Mobilizing community action to improve maternal health in a rural district in Tanzania: lessons learned from two years of community group activities.
Conclusion: The process of establishing and undertaking community groups in itself appeared to have a positive perceived impact on the community. However, sustained behaviour change, power dynamics and financial incentives need to be carefully considered during implementation and sustaining the community groups. PMID: 31190635 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - June 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

A systematic review of vital events tracking by community health agents.
Conclusions: The multitude of articles on this topic attests to the availability of community health agents to track vital events. Creating a programmatic norm of integrating with CRVS systems the vital events information collected from existing community health programs has the potential to provide governments with information essential for public health decision-making. PMID: 31179875 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Evaluating concordance between government administrative data and externally collected data among high-volume government health facilities in Uttar Pradesh, India.
Conclusion: This study has a number of important programmatic and policy implications. Government administrative health data have the potential to be highly critical in informing large-scale quality improvements in maternal healthcare quality, but its credibility must be readily verifiable and accessible to politicians, researchers, funders, and most importantly, the public, to improve the overall health, patient experience, and well-being of women and newborns. PMID: 31159680 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - June 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Towards a framework for multisector and multilevel collaboration: case of HIV and AIDS governance in South Africa.
Conclusion: The framework does not suggest that multisector collaboration is a panacea, but that MSA remains critical to address complex health and development issues. Focus should be on finding innovative ways to inform and strengthen its implementation in practice. The framework can be used by practitioners and policy makers to inform design, implementation, and evaluation of multisector collaborations. It reflects on complexities of MSA, and brings to the fore critical information to assess readiness and to inform the decision whether to engage in MSA or not. PMID: 31154917 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Correlation between Google Trends on dengue fever and national surveillance report in Indonesia.
Conclusions: Google Trends data have a linear time series pattern and statistically correlated with annual official dengue reports. Identification of information-seeking behavior is needed to support the use of Google Trends for disease surveillance in Indonesia. PMID: 31154985 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Building sustainable operational research capacity in Pakistan: starting with tuberculosis and expanding to other public health problems.
Conclusions: The SORT IT course has been an effective way to build operational research capacity at national level and this has resulted in a large number of published papers providing local evidence for decision making on TB and other disease control programmes. The experience from Pakistan should stimulate other countries to adopt the SORT-IT model. PMID: 31154986 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

The correlation between local weather and leptospirosis incidence in Kandy district, Sri Lanka from 2006 to 2015.
Conclusions: All weather parameters studied are correlated with local leptospirosis incidence and the climate in Kandy is conducive for leptospirosis transmission. Leptospirosis incidence in the Kandy district is high compared to the national and global incidence. Therefore, leptospirosis preventive work in Kandy deserves more attention, especially during months with favorable weather for leptospirosis transmission. Video abstract Read the transcript Watch the video on Vimeo. PMID: 31154987 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Developing a theory-driven contextually relevant mHealth intervention.
Conclusions: In order to respond to the local needs of a community in Bangladesh, a process of formative research, drawing on behavioural theory helped in the development of awareness-raising and behaviour change mHealth messages through helping us to conceptualise and understand behaviour (for example by categorising behaviour into specific domains) and subsequently identify specific behavioural strategies to target the behaviour. PMID: 31154988 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Development, feasibility and acceptability of a gamified cognitive DEvelopmental assessment on an E-Platform (DEEP) in rural Indian pre-schoolers - a pilot study.
Conclusions: A DEvelopmental assessment on an E-Platform (DEEP) has been created comprising distinct games woven into a narrative, which assess six cognitive domains, and shows high levels of acceptability and generates metrics which may be used for validation against gold standard cognitive assessments. PMID: 31154989 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Exploring affordability and healthcare-seeking behaviour for delivery and antenatal care among the poor and ethnic minorities in rural Northwestern Viet Nam.
Conclusions: The results indicated that Vietnamese HI reform reduced the economic burden for both the poor and ethnic minorities in rural villages. However, further HI reforms should consider ways to reduce the catastrophic payments, fix the role of private facilities for appropriate resource mobilisation, and enhance the move towards universal health coverage. PMID: 31154990 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Nutrition-specific and sensitive drivers of poor child nutrition in Kilte Awlaelo-Health and Demographic Surveillance Site, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: implications for public health nutrition in resource-poor settings.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the burden of poor child nutrition is very high in the study area. Multi-sectoral collaboration and cross-disciplinary interventions between agriculture, nutrition and health sectors are recommended to address child undernutrition in resource poor and food insecure rural communities of similar settings. PMID: 31154991 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Empowering sex workers? Critical reflections on peer-led risk-reduction workshops in Soweto, South Africa.
Conclusions: Peer-led sex worker programs are likely to be more empowering when they are committed to raising critical consciousness and creating solidarity, and embedded in community action, focusing on common issues such as institutionalized racism, livelihood insecurity, and lack of access to safe and secure housing. Such actions would have positive outcomes on health and well-being. PMID: 31154992 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

