The Influence of Personality Type D on Cardiovascular Prognosis in Patients After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: Data from a 5-Year-Follow-up Study
ConclusionsType D patients had a greater risk for cardiac events over 5  years after CABG compared with non-type D patients. Obtained data indicates that it is reasonable to consider personality type while detecting patients at risk of development of stress induced cardiac complications after CABG. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Adverse Childhood Experiences Are Associated with Cardiometabolic Risk Indicators and Telomere Length in Low-Income African-American Adolescents
ConclusionsACEs are associated with risk of future cardiometabolic disorders and shortened leukocyte telomere length. Because cytogenetic changes are potentially modifiable, interventions to decrease family ACEs or alter responses to ACEs may lessen chronic disease risk in the African-American population. Targeted interventions to improve health are discussed. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Does Motivational Interviewing Improve the Weight Management Process in Adolescents? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
ConclusionMI-based behavioral interventions had minor  effects on reducing sugary beverage intake in all adolescents while a reduction in central obesity was noted predominantly among girls and those with complete participation. The current results indicate that the main characteristics influencing goal achievement in MI interventions are the age of participants, MI fidelity assessment, parental involvement, duration of interventions, and type of the control groups. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Evidence That Habit Moderates the Implicit Belief-Behavior Relationship in Health Behaviors
ConclusionFindings provide preliminary evidence that experiencing health behaviors as habitual is associated with a stronger implicit beliefs-health behavior relationship. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association Between Sleep Duration and Intelligence Quotient in 6-Year-Old Children
ConclusionsThe results indicated that only boys show a significant association between IQ scores and sleep duration. These findings support the hypothesis that sleep duration is associated with IQ, in a sex dependent manner. Future studies are needed for a thorough evaluation of the connection between sleep duration and health outcome in young children. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correlates of Sun Protection Behaviors Among Adults in Puerto Rico
AbstractBackgroundThe incidence of skin cancer has been increasing in Puerto Rico in recent years. Sun protection behaviors are suboptimal among Puerto Ricans. However, there are limited data regarding major factors associated with Puerto Rican adults ’ sun protection behaviors. To examine factors associated with Puerto Rican adults’ sun protection behaviors, a survey study was conducted in Puerto Rico.MethodA population-based sample of 667 Puerto Rican adults completed a telephone survey in 2016. Survey items addressed potential correlates of sun protection behaviors. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses ...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Physical Aggression and Coronary Artery Calcification: A North Texas Healthy Heart Study
ConclusionsPsychosocial factors, such as physical aggression, are emerging factors that need to be considered in cardiovascular risk stratification. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Decision-making for Risk-reducing Salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) in Southeast Asian BRCA Mutation Carriers With Breast Cancer: A Qualitative Study
ConclusionsRecognizing during clinic encounters with Malaysian women that RRSO decision-making involves negotiating the likelihood of developing cancer with the societal priorities of being a woman, mother, and wife may serve to support their decision-making. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Examining Factors Associated with Gender Identity Among Individuals Disengaged from HIV Care in Argentina
ConclusionsHarm reduction should be a key component in HIV care for TGW to address substance use. Health care teams should receive formal training in patient-provider communication skills and trans-specific competencies to enhance TGW ’s adherence and retention. Public policies to address structural factors that negatively affect TGW’s adherence to ART are also needed. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Acculturation, Sun Tanning Behavior, and Tanning Attitudes Among Asian College Students in the Northeastern USA
ConclusionThe significant role of acculturation in this study indicates that it may be a useful factor to include in future tanning intervention studies of relevant populations. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Brief Report: A Latent Class Analysis of Guideline Compliance Across Nine Health Behaviors
