Assessment of the Presence of Resistance Genes Detected from the Environment and Selected Food Products in Benin.
This study aimed to characterize ESBL production and virulence genes from multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli isolated from specimen collected from the environment, kitchen, and food products. A total of 130 samples were collected at local markets in seven different communities in Benin (Abomey-Calavi, Ouidah, Bohicon, Abomey, Parakou, Djougou, and Grand-Popo). Samples were cultured on McConkey and ChromID™ ESBL agar plates. The isolates were identified by the API 20E gallery. An antibiotic susceptibility test was carried out, and the detection of ESBL production and virulence-associated genes was carried out b...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - February 23, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge and Understanding of Personal Protective Equipment Use among Laborer Population of the Nepalese Workforce.
Authors: Gurung P, Dahal M, Baral K, Pathak A, Khanal S Abstract The constructing laborers are mainly unskilled, untrained, migrant, socially backward, and uneducated with low bargaining power. Thus, we assessed the knowledge and prevalence on occupational safety and health (OSH) of laborers working at private constructing sites. A descriptive cross-sectional study of 229 laborers working at private constructing sites selected by 30 cluster sampling methods from the Lalitpur metropolitan city and Mahalaxmi municipality was conducted using a structured questionnaire and observation checklist. EpiData and SPSS were u...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - February 13, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Healthcare Waste Status and Handling Practices during COVID-19 Pandemic in Tepi General Hospital, Ethiopia.
Authors: Mekonnen B, Solomon N, Wondimu W Abstract Background: Mismanagement of healthcare waste (HCW) during the COVID-19 pandemic can facilitate the transmission of coronavirus. Regarding this problem, there is gap of evidence in Ethiopia, and this study aimed to assess the HCW generation rate and management in Tepi General Hospital, southwest Ethiopia. Methods: Institution-based cross-sectional and case studies were conducted. The total amount of waste generated and its type among various case teams were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis test. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (r) was used to assess th...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - February 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Multivariate Analysis of COVID-19 for Countries with Limited and Scarce Data: Examples from Nepal.
Authors: Devkota JU Abstract This paper aims to understand the dynamics of the spread of COVID-19 for Nepal. It is carried out with the help of multivariate statistics techniques. Direct relationships among variables are obvious, as they are easily seen and measured. But, hidden variables and their interrelationships also have a significant effect on the spread of a pandemic. Multinomial logistic regression, odds ratio, linear mixed-effect models, and principal component analysis are used here to analyze these hidden variables and their interrelationships. Also, such studies are very important for countries with li...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - February 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Modern Health Service Utilization and Associated Factors among Adults in Southern Ethiopia.
Conclusion: Modern health services utilization was found to be unsatisfactory. Being married, wealth status being middle and high, having chronic health conditions, and having poor perceived health status were found to have a statistically significant association with health service utilization. PMID: 33505477 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - January 30, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Aerobic Training Modulates the Increase in Plasma Concentrations of Cytokines in response to a Session of Exercise.
Authors: Fonseca TR, Mendes TT, Ramos GP, Cabido CET, Morandi RF, Ferraz FO, Miranda AS, Mendonça VA, Teixeira AL, Silami-Garcia E, Nunes-Silva A, Teixeira MM Abstract Acute physical exercise can modulate immune function. For example, acute exercise is known to increase the circulating concentration of cytokines. Exercise is also known to modulate immune function chronically. It is not known whether exercise training can result in training of the immune system. Here, we investigated the effects of six weeks of aerobic training on cytokine responses induced by acute exercise until fatigue. Twelve healthy men ...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - January 30, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalent Health Problems among Nepalese Underground Construction Workers.
