Global progress in tobacco control: the question of policy compliance.
Conclusion: There is a clear need to understand the barriers in achieving tobacco control policy compliance and to routinely collect and incorporate data on compliance in research in order to generate a more reliable basis for further improvements in tobacco control. PMID: 33190609 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - November 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

The values and principles underpinning community engagement approaches to tackling antimicrobial resistance (AMR).
We present our understanding of these seven values and their underlying principles as a flexible tool designed to support stakeholders within CE for AMR projects. We include practical guidance on working toward each value, plus case studies of the values in action within existing AMR interventions. Finally, we consider the extent to which CE approaches are appropriate to tackle AMR challenges. We reflect on these in relation to the tool, and current literature for both CE and AMR research. Authors and co-producers anticipate this tool being used to scene-set, road map and trouble shoot the development, implementation, and ...
Source: Global Health Action - November 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Female health-care providers' advocacy of self-sampling after participating in a workplace program for cervical cancer screening in Ghana: a mixed-methods study.
CONCLUSIONS: Self-sampling for cervical cancer screening is highly acceptable to female HCPs. Setting up a workplace screening program that entails the option of self-sampling could create greater awareness and positive attitudes among HCPs to educating their patients, families, and neighbours on cervical cancer risks and motivate HCPs to advocate for women's participation in screening. PMID: 33200671 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - November 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Establishment of COVID-19 testing laboratory in resource-limited settings: challenges and prospects reported from Ethiopia.
Authors: Abera A, Belay H, Zewude A, Gidey B, Nega D, Dufera B, Abebe A, Endriyas T, Getachew B, Birhanu H, Difabachew H, Mekonnen B, Legesse H, Bekele F, Mekete K, Seifu S, Sime H, Yemanebrhan N, Tefera M, Amare H, Beyene B, Tsige E, Kebede A, Tasew G, Tollera G, Abate E, Woyessa A, Assefa A Abstract The Coronavirus pandemic is recording unprecedented deaths worldwide. The temporal distribution and burden of the disease varies from setting to setting based on economic status, demography and geographic location. A rapid increase in the number of COVID-19 cases is being reported in Africa as of June 2020. Ethiopia r...
Source: Global Health Action - November 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

The relationship between Indigenous and allopathic health practitioners in Africa and its implications for collaboration: a qualitative synthesis.
CONCLUSION: The power struggle which defines the relationship between IHPs and AHPs in Africa is a hindrance to their collaboration and as such could partly account for the limited success of efforts to foster collaboration to date. Future efforts to foster collaboration between IHPs and AHPs in Africa must aim to balance the power disparity between them if collaboration is to be successful. Since this would be a novel approach, decision-makers and organisations who trial this power balancing approach to facilitate collaboration should evaluate resultant policies and interventions to ascertain their feasibility and efficac...
Source: Global Health Action - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Right To Play's intervention to reduce peer violence among children in public schools in Pakistan: a cluster-randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: A well-designed and implemented play-based life-skills intervention delivered in public schools in Pakistan is able to effect a significant reduction in peer violence. PMID: 33138740 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - November 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Universal access to essential medicines as part of the right to health: a cross-national comparison of national laws, medicines policies, and health system indicators.
CONCLUSIONS: International human rights law and WHO policy are embedded in national law for essential medicines and practically implemented in national health systems. Law makers can use these findings and the example texts in this thesis as a starting point for writing and monitoring governments' rights-based legal commitments for access to medicines. Future research should study the effect of national law on access to medicines and population health. PMID: 33131456 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - November 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Exclusive breastfeeding among HIV exposed infants from birth to 14 weeks of life in Lira, Northern Uganda: a prospective cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: HIV infected women: with highest socioeconomic status, whose delivery was not supervised by a health worker and who did not adhere to ART were less likely to practice exclusive breastfeeding. We recommend ART adherence and infant feeding counselling to be emphasised among HIV infected women who are at risk of having a home delivery, those with poor ART adherence and those of higher socioeconomic status. We also recommend integration of these services into other settings like homes, community and work places instead of limiting them to hospital settings. ABBREVIATIONS: HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus; ART...
Source: Global Health Action - November 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Interrelationships between early antenatal care, health facility delivery and early postnatal care among women in Uganda: a structural equation analysis.
CONCLUSION: Early antenatal care was a mediating factor for health facility delivery and EPNC; and hence, there is need for more focus on factors for increased early antenatal care utilization. Women with higher education and those with no cost problems were more likely to have early ANC utilization, skilled delivery and EPNC; therefore there is need to design and implement policies targeting social and economically disadvantaged women. PMID: 33124520 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - November 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Births and deaths in Sidama in southern Ethiopia: findings from the 2018 Dale-Wonsho Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS).
CONCLUSION: The fertility rate in Sidama is lower than previously reported and is affected by age, residence and education. As we have identified important measurement and reporting errors, future demographic surveillance sites should consider these limitations. PMID: 33115376 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - October 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Decentralization of birth registration to Local Government in Tanzania: the association with completeness of birth registration and certification.
CONCLUSIONS: Benefits of a decentralized system are more proximate registration points and the merging of notification, registration and certification steps. The findings, while demonstrating the immediate impact of the decentralized system on completeness, also show that continued efforts are necessary to sustain these improvements. PMID: 33103623 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Implementing effective e-Learning for scaling up global capacity building: findings from the malnutrition elearning course evaluation in Ghana.
CONCLUSION: The malnutrition eLearning course makes global capacity building in malnutrition management achievable. Adopting contextually appropriate delivery models and ensuring training is relevant to job/academic progression can enhance eLearning effectiveness in LMICs. PMID: 33086945 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - October 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Changes in risk factors for non-communicable diseases associated with the 'Healthy choices at work' programme, South Africa.
Authors: Schouw D, Mash R, Kolbe-Alexander T Abstract BACKGROUND: Globally 71% of deaths are attributed to non-communicable diseases (NCD). The workplace is an opportune setting for health promotion programs and interventions that aim to prevent NCDs. However, much of the current evidence is from high-income countries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in NCD risk factors, associated with the Healthy Choices at Work programme (HCWP), at a commercial power plant in South Africa. METHODS: This was a before-and-after study in a randomly selected sample of 156 employees at baseline and 13...
Source: Global Health Action - October 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Key indicators for appraising adolescent sexual and reproductive health in South Asia: international expert consensus exercise using the Delphi technique.
CONCLUSION: As far as we know, this is the first study that employs the Delphi technique for prioritizing ASRH indicators for South Asia. Engaging a diverse group of experts, using an online platform, we developed a comprehensive list of key indicators for appraising ASRH relevant to South Asia based on expert panel consensus and recommendations. Our results also highlight that there is a need for developing a region-specific prioritized list of indicators which might assist in identifying regional health needs. PMID: 33076781 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - October 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Predictors of health care practitioners' normative attitudes and practices towards sexual and reproductive health and rights: a cross-sectional study of participants from low-income countries enrolled in a capacity-building program.
Conclusion: Healthcare practitioners' cultural and religious beliefs, which are often depicted as barriers for implementing full coverage of SRHR services, seem to be modified by active knowledge-seeking behaviour and accumulated working experience with SRHR over time. PMID: 33076795 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - October 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

