IJSTD quiz based on articles in volume 40 issue 1
Donborlang Byrsat, Yogesh S MarfatiaIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(1):84-85 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Donborlang Byrsat Yogesh S Marfatia Source Type: research

Prevalence and knowledge of HIV/AIDS among the tribal women of Jaintia Hills, Meghalaya (North East India)
Soma Mondal, Roumi DebIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(1):82-83 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Soma Mondal Roumi Deb Source Type: research

Extensive vulval and perianal ulceration due to genital herpes virus infection
Santoshdev Pitamber Rathod, Bela Padhiar, Bela ShahIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(1):80-81 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Santoshdev Pitamber Rathod Bela Padhiar Bela Shah Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease risk assessment among human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy
Mahmood Dhahir Al-MendalawiIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(1):79-79 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi Source Type: research

Rising trends of herpes simplex virus - 1: A global public health concern
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh RamasamyIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(1):77-78 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava Jegadeesh Ramasamy Source Type: research

Horizontal transmission of HIV-1 infection in a child: With phylodynamic evidence-case study
We report a child who was diagnosed HIV positive at the age of 3.5 years born to HIV-negative mother. Based on the available histories, no alternative modes of HIV transmission could be implicated. However, the paternal grandmother of the child was found to be HIV infected. To explore the likelihood that this HIV-infected relative was the most likely source from which this child acquired HIV infection postnatally, Bayesian phylodynamic analysis of the HIV of the child and parental grandmother was performed, which showed evidence of linkage of HIV transmission from an HIV-infected paternal grandmother to a child living with...
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Janak Keshavlal Maniar Source Type: research

Psoriasiform lesions of glans and palms: A rare presentation in secondary syphilis
We report a case of 19-year-old male who presented with erythematous, scaly, psoriasiform lesions over the palms and glans penis. The papules over the palms showed tenderness on blunt vertical pressure. There was a history of sexual contact and ulcer over the glans around 2 months back, which resolved on its own. Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test was positive in 1:32 dilution. Treponema pallidum hemagglutination test was also positive. This case highlights the atypical presentation of secondary syphilis. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tasleem Arif Mohammad Adil Syed Suhail Amin Noora Saeed Source Type: research

Eosinophilic gastroenteritis: Atypical cause for chronic diarrhea in human immunodeficiency virus-associated immunosuppression
We describe a 57-year-old male with human immunodeficiency virus who presented to us with chronic diarrhea. He had no history of allergies and had significant weight loss, normal systemic examination, and a complete blood count showing no eosinophilia. After an esophagogastroduodenoscopy, the diagnosis of EGE was made by histopathological findings. The symptoms started improving with the initiation of treatment with oral prednisolone. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Om Shrivastav Nirzar Samir Parikh Ajay Bharat Jhaveri Rajni Ahlawat Source Type: research

Systemic lupus erythematosus in HIV: An insight into clinical implications and management
We report an HIV-seropositive female on highly active antiretroviral therapy presenting with features of SLE. Herein, an attempt has been made to discuss the various complex clinical and therapeutic implications along with the influence on disease course and prognosis. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Vasudha A Belgaumkar Ravindranath B Chavan Prernaa R Suryataley Aarti S Salunke Pallavi P Patil Sandhya M Borade Source Type: research

Association of abnormal cervical cytology with coinfection of human papillomavirus and Chlamydia trachomatis
Conclusion: CT was found to be a significant risk factor for cervical cytological abnormalities in our study. HPV and CT coinfection were also associated with a higher prevalence of cervical atypia. As chlamydial infection is easily treatable, we recommend screening and treatment of all women of the reproductive age group for Chlamydia to decrease the risk of cervical dysplasia. Limitation: This is a single-center STI clinic-based study. Multicenter and community-based studies with a larger cohort will confirm the association. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Nisha Madaan Deepika Pandhi Vineeta Sharma Sambit Nath Bhattacharya Kiran Guleria Kiran Mishra Mausumi Bharadwaj Source Type: research