ConclusionsResults suggest the opportunity to encourage individuals in the latter two groups to build on existing positive behaviors to achieve greater overall compliance with health recommendations. Particularly intensive interventions are likely needed for those in the unhealthiest group to address the potentially reinforcing effects of their multiple unhealthy behaviors. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Action Control of Colorectal Cancer Screening Participation with fecal immunochemical test (FIT)
AbstractBackgroundMost of the individuals concerned by colorectal cancer screening recognize the importance of screening participation. However, the screening rates for this cancer remain low in most countries, including France. Based on the action control framework, the present study aimed to (i) explore the distribution of intentions-behavior profiles toward colorectal cancer screening and (ii) to determine to what extent the profiles could be differentiated on theory of planned behavior (TPB) (i.e., attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control [PBC]) and self-regulation variables (i.e., action planning, cop...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Relationships Between Dietary Intake and Weight-Related Experiential Avoidance Following Behavioral Weight-Loss Treatment
ConclusionsGreater weight-related EA at baseline was associated with lower diet quality at FU, but change in weight-related EA during treatment did not predict change in diet quality at FU. Interventions targeting DE and weight-loss may require specific components to improve and sustain healthy dietary intake in Veterans with obesity and DE. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clustering of Physical Activity, Sleep, Diet, and Screen-Based Device Use Associated with Self-Rated Health in Adolescents
We examined the clustering of physical activity (PA), sleep, diet, and specific screen-based device use, and the associations between the emergent clusters and SRH among Brazilian adolescents.MethodThe data used in this cross-sectional study were from the baseline of the  Movimente Program. Self-reported data were analyzed. SRH was recorded as a 5-point scale (from poor to excellent). Daily duration of exposure to the computer, the television, the cell phone, and games; PA; sleep; and weekly consumption of fruits and vegetables and ultra-processed foods were inclu ded in a Two-Step cluster analysis. Multilevel order...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 14, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effectiveness, Moderators and Mediators of Self-regulation Intervention on Older Adults ’ Exercise Behavior: a Randomized, Controlled Crossover Trial
ConclusionsAlthough the mediating roles of habit strength for the intervention effects are still inconclusive, self-regulation intervention can promote exercise behavior among older adults, regardless of their health literacy level, habit strength, and socio-demographic characteristics. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 7, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Characterizing Patterns of Nurses ’ Daily Sleep Health: a Latent Profile Analysis
ConclusionNurses with more severe and diverse sleep disturbances experience worse health and may be in greatest need of sleep-related and other clinical interventions. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 5, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil): Factors Related to Smoking Cessation
ConclusionsOur study reinforces the necessity of alcohol consumption regulation, the relevance of Public Health Policies, and the need for more smoking cessation measures focused on men, on people with mental disorders, alcoholism, and older adults. Also, our results did not show significant risks regarding the psychosocial working environment. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 4, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

An Integrated Model of Compliance with COVID-19 Prescriptions: Instrumental, Normative, and Affective Factors Associated with Health-Protective Behaviors
ConclusionsThe research findings show that compliance with public health prescriptions is a multimodal phenomenon and integrating self-interest and community-based factors can offer a better understanding of people ’s decision to engage in health-protective behaviors. Further, this study unveils that a shared sense of community is effective in encouraging adherence to recommended behaviors so as behavioral changes can be sustained by targeting the recommendations not only on risk minimization for oneself but also on the allocation of personal responsibility toward the belonging community. (Source: International Journ...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - January 3, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Health Status Stability of Patients in a Medical Rehabilitation Program: What Are the Roles of Time, Physical Fitness Level, and Self-efficacy?
