Biomonitoring of Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) Activity among Smallholder Horticultural Farmers Occupationally Exposed to Mixtures of Pesticides in Tanzania.
This study assessed levels of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition and associated health effects in uncontrolled smallholder farming systems in rural Tanzania. A cross-sectional study was conducted of 90 exposed farmers and 61 nonexposed controls from horticultural zones. A structured questionnaire was administered, and a capillary blood sample of 10 μl was used to measure AChE activity using an Erythrocyte Acetylcholinesterase Test Mate Photometric Analyzer kit (Model 400). A multiple logistic regression model was used to investigate determinants of pesticide exposure. The study revealed that smallholder farme...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - October 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

The Common Missed Handwashing Instances and Areas after 15  Years of Hand-Hygiene Education.
This study is a quantitative study that was conducted in January 2018. The results show that the majority of participants only wash their hands after using the toilet (87%) or handling vomitus or faecal matter (91%). The mean duration of handwashing was 36.54 seconds (SD = 18.57). The areas of the hand most neglected during handwashing were the fingertips (48.1%), medial area (30.5%), and back of the hand (28%). A multiple logistic regression shows that participants who have reached third-level education or higher often tend to be more hand hygienic than those who have not reached third-level education...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - September 7, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Assessing the Progress towards Achieving "VISION 2020: The Right to Sight" Initiative in Ghana.
Conclusion: The Government of Ghana should revitalize the goals of VISION 2020 beyond the year 2020 and spearhead a concerted effort to ensure equitable distribution of human and infrastructural resources across the country. PMID: 31428165 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - August 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Increased Outdoor PM2.5 Concentration Is Associated with Moderate/Severe Anemia in Children Aged 6-59 Months in Lima, Peru.
In this study, we sought to analyze the association between outdoor particulate matter PM2.5 levels with anemia prevalence in children aged 6-59 months residing in Lima, Peru (n = 139,368), one of the cities with the worst air pollution in Latin America. The study period was from 2012 to 2016. Anemia was defined according to the World Health Organization (Hb 
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - August 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Rainwater as a Source of Drinking Water: Health Impacts and Rainwater Treatment.
Authors: Khayan K, Heru Husodo A, Astuti I, Sudarmadji S, Sugandawaty Djohan T Abstract Rainwater is the main source of drinking water in tropical communities, especially in West Kalimantan. Air contamination causes rainwater to become acidic and cloudy and adds heavy metals such as Pb into rainwater. In addition to pollution, the way in which the rainwater is collected such as through zinc roofing also exposes the rainwater to heavy metals. The presence of Pb in rainwater will have an impact on the health of the community in the long run. The model of simple water treatment using filtration is needed to overcome t...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - August 7, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

A Narrative Review of the Literature on Insufficient Sleep, Insomnia, and Health Correlates in American Indian/Alaska Native Populations.
We present recommendations for research and clinical practice based on the current review. PMID: 31360174 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - August 1, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

The National Tuberculosis Control Programme of Liberia Laboratory Programme Performance.
Conclusion: Between 2010 and 2013, the NLTCP succeeded in increasing the number of TB sputum microscopy laboratories. At most of the TB microscopy sites, the TB laboratory quality system was not implemented. The NLTCP of Liberia should develop strategies to overcome its challenges in TB laboratory testing. PMID: 31360175 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - August 1, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

A Qualitative Study Identifying Barriers and Facilitators of Physical Activity in Rural Communities.
Conclusion: Rural communities are distinct from one another with different views and approaches to PA. Future interventions designed to increase PA should be mindful of differences at the individual and town levels and avoid a one-size-fits-all approach. Interventions would benefit from insight and support from community members and stakeholders, to facilitate a tailored approach to increase PA. PMID: 31341485 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - July 26, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Quality of Drinking Water from Springs in Palestine: West Bank as a Case Study.
Authors: Daghara A, Al-Khatib IA, Al-Jabari M Abstract The shortage of fresh water creates acute challenges in the West Bank of Palestine. Springs provide a main water resource in the West Bank. Investigating springs' water quality is essential step for promoting their public use. The aim of this research is to assess the microbiological and physiochemical quality parameters of drinking water from springs. The study methodology included sampling through field work and laboratory testing for water quality parameters using standard procedures. The study area covered all locations containing licensed springs by the Pa...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - July 26, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Early Marriage, Cohabitation, and Childbearing in West Africa.
