Use among Adolescents in Taiwan.
Conclusions: The tobacco product that was most widely used by adolescents was cigarettes, followed by e-cigarettes and IQOS. The socioeconomic status, smoking status of parents/close friends, and access to cigarettes were all identified as important factors related to the current use of cigarettes, e-cigarettes, and IQOS by adolescents. PMID: 32655649 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Detection of Carbapenem-Resistant Genes in Escherichia coli Isolated from Drinking Water in Khartoum, Sudan.
In conclusion, this study confirmed for the first time the presence of E. coli carried carbapenem-resistant genes in the drinking water of Khartoum state, Sudan. These isolates commonly carried OXA-48 (7/45), followed by SPM (4/45) and KPC (2/45). PMID: 32612664 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - July 4, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Nurses' Safety in Caring for Tuberculosis Patients at a Teaching Hospital in South West Nigeria.
Conclusion: The study suggested that there should be a provision of adequate personal protective equipment; tuberculosis designated wards and provision of periodic training to update the nurses on care of tuberculosis patients. Establishment and execution of hospital policies and practices along with support are equally essential in facilitating a safe workplace for nurses. PMID: 32612665 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - July 4, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of the Effect of Solid Waste Dump Site on Surrounding Soil and River Water Quality in Tepi Town, Southwest Ethiopia.
Authors: Mekonnen B, Haddis A, Zeine W Abstract An increase in urban population and the rising demand for food and other essentials perpetuate a rise in the amount of waste being generated daily by each household. In Ethiopia, this waste is eventually thrown into open dump sites. It can cause severe impact on soil and surface water quality. As a result, it becomes the probable source of human health risk through food chain. Therefore, this study was aimed at assessing the effect of a solid waste dump site on surrounding soil and river water quality in Tepi town, Southwest Ethiopia. Three surface water, one leachate...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 27, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Environmental Factors and Ventilation Affect Concentrations of Microorganisms in Hospital Wards of Southern Thailand.
This study investigated the environmental characteristics and ventilation affecting the concentration of microorganisms in multiple-bed hospital wards. The measurements were accomplished by using a biosampler and an open plate method at four wards, different positions of electric fans, and different times. Data were analyzed by t-test and MANOVA. The results revealed that the concentrations of airborne bacteria were higher than the concentrations of fungi. There were significant differences in the concentrations of bacteria and fungi between sampling times and between hospital wards (p
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 27, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

The Use of Social Media by Healthcare Quality Personnel in Saudi Arabia.
Conclusion: The findings showed that a high percentage of the healthcare quality personnel in Saudi Arabia used social media for educational purposes, and the most used platform for this objective was YouTube. The results suggested that social media can be potentially useful to perceive healthcare quality in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. PMID: 32565836 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Magnitude and Predictors of Pneumonia among Under-Five Children in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Conclusion and Recommendations. This review showed that the magnitude of pneumonia was relatively high. Hence, appropriate intervention on potential determinates such as health education on exclusive breastfeeding and nutrition, place of food cooking, increased immunization and vitamin A supplementation, and early control of respiratory tract infection was recommended to prevent those risk factors. PMID: 32565837 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Air Microbiome and Pollution: Composition and Potential Effects on Human Health, Including SARS Coronavirus Infection.
Authors: Moelling K, Broecker F Abstract Polluted air poses a significant threat to human health. Exposure to particulate matter (PM) and harmful gases contributes to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, including allergies and obstructive lung disease. Air pollution may also be linked to cancer and reduced life expectancy. Uptake of PM has been shown to cause pathological changes in the intestinal microbiota in mice and humans. Less is known about the effects of pollution-associated microbiota on human health. Several recent studies described the microbiomes of urban and rural air samples, of the stratosphere ...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of Angiopoietins 1 and 2 in Malaria-Infested Children.
Authors: Oluboyo AO, Chukwu SI, Oluboyo BO, Odewusi OO Abstract Background: Malaria could affect people of all ages, most especially young children. The study evaluated the levels of serum angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) and angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) which are critical regulators of endothelial activation and integrity with some hematological parameters (total white blood cell counts (WBC), total red blood cell counts (RBC), platelet counts, and malaria parasite density) in malaria-infected children. Method: A total of 92 blood samples from children between the ages of 6 months to 15 years were analyzed. The samples consis...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Explaining the Effects of Socioeconomic and Housing Characteristics on the Choice of Toilet Facilities among Ghanaian Households.