The Menstrual Practices Questionnaire (MPQ): development, elaboration, and implications for future research.
We describe the identification of menstrual practices as a priority for measurement, coverage of practices included in the MPQ, and justify the inclusion of location-specific questions. For each section of the questionnaire, we outline key reasons for the inclusion of practice items alongside elaboration for users to help inform item selection. Finally, we outline priorities for future research to refine the assessment and reporting of menstrual practices, including the identification of minimum reporting requirements for population characteristics to facilitate comparison across studies, testing the extent to which experi...
Source: Global Health Action - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Key issues for participatory research in the design and implementation of humanitarian assistance: a scoping review.
CONCLUSIONS: One of the most important contributions of humanitarian health programs is to develop 'medical practices that are better adapted to the living conditions and priorities of patients who are generally ignored'. Participatory approaches, such as PR, support the development of health-related practices that are more relevant and sustainable for affected populations. PMID: 33073736 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Implementation of accelerated research: strategies for implementation as applied in a phase 1 Ad26.ZEBOV, MVA-BN-Filo two-dose Ebola vaccine clinical trial in Uganda.
CONCLUSION: The use of well-thought strategies by sponsors and research sites can enable the implementation of accelerated research. We recommend the use of similar strategies in other settings. PMID: 33073737 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Rural community perceptions of antibiotic access and understanding of antimicrobial resistance: qualitative evidence from the Health and Demographic Surveillance System site in Matlab, Bangladesh.
CONCLUSION: Antimicrobial resistance is both a health and development issue. Social and economic contexts shape medicine seeking, use and behaviours. Multi-sectoral action is needed to confront the underlying social, economic, cultural and political drivers that impact on the access and use of antibiotic medicines in Bangladesh. PMID: 33040695 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - October 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Utility of the three-delays model and its potential for supporting a solution-based approach to accessing intrapartum care in low- and middle-income countries. A qualitative evidence synthesis.
CONCLUSION: This synthesis unveils the need for an individual perspective, for prospective identification of potential issues. This has resulted in the development of a new framework, the Women's Health Empowerment Model, incorporating the 3 delays. As a basis for discussion at every pregnancy, this framework promotes a solution-based approach to childbirth, which could prevent delays and support women's empowerment during pregnancy and childbirth. PMID: 33040697 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - October 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Global child health in Germany - Time for action.
Authors: Weigel R, Krüger C Abstract Child health is central to the SDG agenda. Universities in the UK and other European countries provide leadership in research and education for global child health to inform related policy and practice, but the German contribution is inadequate. German paediatricians and other child health professionals could make more substantial contributions to the debate at home and internationally, but lack opportunities for scholarship and research. We argue, that there is a momentum to advance global child health in academia and call on German universities to realise this potential. ...
Source: Global Health Action - October 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Biological larviciding against malaria vector mosquitoes with Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) - Long term observations and assessment of repeatability during an additional intervention year of a large-scale field trial in rural Burkina Faso.
This study presents data from the second intervention year of a large-scale trial on biological larviciding with Bti that was carried out in 127 rural villages and a semi-urban town in Burkina Faso. Here we present the reductions in malaria mosquitoes that were achieved by continuing the initial interventions for an additional year, important to assess sustainability and repeatability of the results from the first intervention year. Larviciding was performed applying two different larviciding choices ((a) treatment of all environmental breeding sites, and (b) selective treatment of those that were most productive for Anoph...
Source: Global Health Action - October 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm babies during infancy in Eastern Uganda: a prospective cohort study.
Authors: Namazzi G, Tumwine JK, Hildenwall H, Ndeezi G, Mubiri P, Hanson C, Kakooza-Mwesige A, Waiswa P Abstract BACKGROUND: Complications due to prematurity are a threat to child survival and full developmental potential particularly in low-income settings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the neurodevelopmental outcomes among preterm infants and identify any modifiable factors associated with neurodevelopmental disability (NDD). METHODS: We recruited 454 babies (242 preterms with birth weight
Source: Global Health Action - October 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Research challenges in evaluating gender-based violence response services in a refugee camp.
This article presents a case study of research in Dadaab, Kenya to highlight some of the relevant challenges encountered while conducting gender-based violence research in humanitarian settings. A longitudinal mixed-methods design was used to evaluate a comprehensive case-management intervention in the refugee complex near the border of Kenya and Somalia. We present an overview of both expected and unexpected challenges during preparation and implementation of the research, adaptations made to the research design, and lessons learned for future research in similar contexts. Some of the key challenges were attributed to the...
Source: Global Health Action - October 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Reconciling model predictions with low reported cases of COVID-19 in Sub-Saharan Africa: insights from Madagascar.
Authors: Evans MV, Garchitorena A, Rakotonanahary RJL, Drake JM, Andriamihaja B, Rajaonarifara E, Ngonghala CN, Roche B, Bonds MH, Rakotonirina J Abstract COVID-19 has wreaked havoc globally with particular concerns for sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where models suggest that the majority of the population will become infected. Conventional wisdom suggests that the continent will bear a higher burden of COVID-19 for the same reasons it suffers from other infectious diseases: ecology, socio-economic conditions, lack of water and sanitation infrastructure, and weak health systems. However, so far SSA has reported lower in...
Source: Global Health Action - October 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Playing the complex game of social status in school - a qualitative study.
CONCLUSIONS: Because the norms that guided social positioning left little room for diversity, the possible negative impact of status hierarchies on adolescents' health needs to be considered. In school interventions, we suggest that norms on e.g. gender and ethnicity need to be addressed and problematized from an intersectional approach. PMID: 33012279 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - October 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Depression and mental wellbeing in people affected by leprosy in southern Nepal.
CONCLUSION: Leprosy-affected people need mental health-care interventions at different organizational levels, with attention to identifying individuals at increased risk for mental health problems or with additional needs. These findings highlight the demand for further research on specific interventions to improve the mental health of leprosy-affected people. PMID: 32998662 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - October 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Stigmatization of men who have sex with men in health care settings in East Africa is based more on perceived gender role-inappropriate mannerisms than having sex with men.
Conclusion: There is speculation that abuse of sexual minority men by Healthcare workers in public clinics is due to factors in addition to their sexual behavior as gay/bisexual, and that it is due to violating perceived gender roles. Data confirm that perceived feminine gender role is a significant predictor, of abuse in healthcare and other settings. Common confusion between homosexual behavior and gender role norms may trigger discrimination, which may be as much due to violation of perceived gender roles as having sex with other men. PMID: 32985387 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Prevalence of multidrug-, extensive drug-, and pandrug-resistant commensal Escherichia coli isolated from healthy humans in community settings in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: This paper provides an appraisal of the evidence on the high prevalence of multidrug-, extensive drug- and pandrug-resistance by commensal E. coli in community settings in LMICs. Our results call for greater effort to be placed at the community level in the design of new and improved public health policies to counter the global threat of antibiotic-resistant infections and bacteria. PMID: 32909519 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - September 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Death registration in Nigeria: a systematic literature review of its performance and challenges.
CONCLUSIONS: We offer proposals to substantially improve death registration completeness in Nigeria including the streamlining and merger of the National Population Commission and the National Identity Management Commission into one commission, the revision of the legal mandate of the new agency to mainly coordination and establishment of standards. We recommend that Local Government authorities maintain the local registries given their proximity to households. This arrangement will be enhanced by increased utilization of information and communications technology in Civil Registration and Vital Statistics processes that en...
Source: Global Health Action - September 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

