Correction to: Low Life Course Socioeconomic Status (SES) Is Associated with Negative NEO PI-R Personality Patterns
After the publication of the original article, the Editor was notified by Duke University that they have determined the authorship to be incomplete. Consequently, Dr Edward Suarez has been added as a co-author to represent his contribution to the conception and design of the work and acquisition of the data. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - July 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Minority Stress and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Among Sexual Minorities: Mediating Effects of Sense of Mastery
ConclusionsResearch and interventions should aim to reduce CVD risk factors and target minority stressors and mastery to improve the cardiovascular health of sexual minorities. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - July 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in the Relationship Between Traumatic Childhood Experiences and Suboptimal Sleep Dimensions Among Adult Women: Findings from the Sister Study
AbstractBackgroundTraumatic childhood experiences (TCEs) are associated with poor adulthood sleep, but racial/ethnic disparities have not been well-studied. We investigated the TCE-adulthood sleep relationship among non-Hispanic (NH)-White, NH-Black, and Hispanic/Latina women.MethodWomen enrolled in the Sister Study from 2003 to 2009 reported the following TCEs in a follow-up interview (2008 –2012): natural disasters; major accidents; household dysfunction; and sexual, physical, and psychological/emotional abuse. Sleep characteristics included short sleep duration (  30 vs. ≤ 30 min), frequent n...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cumulative Burden of Mental Health Factors and Engagement in HIV Care in Argentina
This study examined the relationship between the cumulative burden of mental health conditions and factors associated with engagement in HIV care in Argentina.MethodData for this study was obtained at baseline from Conexiones y Opciones Positivas en la Argentina 2 (COPA2). Participants (N = 360) were cisgender patients living with HIV who were lost to care, recruited from seven clinics serving people living with HIV in four Argentine urban centers. Cumulative burden of mental health conditions (i.e., depressive symptoms, problematic substance use, unhealthy alcohol use, and psyc hotic symptoms) was assessed.R...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

What Competences Are Required to Deliver Person-Person Behaviour Change Interventions: Development of a Health Behaviour Change Competency Framework
ConclusionThe HBCCF provides a structured method for assessing and reporting competency to deliver behaviour change interventions. It can be applied to assess a practitioner ’s competency and training needs and to identify the competencies needed for a particular intervention. To date, it has been used in self-assessments and in developing training programmes. We propose the HBCCF as a practical tool for researchers, employers, and those who design and provide trainin g. We envisage the HBCFF maturing and adapting as evidence that identifies the essential elements required for the effective delivery of behaviour chan...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - July 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Understanding Veterans ’ Causal Attributions of Physical Symptoms
ConclusionVeterans with MUS endorse multiple, varied causal attributions for their physical symptoms, suggesting more complex causal beliefs than typically assumed. This has important implications for patient-provider communication and development of concordance around MUS treatment. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - July 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Problem-solving, Adherence to Lifestyle Goals, and Weight Loss Among Individuals Participating in a Weight Loss Study
ConclusionA behavioral weight loss study did not impact problem-solving, and problem-solving may not influence lifestyle adherence and weight changes. Future work needs to examine problem-solving in larger and more diverse samples. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - July 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The First Cigarette Smoking Experience and Future Smoking Behaviors Among Adolescents with Different Parental Risk: a Longitudinal Analysis in an Urban Iranian Population
ConclusionThe findings show that compared with adolescents living in low-risk families, teenagers living in high-risk families are at greater risk of smoking at an earlier age; therefore, this group could benefit from gender- and culture specific preventive interventions. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - July 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Adverse Childhood Experiences and Health Indicators in a Young Adult, College Student Sample: Differences by Gender
AbstractBackgroundThe original Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) study demonstrated strong, graded relationships between child maltreatment and household dysfunction and adult health status. The present study re-examined these relationships in a sample of young adult, college students to better characterize the developmental timing of health problems related to ACE exposure and differences by biological sex.MethodA cross-sectional general health questionnaire that included items on ACE was administered to young adults (ages 18 –29) at universities in California (n = 3880), Minnesota (n =&thinsp...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - July 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Weight Stigma, Chronic Stress, Unhealthy Diet, and Obesity in Chilean Adults