This study calculated the prevalence of common health problems among Nepalese underground construction workers in comparison to heavy construction workers. This type of study is rare in the context of Nepal and other developing countries, and we hope that the findings will help to take precautions for the prevention of these conditions. Method: It was a retrospective study based on the clinical record of outpatient cases and general health checkups of all Nepalese workers available at the Project clinic, Upper Tamakoshi Hydroelectric Project, Gongar, Bigu, Dolakha. We studied three hundred and ninety-eight workers. We ...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - January 27, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Long-Term Effects of Environmental Lead on Erythropoietin Production in Young Adults: A Follow-Up Study of a Prospective Cohort in Kosovo.
Conclusion: Our results, along with previously reported findings on this cohort, suggest that a dramatic reduction of Pb exposure may allow for a reversal of the impact that prolonged Pb exposure may have on EPO production. PMID: 33456476 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - January 20, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Policy Literacy, Barriers, and Gender Impact on Accessibility to Healthcare Services under Compulsory Migrant Health Insurance among Myanmar Migrant Workers in Thailand.
Authors: Naing SHH, Isaramalai SA, Sukmag P Abstract Accessibility to health service and experience of healthcare are important factors for public health policymaking. The current study aimed to describe the status of accessibility and barriers to getting care as well as policy literacy among Myanmar migrant workers and ultimately to identify the predictors of accessibility to healthcare services among this population through Thailand's Compulsory Migrant Health Insurance (CMHI). A cross-sectional survey was used to collect data from 240 Myanmar migrant workers who were 18 years or older, resided in Songkhla Provin...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - January 20, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

A Survey on Daily Activity Inclination and Health Complaints among Urban Youth in Malaysia.
Authors: Chen AH, Rosli SA, Hovis JK Abstract Environmental influence is one of the attributing factors for health status. Chronic interaction with electronic display technology and lack of outdoor activities might lead to health issues. Given the concerns about the digital impact on lifestyle and health challenges, we aimed to investigate the daily activity inclination and health complaints among the Malaysian youth. A self-administered questionnaire covering lifestyle and health challenges was completed by 220 youths aged between 16 and 25. There were a total of 22 questions. Seven questions inspected the pattern...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - December 31, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Unintentional Injuries and Sociodemographic Factors among Households in Ethiopia.
This study was done from the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey conducted in 2016. The survey collected information about unintentional injuries and injury mechanisms in the past 12 months among 16,650 households. The selection of households was from nine regions and two city administrations of Ethiopia using a stratified cluster sampling procedure. Descriptive statistics were used to characterize the data and the chi-square test was applied as a test of significance and a p value of
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - December 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Assessing the Correlation between Malaria Case Mortality Rates and Access to Health Facilities in the Malaria Region of Vhembe District, South Africa.
Conclusion: The results suggested that malaria patients from larger communities, those who had financial or other means to consult more advanced facilities, or those with a larger variety of services had a significantly lower risk of mortality. The findings of this study could assist societies and authorities in mitigating the negative effects of malaria infections on human life expectancies through improved socioeconomic development. PMID: 33343669 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - December 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Radon-222 Exposure and Dose Concentration Levels in Jordanian Dwellings.
This study aims to replicate those efforts using a more accurate and modern way of detection for the purpose of comparing the current values with literature values and to update the previous radon concentration map of Jordan. The study concludes that radon concentrations in Jordan have mostly increased in the past 30 years from an overall average of 52 Bq/m3 to an average of 60.4 Bq/m3. Despite the increase, these results are considered under the threat line that is estimated conventionally by most of the international environmental and radiation-related organizations, which is 100-300 Bq/m3. It should...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - December 11, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Determinants of Household Solid Waste Generation and Composition in Homs City, Syria.
Authors: Noufal M, Yuanyuan L, Maalla Z, Adipah S Abstract The absence of accurate information on the state of waste is a challenge to the solid waste management system in Syria. The local authorities commonly estimate the quantity of waste produced and its characterisation, which is the starting point for solid waste management planning. So, this paper aims to evaluate the generation and composition of household solid waste in Homs city, Syria. Also, the study presents factors influencing the waste generation rate and the waste composition. The study was carried out in 300 families from four zones in Homs city, an...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - December 11, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Waterpipe Nicotine Dependence and Depressive Symptoms among Adolescent Waterpipe and Dual Users.