An invisible workforce: the neglected role of cleaners in patient safety on maternity units.
Authors: Cross S, Gon G, Morrison E, Afsana K, Ali SM, Manjang T, Manneh L, Rahman A, Saxena D, Vora K, Graham WJ Abstract Hospital cleaning has been shown to impact on rates of healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) and good environmental hygiene is critical to quality care, yet those tasked with the role of ensuring a safe and clean environment often go unrecognised as members of the healthcare workforce. Sepsis is a leading cause of maternal and newborn death, a significant proportion of these cases are estimated to be due to HCAIs. Deliveries in health institutions have now reached 75% globally, and in low an...
Source: Global Health Action - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Integrating capacity development during digital health research: a case study from global health.
Conclusions: This paper highlights the value of making capacity development a high priority for digital health research activities, while also considering the need to monitor and evaluate those activities in order for them to be meaningful and sustainable. It also considers how to utilize the ESSENCE Framework to evaluate capacity development activities through research, and how best to adapt the Framework to different programs. PMID: 31154994 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

The Healthy Baby Flipbook: piloting home-based counseling for refugee mothers to improve infant feeding and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) practices.
The objective of this study was to create and pilot educational materials for home-based counseling of refugee mothers along the Thailand-Myanmar border to improve appropriate infant feeding and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) behaviors. Mothers of infants received counseling on appropriate infant feeding and WASH practices on a monthly basis for a total of six months from infant age three months until nine months. Educational materials were designed to feature a basic script for health workers and photos of locally available, appropriate foods. Of the 20 mothers participating in this pilot, infant feeding and WASH b...
Source: Global Health Action - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Mortality of neurological disorders in Tanzania: analysis of baseline data from sample vital registration with verbal autopsy (SAVVY).
Conclusions: The SAVVY survey provides estimates of mortality burden of ND in Tanzania. The study provides a basis for monitoring trends of ND and contributes to advancing knowledge of the burden of diseases. Integrating morbidities measures into the SAVVY design will provide comprehensive measures of burden of ND taking into account lifetime disabilities created by ND. PMID: 31144608 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

