IJSTD quiz based on articles in volume 40 issue 2
Jatin Chauhan, Abhishek Parekh, Yogesh S MarfatiaIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(2):192-193 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jatin Chauhan Abhishek Parekh Yogesh S Marfatia Source Type: research

Serological tests for syphilis
Dhiral Shah, Yogesh S MarfatiaIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(2):186-191 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Dhiral Shah Yogesh S Marfatia Source Type: research

Pre- and post-sexual exposure prophylaxis of HIV: An update
Gulnaz Fatima Siddiqui, Shahid Akhtar Siddiqui, Prabha Verma, Rahul Jaiswal, Aishvarya AdhauliaIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(2):184-185 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Gulnaz Fatima Siddiqui Shahid Akhtar Siddiqui Prabha Verma Rahul Jaiswal Aishvarya Adhaulia Source Type: research

Antibiotic resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolated from a tertiary care center in North India
Jyotsna Agarwal, Shruti Radera, Swastika Suvirya, Manish AwasthiIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(2):182-184 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jyotsna Agarwal Shruti Radera Swastika Suvirya Manish Awasthi Source Type: research

Two sporadic cases of Penicillium marneffei infection associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection from West Bengal: A word of caution
Priyanka Sarkar, Abhijit Saha, Suruchi ShuklaIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(2):180-182 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Priyanka Sarkar Abhijit Saha Suruchi Shukla Source Type: research

Verrucous lesions over external genitalia as a presenting feature of pemphigus vegetans
We report a case of pemphigus vegetans in an 85-year-old female presenting with hypertrophic verrucous lesions over external genitalia and perianal region. There was no history of preceding oral lesions. The diagnosis of pemphigus vegetans was considered on the clinical ground and confirmed by histopathological examination. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ankush A Ajbani Kajal S Mehta Yogesh S Marfatia Source Type: research

Stomatognathic manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients: A case report and review
Rakashree Chakraborty, Sourav SenIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(2):172-175Oral lesions in the stomatognathic system in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients are associated with a series of opportunistic disease that are caused due to immune suppressive state. Oral manifestations are the earliest sign of HIV infection. Here, we are reporting a case of a patient suffering from HIV infection with typical oral manifestations and the effect of treatment for the manifestations after a week. The patient was under highly active anti-retroviral treatment since 2011. (Source: Indian J...
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rakashree Chakraborty Sourav Sen Source Type: research

In situ squamous cell carcinoma of male and female external genitalia
Ketan Kallappa Kolekar, Swagata Arvind Tambe, Chitra Shivanand NayakIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(2):168-171In situ squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of male and female genitalia can present as Bowen's disease (BD), erythroplasia of Queyrat, Bowenoid papulosis, Paget's disease, pseudoepitheliomatous keratotic, and micaceous balanitis. BD is SCC in situ. It affects both skin and mucous membranes and has the potential to progress to invasive SCC. BD can be found on any body site, including both sun-exposed and non-sun-exposed regions of the body. However, BD presenting on the genitalia ...
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ketan Kallappa Kolekar Swagata Arvind Tambe Chitra Shivanand Nayak Source Type: research

Extensive condylomata lata in an adolescent: An uncommon and unusual presentation
Parul Aggarwal, Kamal Aggarwal, Vijay Kumar JainIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(2):165-167Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in children account for a great physical and psychosocial morbidity. Being rare, they require a high index of suspicion for diagnosis. STIs may also be the first indication of child sexual abuse (CSA). Consequences of an undetected infection are potentially devastating; conversely, a false suspicion can have equally detrimental effects on both the child and the parents. Herein, we report a case of acquired secondary syphilis in a child presenting with unusually ex...
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Parul Aggarwal Kamal Aggarwal Vijay Kumar Jain Source Type: research

Characterization of human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients of suspected first-line antiretroviral treatment failure within 5 years & #8211; Evidence from a tertiary hospital, Kolkata
Conclusion: This study enables that poor adherence was the most important factor responsible for the first-line treatment failure. As adherence is a dynamic process, interventions in every visit following ART initiation should be optimized, and a multidisciplinary approach toward adherence is needed to get the highest treatment outcome benefit. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Dolanchampa Modak Nivedita Dutta Shantasil Pain Rajyasree Ghosh (De) Subhasish Kamal Guha Source Type: research