Conclusions: Our study shows that there is a statistically significant association between depressive symptoms and WTP nicotine dependence and higher dependence among dual users compared to WTP-only smokers. The WNDS can be a useful tool to assess WTP nicotine dependence with high internal consistency. However, a longitudinal study is needed to further understand the association and temporality between the depressive symptoms and WTP nicotine dependence. Additionally, research is needed to shorten the WNDS while maintaining high internal consistency and assess the external validity of the WNDS and the short- and long-term ...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - November 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Estimating Emission Load from Road Transportation within the Bhaktapur Municipality, Nepal.
Authors: Neupane PR, Bajracharya I, Manandhar BR, Prajapati M, Sujakhu H, Awal P Abstract Vehicular emissions have been playing a pivotal role in deteriorating air quality in many urban parts of Nepal causing adverse impacts upon the health of commuters and pedestrians attributed to severe respiratory diseases. Primary data such as the number of vehicles (N) were obtained using two-hour peak (8 am to 10 am) and two-hour nonpeak (1 pm to 3 pm) count, after which average annual vehicle kilometer (VKT) and fuel economy (F) required for emission load estimation were obtained from vehicle survey using the simple random ...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - November 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Latrine Availability and Associated Factors among Religious Institutions in Northern Ethiopia, 2018.
Conclusion: Latrine availability was very low when compared to the national target of 100% among religious institutions and was affected by the currently saved money towards having a latrine, any messages seen, heard, or received on sanitation and hygiene, and the place where the messages were received. Information regarding latrine availability should be provided to the community visiting religious institutions through available channels and promotion of practical models. PMID: 33193765 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - November 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Clean and Safe Healthcare Environment: Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Infection Prevention and Control among Health Workforce at North Showa Zone Oromiya Region.
Conclusion: In this study, a significant number of health workers had low knowledge, negative attitudes, and poor infection prevention practices. Female participants, higher work experience, a positive attitude, and water availability in the healthcare facilities were positively associated with infection prevention and control practice. Healthcare facilities should be continued capacitating the health workforce on infection prevention and control measures and equipping health facilities with infection prevention materials. PMID: 33178291 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - November 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Overview of Legal and Policy Framework Approaches for Plastic Bag Waste Management in African Countries.
Authors: Nyathi B, Togo CA Abstract Plastic bag waste is a major challenge in several African countries. As a way of reducing the detrimental effects posed by plastic bags, governments have adopted various approaches for plastic bag waste management that include levies, bans and or the combination of the two. Despite the adoption of anti-plastic bag policies in several African countries, there has been limited investigation regarding their effectiveness. Thus, the present paper reviews the effectiveness of legal and policy framework approaches for plastic bag waste management in African countries. This systematic r...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - November 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Healthcare Waste Management Practice and Associated Factors among Private and Public Hospitals of Bahir Dar City Administration.
Authors: Assemu DM, Tafere TE, Gelaw YM, Bantie GM Abstract Background: Lack of an appropriate management practice of healthcare waste is a potential threat to the healthcare workers, patients, and nearby communities of the health institutions. Objective: The study aimed to assess the healthcare waste management practices (HCWMP) and associated factors among healthcare workers of private and public hospitals of Bahir Dar city administration, Ethiopia. Methods: A facility-based comparative cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2016 to April 2017. The systematic random sampling technique was employ...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - November 7, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge Level and Associated Factors of Reproductive Health Issues among Secondary School Students in Woldia Town, Amhara, Ethiopia, 2019: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion and Recommendations. The knowledge of respondents on reproductive health issues in the study area was found to be low. Hence, it is better to improve access to information to the secondary school students on RHS through trained health workers and accessible RHS. PMID: 33144866 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - November 5, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

"Effects of Tobacco Smoke on Aeroallergen Sensitization and Clinical Severity among University Students and Staff with Allergic Rhinitis".