Authors: Avogo WA, Somefun OD Abstract The prevalence of child marriage in West Africa is one of the highest in the global south. Yet, much of what we know about the harmful effects of early marriage and why it persists comes from research on South Asia. Adopting life course family development perspectives on adolescent sexuality, we examine the linkages between the timing of union formation and childbearing across multiple countries with high rates of child marriage. Using the latest round of data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), we find that by age 18, 28 percent of adolescents in Nigeria, 25 percen...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - July 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

A Multilevel Analysis of Regressors of Access to Improved Drinking Water and Sanitation Facilities in Ghana.
Authors: Agbadi P, Darkwah E, Kenney PL Abstract People's access to quality water and sanitation resources significantly improves their health. Using the 2014 Ghana DHS dataset, multilevel robust Poisson regression modelling was performed to investigate the factors that enhance Ghanaian households' access to improved sources of drinking water and toilet facilities. The results indicated that household head and household socioeconomic factors have significant effects on access to improved sources of drinking water and toilet facilities, and this varies from one community of residence to another. The following househ...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - July 6, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Water-Handling Patterns and Associated Microbial Profiles in relation to Hygiene in Babati Town, Tanzania.
Conclusion: Determination of water-handling chains among the household is a novel approach which allows an understanding of the points at which highest fecal loading occurs. This approach therefore may inform the development of policies in the areas of household hygiene education, drinking water treatment, and water supply planning in urbanized towns in Tanzania and other developing countries. PMID: 31236117 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Redesign, Field-Testing, and Validation of the Physical Activity Campus Environmental Supports (PACES) Audit.
Authors: Horacek TM, Yildirim ED, Seidman D, Byrd-Bredbenner C, Colby S, White AA, Shelnutt KP, Olfert MD, Mathews AE, Riggsbee K, Franzen-Castle L, Morrell JS, Kattelmann K Abstract This paper describes the redesign, field-testing, and convergent validity of a practical tool-Physical Activity Campus Environmental Supports (PACES) audit. Methods. The audit includes two parts: (1) PACES-Programs, which is comprised of questions regarding populations served, fees, programs (recreation/fitness classes and intramurals), proximity, adequacy of facilities, and marketing, and (2) PACES-Facilities, which is comprised of qu...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of HPV Genotypes in South Europe: Comparisons between an Italian and a Turkish Unvaccinated Population.
Authors: Schettino MT, De Franciscis P, Schiattarella A, La Manna V, Della Gala A, Caprio F, Tammaro C, Ammaturo FP, Guler T, Yenigün EH Abstract The human papilloma virus (HPV) is a DNA virus associated with benign and malignant lesions of skin and mucous membranes and is the most common sexually transmitted viral infection worldwide. We investigated the prevalence of HPV infection and associated risk factors in Italian and Turkish women population attending the gynecology outpatients clinic in Naples (Italy) and Pamukkale (Turkey). Women were enrolled from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the U...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of Levels, Speciation, and Toxicity of Trace Metal Contaminants in Selected Shallow Groundwater Sources, Surface Runoff, Wastewater, and Surface Water from Designated Streams in Lake Victoria Basin, Uganda.
Authors: Bakyayita GK, Norrström AC, Kulabako RN Abstract The levels, speciation of elements, and toxicity of selected trace metals as well as other parameters in selected surface water, shallow groundwater sources, landfill leachate, and associated surface runoff in the Lake Victoria basin, Uganda, were studied. The WHO guidelines, Ugandan standards, Canadian guidelines and Swedish EPA were used for assessment. The shallow groundwater was acidic with pH values below 6.5. The pH, dissolved organic carbon, flouride, and sulphate levels for all springs were below the guideline values although 52.8% was contamina...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Diarrhea Prevention Practice and Associated Factors among Caregivers of Under-Five Children in Enemay District, Northwest Ethiopia.
Conclusion: This finding showed that diarrhea prevention practice among under-five children caregivers was low and prevention practice was significantly associated with caregivers' awareness on frequency of diarrhea in a day, occupation, and family size in a house. PMID: 31214265 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Interventions to Increase Blood Donation among Ethnic/Racial Minorities: A Systematic Review.