A prospective study to evaluate efficacy of second-line antiretroviral therapy given to human immunodeficiency virus patients at Antiretroviral Therapy Plus Centre in India
Conclusions: Irrational practice by private hospitals limits treatment options, with increasing the chances of drug resistance. On the other hand, the National AIDS Control Organization-sponsored second-line ART was found to be effective as 84.12% of patients had improvement in their mean CD4 count. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jigar P Modi Amita Kubavat Shailesh Mundhava Usha Lalwani Source Type: research

A study of adherence to antiretroviral therapy in a tertiary care hospital at Allahabad, India
Conclusion: Comprehensive research to assess nonadherence to ART therapy is the need of the hour. Policy formulations ought to be made to assess and promote effective adherence to enhance the longevity and quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS. Concerted efforts by government and intersectoral collaboration are further needed to sustain promotive measures. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Arkapal Bandyopadhyay Rakesh Chandra Chaurasia Sarika Palepu Rakesh Kumar Yadav Source Type: research

Clinical, immunological, and virological outcomes in HIV patients on raltegravir-based salvage therapy
Conclusion: This study clearly shows that RAL containing regimens have a high degree of effectiveness in treatment-experienced patients and show effective and durable suppression of viral load with low adverse effect rates and reliable long-term safety. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rajesh Deshwal Sumit Arora Source Type: research

Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome knowledge level and implications for health promotion program on high school students at Banjarbaru city
Conclusions: Optimal support be required as the efforts to reduce HIV/AIDS cases from various network. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Fauzie Rahman Lenie Marlinae Ayu Riana Sari Mira Surya Ramadhani Andini Octaviana Putri Source Type: research

Felt needs and expectations of adolescents regarding sexual and reproductive health from schools and health systems: A descriptive study
Conclusion: It is important to conceive schools as the foundation for providing SRH education among the adolescents supported by a friendly and responsive health system. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sreenidhi Sreekumar Jayalakshmy Ramakrishnan D Harisankar Kamaruddeen Mannethodi Source Type: research

Incidence of tuberculosis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children in India: Is there a role of isoniazid preventive therapy ?
Conclusion: Younger children are more likely to develop TB within a year of presentation whereas those who were near the adolescent age group were more likely to develop TB after 3 years of diagnosis of HIV. Thus, role of IPT in adolescents for 3 years at the time of diagnosis may not be useful as they tend to develop TB later on whereas IPT may be useful in the younger age group. With high incidence of MDR-TB, role of IPT in HIV-infected children in India needs to be re-assessed. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Naman S Shetty Ira Shah Source Type: research

A study on hypogonadism in male HIV patients in northeastern part of India
Conclusions: Hypogonadism is seen in 23.3% of HIV-infected males. Majority (85.7%) had secondary hypogonadism. There was significant association of hypogonadism with lower CD4 count. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Nungsangla Pongener Ranabir Salam Robinson Ningshen Vizovonuo Visi Tamphasana Wairokpam L Shaini Devi Source Type: research

Dermatoscopy of nonvenereal genital dermatoses: A brief review
Divya Kamat, Keshavamurthy VinayIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(1):13-19The scope of dermatoscopy has now vastly expanded and shows promising use for characterization of both pigmentary and inflammatory dermatoses affecting the skin, nail, and mucosae. Due to concerns of contamination and spread of infection, dermatoscopy has not been widely studied for genital mucosal dermatoses. In this article, we review the dermatoscopic features of nonvenereal dermatosis affecting the genitalia. Although biopsy is required for a definitive diagnosis, dermatoscopy is useful to identify atypical and susp...
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Divya Kamat Keshavamurthy Vinay Source Type: research

Genital lichen sclerosus et atrophicus in females: An update
Yogesh Marfatia, Ashma Surani, Reema BaxiIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2019 40(1):6-12Lichen sclerosus et atrophicus is an acquired chronic inflammatory dermatosis commonly affecting the vulvar and perianal regions. It is associated with an increased risk of vulvar cancer even though it is not a premalignant condition itself. The true precursor of cancer associated with lichen sclerosus (LS) is vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), differentiated type. The diagnosis is usually clinical, but in some cases, a biopsy can be performed, especially to exclude VIN or cancer. All females with anogenita...
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yogesh Marfatia Ashma Surani Reema Baxi Source Type: research