This study, therefore, analysed the factors that influence the choice of toilet facilities over the practice of open defecation in the country. Ghana Living Standard Survey round 7 (GLSS7) data were analysed using multinomial logit regression. From the data, a majority of households used improved toilet facilities (WC, KVIP, and pit latrines with slab) in Ghana and over one-fourth of households engaged in open defecation. The regression result revealed that the choice of toilet facilities over the practice of open defecation was significantly influenced by the sex of the household head, age, household size, education, mari...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Consumption of Raw Herbal Medicines Is Associated with Major Public Health Risks amongst Ugandans.
Conclusion: Consumption of raw Vernonia amygdalina was associated with a high carcinogenic risk, demonstrating a need to enact policies to promote physiochemical screening of herbal medicines used in developing countries against toxic compounds. PMID: 32565841 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Simulation of the Final Size of the Evolution Curve of Coronavirus Epidemic in Morocco using the SIR Model.
Authors: Ifguis O, El Ghozlani M, Ammou F, Moutcine A, Abdellah Z Abstract Since the epidemic of COVID-19 was declared in Wuhan, Hubei Province of China, and other parts of the world, several studies have been carried out over several regions to observe the development of the epidemic, to predict its duration, and to estimate its final size, using complex models such as the SEIR model or the simpler ones such as the SIR model. These studies showed that the SIR model is much more efficient than the SEIR model; therefore, we are applying this model in the Kingdom of Morocco since the appearance of the first case on 2...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Determination of Chromium in Natural Water by Adsorptive Stripping Voltammetry Using In Situ Bismuth Film Electrode.
Authors: Thị Hue N, Van Hop N, Thai Long H, Hai Phong N, Uyen TH, Quoc Hung L, Nhi Phuong N Abstract Development of adsorptive stripping voltammetry (AdSV) combined with in situ prepared bismuth film electrode (in situ BiFE) on glassy carbon disk surface using diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) as a complexing agent and NO3 - as a catalyst to determine the trace amount of chromium (VI) is demonstrated. According to this method, in the preconcentration step at E dep = -800 mV, the bismuth film is coated on the surface of glassy carbon electrodes simultaneously with the adsorption of co...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Occupational Exposure to Blood and Body Fluids among Health Care Workers in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia: A Result from Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusions: In this study, occupational exposure to blood and other body fluids among health care workers remains a major health problem. Hence, ensuring the availability of personal protective equipment, developing strategies on banning, and strict monitoring of Khat chewing and training on infection prevention should be emphasized to minimize the problem. PMID: 32508935 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Associations between Exposure to Tobacco Smoke and Behavioral Problems in Preschool Japanese Children.
Conclusions: Exposure to tobacco smoke in early childhood may be involved in the development of pediatric behavioral problems. The importance of reducing the exposure of children to tobacco smoke, particularly in the home, was further emphasized for the prevention of psychological and behavioral problems in childhood. PMID: 32508936 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

The Restorative Effect of the Natural Environment on University Students' Psychological Health.
Authors: Payne EA, Loi NM, Thorsteinsson EB Abstract The present study evaluated the effect of a three-week intervention aimed at improving psychological health in university students. Participants included 200 Australian students randomly assigned to an experimental or waitlist control group, with 42 adhering to intervention instructions. Participants in the experimental group read a story about someone who used the natural environment to decrease stress and burnout levels and to increase their perceived satisfaction with life. They were then instructed to spend 20 minutes each week, for three weeks, in any chosen...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Status of Household Solid Waste Management and Associated Factors in a Slum Community in Kampala, Uganda.
Conclusion: Solid waste management was generally poor. As such, a cascade of interventions that address knowledge, physical, and behavioural aspects of solid waste management is required to improve its management in slum communities. PMID: 32454842 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Food Hygiene Practices at the Ghana School Feeding Programme in Wa and Cape Coast Cities.
Conclusion: The GSFP in basic schools forms part of the integral diet of the school children; hence, provision of good quality food can affect the health, learning, and physical activities of these children. Observational checklist revealed that most of the kitchen staff do not strictly adhere to basic food hygiene practices, and this affects the wholesomeness of the food served to the children. There is, therefore, a need for kitchen staff training on hygiene and food preparation practices. PMID: 32454843 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal Disorders and Associated Factors among Vehicle Repair Workers in Hawassa City, Southern Ethiopia.
Conclusion: This study showed a 47.7% prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Force exertion, repetitive tasks, manual handling of heavy loads, stress, and lack of training were the identified factors. Ergonomic awareness among workers should be increased through training. In addition, owners should investigate methods to reduce or eliminate risk factors leading to musculoskeletal disorders found among these workers. Automation of high-risk tasks should also be investigated. PMID: 32454844 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

The Role of Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Preventive Medicine: A Perspective from Portugal Primary Health-Care Cardiovascular Risk Assessment.