ConclusionsWeight stigma is an important determinant of obesity and is associated with high levels of chronic stress and unhealthy diet in Chilean adults. Our results provide further support for the multifactorial nature of obesity and can inform future interventions aimed promoting weight loss in people with overweight and obesity. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - July 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Depression in Patients with Heart Diseases: Gender Differences and Association of Comorbidities, Optimism, and Spiritual Struggle
ConclusionWomen with heart disease were more depressed, but the gender difference may be partly explained by multiple comorbid conditions that could complicate disease burden. Reinforcing the literature, optimism, but not other strength factors, appeared to counteract depression after adjusting for health and cardiac conditions. The finding suggests that health providers should be more attentive to overall health of women with heart disease and to the positive expectations of OHS patients. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - July 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Variety Salience and Enjoyment of Repetitiously Consumed Foods: a Field Experiment
ConclusionBrief exercises that make variety in one ’s diet more salient may not prevent reductions in enjoyment of a repetitiously consumed food, but may still support continued consumption of the food. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - June 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Role of Anxiety Sensitivity in the Relation Between Pain Intensity with Substance Use and Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms Among Smokers with Chronic Pain
ConclusionThe current investigation highlights the potential importance of anxiety sensitivity in terms of the experience of pain with severity of substance use and anxiety/depressive symptoms among smokers with chronic pain. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - June 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Role of Distress Tolerance as a Potential Mechanism Between Anxiety Sensitivity and Gut-Specific Anxiety
AbstractBackgroundThe link between anxiety/fear and gut dysfunction has been robustly documented in both physical and mental health literatures. The current study explored distress tolerance as a potential mechanism in the relation between anxiety sensitivity and gut-specific anxiety.MethodA cross-sectional sample of 828 adults completed measures of distress tolerance, gut-specific anxiety, and anxiety sensitivity. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to determine variable associations, including potential mediating factors.ResultsThe results demonstrated a bidirectional relation between anxiety sensitivity a...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - June 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Resilience Intervention for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Proof-of-Concept in Community Health Centers
AbstractBackgroundGiven the psychological stress associated with managing type 2 diabetes (T2D), resilience-promoting interventions may particularly benefit populations experiencing high levels of stress (e.g., racial/ethnic minority and lower-income individuals). Federally qualified Community Health Centers (CHCs) primarily serve these patients and are therefore ideal settings for resilience-promoting T2D programs. This proof-of-concept study tested the Resilience-Based Diabetes Self-Management Education (RB-DSME) intervention within a CHC.MethodThirty-five patients with T2D (M age  = 51 years, 71% fema...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - June 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correlates of Parental Support of Child and Youth Physical Activity: a Systematic Review
ConclusionParental support interventions should target both children and youth and may benefit from continued focus on cognitive-behavioral approaches and parental perceptions of safety risk. Additional research on the inter-personal, environmental, and programmatic correlates of parental support is advised, given the paucity of contemporary research. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - June 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Habit-Based Randomised Controlled Trial to Reduce Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption: the Impact of the Substituted Beverage on Behaviour and Habit Strength
ConclusionThis study demonstrates that an implementation intention –based intervention achieved substantial reductions in SSB consumption and habits. It also indicates that hedonic liking for SSBs and alternative drinks are associated with changes in consumption behaviour. Substituting SSBs with water or diet drinks was equally as effective in reducing SSB consum ption. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - June 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Role of Emotion Regulation Difficulties in the Relation Between Insomnia and Depressive Symptoms
ConclusionER difficulties were more severe in individuals with possible insomnia disorder and were further associated with more severe depressive symptoms. We speculate that by adding interventions aimed to develop ER abilities, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) could become a more effective intervention for individuals with insomnia symptoms and associated emotional difficulties.LimitationsWe used cross-sectional measures in our models of indirect associations. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - June 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Patient ’s Voice: Adherence, Symptoms, and Distress Related to Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy After Breast Cancer