Authors: Makin JK, Francis KL, Polonsky MJ, Renzaho AMN Abstract Ethnic/racial minorities are under-represented in blood donor populations in most developed countries. This is of particular concern where minorities differ from a country's majority population in terms of blood or tissue typing, especially where type matching is required for effective management of rare disorders such as sickle-cell disease that require multiple transfusions. This systematic review assessed the effectiveness of interventions to increase blood donation among ethnic/racial minority populations in developed countries. We searched MEDLIN...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - June 1, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Determinants of Exposures to Hazardous Materials among Nail Cosmeticians in the Kampala City, Uganda.
Authors: Ssempebwa JC, Ndejjo R, Neebye RM, Atusingwize E, Musinguzi G Abstract Globally, nail salons represent a fast expanding industry and often with low-income cosmeticians. In general, cosmeticians have limited access to safety information about the hazardous materials they handle, which would potentially enable them to minimize workplace exposures. The problem is much pronounced in low- and middle-income countries due to weaknesses in regulation of the industry. We investigated determinants of exposures to hazardous materials among nail cosmeticians in Kampala District, Uganda. We employed a cross-sectional s...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 9, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Malaria Risk Stratification and Modeling the Effect of Rainfall on Malaria Incidence in Eritrea.
Conclusion: Change in rainfall patterns affect malaria incidence in Eritrea. Using routine malaria case reports and rainfall data, malaria incidences can be forecasted with acceptable accuracy. Further research should consider a village or health facility level modeling of malaria incidence by including other climatic factors like temperature and relative humidity. PMID: 31061663 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 9, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

The Impact of Heat on Health and Productivity among Maize Farmers in a Tropical Climate Area.
This study assessed the impact of heat on the health and productivity among maize farmers in a hot tropical country. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 396 maize farmers, randomly selected across Gombe province, Nigeria. The wet bulb globe temperature monitor (WBGT) Model QuesTemp036 was used in determining the heat index. Health was determined using a validated questionnaire, while productivity was determined by recording work output based on the number of ridges cultivated during the working hours. Results: The farms recorded mean heat index with standard deviation (SD) of 31.56 (2.19) and 34.08...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 9, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Epidemiology of Risky Sexual Behaviors in College and University Students in Ethiopia, 2018.
Conclusion and recommendation: Risky sexual behavior among students was high. Educational institutions should give special attention for male sex, alcohol user, and students who watch pornography. PMID: 31015844 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - April 26, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Safety of Drinking Water from Primary Water Sources and Implications for the General Public in Uganda.
Authors: Kasozi KI, Namubiru S, Kamugisha R, Eze ED, Tayebwa DS, Ssempijja F, Okpanachi AO, Kinyi HW, Atusiimirwe JK, Suubo J, Fernandez EM, Nshakira N, Tamale A Abstract Background: There is scarcity of information about the quality and safety of drinking water in Africa. Without such vital information, sustainable development goal number 6 which promotes availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation remains elusive especially in developing countries. The study aimed at determining concentrations of inorganic compounds, estimated daily intake (EDI), target hazard quotient (THQ), hazard index (HI)...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - April 26, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Aerobic Degradation of Clothianidin to 2-Chloro-methyl Thiazole and Methyl 3-(Thiazole-yl) Methyl Guanidine Produced by Pseudomonas stutzeri smk.
Authors: Parte SG, Kharat AS Abstract Overuse of pesticides in agriculture may harm environmental and agricultural yields. Sustainable maintenance of soil fertility and management of the environment have become a concern due to the persistence of pesticides in the soil. Microbes have various mechanisms for the bioremediation of persistent organic pollutants from the environment. A bacterium that degrades clothianidin was isolated from the pesticide and applied to agricultural soil by the enrichment technique. The identity of the bacterium was determined by studying morphological, cultural, and biochemical character...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - April 6, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Injury-Related Deaths according to Environmental, Demographic, and Lifestyle Factors.
Conclusion: The results confirm and extend previous research in which death from homicide, unintentional injuries, and suicide are distinctly associated with a combination of environmental, demographic, and lifestyle variables. The findings may be useful in developing strategies for reducing injury-related deaths. PMID: 30944571 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - April 6, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Disposal Practice of Unfit Medicines in Nongovernmental Hospitals and Private Medicine Outlets Located in Mwanza, Tanzania.