Multiplex nested polymerase chain reaction targeting multiple genes for the detection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis in genitourinary specimens
Conclusions: The multiplex nested PCR protocol designed and employed in the present study may be used in the diagnosis and management of both symptomatic as well as asymptomatic cases of N. gonorrhoeae and C. trachomatis, particularly among high-risk groups. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ketan Priyadarshi Pradyot Prakash Anjali Rani Satyendra Kumar Singh Source Type: research

Prevalence of pruritic papular eruption among HIV patients: A cross-sectional study
Conclusion: PPEs are unique dermatosis, which is having a devastating impact on the quality of life, stigmatizing them in their communities. Thus, recognizing those lesions helps in allowing better treatment of this distressing condition. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shoubin Mohammed Seethalakshmi Ganga Vellaisamy Kannan Gopalan Lekha Sukumaran AS Valan Source Type: research

Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related discriminatory practices among health-care providers in apex health institutions of Bhubaneswar, Odisha
Conclusions: Existence of discriminatory practices in these healthcare settings was due to the lack of correct information about HIV/AIDS and lack of protective materials needed for prevention of infection transmission. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ipsa Mohapatra Om Prakash Panigrahi Source Type: research

Persons living with HIV continue to present late for care: A trend analysis from 2011 to 2015
Conclusion: Between 2011 and 2015, persons with HIV continued to present late in spite of changes in ART access program. Education focused on the benefits of early diagnosis and availability of free immediate treatment in the public sector, are crucial to the achievement of the India's 90-90-90 goals. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Abhijit Vasantrao Kadam Shilpa Chandrashekhar Bembalkar Narayan Uddhavrao Panchal Megha Sunil Mamulwar Ashwini Vinod Shete Sheela Virendra Godbole Source Type: research

Extensive tests for extermination: Need for incorporation of molecular detection methods of human immunodeficiency virus in screening algorithm in tertiary hospitals in India
Conclusion: Patients in tertiary referral center constitute high-risk population and should be screened with 4th-generation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay which incorporates p24 antigen. Those which are found indeterminate should have molecular testing by nucleic acid amplification test or real-time polymerase chain reaction, as our study has demonstrated that 1.02% of these cases may harbor acute HIV infection. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Priya Singh Ruchita Tyagi Surjit Singh Aman Sharma Ritu Aggarwal Ranjana W Minz Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus among hemodialysis patients in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in a developing country
Conclusion: Prevalence of transfusion-transmissible viral infections was higher among hemodialysis patients, especially HCV infection which was an alarming situation and therefore strict adherence to infection control strategies, barrier precautions, and preventive measures, including routine hepatitis B vaccination and regular virological follow-up were recommended along with regular education and training programs of technical and nursing personnel's involved with dialysis patients. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sonam Kansay Jannat Sekhon Saifi Rana Source Type: research

Prevalence of reproductive tract infections in women attending a tertiary care center in Northern India with special focus on associated risk factors
Conclusion: The factors found to be significantly associated with RTI were illiteracy (P < 0.05), unemployment (P < 0.05), history of RTI in patient (P = 0.001), and the presence of RTI in their partner (P < 0.05). The genital discharge was the most common presentation. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Nisha Chaudhary Rajkumar Kalyan Mastan Singh Jyotsna Agarwal Sabuhi Qureshi Source Type: research

Genital lichen planus: An underrecognized entity
Ananta Khurana, Sidharth Tandon, Yogesh S Marfatia, Nina MadnaniIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(2):105-112Genital lichen planus (LP) is an underrecogonized dermatosis. The appearance is often unlike classical LP elsewhere, and hence, the condition goes undiagnosed in many. Vulvo-vaginal LP in particular, can be a distressing condition often leading to scarring and a poor quality of life. Treatment for most of the genital LP variants is similar to managing LP elsewhere; however, the erosive variant requires special attention as treatment outcomes are often disappointing and the disease runs ...
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ananta Khurana Sidharth Tandon Yogesh S Marfatia Nina Madnani Source Type: research

Premalignant male genital dermatoses
Rochit Rajesh Singhal, Trusha Manoj Patel, Kira Antony Pariath, Rita Vipul VoraIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(2):97-104The spectrum of conditions affecting the penile skin is varied and ranges from simple, benign dermatoses to premalignant and malignant conditions. Anogenital malignancies and premalignancies are an important personal/public health problem due to their effects on individuals' physical, mental, and sexual health. Furthermore, due to their etiological association with human papillomavirus infection, anogenital malignancies, and premalignancies constitute an immense public...
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rochit Rajesh Singhal Trusha Manoj Patel Kira Antony Pariath Rita Vipul Vora Source Type: research