Authors: Santos P Abstract The cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in the world, especially because of myocardial infarction and stroke. Their beginning, however, starts many years earlier with the atherosclerotic process due to the cardiovascular risk factors, with different weights in the global risk. Our aim is to review the utilization of risk estimators in primary health care, through a comprehensive review of the literature and official national and international health data (OECD and WHO). The risk estimators aim to integrate the partial information of each factor in a global calculation a...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Parent's Perception regarding the Delivery of Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Education in Secondary Schools in Fiji: A Qualitative Study.
Conclusions: Findings from this study suggest for policy and programs to match parents, schools, and students' expectations. Effective interventions need to involve and help parents to take a more active part to change policy, program, and advocacy for relevant SRH education. PMID: 32405301 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Pesticide Poisoning and the Use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in Indonesian Farmers.
This study aimed to investigate the poisoning symptoms occurring in pesticide-exposed farmers. This study was conducted in a red onion farming center area in Wanasari Subdistrict, Brebes, Indonesia, from May to June 2018. This study was designed as the descriptive study. The significance value of p
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Fatal Methanol Poisoning Caused by Drinking Adulterated Locally Distilled Alcohol: Wakiso District, Uganda, June 2017.
Conclusion: This outbreak was caused by drinking a locally distilled alcohol adulterated with methanol from wholesaler X. We recommended enforcing existing laws governing alcohol manufacture and sale. We recommended timely intravenous administration of ethanol to methanol poisoning victims. PMID: 32405303 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Comprehensive Risk Assessment of Health-Related Hazardous Events in the Drinking Water Supply System from Source to Tap in Gaza Strip, Palestine.
Conclusion: The prioritization of hazardous events that are proportional to the degree of their attributed risk could help guide in making the right risk-reduction decisions. Urgent interventions are required to improve the quality of water and to mitigate the possible health effects. PMID: 32405304 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Association between Poor Ergophthalmologic Practices and Computer Vision Syndrome among University Administrative Staff in Ghana.
Conclusion: In addition to poor ergonomic office setup, university administrative staff spend several hours behind computer screens leading to the development of CVS. Increased awareness of CVS and adherence to recommended ergonomic practices are necessary to reduce the prevalence of CVS and ultimately enhance work satisfaction and productivity. PMID: 32405305 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Regional Disparity in Asthma Prevalence and Distribution of Asthma Education Programs in Texas.
This study revealed the marginalized regions in Texas lacking asthma education programs. The findings could help policymakers and health care professionals enhance opportunities to develop asthma education programs using different venues in isolated areas and prioritize these regions, for funds, to establish new asthma education programs. PMID: 32405306 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Spatiotemporal Patterns of Impervious Surface Area and Water Quality Response in the Fuxian Lake Watershed.
Authors: Li SH, Hong L, Jin BX, Zhou JS, Peng SY Abstract The increase of urbanization level has led to the rapid increase of impervious surface area (ISA). The aim of this work is to clarify the relationship between the ISA and water quality and lay a foundation for the improvement and protection of the water quality in the basin. Taking the Fuxian Lake Basin in Yunnan Province as an example, based on the Landsat ETM+ remote sensing image and the Gram-Schmidt (GS) image fusion algorithm, the four-terminal model and the linear spectral mixture model (LSMM) were used to extract the impervious surface of the watershe...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Malaria Outbreak Facilitated by Appearance of Vector-Breeding Sites after Heavy Rainfall and Inadequate Preventive Measures: Nwoya District, Northern Uganda, February-May 2018.
Authors: Nsereko G, Kadobera D, Okethwangu D, Nguna J, Rutazaana D, Kyabayinze DJ, Opigo J, Ario AR Abstract Background: Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Uganda. In April 2018, malaria cases surged in Nwoya District, Northern Uganda, exceeding expected limits and thereby requiring epidemic response. We investigated this outbreak to estimate its magnitude, identify exposure factors for transmission, and recommend evidence-based control measures. Methods: We defined a malaria case as onset of fever in a resident of Anaka subcounty, Koch Goma subcounty, and Nwoya Town Council, Nwoya Distric...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Diarrheal Diseases in Under-Five Children and Associated Factors among Farta District Rural Community, Amhara Regional State, North Central Ethiopia: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusions: The prevalence of diarrhea among children residing in open-defecation-free areas was lower than that among children those who resided in non-open-defecation-free areas. Lack of functional handwashing facilities, residing in non-open-defecation-free areas, and improper excreta disposal were significantly associated with diarrheal diseases in the district. Strengthening health promotion on non-open defecation, maintaining functional handwashing facilities, and preparing additional handwashing facilities are necessary. Continuous engagement of the community health extension workers is recommended, sustaining the ...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Population Weighting on PM10 Concentration Estimation.