European aid and health system strengthening: an analysis of donor approaches in the DRC, Ethiopia, Uganda, Mozambique and the global fund.
This article reviews a PhD thesis on European aid and HSS. The thesis investigated (1) the approaches of European donors towards IHA, and (2) the extent to which there are similarities or differences between them. An original analytical framework was developed to make a fine-grained analysis of European donors' approaches in the DRC, Ethiopia, Uganda and Mozambique. In addition, the relation of European donors with the Global Fund was investigated. Methods: An abductive research approach was used during which literature review, data generation, analysis and research design mutually influenced each other. The research built...
Source: Global Health Action - May 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Rural response system to prevent violence against women: methodology for a community randomised controlled trial in the central region of Ghana.
This study is a mixed method unmatched cluster randomised controlled trial and includes rural (n = 23), peri-urban (n = 7) and urban (n = 10) communities in four districts of the Central Region, Ghana. The trial will last three years with one baseline survey, one impact assessment and a qualitative baseline, midpoint and endline evaluation. A total of 40 localities were selected to serve as clusters (20 per trial arm) with about 82 households per cluster recruited at baseline. The same number will be recruited post-intervention. Adult women (18 to 49 years) and men (≥ 18 years) were drawn f...
Source: Global Health Action - May 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Effect of enhanced reminders on postnatal clinic attendance in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a cluster randomized controlled trial.
Conclusions: Mobile phone reminders were effective in terms of enhancing adherence to PNC appointments. This indicates integration of mobile phone reminders in postnatal care could improve postnatal appointment compliance. PMID: 31124401 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Uganda public health fellowship program's contribution to building a resilient and sustainable public health system in Uganda.
Conclusion: During the 4 years of existence, PHFP has contributed greatly to improving real-time disease surveillance and outbreak response core capacities. Enhanced focus on evidence-based targeted approaches has increased effectiveness in outbreak response and control, and integration of PHFP within MoH has contributed to building a resilient and sustainable health system in Uganda. PMID: 31117889 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - May 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Challenges in policy reforms for non-communicable diseases: the case of diabetes in Kenya.
Conclusions: In Kenya, a major gap remains between how diabetes is addressed within the NCD policy agenda and tackling diabetes in reality, with respect to local implementation processes. More emphasis on population-wide prevention and inclusion of the non-health sector could help to cascade national efforts to the grassroots level. A concerted effort from the highest political level is needed to address overarching NCD drivers while maintaining health system improvement strategies. PMID: 31117896 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - May 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Access to hypertension care and services in primary health-care settings in Vietnam: a systematic narrative review of existing literature.
Conclusions: Although the Vietnamese health-care system has taken steps to accommodate some of the needs of HTN patients, it is crucial to scale-up interventions that allow for regular, systematic, and integrated care, especially at the lowest levels of care. PMID: 31120345 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - May 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Community and stakeholders' engagement in the prevention and management of Type 2 diabetes: a qualitative study in socioeconomically disadvantaged suburbs in region Stockholm.
Conclusion: Interaction between the communities and stakeholders was limited, as was engagement in T2D prevention and management. This highlights barriers in the collaboration between community, healthcare institutions and other stakeholders which consequently affect the implementation of preventive interventions. Innovative ways to link the community to the healthcare sector and other local government institutions are needed to build the capacity of health systems for T2D prevention in socioeconomically disadvantaged communities. PMID: 31116096 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - May 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Innovating to increase access to diabetes care in Kenya: an evaluation of Novo Nordisk's base of the pyramid project.
Conclusion: In the context of the rising prevalence of non-communicable diseases in LMICs, cross-sector approaches to improving access to care are increasingly needed. Public-private partnerships such as the BoP are necessary but not sufficient to ensure access to health care for people with diabetes at the base of the economic pyramid in Kenya. PMID: 31116677 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - May 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Adaptation of problem-solving therapy for primary care to prevent late-life depression in Goa, India: the 'DIL' intervention.
CONCLUSION: The DIL intervention was adapted to the local context for delivery by lay health counselors and was found to be acceptable and feasible among the elderly participants in the study. PMID: 31104614 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - May 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

A comparison of all-cause and cause-specific mortality by household socioeconomic status across seven INDEPTH network health and demographic surveillance systems in sub-Saharan Africa.
CONCLUSIONS: We show large disparities in mortality on the basis of socioeconomic status across seven HDSS in sub-Saharan Africa due to disparities in communicable disease mortality and from non-communicable diseases in some sites. Life expectancy gaps between socioeconomic groups within sites were similar to the gaps between high-income and lower-middle-income countries. Prevention and treatment efforts can benefit from understanding subpopulations facing higher mortality from specific conditions. PMID: 31092155 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - May 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Research collaboration on community health worker programmes in low-income countries: an analysis of authorship teams and networks.
CONCLUSION: Knowledge production on CHW programmes in LICs flows predominantly through a pool of connected HIC authors and North-South collaborations. There is a need for strategies harnessing more diverse, including South-South, forms of partnership. PMID: 31066343 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - May 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Inequalities in early childhood mortality in Myanmar - Association between parents' socioeconomic status and early childhood mortality.
CONCLUSIONS: In Myanmar, household wealth and parental education are important for childhood survival before five years of age. This study identified nuanced age-related differences in associations. Health policy must take socioeconomic determinants into account in order to address unfair inequalities in early childhood mortality. PMID: 31066344 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - May 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Can health promotion videos 'go viral'? A non-randomised, controlled, before-and-after pilot study to measure the spread and impact of local language mobile videos in Burkina Faso.
CONCLUSIONS: Viral sharing of films on mobile phones has the potential to be an effective health promotion tool for communities whose languages are not served by existing mass media channels. PMID: 31066345 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - May 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