ConclusionPatients are committed to taking AET to prevent breast cancer recurrence, but need and desire psychosocial support and skills training. Themes from this study are modifiable targets for a psychosocial, evidence-based intervention to promote adherence, coping with side effects, and distress management. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Nightmares and Insomnia in the US National Guard: Mental and Physical Health Correlates
ConclusionUS National Guard personnel with nightmares and/or insomnia reported worse mental and physical health impairment than those without these conditions. Personnel may benefit from screening for nightmares and insomnia and referrals for evidence-based treatment. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Body Weight of Cartoon Characters in Children Series Is Associated to Food Consumption, Attractiveness, and Physical Activity Engagement
ConclusionBody weight of cartoon characters seems to follow stereotypic perceptions which value slimness and relate unhealthy food consumption with overweight. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associations Between Gender, Resiliency Factors, and Anxiety in Neuro-ICU Caregivers: a Prospective Study
ConclusionResults emphasize the protective role of resilience in the trajectory of anxiety among informal caregivers. Findings emphasize the need to rapidly deploy skills-based treatment to Neuro-ICU caregivers to prevent future development and maintenance of anxiety, specifically emphasizing mindfulness in male caregivers. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Process of Developing a Sleep Health Improvement Plan: a Lab-Based Model of Self-Help Behavior
ConclusionsFindings indicate that the SHIP protocol is an effective strategy for observing self-help behavior and examining factors that influence goal selection. The increase in sleep duration suggests that individuals may be successful at extending their own sleep, though causal mechanisms have not yet been established. This study presents a lab-based protocol for studying self-help sleep improvement behavior and takes an initial step toward gaining knowledge required to improve sleep health recommendations. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - June 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Trust in the Israeli Healthcare System Among Arabs, Jewish Immigrants, and Non-immigrants
ConclusionMinority and immigrant groups had greater trust in the HCSys compared to the non-immigrant group. These findings may indicate different expectations with respect to patient –caregiver relations and HCSys utilization and raise questions regarding access to HCS and quality of care among minority and immigrant groups. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sleep-Related Cognitive/Behavioral Predictors of Sleep Quality and Relapse in Individuals with Alcohol Use Disorder
AbstractBackgroundLittle is known about cognitive and behavioral predictors of sleep quality and relapse among individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Using the social cognitive theory (SCT), we assessed sleep-related behaviors and cognitions, sleep quality, and relapse to drinking among individuals with AUD transitioning from inpatient to outpatient settings.MethodIndividuals (n = 149) seeking treatment for AUD were recruited during their inpatient stay. Self-efficacy for sleep, dysfunctional beliefs about sleep, sleep-related behaviors, sleep quality, and relapse were assessed. Objective (actigraphy) a...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Anxiety Sensitivity and Physical Inactivity in a National Sample of Adults with a History of Myocardial Infarction
We examined the association of anxiety sensitivity, and each anxiety sensitivity subscale (physical, cognitive, and social concerns), with physical inactivity in adults with a history of myocardial infarction (MI).MethodsUsing cross-sectional data from a nationally representative survey of adults (N = 1417) in the USA who reported a health professional diagnosis of MI, we used weighted logistic regression models to evaluate the association between anxiety sensitivity (overall, and each subscale) and physical inactivity (self-reported exercise 0–1 day/week), with adjustment for age, gend er, race, e...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sleep Disturbance Mediates the Association Between Loneliness and Health in Older Americans
ConclusionSleep disturbance partially mediates the relationship between loneliness and self-reported health over 8  years. These findings are not attributable to isolation or depression. Further research is necessary to develop and assess a more comprehensive model of how loneliness shapes health. This study indicates that targeting sleep disturbance may mitigate the health risks of loneliness in older American s. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Remote Peer Learning Between  US and Cambodian Lay Health Workers to Improve Outcomes for Cambodians with Type 2 Diabetes: a Pilot Study
ConclusionIf proven effective in a controlled trial, cross-country peer learning could eventually help other diaspora communities. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Coping with Weight Stigma Among Adults in a Commercial Weight Management Sample
ConclusionMore types of experiences with weight stigma were associated with more attempts to cope generally, while weight bias internalization was associated with coping strategies which were in turn associated with poor mental health. Developing effective approaches for identifying individuals likely to internalize weight stigma and helping individuals adopt effective coping strategies in response to stigma are important avenues of future research. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Individual and Family Management in Portuguese Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes: a Path Analysis