This study assessed the population weighting effects on the estimated PM10 concentrations in Malaysia for years 2000, 2008, and 2013. Estimated PM10 annual mean concentrations with a spatial resolution of 5 kilometres retrieved from satellite data and population count obtained from the Gridded Population of the World version 4 (GPWv4) from the Centre for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) were overlaid to generate the PWEL of PM10 for each state. The calculated PWEL of PM10 concentrations were then classified based on the World Health Organization (WHO) and the national Air Quality Guidelines (AQG) an...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 2, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Specific Features of the Ukrainian Urban Adolescents' Physical Activity: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Authors: Yelizarova O, Stankevych T, Parats A, Antomonov M, Polka N, Hozak S Abstract Background: An increase in the proportion of physically active peoples is one of the public health priorities. Particular attention should be addressed to the adolescent group with regard to their sensitivity. The purpose of our study is to determine the overall level of physical activity (PA) of urban adolescents and to evaluate its components. Methods: The study included the results of a survey of 415 children aged 11-15 years from public schools in Ukraine. We have adapted the standardized questionnaire QAPACE, which allows...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 2, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Disposal Practice of Unused and Expired Pharmaceuticals in Community of Adigrat City, Northern Ethiopia.
Conclusion: Although the majority of the respondents had a positive attitude towards the disposal of unused and expired medications, almost half of the sample population were unaware of proper disposal practices. Furthermore, less were inclined to practice proper disposal of unused and expired medications in the city. Therefore, we recommend further studies that focus on how the disposal attitude of the population can influence their knowledge and practice of the disposal of unused and expired medications. PMID: 32351582 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 2, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment on CPR Knowledge and AED Availability in Saudi Malls by Security Personnel: Public Safety Perspective.
This study aimed to assess the current status of CPR and AED knowledge and availability in Saudi malls by security personnel. Using a descriptive design, a study was conducted at seven malls located in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Two hundred and fifty participants were surveyed using the American Heart Association (AHA) 2015 guidelines to assess CPR and AED knowledge and availability in Saudi malls. The sample mean age was 32.60 years (SD = 10.02), and 87% of participants were working as security personnel. The majority of the participants had not received training about CPR and AED (75.8% and 95.2%...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 2, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Test-Retest Reliability of a Food Frequency Questionnaire to Assess Seafood Intake Dynamics for High-End Consumers in Coastal Gulf of Mexico Communities.
Conclusions: The seafood FFQ instrument evaluated in this study, included as a supplement to this report, used in tandem with a photographic portion guide, provides a utilitarian tool for assessing fish, shrimp, oyster, and blue crab intake dynamics in adult and youth populations drawn from coastal communities. PMID: 32322281 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - April 25, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Access to Functional Handwashing Facilities and Associated Factors among South Sudanese Refugees in Rhino Camp Settlement, Northwestern Uganda.
Conclusion: Access to functional handwashing facilities among the refugee households was low. Our findings highlight the need for more and continued handwashing promotional programs, most especially among newly arrived refugees in the camp. PMID: 32322282 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - April 25, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Physical Activity among Adults with Low Socioeconomic Status Living in Industrialized Countries: A Meta-Ethnographic Approach to Understanding Socioecological Complexities.
Conclusion: Our major insight was that, in industrialized countries, physical activity overlooks potential strengths to maintain health and well-being of those people with low socioeconomic status. A more complex understanding of contradictions between positive and deficit frames would lead to more critical insights of research gaps of physical activity in adult population with low socioeconomic status. PMID: 32322283 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - April 25, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Usage Patterns of Cosmetic and Personal Care Products among Female Population in Saudi Arabia: Important Factors for Exposure and Risk Assessment.
This study provides, for the first time, baseline data on the usage patterns of a large number of widely consumed PCPs among female population pertaining to several sociodemographic strata. Such information is crucial for exposure and risk assessment and also needed for updating the current knowledge on usage of PCPs in Saudi Arabia. PMID: 32322284 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - April 25, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Domestic Groundwater Quality in the Northern Governorates of the West Bank, Palestine.