HIV & #8211; Is a cure possible ?
This article reviews the major approaches, recent advances in the venture of HIV cure, and the safety concerns involved. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Murugan Sankaranantham Source Type: research

Multiple pruritic plaques on scrotum-what is your diagnosis ?
Ashma Surani, Yogesh Marfatia, Ravi BavariyaIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2018 39(2):141-142Differential diagnosis of genital lesions must include venereal and nonvenereal dermatosis. Atypical manifestations of common dermatosis exclusively over scrotum pose diagnostic challenge and histopathology plays a crucial role in such cases. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ashma Surani Yogesh Marfatia Ravi Bavariya Source Type: research

Giant molluscum contagiosum unmasked probably during an immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
We report the emergence of giant nodules of molluscum contagiosum (MC) on the face and thighs 2 months after initiation of cART in a 45-year-old male patient with acquired immune deficiency syndrome. To the best of our knowledge, our report describes the first case of MC probably unmasked during IRIS from India. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Aayush Gupta Yugal Kishor Sharma Manoj Ghogre Shubhshree Misra Shilpa Pawar Source Type: research

Acquired angiokeratomas of the vulva
We report the development of multiple vulvar angiokeratomas in a 40-year-old female after undergoing a perineoplasty successfully treated with electrocautery. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kirti Deo Kedar Nath Dash Yugal Kishor Sharma Meenakshi Wadhokar Aayush Gupta Source Type: research

Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine in genital warts: A case report of two patients
We report the two cases of genital warts, who had an excellent response with intralesional MMR vaccine. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Dilip Meena Shilpi Sharma Payal Chauhan Source Type: research

Syphilis cornee mimicking lichen planus clinically and histologically
Betsy Ambooken, Neelakandhan Asokan, KT Jisha, Lincy NinanIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2018 39(2):130-132Palmoplantar lesions of secondary syphilis are often termed “syphilis cornee.” A 32-year-old male presented with itchy lichenoid papules on both soles and left palm associated with grayish white papules on the buccal mucosa and glans penis. Initial clinical diagnosis of palmoplantar lichen planus with mucosal involvement was supported by the histopathological finding of interface dermatitis. However, more detailed history, serological tests of syphilis, and review of histopatholog...
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Betsy Ambooken Neelakandhan Asokan KT Jisha Lincy Ninan Source Type: research

Haemophilus parainfluenzae urethritis through orogenital transmission
Ajit Saxena, Reetika Dawar, Upasana BoraIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2018 39(2):127-129Urethritis, which is characterized by urethral inflammation, results from infectious, traumatic, and immune sources. Amongst the infectious causes, urethritis is usually acquired through sexual route and all show similar symptoms and signs. The present case is from India of a patient with urethritis caused by Haemophilus parainfluenzae transmitted through orogenital route. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ajit Saxena Reetika Dawar Upasana Bora Source Type: research

Recurrent, nodular lesions over the vulva: A diagnostic challenge
We present this case due to the rarity of its occurrence and to emphasize the importance of ruling out nonvenereal causes of genital lesions. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Suvarna Samudrala M Ramesh Bhat Source Type: research

Evaluation of interobserver reliability of Nugent score for diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis
Conclusion: Interobserver reliability is good for the Nugent score. The Nugent score is a simple and reliable method for the diagnosis of BV that can be adapted even in the resource poor settings. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Swapna Muthusamy Jessy Varghese Vinod Raveendran Kavitha Ezilarasan Joshy Maducolil Easow Source Type: research

Clinico-mycological analysis and antifungal resistance pattern in human immunodeficiency virus-associated candidiasis: An Indian perspective
Conclusion: Although C. albicans continues to be the leading etiological agent of candidiasis, the incidence of nonalbicans species among HIV-positive Indian individuals is rising. Antifungal resistance was higher among nonalbicans Candida species. Another issue of therapeutic concern is the possible emergence of multidrug-resistant Candida strains among these patients. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ravinder Kaur Bhanu Mehra Megh Singh Dhakad Ritu Goyal Preena Bhalla Richa Dewan Source Type: research