The roles, responsibilities and perceptions of community health workers and ward-based primary health care outreach teams: a scoping review.
CONCLUSION: The information available for community health workers in terms of their roles, responsibilities and effectiveness is inadequate, considering their roles and responsibilities in ward-based primary health care outreach teams. This lack of information constitutes barriers to effective service delivery, a common situation among this group of community health workers. PMID: 32892739 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - September 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Implementation of two alcohol reduction interventions among persons with hazardous alcohol use who are living with HIV in Thai Nguyen, Vietnam: a micro-costing analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Implementing and delivering alcohol reduction interventions to people with HIV in Vietnam with appropriate fidelity is costly. These costs may be reduced, particularly counselor labor costs, by using an evidence-based brief intervention format. Future research should explore the budgetary impact of brief and combined interventions to reduce hazardous alcohol use, particularly among vulnerable populations. PMID: 32892740 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - September 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Noncommunicable Disease (NCD) strategic plans in low- and lower-middle income Sub-Saharan Africa: framing and policy response.
CONCLUSIONS: Broadly, we observe that plans developed by countries in SSA recognize the heterogeneity of the NCD burden in this region. However, they emphasize interventions that are consistent with global strategies focused on preventing a narrower set of cardiometabolic risk factors and their associated diseases. In comparison, relatively few countries detail plans to prevent, treat, and palliate the full scope of the needs they identify. There is a need for increased support for bottom-up planning efforts to address local priorities. PMID: 32873212 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - September 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