Conclusion: There was improper disposal of unfit medicines in health facilities studied, whereby commonly reported methods of disposal were pouring into the sink and putting into the street dustbin. In private medicines outlets, there was poor storage management practice as some of the unfit medicines were left unpacked into boxes or separated from the usable medicines and not properly labelled. PMID: 30944572 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - April 6, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Contamination Potentials of Household Water Handling and Storage Practices in Kirundo Subcounty, Kisoro District, Uganda.
The objective of this study was to assess the contamination potentials of different house water handling and storage practices in the Kirundo subcounty, Kisoro District, Uganda. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional and descriptive study in which 344 water samples were collected randomly and analysed for bacteriological contamination, total coliforms (TCs) and Escherichia coli per 100 ml, using the Most Probable Number (MPN) technique and reported in terms of CFU/100 ml. Results: The 43.2% samples from unprotected water sources had total coliforms and 34.1% had Escherichia coli. In analysed househol...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - April 6, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of Bacteriological and Physicochemical Quality of Drinking Water from Source to Household Tap Connection in Nekemte, Oromia, Ethiopia.
Authors: Duressa G, Assefa F, Jida M Abstract In Ethiopia, access to improved water supply and sanitation has been very low and hence majority of the communicable diseases are associated with unsafe and inadequate water supply. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess physicochemical and bacteriological characteristics of water from sources to household connection in Nekemte town. A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2015 to March 2016. Water samples were collected in triplicates from selected 30 sampling points from source, disinfection point, main distribution system tank, and household taps. All ...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - March 26, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Antimicrobial-Resistant Escherichia coli from Environmental Waters in Northern Colorado.
This study quantified and described ESBL- and KPC-producing E. coli in Northern Colorado from sewer water, surface water, and influent and effluent wastewater treatment sources. Total detected bacteria and E. coli abundances, and the percentages that contain ESBL and/or KPC, were compared between water sources. Seventy E. coli isolates from the various waters had drug resistance validated with a panel of 17 antibiotics using a broth microdilution assay. The diverse drug resistance observed across E. coli isolates was further documented by polymerase chain reaction of common ESBL genes and functional relatedness by PhenePla...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - March 26, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Performance of Epidemic Preparedness and Response Committees to Disease Outbreaks in Arua District, West Nile Region.
Authors: Afayo R, Buga M, Alege JB, Akugizibwe P, Atuhairwe C, Taremwa IM Abstract The Epidemic Preparedness and Response Committees (EPPRCs) are at the heart of preventing outbreaks from becoming epidemics by controlling the spread. Evidence-based information regarding factors associated with the performance of EPPRCs in preparedness and response to disease outbreaks is needed in order to improve their performance. A cross-sectional study involving 103 EPPRC members was carried out in Arua district, West Nile region, between the months of July and December 2014. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - March 13, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Determinants of Open Defecation in the Wa Municipality of Ghana: Empirical Findings Highlighting Sociocultural and Economic Dynamics among Households.
This study examined sociocultural and economic factors determining open defecation in the Wa Municipality, Ghana. The study employed a mixed method approach involving questionnaire administration to 367 households systematically selected from 21 communities, observation, and eight key informant interviews. The mixed logit model was used to determine the factors that significantly influence open defecation. The findings revealed that 49.8% of households had no form of toilet facility at home and were either using communal/public toilets or practicing open defecation. Several sociocultural and economic reasons account for th...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - March 13, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Exposure to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke at Airport Terminals.
This study assessed particulate matter
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - March 13, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Awareness of Occupational Hazards and Utilization of Safety Measures among Welders in Aksum and Adwa Towns, Tigray Region, Ethiopia, 2013.
Conclusion and Recommendation: Nearly half of respondents had knowledge about occupational hazards and high proportion of study subjects were used personal protective equipments. Safety and health training was the common factor to increase knowledge and personal protective usage practicing habits. Employers and other responsible bodies should encourage training and regular supervision should be made including on workers' safety and well-being. PMID: 30805014 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - February 27, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Socioeconomic Deprivation Status and Air Pollution by PM10 and NO2: An Assessment at Municipal Level of 11 Years in Italy.
Authors: Mannocci A, Ciarlo I, D'Egidio V, Del Cimmuto A, de Giusti M, Villari P, La Torre G Abstract The aim of this observational study was to assess the relationship between environmental risk factors and some aspects of social economic status (SES) of the population in different Italian municipalities. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter (PM10) annual means were extracted from ISPRA-BRACE (environmental information system of 483 Italian municipalities, 6% of the total amount of administrative units) from 2002 to 2012. As an indicator of sociodemographic and SES data, we collected the following: reside...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - February 7, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Parental Perceptions of Child's Medical Care and Neighborhood and Child's Behavioral Risk Factors for Obesity in U.S. Children by Body Mass Index Classification.