Awareness of needle-stick injuries among health-care workers in a tertiary health-care center
Conclusions: NSIs were seen in all the categories of HCWs, but the awareness regarding health hazards due to NSI was inadequate. Except Class IV workers, rest of the HCWs were overall aware regarding hepatitis B vaccination. There is a need to give emphasis as regards to awareness of PEP in case of a NSI. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rituja V Sardesai Sudarshan P Gaurkar Vidyadhar R Sardesai Vasudha V Sardesai Source Type: research

Genital molluscum contagiosum in females & #8211; therapeutic efficacy and comparative evaluation of topical 10 & #37; and 20 & #37; potassium hydroxide
Conclusion: Topical 20% KOH is better than 10% KOH in genital MC in females. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Chetna Singla Bharat Bhushan Mahajan Tejinder Kaur Suresh Kumar Malhotra Nidhi Sharma Source Type: research

Study of prevalence of dermatophytes among human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS patients in Shadan Institute of Medical Sciences and Teaching Hospital and Research Centre, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Conclusion: Superficial fungal infections are a common yet significant problem in HIV infection. They are characterized by the diversity of clinical aspects; the lesions are mostly caused by T. rubrum. It is essential that optimum treatment should be administered. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Syed Yousuf Ali Sukumar Reddy Gajjala Akhilesh Raj Source Type: research

Prevalence of nonadherence and its associated factors affecting on HIV adults follow-up at antiretroviral therapy clinic in Batu Hospital, Eastern Ethiopia
Conclusion and Recommendations: The self-report adherence rate was higher than that seen in developing countries. Programs and clinical efforts to improve medication taking in the study setups should strive to provide the regular follow-up for patients, increase patients' awareness of the side effects of ARVs and possible remedies, integrate medications better into patients' daily routines, improve patients' confidence, trust, and satisfaction with their caregivers, and teach patients to use memory aids. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Fitala Jima Ramanjireddy Tatiparthi Source Type: research

A safety analysis of different drug regimens used in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients
Conclusion: Both ART regimens are associated with ADRs affecting all body system; however, the frequency and severity of ADR are high with ZLN regimen. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Nidhi S Chauhan Samidh P Shah Mira K Desai Asha Shah Source Type: research

Prevalence of reproductive tract infection symptoms and treatment-seeking behavior among women: A community-based study
Conclusion: Health-care professionals in India should focus on strengthening women knowledge of RTI symptoms and encouraging them to seek health care. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - December 7, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Deepak Sharma Naveen Krishan Goel Meenal Madhukar Thakare Source Type: research

IJSTD quiz based on articles in volume 39 issue 1
Ashutosh Pal, Ashma Surani, Yogesh S MarfatiaIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2018 39(1):68-68 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - June 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ashutosh Pal Ashma Surani Yogesh S Marfatia Source Type: research

Ebola virus: An emerging sexually transmissible infection pathogen
Ashma Surani, Yogesh S Marfatia, Ashutosh Pal, Ruchi ShahIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2018 39(1):65-67 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - June 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ashma Surani Yogesh S Marfatia Ashutosh Pal Ruchi Shah Source Type: research

Emergence of forgotten entities
Murugan SankarananthamIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2018 39(1):63-64 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - June 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Murugan Sankaranantham Source Type: research

Homosexual and Zika virus infection: Is it a new start of new problem for gay ?
Pathoom Sookaromdee, Viroj WiwanitkitIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2018 39(1):61-62 (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - June 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Pathoom Sookaromdee Viroj Wiwanitkit Source Type: research

Human immunodeficiency virus neuropathy: A new mimicker of leprous neuropathy
We report one such patient who was initially seen by a dermatologist but was ultimately found to be suffering from human immunodeficiency virus neuropathy. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - June 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ankita Srivastava Source Type: research

AIDS-related progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy-really rare in India: A case report and review of literature
Sushma Choudhary, Manoj Kumar Parashar, Namita Parashar, Shailendra RatreIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2018 39(1):55-58Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rare but devastating disease in acquired immuno deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. PML in HIV/AIDS is rare in India and literature is limited. We are reporting a case of probable AIDS-related PML from Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) Centre Jabalpur. It was our first case of PML (possible) in 3194 registered HIV patients taking ART since 2006. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - June 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sushma Choudhary Manoj Kumar Parashar Namita Parashar Shailendra Ratre Source Type: research