IJSTD quiz based on articles in volume 40 issue 1
Donborlang Byrsat, Yogesh S MarfatiaIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(1):84-85 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Donborlang Byrsat Yogesh S Marfatia Source Type: research

Prevalence and knowledge of HIV/AIDS among the tribal women of Jaintia Hills, Meghalaya (North East India)
Soma Mondal, Roumi DebIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(1):82-83 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Soma Mondal Roumi Deb Source Type: research

Extensive vulval and perianal ulceration due to genital herpes virus infection
Santoshdev Pitamber Rathod, Bela Padhiar, Bela ShahIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(1):80-81 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Santoshdev Pitamber Rathod Bela Padhiar Bela Shah Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease risk assessment among human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy
Mahmood Dhahir Al-MendalawiIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(1):79-79 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi Source Type: research

Rising trends of herpes simplex virus - 1: A global public health concern
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh RamasamyIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(1):77-78 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava Jegadeesh Ramasamy Source Type: research

Horizontal transmission of HIV-1 infection in a child: With phylodynamic evidence-case study
We report a child who was diagnosed HIV positive at the age of 3.5 years born to HIV-negative mother. Based on the available histories, no alternative modes of HIV transmission could be implicated. However, the paternal grandmother of the child was found to be HIV infected. To explore the likelihood that this HIV-infected relative was the most likely source from which this child acquired HIV infection postnatally, Bayesian phylodynamic analysis of the HIV of the child and parental grandmother was performed, which showed evidence of linkage of HIV transmission from an HIV-infected paternal grandmother to a child living with...
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Janak Keshavlal Maniar Source Type: research

Psoriasiform lesions of glans and palms: A rare presentation in secondary syphilis
We report a case of 19-year-old male who presented with erythematous, scaly, psoriasiform lesions over the palms and glans penis. The papules over the palms showed tenderness on blunt vertical pressure. There was a history of sexual contact and ulcer over the glans around 2 months back, which resolved on its own. Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test was positive in 1:32 dilution. Treponema pallidum hemagglutination test was also positive. This case highlights the atypical presentation of secondary syphilis. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tasleem Arif Mohammad Adil Syed Suhail Amin Noora Saeed Source Type: research

Eosinophilic gastroenteritis: Atypical cause for chronic diarrhea in human immunodeficiency virus-associated immunosuppression
We describe a 57-year-old male with human immunodeficiency virus who presented to us with chronic diarrhea. He had no history of allergies and had significant weight loss, normal systemic examination, and a complete blood count showing no eosinophilia. After an esophagogastroduodenoscopy, the diagnosis of EGE was made by histopathological findings. The symptoms started improving with the initiation of treatment with oral prednisolone. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Om Shrivastav Nirzar Samir Parikh Ajay Bharat Jhaveri Rajni Ahlawat Source Type: research

Systemic lupus erythematosus in HIV: An insight into clinical implications and management
We report an HIV-seropositive female on highly active antiretroviral therapy presenting with features of SLE. Herein, an attempt has been made to discuss the various complex clinical and therapeutic implications along with the influence on disease course and prognosis. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Vasudha A Belgaumkar Ravindranath B Chavan Prernaa R Suryataley Aarti S Salunke Pallavi P Patil Sandhya M Borade Source Type: research

Association of abnormal cervical cytology with coinfection of human papillomavirus and Chlamydia trachomatis
Conclusion: CT was found to be a significant risk factor for cervical cytological abnormalities in our study. HPV and CT coinfection were also associated with a higher prevalence of cervical atypia. As chlamydial infection is easily treatable, we recommend screening and treatment of all women of the reproductive age group for Chlamydia to decrease the risk of cervical dysplasia. Limitation: This is a single-center STI clinic-based study. Multicenter and community-based studies with a larger cohort will confirm the association. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Nisha Madaan Deepika Pandhi Vineeta Sharma Sambit Nath Bhattacharya Kiran Guleria Kiran Mishra Mausumi Bharadwaj Source Type: research

A prospective study to evaluate efficacy of second-line antiretroviral therapy given to human immunodeficiency virus patients at Antiretroviral Therapy Plus Centre in India
Conclusions: Irrational practice by private hospitals limits treatment options, with increasing the chances of drug resistance. On the other hand, the National AIDS Control Organization-sponsored second-line ART was found to be effective as 84.12% of patients had improvement in their mean CD4 count. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jigar P Modi Amita Kubavat Shailesh Mundhava Usha Lalwani Source Type: research