This study used the National Survey of Children's Health, 2011-2012, for 42,828 children, ages 10-17 years. Greater percent of children in the overweight/obese category performed no moderate-to-vigorous physical activity: 11.9 (10.6, 13.3) as compared to children in the underweight/normal weight category: 9.7 (8.9 10.6). No moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was associated with no preventive medical care, inadequate or no health care, parents reporting higher percent of no parks or playgrounds, and unsafe and unsupportive neighborhoods. Odds ratios of overweight/obesity were higher for males [OR = 2.06 (1.64, 2.60)], H...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - February 7, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Household Willingness-to-Pay for Improved Solid Waste Management Services in Four Major Metropolitan Cities in Ghana.
Conclusion: This study provides important evidence on important attribute of financing mechanism, willingness-to-pay for improved SWM services. Findings would contribute to efforts at finding sustainable financing mechanism for waste management services in Ghana. PMID: 30719051 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - February 7, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of Self-Medication Practices and Its Associated Factors among Undergraduates of a Private University in Nigeria.
This study therefore assessed the practice of self-medication among undergraduate students of a private university in Nigeria. Methods: The study employed a descriptive cross-sectional design. A pretested questionnaire was self-administered to 384 undergraduate students of the university. Data were analysed and summarised using descriptive and inferential statistics such as chi-squared and Fisher's exact tests. Results: Overall, 297 (81.8%) undergraduate students practiced self-medication. About 71% of the students had used analgesic, antibiotics (10.5%), and antimalarial drugs (33%) without prescription within one...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - January 25, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Factors Contributing to Low Adherence to Community-Based Health Insurance in Rural Nyanza District, Southern Rwanda.
This study aimed at determining the factors contributing to low adherence to the CBHI in rural Nyanza district, southern Rwanda. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted in nine health centers in rural Nyanza district from May 2017 to June 2017. A sample size of 495 outpatients enrolled in CBHI or not enrolled in the CBHI scheme was calculated based on 5% margin of error and a 95% confidence interval. Logistic regression was used to identify the determinants of low adherence to CBHI. Results: The study revealed that there was a significant association between long waiting time to be seen by a medical care...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - January 22, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Status of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Services Utilization and Factors Affecting PMTCT Service Uptake by Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Clinic in Selected Health Facilities of Afar Regional State, Ethiopia.
Authors: Akal CG, Afework DT Abstract Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is the predominant way for children to acquire human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection worldwide including Ethiopia. Thus, objective of this study was to determine the status of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services utilization and factors affecting PMTCT utilization in health facilities of Afar region, Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2014 to April 2015 taking 347 pregnant women and 22 health care providers. Data were collected using a questioner prepared separately for pregnant women a...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of Weekly Climatic Variables on Weekly Malaria Incidence throughout Thailand: A Country-Based Six-Year Retrospective Study.
This study aimed to evaluate climatic data, including mean temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall, and their association with malaria incidence throughout Thailand from 2012 to 2017. The correlation of climatic parameters including temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall in each province and the weekly malaria incidence was analyzed using Spearman's rank correlation. The results showed that the mean temperature correlated with malaria incidence (p value
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Childcare Correlates of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Adiposity in Preschool Children: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the SPLASHY Study.
Conclusions: More frequent child-initiated interactions and mixing different ages in CC, the presence of a written PA policy, and a larger CC surface are correlates of PA and SB during CC attendance days and/or of overall PA. Parental involvement in CC PA projects was a correlate for reduced body fat. These novel factors are mostly modifiable and can be tackled/addressed in future interventions. PMID: 30651743 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Workload Determines Workplace Stress among Health Professionals Working in Felege-Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia.
Conclusion: The level of workplace stress among health professionals was found to be high. This was due to long working hours and working in night shift. Identifying the source of workplace stress among health professionals should be a great concern for health service managers and other stakeholders. PMID: 30598668 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - January 2, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Reasons for Declining Consent in a Population-Based Cohort Study Conducted in a Rural South American Community.