ConclusionsThis study revealed a nonlinear change in mental health among medical rehabilitation patients. Self-efficacy was positively related to mental health, and the initial level of physical fitness positively predicted the level of mental health after rehabilitation treatment.Clinical RehabilitationMore attention could be given to physical capacity and self-efficacy for improving and maintaining rehabilitants ’ mental health. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy as Migraine Intervention: a Randomized Waitlist Controlled Trial
ConclusionsThe migraine-specific MBCT program did not result in improvements with regard to headache-related impairment but showed a reduction in headache frequency as well as improved psychological functioning in secondary outcomes.Trial RegistrationThis trial was registered in the German Trial Registry “Deutsches Register Klinischer Studien” (ID: DRKS00007477), which is a WHO-listed primary trial register. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Characterizing the COVID-19 Illness Experience to Inform the Study of Post-acute Sequelae and Recovery
ConclusionOur data informs the emerging field of “long COVID” research and shows a need to provide information and continuous support to persons with post-acute sequelae to ensure they feel secure along the path to recovery. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Emotion Regulation Strategies Predict PTSS During the COVID-19 Pandemic in an American Indian Population
ConclusionsGreater suppression and lower reappraisal predicts PTSS in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in an entirely American Indian sample, providing critical information for future interventions in a population at high-risk for mental health disparities. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Longitudinal Observational Study of Multimorbidity and Partner Support for Physical Activity Among People with Osteoarthritis
AbstractBackgroundPhysical activity can improve osteoarthritis-related symptoms; however, many people with osteoarthritis (PWOA) are insufficiently active. Social support for physical activity from an intimate partner can help PWOA increase activity, but managing multiple, chronic physical or mental health conditions (i.e., multimorbidity) may influence provision and receipt of that support.MethodData from a 1-year longitudinal observational study was used to examine associations between multimorbidity and three dimensions of partner support for physical activity —companionship partner support (doing activity togethe...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Fidelity of Training in Behaviour Change Techniques to Intervention Design in a National Diabetes Prevention Programme
ConclusionObserved training evidences dilution from providers ’ intervention plans. NHS-DPP providers should review their training to ensure staff are trained in all key intervention components, ensuring thorough training of BCTs (e.g. demonstrating and practicing how to deliver) to enhance BCT delivery. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Making of Mobile SunSmart: Co-designing a Just-in-Time Sun Protection Intervention for Children and Parents
ConclusionsThis is one of the first projects that maximally engage children and parents as co-designers to build a technology to improve sun protection with iterative and intentional design principles. Our scalable approach to design a mobile JITAI to improve sun protection will lay the foundation for future public health investigators with similar endeavors. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Increase in Daily Steps During the Early Phase of a Physical Activity Intervention for Type 2 Diabetes as a Predictor of Intervention Outcome
ConclusionEarly response to a physical activity intervention appears to be a useful predictor of outcome and could be used to identify those unlikely to succeed in a given intervention early in treatment.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov identifiers NCT03150199 and NCT03001999 (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Role of Risk Perceptions and Affective Consequences in COVID-19 Protective Behaviors
ConclusionsRisk representations vary in their relationship to COVID-19 risk and protective behaviors. Implications include the importance of coherent, targeted, consistent health communication, and effective health policy in mitigating the spread of COVID-19. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Appearance, Friends, and Feelings: A Two-Study Exploration of Young Women ’s Emotional Associations and Indoor Tanning Frequency
ConclusionsThis research has implications for health care providers and health communicators, as indoor tanning prevention messages and campaigns should consider the association between both positive and negative emotions on tanning behaviors as well as appearance motivations. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Facial Expressions of Emotions During Pharmacological and Exercise Stress Testing: the Role of Myocardial Ischemia and Cardiac Symptoms
ConclusionSadness and reduced happiness were more common in patients with ischemia. Also,  anginal symptoms were associated with more negative emotions. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Association Between Healthy Lifestyle Behaviours and Coronavirus Protective Behaviours
AbstractBackgroundBased on models of cross-behavioural associations and the role of past behaviour in predicting behaviour, an association was hypothesized between healthy lifestyle behaviours prior to the COVID-19 pandemic and adherence to coronavirus protective behaviours. Self-assessed health was also examined as a potential moderator.MethodsA cross-sectional sample (N = 463) completed online questionnaires during a COVID-19-related lockdown that measured engagement in healthy lifestyle behaviours (e.g., exercising and eating fruits and vegetables), adherence to coronavirus protective behaviours (e.g., wea...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Influence of Health Mindset on Perceptions of Illness and Behaviors Among Adolescents