A study of adherence to antiretroviral therapy in a tertiary care hospital at Allahabad, India
Conclusion: Comprehensive research to assess nonadherence to ART therapy is the need of the hour. Policy formulations ought to be made to assess and promote effective adherence to enhance the longevity and quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS. Concerted efforts by government and intersectoral collaboration are further needed to sustain promotive measures. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Arkapal Bandyopadhyay Rakesh Chandra Chaurasia Sarika Palepu Rakesh Kumar Yadav Source Type: research

Clinical, immunological, and virological outcomes in HIV patients on raltegravir-based salvage therapy
Conclusion: This study clearly shows that RAL containing regimens have a high degree of effectiveness in treatment-experienced patients and show effective and durable suppression of viral load with low adverse effect rates and reliable long-term safety. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rajesh Deshwal Sumit Arora Source Type: research

Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome knowledge level and implications for health promotion program on high school students at Banjarbaru city
Conclusions: Optimal support be required as the efforts to reduce HIV/AIDS cases from various network. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Fauzie Rahman Lenie Marlinae Ayu Riana Sari Mira Surya Ramadhani Andini Octaviana Putri Source Type: research

Felt needs and expectations of adolescents regarding sexual and reproductive health from schools and health systems: A descriptive study
Conclusion: It is important to conceive schools as the foundation for providing SRH education among the adolescents supported by a friendly and responsive health system. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sreenidhi Sreekumar Jayalakshmy Ramakrishnan D Harisankar Kamaruddeen Mannethodi Source Type: research

Incidence of tuberculosis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children in India: Is there a role of isoniazid preventive therapy ?
Conclusion: Younger children are more likely to develop TB within a year of presentation whereas those who were near the adolescent age group were more likely to develop TB after 3 years of diagnosis of HIV. Thus, role of IPT in adolescents for 3 years at the time of diagnosis may not be useful as they tend to develop TB later on whereas IPT may be useful in the younger age group. With high incidence of MDR-TB, role of IPT in HIV-infected children in India needs to be re-assessed. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Naman S Shetty Ira Shah Source Type: research

A study on hypogonadism in male HIV patients in northeastern part of India
Conclusions: Hypogonadism is seen in 23.3% of HIV-infected males. Majority (85.7%) had secondary hypogonadism. There was significant association of hypogonadism with lower CD4 count. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Nungsangla Pongener Ranabir Salam Robinson Ningshen Vizovonuo Visi Tamphasana Wairokpam L Shaini Devi Source Type: research

Dermatoscopy of nonvenereal genital dermatoses: A brief review
Divya Kamat, Keshavamurthy VinayIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(1):13-19The scope of dermatoscopy has now vastly expanded and shows promising use for characterization of both pigmentary and inflammatory dermatoses affecting the skin, nail, and mucosae. Due to concerns of contamination and spread of infection, dermatoscopy has not been widely studied for genital mucosal dermatoses. In this article, we review the dermatoscopic features of nonvenereal dermatosis affecting the genitalia. Although biopsy is required for a definitive diagnosis, dermatoscopy is useful to identify atypical and susp...
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Divya Kamat Keshavamurthy Vinay Source Type: research

Genital lichen sclerosus et atrophicus in females: An update
Yogesh Marfatia, Ashma Surani, Reema BaxiIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(1):6-12Lichen sclerosus et atrophicus is an acquired chronic inflammatory dermatosis commonly affecting the vulvar and perianal regions. It is associated with an increased risk of vulvar cancer even though it is not a premalignant condition itself. The true precursor of cancer associated with lichen sclerosus (LS) is vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), differentiated type. The diagnosis is usually clinical, but in some cases, a biopsy can be performed, especially to exclude VIN or cancer. All females with anogenita...
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yogesh Marfatia Ashma Surani Reema Baxi Source Type: research

HIV & #8211; Is a cure possible ?
This article reviews the major approaches, recent advances in the venture of HIV cure, and the safety concerns involved. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Murugan Sankaranantham Source Type: research

Multiple pruritic plaques on scrotum-what is your diagnosis ?
Ashma Surani, Yogesh Marfatia, Ravi BavariyaIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2018 39(2):141-142Differential diagnosis of genital lesions must include venereal and nonvenereal dermatosis. Atypical manifestations of common dermatosis exclusively over scrotum pose diagnostic challenge and histopathology plays a crucial role in such cases. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ashma Surani Yogesh Marfatia Ravi Bavariya Source Type: research