Deploying machine learning to find out the reasons for not using condom in a questionnaire-based study of 120 patients
Conclusions: Results of the study identify the specific reasons for not using condom and help us in devising specific strategies to promote the condom usage. Our results from machine learning suggest that gender of the respondent is the best predictor in predicting the reason for the nonusage of condom. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - June 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Balaji Govindan Karunakaran Maduravasagam Source Type: research

A study of clinicopathological correlation of pruritic papular eruptions in HIV patients
Conclusions: We conclude that histopathology helps in specifying the pattern of PPE and its etiology. It can be a marker of advanced HIV infection. Thus, correlation between the histopathology, clinical diagnosis, and CD4 counts helps to know the disease process. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - June 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Dimple Chopra Sarvjit Kumari Ramesh Kumar Kundal Rakesh Kumar Bahl Shivali Aggarwal Harpal Singh Shalini Bansal Source Type: research

Clinico-epidemiological profile and high-risk sexual behavior among clients attending sexually transmitted infection clinic at a tertiary care hospital in North India
Conclusions: Based on findings of study, it is highly recommended to provide periodic screening to these STI patients for assessment of their sexual behavior along with specific counseling session. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - June 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Swastika Suvirya Mukesh Shukla Sucheta Pathania AK Singhal Jyotsana Agarwal Source Type: research

Sexual behaviors reported by a sample of human immunodeficiency virus-positive men who have sex with men: A descriptive study in Khon Kaen, Thailand
Conclusions: Our sample of HIV-positive MSM, though aware of being infected, engage in sexual behaviors that could sustain transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. This highlights the need for a national prevention programs for persons living with HIV. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - June 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jiratha Budkaew Bandit Chumworathayi Chamsai Peintong Tipaya Ekalaksananan Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease risk assessment among human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy
Conclusion: HIV-infected individuals on ART had higher levels of triglycerides, LDL, and total cholesterol, but no increased cardiovascular risk compared to other groups. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - June 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jyothi Idiculla N Swaroop Suresh Shastri Nisha George BB Rewari Anita Shet Source Type: research

Cardiac complications in people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and their association with CD4 & #43; T-cell count & #8211; A cross sectional study
Conclusion: Prevalence of cardiac abnormality in our study was 24%. The abnormalities included LVDD (22%), pulmonary hypertension (12%), DCMP (12%), pericardial effusion (7%), left ventricular systolic dysfunction (5%), and right ventricular dysfunction (1%). (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - June 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shailesh Singh Deepankar Vatsa Shobhit Tomar GK Aneja TV S. Arya Source Type: research

A study of behavioral and disease patterns among transgenders in a tertiary care center
Conclusion: There was relatively lower prevalence of infectious venereal diseases among transgender population, attributable to the good level of awareness among them. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - June 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Bhanu Priya Tamilselvan Najuk Mehta Srikanth Shanmugam Krishnan Subramanian Source Type: research

Correlation between venereal diseases research laboratory titers and CD4 T-lymphocyte count determined by flow cytometry in HIV-infected adults: A 5-year study
Conclusions: Although the correlation coefficient shows a positive correlation, the association was very weak. Therefore, CD4 cell count cannot be expected to influence VDRL titers in HIV-positive adults significantly. (Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - June 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Prabhav Aggarwal Sonali Bhattar Preena Bhalla Swati Sharma Source Type: research

Epidemiological, clinical, and immunological profile of cases at the time of HIV testing (a clinic-based observational cross-sectional study)
Conclusion: Except one, all cases were tested either because they were symptomatic or were referred by health-care provider for epidemiologic reasons. The presence of mucocutaneous manifestations including STD and systemic illnesses as the reason for testing as well as low CD4 count at the time of testing suggest less and late testing. Low condom use and high STD rate in married couple imply continued intramarital transmission. Although HIV seropositivity offers an entry point into continuum of comprehensive care package which includes free ART, it appears that HIV testing is still less and late. (Source: Indian Journal of...
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - June 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yogesh S Marfatia Ruchi Jayeshbhai Shah Reema Rajesh Baxi Ashma Surani Source Type: research