ConclusionsHealth mindsets may shape views of the implications of illness or injury for overall health and, in adolescents with a chronic condition, may interact with age to influence health behaviors and outcomes. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Preliminary Evaluation of a 1-Day Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Workshop for Increasing Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity in Adults with Overweight or Obesity
ConclusionResults support the feasibility and acceptability of the ACT workshop intervention for promoting MVPA changes among insufficiently active adults with overweight/obesity. Rigorous testing of this approach as a low-intensity standalone or add-on intervention to increase MVPA is warranted. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Structural Issues Associated with Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Use in Men Who Have Sex with Men
ConclusionsIn the setting of Massachusetts healthcare expansion and reform, and in a sample somewhat uncharacteristic of the population of individuals experiencing difficulties accessing PrEP, structural and demographic factors remain potent barriers to PrEP uptake. Targeted PrEP expansion efforts in Massachusetts may focus on identifying vulnerable subgroups of MSM (e.g., underinsured or criminal justice system-involved MSM) and delivering evidence-based interventions to reduce stigma and promote disclosure of same-sex behavior in healthcare settings. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sociodemographic and Psychological Risk Factors for Anxiety and Depression: Findings from the Covid-19 Health and Adherence Research in Scotland on Mental Health (CHARIS-MH) Cross-sectional Survey
ConclusionsThese findings confirm the results of pre-Covid-19 pandemic studies about associations between sociodemographics and mental health. Loneliness, lack of social support and thoughts about Covid-19 exacerbated these effects and offer pointers for pre-emptive action. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Hyperarousal and Insomnia in Survivors of Cancer
This study examined the relation between insomnia and trait hyperarousal in cancer survivors.MethodsThe sample included 160 individuals with previous cancer diagnoses who met DSM-5 criteria for insomnia disorder. Measures were collected with cross-sectional batteries of questionnaires, including the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and Hyperarousal Scale (HAS). This study is based on baseline data collected in a randomized clinical trial comparing CBT-I to acupuncture for cancer survivors with insomnia (Garland, Gehrman, Barg, Xie,& Mao, 2016).ResultsHyperarousal was positively associated with insomnia (ISI total score) i...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Preexisting Executive Function Deficits and Change in Health Behaviors During the COVID-19 Pandemic
ConclusionIndividuals with preexisting EF deficits appear more vulnerable to the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on several key health behaviors. As the pandemic unfolds, strategies may be needed to identify those with EF deficits (e.g., screening tools) and provide them with tailored support for chronic disease risk reduction. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Examination of Mediators and Moderators to Understand How and in What Context Game Changers Increases HIV Prevention Advocacy Among Persons Living With HIV in Uganda
ConclusionsThese findings highlight the importance of helping PLWH cope with self-stigma and gain comfort with disclosure, as well as the potential influence of network support, trustworthiness, connectedness, and stigmatization on engagement in prevention advocacy. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sustainability of Improvements in Adaptive Coping Following Mind –Body and Activity Training for Chronic Pain
ConclusionsOverall,GetActive andGetcActive-Fitbit are promising interventions to sustainably improve coping with chronic pain.Trial RegistrationThis trial is registered under ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT03412916. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia on Subjective –Objective Sleep Discrepancy in Patients with Primary Insomnia: a Small-Scale Cohort Pilot Study
AbstractBackgroundCognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is a first-line therapy for insomnia disorders. We assessed changes in discrepancies between subjective and objective sleep measures and correlations between discrepancy changes and clinical insomnia severity for CBT-I in patients with primary insomniaMethodsFifty-two outpatients (mean age, 60.3  years; 26 women) with primary insomnia were treated by individual CBT-I (50 min, maximum six sessions, once every 1–2 weeks). One week before and after CBT-I, patients recorded a sleep log and wore an actigraphy device. Subjective and objectiv...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Service Evaluation of an Exercise on Referral Scheme for Adults with Existing Health Conditions in the United Kingdom
A correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-021-09981-1 (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Hand Washing and Related Cognitions Following a Brief Behavior Change Intervention During the COVID-19 Pandemic: a Pre-Post Analysis
ConclusionsHand washing and self-monitoring considerably increased over several weeks following the intervention. Future research testing the intervention against a control condition is needed to rule out that changes in behavior and cognitions might have been prompted by completing the daily diaries.Trial RegistrationGerman Clinical Trials Register;  https://www.drks.de; registration number: DRKS00022067. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - November 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Snacktivity ™ to Promote Physical Activity: a Qualitative Study
ConclusionsFindings demonstrated that participants liked the Snacktivity concept and viewed it as a motivating approach. Guidance about physical activity must lead to advice that has the best chance of preserving and promoting health and Snacktivity has potential to meet this ambition. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - November 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research