Authors: Del Brutto OH, Castillo PR, Sedler MJ, Del Brutto VJ, Zambrano M, Mera RM, Wright CB, Rundek T Abstract There is limited information on participants' adherence and reasons for declining consent in observational cohort studies conducted in remote rural communities. We aimed at sharing lessons learned during the Atahualpa Project, a population-based cohort study conducted in a rural Ecuadorian village. Atahualpa residents aged ≥40 years identified during door-to-door surveys who signed a consent form were enrolled. Annual surveys were conducted to assess the number of participants who moved out of the vil...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - January 2, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Exploring the Influence of Daily Climate Variables on Malaria Transmission and Abundance of Anopheles arabiensis over Nkomazi Local Municipality, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa.
In this study, we investigate the influence of climatic factors on malaria transmission over Nkomazi Municipality. The variability and interconnectedness between the variables were analyzed using wavelet coherence analysis. Time-series analyses revealed that malaria cases significantly declined after the outbreak in early 2000, but with a slight increase from 2015. Furthermore, the wavelet coherence and time-lagged correlation analyses identified rainfall and abundance of Anopheles arabiensis as the major variables responsible for malaria transmission over the study region. The analysis further highlights a high malaria in...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - December 28, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and Risk Factors of ACO (Asthma-COPD Overlap) in Aboriginal People.
Conclusion: The results from this study will provide information to aid the development of prevention and intervention strategies for Aboriginal communities. PMID: 30584428 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - December 28, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Composting of Solid Waste at Household Level in Masaka Municipality, Central Uganda.
Authors: Nsimbe P, Mendoza H, Wafula ST, Ndejjo R Abstract The domestic solid waste stream composition of urban settings in many developing countries including Uganda is largely biodegradable in nature, and thus, composting provides the most suitable solid waste management option for these wastes. However, there is limited information about waste composting at the household level and associated determinants in Uganda. A cross-sectional study was employed to collect quantitative data from 368 residents of Masaka municipality, Central Uganda. A semistructured interviewer administered questionnaire was used which asse...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - December 26, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Diagnostic Errors in Tuberculous Patients: A Multicenter Study from a Developing Country.
In conclusion, it seems likely that efforts to improve public awareness of and health literacy for TB, to coordinate the referral and follow-up systems of patients, and to improve physicians' skills in history taking and physical examination and clinical reasoning will result in reduced delay in diagnosis of TB and, perhaps, improved patient safety and community health. PMID: 30538752 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - December 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

A Mixed Methods Study on the Barriers and Facilitators of Physical Activity Associated with Residential Relocation.
Authors: Salvo G, Lashewicz BM, Doyle-Baker PK, McCormack GR Abstract Despite evidence suggesting that neighbourhood characteristics are associated with physical activity, very few mixed methods studies investigate how relocating neighbourhood, and subsequent changes in the built environment, influences physical activity. This sequential mixed methods study estimates associations between changes in overall physical activity and transportation walking and cycling and changes in objectively assessed neighbourhood walkability (quantitative phase) and describes perceived barriers and facilitators to physical activity f...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - December 6, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Building Resilience to Climate Change: Pilot Evaluation of the Impact of India's First Heat Action Plan on All-Cause Mortality.
Conclusion: Extreme heat and HAP warnings after implementation were associated with decreased summertime all-cause mortality rates, with largest declines at highest temperatures. Ahmedabad's plan can serve as a guide for other cities attempting to increase resilience to extreme heat. PMID: 30515228 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - December 6, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Bacteriological Assessment of Bottled Drinking Water Available at Major Transit Places in Mangalore City of South India.
Conclusion: Surveillance of bottled water manufacturing industries in the settings on a regular basis needs to be done by regulatory agencies. These measures will ensure safe and wholesome bottled water for public usage. PMID: 30498514 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - December 2, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of HCV Infection in Household Contacts of Chronic Liver Diseases Cases in Egypt.
Authors: Bayomy Helal HE, Yuonis A, Shaker RHM, Elawady MA Abstract Background: Egypt has the highest prevalence of HCV infection worldwide. This project aimed at identifying the role of HCV transmission among household contacts to index cases in the persistent high incidence of HCV infection in Egypt. Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited 70 Egyptian cases with chronic liver diseases and their household contacts (140 contacts) from Qalubeyia Governorate. An interview questionnaire was used to collect information on sociodemographic characteristics and risk factors to HCV infection. HCV-RNA was tested u...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - November 28, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research