In conclusion, tobacco smoke exposure did not appear to have much influence on aeroallergen sensitization for 7 of the 8 antigens examined. However, for the Periplaneta americana antigen, there was a highly significant correlation with patients experiencing worsened allergic rhinitis symptoms. Overall, it was observed that allergic rhinitis patients exposed to tobacco smoke had more severe clinical symptoms. Future studies should look for other potential antigens of interest, such as mould. Implementation of public health practices reducing exposure to tobacco smoke could have benefits in allergic rhinitis patients. PM...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - October 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Antimicrobial Resistance among Community-Acquired Uropathogens in Mashhad, Iran.
Conclusion. E. coli and Klebsiella species accounted for about two-thirds of community-acquired uropathogens. In regard to the high susceptibility rates, nitrofurantoin was identified as the first-choice agent for empiric treatment of community-acquired cystitis, while cefixime and gentamicin might be the second-choice alternatives. Ciprofloxacin and TMP-SMX, on the other hand, cannot be considered appropriate agents for empiric therapy of community-acquired UTIs, particularly in those who had exposure to antibiotics in the past 3 months and the elderly. PMID: 33082791 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environm...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - October 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Birzeit University Students' Perception of Bottled Water Available in the West Bank Market.
The objective of the study is to assess the perception of Birzeit University students' of the bottled water marketed in the West Bank and its impact on the humans and the environment. Universities play an important role in providing awareness about environmental issues and sustainability, and university students are thought to be more environmentally conscious about these issues. A quantitative survey was used to analyze the behaviors and perceptions of Birzeit University students. The sample size was 375 students, distributed according to the college, gender, and the academic year at the university. The results show that ...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Uterine Cancer Mortality in White and African American Females in Southeastern North Carolina.
Conclusion. White females living in adjacent to hog CAFOs areas of southeastern NC have lower rates of mortality from uterine cancer than African American females, but they have higher odds of death compared to their counterparts living in other NC areas. African American females living near CAFOs also have modest increases from their high baseline mortality. While the observed associations do not prove a causation, improving access to screening and medical care is important to mitigate this health issues in southeastern NC. PMID: 33061996 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice in respect of Medical Waste Management among Healthcare Workers in Clinics.
Authors: Akkajit P, Romin H, Assawadithalerd M Abstract Medical waste represents a significant health risk and an environmental pollution concern due to its hazardous characteristics. The knowledge and practice of healthcare personnel in respect of the disposal of medical waste is essential to perform effective medical waste management. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to medical waste management among healthcare workers in clinics (medical and dental clinics, specialized medical, laboratory clinics, polyclinics, and midwifery clinics) in Phuket, Thailan...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

A Qualitative Study of Barriers to Personal Protective Equipment Use among Laundry Workers in Government Hospitals, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
Conclusion: Organizational- and individual-level barriers have been identified as causes for the low level of personal protective equipment use among hospital laundry workers. Therefore, improving institutional supplies in quantity and quality may have a positive implication for the improvement of infection prevention practices in the study area. Also, designing sustainable strategies and raising laundry workers' awareness of a safe work environment may lead to the improvement of infection prevention practices. PMID: 33029156 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - October 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

The Influence of Apparent Temperature on Mortality in the Kintampo Health and Demographic Surveillance Area in the Middle Belt of Ghana: A Retrospective Time-Series Analysis.