ConclusionFindings showed the adequacy of Grey and colleagues ’ model (Nurs Outlook 63:162 –170, 2015) in adolescents with type 1 diabetes and how family support, parental coping, and adherence contribute to diabetes management. Interventions to improve adolescents’ and family’s management of Type 1 diabetes should be designed to change adolescents’ and family’s representations and enhance their ability and skills in diabetes management. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Do Worry and Brooding Predict Health Behaviors? A Daily Diary Investigation
ConclusionWorry and brooding may represent useful intervention targets for improving inactivity and walking levels, respectively. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Supernatural Explanatory Models of Health and Illness and HIV Antiretroviral Therapy Use Among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men in China
ConclusionBelief in supernatural explanatory models may be a powerful predictor of ART usage among MSM living with HIV in China. Further studies are needed to corroborate these findings and elucidate mechanisms of association. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associations Among Sleep and Cancer Risk Behaviors: a Scoping Review of Experimental Studies in Healthy Adult Populations
ConclusionThere is a need for larger experimental studies with more representative samples. Overall, heterogeneity and limitations in study designs make it difficult to synthesize evidence across studies. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Who Is Seeking Help for Sleep? A Clinical Profile of Patients in a Sleep Psychology Clinic
ConclusionThis clinical profile emphasizes the reality of multiple morbidities, which may have implications for clinical decisions. Future research is required to evaluate transdiagnostic approaches for the sleep disorder patient with multiple morbidities. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Physiometrics in Salivary Bioscience
ConclusionBoth dedicated physiometric studies and more reporting of physiometrics in psychoneuroendocrinology and psychoneuroimmunology will improve the quality of salivary bioscience study designs in the future. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Salivary Bioscience and the Future of Behavioral Medicine
AbstractBehavioral medicine research from across the globe has been catalyzed by the quest to understand the interactions between psychological, social, and physiological factors underlying disparities in human health. A more complete biopsychosocial model increasingly integrates advanced clinical and laboratory assessments of relevant environmental chemicals, biological mediators of inflammation, cardiometabolic and endocrine markers, infectious disease exposure, and genetic polymorphisms determined from saliva specimens. The overarching aims are to identify mechanisms, decode moderating processes that translate adversity...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cancer-Relevant Self-Efficacy Is Related to Better Health-Related Quality of Life and Lower Cancer-Specific Distress and Symptom Burden Among Latina Breast Cancer Survivors
ConclusionsResults demonstrate that cancer-relevant self-efficacy is a significant correlate of general and domain-specific HRQOL, breast cancer symptom burden, and cancer-specific distress among Latina BCS. Future interventions in this population should target cancer-relevant self-efficacy as a possible mechanism to improve HRQOL outcomes and survivorship experiences for Latina BCS. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Effects of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) Intervention on Inflammation and Stress Biomarkers: a Randomized Controlled Trial
ConclusionThe results suggest that ACT delivered in group sessions may exert beneficial effects on low-grade systemic inflammation. More research is needed on how to best apply psychological interventions for the health of both mind and body among people with overweight/obesity and psychological distress.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01738256, Registered 17 August, 2012 (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Variability of Sleep and Relations to Body Weight Among First-Year College Students
ConclusionThese findings suggest that sleep variability, particularly wake times and napping may be important modifiable sleep behaviors to investigate in future studies. More longitudinal research is needed to explore relations between multiple facets of sleep variability and weight gain, including possible mechanisms. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Aggression and Somatic Symptoms: the Role of Emotion Regulation and Distress Tolerance
ConclusionThe current findings speak to the importance of including the assessment of psychological aggression in health promotion programs and medical visits and identifying emotion regulation as a treatment marker for those with somatic symptoms. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Demographic, Pregnancy-Related, and Health-Related Factors in Association with Changes in Sleep Among Pregnant Women with Overweight or Obesity
This study examined sleep patterns among women with overweight/obesity and factors associated with different sleep trajectories during pregnancy.MethodsWomen (N = 146, 17–40 years old) with a prepregnancy body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m2 were recruited during early pregnancy. Participants reported demographic information and completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) at up to six monthly assessments, with the first assessment occurring between 12 and 20  weeks gestation and the final assessment between 35 weeks gestation and delivery. PSQI scores>  5 indicate &...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

In Lieu of Smoking: Are Smokers More Likely to Enact Certain Types of Implementation Intention Plans During a JIT Smoking Cessation?