'Tiny Iceland' preparing for Ebola in a globalized world.
CONCLUSIONS: Communication and training were important for preparedness of health staff in Iceland, in order to receive, admit, and treat a patient suspected of having Ebola, while doubts prevailed on staff capacity to properly do so. For optimal preparedness, likely scenarios for future global security health threats need to be repeatedly enacted, and areas plagued by poverty and fragile healthcare systems require global support. PMID: 31062663 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - May 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Factors affecting low coverage of the vitamin A supplementation program among young children admitted in an urban diarrheal treatment facility in Bangladesh.
This study aims to determine the factors affecting low coverage of the vitamin A supplementation program among the young children admitted to a diarrheal hospital. METHODS: We extracted data from the Diarrhoeal Diseases Surveillance System (DDSS) on children aged 12-59 months admitted to the Dhaka Hospital of the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, from 1996 to 2014. A logistic regression model was constructed to identify the factors that were significantly associated with non-compliance to vitamin A supplementation (VAS). Strength of association was determined by calculating adjusted odds...
Source: Global Health Action - May 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Climate change, food security and health in Kiribati: a narrative review of the literature.
CONCLUSION: Climate change is a pressing concern for the government of Kiribati and communities alike, and yet the problem is worsening, not improving. Further research is required to look at effective policies and cultural perspectives to address this problem. PMID: 31062666 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - May 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

What are the public health implications of the life course perspective?
Authors: Aagaard-Hansen J, Norris SA, Maindal HT, Hanson M, Fall C Abstract During the past decades innovative research has shown that exposure to harmful events during pregnancy and early infancy ('the first 1000 days') has an impact on health at subsequent stages of the life course and even across generations. Recently it has been shown that even the pre-conception period is of outmost importance, and other scholars have made the case that the 1000 days should be extended to a period of 8000 days post-conception. The present contribution aims to bridge further the gap between research evidence and ...
Source: Global Health Action - May 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

The global surgery blood drought: frontline provider data on barriers and solutions in Bihar, India.
CONCLUSIONS: A multi-stakeholder approach that aims to increase blood donation through community education, mitigate limited infrastructure through short-term workarounds, and improve local-level coordination through state support and policy change is required in Bihar. This study generates data to guide policy and future research aimed at generating affordable, contextually appropriate interventions to the blood drought. PMID: 31018826 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Health and disease among Somali primary school children in Hargeisa.
We present the results of the general health screening of the school children, and also describe the association between nutritional status and other variables. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study children from two public primary schools in Hargeisa were assessed for general health by nursing students. Nutritional status was assessed by BMI-for-age z-scores and visual acuity by Paediatric Snellen Chart. RESULTS: We screened 2,093 children aged 4-19 years; 58% were boys. Very low BMI-for-age (z-score
Source: Global Health Action - April 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Does the political will exist to bring quality-assured and affordable drugs to low- and middle-income countries?
CONCLUSION: Does the political will exist among policymakers and other stakeholders to develop and implement these country, regional and global frameworks for non-HIV drugs as they did for antiretroviral drugs? PMID: 30983547 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - April 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

A scoping review of men, masculinities, and smoking behavior: The importance of settings.
CONCLUSIONS: Incorporating masculinity in future settings-based approaches to smoking-related health promotion programmes has the potential to reduce smoking prevalence among men. PMID: 30963822 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - April 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Association between maternal literacy and child vaccination in Ethiopia and southeastern India and the moderating role of health workers: a multilevel regression analysis of the Young Lives study.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that increased availability of community health workers may reduce the child vaccination gap for illiterate mothers, depending on the country context. PMID: 30957685 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - April 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Sex-specific associations between body mass index and death before life expectancy: a comparative study from the USA and Sweden.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates a markedly increased risk of premature death associated with increasing BMI among Swedish males, a pattern not duplicated among females. PMID: 30947624 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - April 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