Authors: Wiru K, Oppong FB, Agyei O, Zandoh C, Nettey OE, Adda R, Gasparrini A, Asante KP Abstract Globally, studies have shown that diurnal changes in weather conditions and extreme weather events have a profound effect on mortality. Here, we assessed the effect of apparent temperature on all-cause mortality and the modifying effect of sex on the apparent temperature-mortality relationship using mortality and weather data archived over an eleven-year period. An overdispersed Poisson regression and distributed lag nonlinear models were used for this analysis. With these models, we analysed the relative risk of mort...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - October 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Individual and Community Factors Associated with Household Insecticide-Treated Bednet Usage in the Sunyani West District of Ghana Two Years after Mass Distribution.
This study determined the level of ownership and usage of ITNs and associated factors among households in the Sunyani West district two years after the mass distribution campaign. Methods: Study participants were identified using the systematic approach in all five subdistricts of the Sunyani West district and interviewed, and data were collected on household ITN ownership. Data were also collected on the source of the ITN and whether the respondent slept under an ITN the previous night. Data on individual and community factors associated with ITN ownership and usage were also collected. Pearson chi-square tests and lo...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - October 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Antibiotic Resistance Profile of Bacteria Isolated from Wastewater Systems in Eastern Ethiopia.
Authors: Teshome A, Alemayehu T, Deriba W, Ayele Y Abstract World Health Organizations launched a global action plan on antimicrobial resistance since 2015. Along with other objectives, the plan was aimed to strengthen knowledge of the spread of antimicrobial resistance through surveillance and research. Given their high bacterial densities and that they receive antibiotics, metals, and other selective agents, wastewater systems are a logical hotspot for antibiotic resistance surveillance. The current study reports on the result of antibiotic resistance surveillance conducted in selected wastewater systems of Easte...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - October 6, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Sources and Toxicity of Mercury in the San Francisco Bay Area, Spanning California and Beyond.
This report synthesizes and evaluates published scientific literature on the environmental occurrence and biomagnification of mercury with emphasis on the San Francisco Bay Area (SFBA), California. Mercury forms various compounds, well known for their toxicity in humans and environmental ecosystems. Elemental mercury is transported and distributed by air, water, and sediments. Through the metabolic processes of algae and bacteria, mercury is converted into organic compounds, such as methylmercury (MeHg), which then bioaccumulates up through trophic levels. In fish, it is found primarily in skeletal muscle, while in humans,...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - October 6, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Urinary Paraben Concentration and Its Association with Serum Triglyceride Concentration in 2013-2014 NHANES Participants: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: Despite the potential detrimental effects of parabens on triglycerides, our results suggest that urinary excretions of methylparaben, ethylparaben, and propylparaben are associated with lower concentrations of circulating triglycerides in certain populations. Further research is needed to confirm the mechanisms and health impact of this relationship. PMID: 33014082 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - October 6, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Stress among Portuguese Medical Students: A National Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: This study found high stress levels among Portuguese medical students, associated with social determinants and the intrinsic complexity of the course. This is worrying, and it elucidates the importance of coping strategies to make students deal with stress and be healthier, currently and in the future. PMID: 32963557 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - September 25, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Self-Medication Practices among the Adolescent Population of South Karnataka, India.
Authors: Mathias EG, D'souza A, Prabhu S Abstract Introduction: Self-medication is used every day in the form of self-care of our health. Different studies in India have shown that more than 50% of the adolescent population takes self-medication every day for their health. Self-medication is an important concern at the global level, and it is an important issue in the health area. Aims: To determine the prevalence of self-medication among adolescents, identifying the commonly used drugs as self-medication and finding the association between self-medication and selected demographic variables are important. M...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - September 25, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and Determinants of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Pregnant Women Receiving Antenatal Care in Kasoa Polyclinic, Ghana.
Conclusions: A prevalence of 14.3% pregnant women compared to previous studies in Ghana is relatively low. It however suggests that intestinal parasitic infection is still a problem. The major factors noted were age, gravidity, and gestational age. Routine stool examination and provision of public health education are recommended to prevent infection of pregnant mothers and their unborn babies. PMID: 32963559 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - September 25, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Calibration of the Epilepsy Questionnaire for Use in a Low-Resource Setting.