Giant molluscum contagiosum unmasked probably during an immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
We report the emergence of giant nodules of molluscum contagiosum (MC) on the face and thighs 2 months after initiation of cART in a 45-year-old male patient with acquired immune deficiency syndrome. To the best of our knowledge, our report describes the first case of MC probably unmasked during IRIS from India. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Aayush Gupta Yugal Kishor Sharma Manoj Ghogre Shubhshree Misra Shilpa Pawar Source Type: research

Acquired angiokeratomas of the vulva
We report the development of multiple vulvar angiokeratomas in a 40-year-old female after undergoing a perineoplasty successfully treated with electrocautery. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kirti Deo Kedar Nath Dash Yugal Kishor Sharma Meenakshi Wadhokar Aayush Gupta Source Type: research

Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine in genital warts: A case report of two patients
We report the two cases of genital warts, who had an excellent response with intralesional MMR vaccine. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Dilip Meena Shilpi Sharma Payal Chauhan Source Type: research

Syphilis cornee mimicking lichen planus clinically and histologically
Betsy Ambooken, Neelakandhan Asokan, KT Jisha, Lincy NinanIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2018 39(2):130-132Palmoplantar lesions of secondary syphilis are often termed “syphilis cornee.” A 32-year-old male presented with itchy lichenoid papules on both soles and left palm associated with grayish white papules on the buccal mucosa and glans penis. Initial clinical diagnosis of palmoplantar lichen planus with mucosal involvement was supported by the histopathological finding of interface dermatitis. However, more detailed history, serological tests of syphilis, and review of histopatholog...
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Betsy Ambooken Neelakandhan Asokan KT Jisha Lincy Ninan Source Type: research

Haemophilus parainfluenzae urethritis through orogenital transmission
Ajit Saxena, Reetika Dawar, Upasana BoraIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2018 39(2):127-129Urethritis, which is characterized by urethral inflammation, results from infectious, traumatic, and immune sources. Amongst the infectious causes, urethritis is usually acquired through sexual route and all show similar symptoms and signs. The present case is from India of a patient with urethritis caused by Haemophilus parainfluenzae transmitted through orogenital route. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ajit Saxena Reetika Dawar Upasana Bora Source Type: research

Recurrent, nodular lesions over the vulva: A diagnostic challenge
We present this case due to the rarity of its occurrence and to emphasize the importance of ruling out nonvenereal causes of genital lesions. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Suvarna Samudrala M Ramesh Bhat Source Type: research

Evaluation of interobserver reliability of Nugent score for diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis
Conclusion: Interobserver reliability is good for the Nugent score. The Nugent score is a simple and reliable method for the diagnosis of BV that can be adapted even in the resource poor settings. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Swapna Muthusamy Jessy Varghese Vinod Raveendran Kavitha Ezilarasan Joshy Maducolil Easow Source Type: research

Clinico-mycological analysis and antifungal resistance pattern in human immunodeficiency virus-associated candidiasis: An Indian perspective
Conclusion: Although C. albicans continues to be the leading etiological agent of candidiasis, the incidence of nonalbicans species among HIV-positive Indian individuals is rising. Antifungal resistance was higher among nonalbicans Candida species. Another issue of therapeutic concern is the possible emergence of multidrug-resistant Candida strains among these patients. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ravinder Kaur Bhanu Mehra Megh Singh Dhakad Ritu Goyal Preena Bhalla Richa Dewan Source Type: research

Awareness of needle-stick injuries among health-care workers in a tertiary health-care center
Conclusions: NSIs were seen in all the categories of HCWs, but the awareness regarding health hazards due to NSI was inadequate. Except Class IV workers, rest of the HCWs were overall aware regarding hepatitis B vaccination. There is a need to give emphasis as regards to awareness of PEP in case of a NSI. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rituja V Sardesai Sudarshan P Gaurkar Vidyadhar R Sardesai Vasudha V Sardesai Source Type: research

Genital molluscum contagiosum in females & #8211; therapeutic efficacy and comparative evaluation of topical 10 & #37; and 20 & #37; potassium hydroxide
Conclusion: Topical 20% KOH is better than 10% KOH in genital MC in females. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Chetna Singla Bharat Bhushan Mahajan Tejinder Kaur Suresh Kumar Malhotra Nidhi Sharma Source Type: research