A learning health systems approach to improving the quality of care for patients in South Asia.
Authors: Beane A, Wagstaff D, Abayadeera A, Wijeyaratne M, Ranasinghe G, Mirando S, Dondorp AM, Walker D, Haniffa R Abstract Poor quality of care is a leading cause of excess morbidity and mortality in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs). Improving the quality of healthcare is complex, and requires an interdisciplinary team equipped with the skills to design, implement and analyse setting-relevant improvement interventions. Such capacity is limited in many LMICs. However, training for healthcare workers in quality improvement (QI) methodology without buy-in from multidisciplinary stakeholders and without iden...
Source: Global Health Action - April 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Cervical cancer screening decentralized policy adaptation: an African rural-context-specific systematic literature review.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, there is a paucity of published literature regarding barriers to and best practices in implementation of cervical cancer screening services in rural Africa. Many articles in this literature review did describe findings with notable policy implications. The Senegal partnership has consulted this literature when faced with various similar barriers and has developed two principal initiatives to address contextual challenges. Other initiatives implementing cervical cancer visual screening services in decentralized areas may find this contextual reporting of a literature review helpful as a construct for i...
Source: Global Health Action - April 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Child marriage of female Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon: a literature review.
CONCLUSION: There is a need for a holistic approach to provide safe spaces, education, and protection to young girls and their families to reduce their acceptance of child marriage. PMID: 30907275 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - March 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Costs and cost-effectiveness of three point-of-use water treatment technologies added to community-based treatment of severe acute malnutrition in Sindh Province, Pakistan.
CONCLUSIONS: This study found that the addition of a chlorine or flocculent disinfection point-of-use drinking water treatment intervention to the treatment of SAM without complications reduced the cost per child recovered compared to standard SAM treatment. To inform the feasibility of future implementation, further research is required to understand the costs of government implementation and the associated costs to the community and beneficiary household of receiving such an intervention in comparison with the existing SAM treatment protocol. PMID: 30888265 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - March 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

A human rights-based framework to assess gender equality in health systems: the example of Zika virus in the Americas.
CONCLUSIONS: The authors' framework will permit countries to assess progress toward gender equality in health, within the context of their human rights commitments, by examining each health system building block, and the degree to which clients are realizing their rights. By applying the framework to specific health conditions, gender-related achievements and shortcomings can be identified in each health system component, fostering a more comprehensive and gender-sensitive response. PMID: 30890039 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - March 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Safe Care, Saving Lives (SCSL) quality improvement collaborative for neonatal health in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, India: a study protocol.
We present a protocol for the evaluation of this programme which aims to (a) estimate the effect of the initiative on evidence-based care practices and mortality; (b) evaluate the mechanisms leading to changes in adherence to evidence-based practices, and their relationship with contextual factors; (c) explore the feasibility of scaling-up the approach. METHODS: The mixed-method evaluation is based on a plausibility design nested within a phased implementation. The 29 non-randomly selected hospitals comprising wave II of the programme were compared to the 31 remaining hospitals where the quality improvement approach st...
Source: Global Health Action - March 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Perceptions on the sexual harassment of female nurses in a state hospital in Sri Lanka: a qualitative study.
CONCLUSIONS: Sexual harassment was a perceived workplace concern for nurses in this hospital. To develop effective local prevention and intervention responses, further research is required to determine the magnitude of the problem and explore differences in responses to and consequences of sexual harassment based on perpetrator type and intent, and personal vulnerabilities of the victims, among other factors. PMID: 30806198 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - February 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Tuberculosis screening among pregnant women attending a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry, South India: is it worth the effort?
CONCLUSIONS: The TB yield among pregnant women was very low, calling into question the value of systematic screening in a low-HIV setting. However, the findings may not be generalizable. Evidence is urgently needed from primary and secondary care facilities. The challenges and solutions identified may help in optimizing the screening process. PMID: 30806593 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - February 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Factors shaping the implementation of the SAFE strategy for trachoma using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research: a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: We found CFIR to be a robust framework capable of identifying different implementation determinants in low resource settings. However, there is a need for more research on the organisational, provider and implementation process related factors for trachoma as most studies focused on the outer setting. PMID: 30773102 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - February 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Organization and implementation of an oral cholera vaccination campaign in an endemic urban setting in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
We described how the vaccination program was planned, prepared and implemented using different strategies to deliver oral cholera vaccine to a high-risk urban population in Dhaka, Bangladesh based on administrative data and observations made during the program. The objective of this study is to evaluate the organization, implementation and effectiveness of different oral cholera vaccine delivery strategies in the endemic urban setting in Bangladesh. OCV administration by trained local volunteers through outreach sites and mop-up activities yielded high coverage of 82% and 72% of 172,754 targeted individuals for the first a...
Source: Global Health Action - February 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Nurturing Global Health Action through its first decade.
Authors: Byass P, Ng N, Wall S PMID: 30727852 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - February 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research