Conclusions: Routine seizure histories are not standardized. The use of a questionnaire goes a long way in improving semiology description in a low-resource setting and guides the health provider on what details to focus on. The use of epilepsy questionnaires should, therefore, be considered to improve semiology, especially in nonspecialist settings. PMID: 32934658 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - September 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices on Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene in Some Selected LGAs in Kaduna State, Northwestern Nigeria.
This study assessed the level of knowledge, behavior, and practices towards water, sanitation, and hygiene in Kaduna state, Nigeria, with a view to ensuring sustainable WASH facilities intervention in the region. Data collection tools included spot check observation and questionnaire involving 854 participants, selected from five local government areas (LGAs): Chikun, Kajuru, Soba, Kachia, and Zango Kataf. From the results, major drinking water sources were surface waters (52.5%) and unprotected hand dug wells (44.8%); only 46.2% treated their water supply and few (16.6%) used chlorination method. Pit latrine toilets were ...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - September 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Forecasting Maternal Complications Based on the Impact of Gross National Income Using Various Models for Rwanda.
This study is aimed to forecast the three years of maternal mortalities (MMs) based on the influence of gross national income (GNI) in Rwanda. Methods: The period involved is from January 2009 to April 2018. Data analyzed were obtained from the Central Hospital of the University of Kigali (CHUK) and mined data from the WHO database. Time series approach (Box-Jenkins and exponential smoothing) and linear regression models were applied. Besides, IBM-SPSS and Eviews were used in the analysis. Results: The results revealed that MMs were not statistically different in several years, and there was a significant correlati...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - September 16, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Latrine Ownership and Its Determinants in Rural Villages of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: Households owning latrine at the community level were low. The desired level of latrine ownership will be realized if all sanitation and hygiene components are kept on eye side by side in line with identified predictor factors. PMID: 32879630 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - September 5, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Level of Patient Satisfaction with Inpatient Services and Its Determinants: A Study of a Specialized Hospital in Ethiopia.
This study was performed with the aim of assessing the level of patient satisfaction with inpatient services and its determinants in Black Lion Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted from November 25th to December 20th, 2015, using 398 randomly selected patients. Ethical clearance was obtained from the Jimma University research review board, and verbal consent was also received from the study participants during data collection time. A pretested structured interview questionnaire was used to collect data from study participants. The collected data were...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - August 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Assessing Impact of Household Intervention on Indoor Air Quality and Health of Children with Asthma in the US-Mexico Border: A Pilot Study.
This study aims to examine the impact of the combined intervention with asthma education and air purifier on IAQ and health outcomes in the US-Mexico border area. An intervention study conducted in McAllen, Texas, between June and November 2019 included 16 households having children with asthma. The particulate matter (PM2.5) levels were monitored in the bedroom, kitchen, and living room to measure the IAQ for 7 days before and after the intervention, respectively. Multiple surveys were applied to evaluate changes in children's health outcomes. The mean PM2.5 levels in each place were significantly improved. Overall, they ...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - August 26, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of Petroleum Exposure on Some Hematological Indices, Interleukin-6, and Inflammatory Markers of Workers at Petroleum Stations in Basra City.
Conclusion: The changes in all hematology and inflammatory parameters refer to damage in the hematopoietic system due to continuous exposure to vapors of petrol products, which also result in a significant increase in interleukin-6. PMID: 32831856 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - August 26, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Underweight and Its Associated Factors among Reproductive Age Group Women in Ethiopia: Analysis of the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey Data.
Conclusion: Underweight among reproductive age group women in Ethiopia is still a major public health problem, particularly among rural dwellers. Underweight was significantly associated with different sociodemographic variables. Hence, context-based awareness creation programs need to be designed on the prevention methods of underweight in Ethiopia, giving especial emphasis to those residing in rural areas. PMID: 32802085 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - August 19, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Occupational Injuries and Associated Risk Factors among Workers in Bahir Dar Textile Share Company, Amhara Region, Northwest Ethiopia.