ConclusionSpecifying II recommendations found to be helpful with avoiding lapses in a smoking cessation context, can increase chances of II enactment, and improve overall health intervention outcomes. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sleep Disturbance in Early Pregnancy, but Not Inflammatory Cytokines, May Increase Risk for Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes
AbstractBackgroundIt is unclear whether subjective or objective measures of sleep during pregnancy are more pertinent to pregnancy outcomes. Moreover, it is unclear as to whether subjective indices (i.e., those likely influenced by psychological thoughts and emotions) are more likely than objective measures to modify inflammatory cytokines.MethodSubjective and objective measures of sleep were collected from 166 pregnant women. Sleep data, both aggregate and variability measures, from diary and actigraphy, were ascertained for three 2-week periods during early gestation (10 –20 weeks). A fasting morning blood sam...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - May 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Does Compassion Predict Blood Pressure and Hypertension? The Modifying Role of Familial Risk for Hypertension
ConclusionHigh compassion predicts lower diastolic and systolic blood pressure in adulthood. Moreover, high compassion may protect against hypertension among individuals without familial risk for hypertension. As our sample consisted of comparatively young participants, our findings provide novel implications for especially early-onset hypertension. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - April 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Predictors of Changes in Sleep Duration in Dutch Primary Schoolchildren: the ChecKid Study
ConclusionsThis article reports on one of the first large, longitudinal cohort studies on predictors of child sleep duration. The results of the study can inform future interventions aimed at promoting healthy sleep in primary schoolchildren. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - April 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

“They Think It’s Helpful, but It’s Not”: a Qualitative Analysis of the Experience of Social Support Provided by Peers in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that diabetes-specific support may not always be advantageous in aiding adolescents to reach and maintain optimal self-care. In addition, participants emphasise the acceptability of advice provided by peers with type 1 diabetes, making peer support and mentoring programmes an excellent candidate for future research. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - April 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prenatal Tobacco and Cannabis Exposure: Associations with Cortisol Reactivity in Early School Age Children
ConclusionsResults suggest that prenatal polysubstance exposure is associated with greater risk for lower cortisol response in children and highlight the role of parenting behavior for non-exposed but not the co-exposed children. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - April 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Childhood Adversity and Sleep Disturbances: Longitudinal Results in Puerto Rican Children
ConclusionThe results suggest that cumulative adversities in childhood may lead to sleep problems in adolescence. These findings highlight the utility of addressing CA during childhood to help reduce sleep-wake disorders throughout adolescence, a known risk factor for future mental and physical health problems. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - April 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Temporal Links Between Self-Reported Sleep and Antibody Responses to the Influenza Vaccine
ConclusionThese findings provide further support for an association between sleep duration and antibody responses to the influenza vaccine and suggest that perhaps sleep on nights prior to vaccination are critical. If replicated, these findings may support sleep as a target for enhancing vaccination efficacy. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - March 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Tolerating Uncertainty in the Dark: Insomnia Symptoms, Distress, and Well-Being Among Parents of Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer
ConclusionThis study provides preliminary evidence that IU ’s detrimental influence on depression and SWB may operate through its influence on insomnia symptoms. Given implications for parents’ well-being and, likely, their subsequent capacity to care for the AYA with cancer, interventions addressing IU and disturbed sleep among this underserved populat ion deserve attention. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - March 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research