Authors: Hejaz B, Al-Khatib IA, Mahmoud N Abstract Like several parts in the Middle East, the West Bank is in a significant water scarcity status. Palestinians use groundwater as the main water source, supplying more than 90% of the consumed water in the West Bank. The aim of this study is to enhance the knowledge on drinking water quality in the West Bank. Groundwater quality data was obtained from the Palestinian Water Authority, including the years 2015 and 2016, from the Northern six districts of the West Bank. The water quality data were analyzed and matched with the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines ...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - April 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and Predictors of Storage of Unused Medicines among Households in Northwestern Ethiopia.
Authors: Yimenu DK, Teni FS, Ebrahim AJ Abstract Background: Unused medicines are those that are expired, discontinued, deteriorated, and/or not intended for any future use. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of unused medicines and predicting factors in households of Awi zone, Amhara regional state, Northwestern Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted. A survey of unused medicines was conducted through interviews with representatives of households. The collected data were entered with Epi Data version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 21 for analysis. Predictors ...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - April 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Stunting and Its Associated Factors among Children of 6-59 Months in Arba Minch Health and Demographic Surveillance Site (HDSS), Southern Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study.
Authors: Bogale B, Gutema BT, Chisha Y Abstract Methods: The community-based cross sectional study was conducted in the Arba Minch Health and Demographic Surveillance Site, Southern Ethiopia. The simple random sampling method was used to recruit 656 mother-child pairs. Height for age Z score was computed using WHO Anthro version 3.2.2 software. Multivariable logistic regression model was fitted, and adjusted odds ratio (AOR) at p value
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - April 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices on Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene among Rural Residents in Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia.
Conclusions: Poor knowledge, unfavorable attitude, and poor practice on WASH were common amongst the residents in rural Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Therefore, the health extension programs at primary health care should be revitalized in a way that can enhance the interventional measures to improve knowledge, attitude, and practice on WASH. PMID: 32256616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - April 8, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Health Behaviors among Male and Female University Students in Cambodia: A Cross-Sectional Survey.
This study examined a wide range of health behaviors and practices among 1,359 male and female students recruited from two public universities in Cambodia using a multistage cluster sampling method. Health-related information in different domains were collected using a structured questionnaire. We compared the variables in male and female students. Of the total, 50.8% were male and the mean age was 21.3 (SD = 2.3) years. The majority (79.5%) reported not having any vigorous-intensity activities, 25.9% not having moderate-intensity activities, and 33.5% not having walked continuously for 10 min over the...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - April 8, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Overview of "Systematic Reviews" of the Built Environment's Effects on Mental Health.
Conclusion. There was insufficient evidence to make firm conclusions on the effects of built environment interventions on mental health outcomes (well-being, depression and stress, and psychological distress). The evidence collected reported high heterogeneity (outcomes and measures) and a moderate- to low-quality assessment among the included SRs. PMID: 32256618 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - April 8, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Household Food Insecurity Predicts Childhood Undernutrition: A Cross-Sectional Study in West Oromia (Ethiopia).
Conclusions: The prevalence of household's food insecurity situation is very common and more pronounced among households with undernourished children aged 6-23 months in Ethiopia. The analysis of this work shows that moderately food-insecure households are a salient predictor for composite undernutrition, stunting, and underweight, but not for wasting. Thus, this finding informs the need for multisectoral strategies and policies to combat household's food insecurity and multiple forms of child undernutrition, beyond the socioeconomic wellbeing. PMID: 32211049 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - March 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Medical Waste-Sorting and Management Practices in Five Hospitals in Ghana.
Authors: Adu RO, Gyasi SF, Essumang DK, Otabil KB Abstract Hospital waste management in Ghana faces the risk of cross-contamination from the lack of thorough sorting of the waste at the points of generation, codisposal of hazardous and nonhazardous waste types, and use of open-fire pits and substandard incinerators for burning infectious waste. This has increased the potential for the spread of infections and chemical pollutants. A cross-sectional study was conducted in five hospitals in Ghana to assess behavioral patterns on waste sorting and the effectiveness of hospital waste management in Ghana. A total of 250 ...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - March 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of Occupational Health and Safety among Scavengers in Gaza Strip, Palestine.
This study deals with the occupational health and safety of valuable and recyclable waste collectors (called scavengers) in the Gaza Strip, Palestine. The analytical descriptive approach was used in this study to achieve this goal. Waste pickers in the study area are working informally at existing dumpsites, solid waste transfer stations, landfills, and community streets' bins areas. A sample of 301 scavengers was surveyed filling a structured questionnaire designed for this purpose, during individual interviews. In addition, interviews with key Palestinian officials in the Gaza Strip have been conducted to provide accurat...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - March 19, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research