Authors: Damtie D, Siraj A Abstract Introduction: Occupational injuries are occurrences arising out of, or in the course of, work which results in a fatal or nonfatal injury, e.g., a fall from a height or contact with moving machines. They pose psychological, behavioral, social, vocational, and economic problems. No previous studies have been conducted on the prevalence and associated risk factors of occupational injuries among workers in Bahir Dar Textile Share Company (SC). Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated risk factors of occupational injury in Bahir Dar Textile SC, Northwest Et...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - August 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices about Trachoma in Rural Communities of Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia: Implications for Prevention and Control.
Conclusion: Our study implies that areas with high burden of trachoma need to improve communities' knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards trachoma prevention and control in order to eliminate trachoma as a public health problem. Therefore, health education focused on SAFE strategy should be provided to increase knowledge and changing attitudes that contribute for good practices towards trachoma prevention and control among communities. PMID: 32774392 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - August 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Parent-Adolescent Communication on Sexual and Reproductive Health Issues and Associated Factors among Preparatory and Secondary School Students of Dabat Town, Northwest Ethiopia.
Conclusion: This study showed that the proportion of parent-adolescent communication on sexual and reproductive health issues was low. Male sex, family income greater than ETB 1,000, and good knowledge and favorable attitude of adolescents had significant association with the communication. PMID: 32774393 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - August 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Utilization of Cactus Peel as Biosorbent for the Removal of Reactive Dyes from Textile Dye Effluents.
In this study, batch experiments were conducted to investigate the biosorption characteristics of cactus peel on the removal of reactive red dye from aqueous solutions. The effects of solution pH, biosorbent dosage, contact time, and initial concentration were studied. The interaction effects of process variables were analysed using response surface methodology. The results showed that removal efficiency increased as initial dye concentration and solution pH decreased and as biosorbent dosage and contact time increased. The highest removal efficiency (99.43%) was achieved at solution pH, initial dye concentration, biosorbe...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - August 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Genotoxic Effect of Lead and Cadmium on Workers at Wastewater Plant in Iraq.
Authors: Ibrahem S, Hassan M, Ibraheem Q, Arif K Abstract Heavy metal poisoning is a worldwide problem that is caused by different human industrial activities such as battery and painting manufacturing and occupational exposure of those working at petrol stations. Wastewater is known to contain higher amounts of heavy metals such as lead (Pd) and cadmium (Cd) and might be sources of exposure for workers at the wastewater treatment plant. However, to our best knowledge, no studies were done to evaluate the level of cadmium and lead in blood of workers at wastewater treatment plants and evaluate the subsequent effect...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - August 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Microbial Air Quality in Neighborhoods near Landfill Sites: Implications for Public Health.
Authors: Odonkor ST, Mahami T Abstract Air pollution has been a major challenge worldwide particularly in the developing world. Improper waste disposal and management may result in microbial air pollution. In advanced countries, landfill sites are far from neighborhoods; however, the opposite is observed for landfill sites in the developing world. In Accra, some landfill sites are 100 meters from neighborhoods. The aim of this study was to assess the microbial air quality and associated environmental health hazards of landfill sites in selected districts in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. A random sampling metho...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - August 2, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Public Knowledge and Attitude towards Epilepsy and Its Associated Factors: Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study, Ethiopia, 2019.
Conclusions: The current study revealed that nearly half of Debre Berhan dwellers have deficits in terms of general knowledge about epilepsy and attitude towards a person living with epilepsy. Poor knowledge about epilepsy and unfavorable attitude towards a person living with epilepsy are likely to have an important impact on stigmatization and treatment-seeking behavior, and it should be given due attention. It would be better if health educators give special emphasis for the individuals with predictors of poor knowledge and unfavorable attitude. PMID: 32724319 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - July 31, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research