A definition of global oral health: An expert consensus approach by the Consortium of Universities for Global Health's Global Oral Health Interest Group.
Authors: Seymour B, James Z, Shroff Karhade D, Barrow J, Pruneddu A, Anderson NK, Mossey P, Definition Of Global Health TFFT Abstract Definitions can generate actionable consensus for a given subject matter by resolving important differences in philosophy and best practices and by streamlining activities for a stronger strategic direction. Interest in the global dimensions of oral health, a generally neglected area of global health, is growing; yet, no previously published research has defined the term 'global oral health.' As such, the Global Oral Health Interest Group of the Consortium of Universities for Global ...
Source: Global Health Action - September 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Out-of-pocket expenditure for hypertension care: a population-based study in low-income urban Medellin, Colombia.
Conclusions Out-of-pocket expenditure for hypertension care is moderate on average, but frequent, and mainly made up of direct non-medical expenses. Catastrophic health expenditure is uncommon and affects primarily households in the bottom socioeconomic quintiles. Financial protection should be strengthened by covering the costs of chronic diseases-related dietary requirements and transport to health services in the most deprived households. Abbreviations NCDs: Non-communicable diseases; LMICs: Low and middle-income countries; WHO: World Health Organization; HTN: hypertension; CVDs: Cardiovascular diseases; OOPE: out-of-po...
Source: Global Health Action - September 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Implications of COVID-19 control measures for diet and physical activity, and lessons for addressing other pandemics facing rapidly urbanising countries.
Authors: Oni T, Micklesfield LK, Wadende P, Obonyo CO, Woodcock J, Mogo ERI, Odunitan-Wayas FA, Assah F, Tatah L, Foley L, Mapa-Tassou C, Bhagtani D, Weimann A, Mba C, Unwin N, Brugulat-Panés A, Hofman KJ, Smith J, Tulloch-Reid M, Erzse A, Shung-King M, Lambert EV, Wareham NJ Abstract At the time of writing, it is unclear how the COVID-19 pandemic will play out in rapidly urbanising regions of the world. In these regions, the realities of large overcrowded informal settlements, a high burden of infectious and non-communicable diseases, as well as malnutrition and precarity of livelihoods, have raised added c...
Source: Global Health Action - September 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

EviSIP: using evidence to change practice through mentorship - an innovative experience for reproductive health in the Latin American and Caribbean regions.
We describe the implementation of this initiative in reproductive healthcare facilities using SIP. Junior researchers/clinicians from these countries were included, along with expert researchers in reproductive health from across the world. Articles were produced with data on maternal near miss and abortion gathered from the SIP of each participating sentinel center; and recommendations from experts. EviSIP was the first joint workspace to discuss patient outcomes after treatment of abortion or near miss cases, with data analysis of each Sentinel Center; discuss and analyze data among centers, at a country and regional lev...
Source: Global Health Action - September 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

One-arm safety intervention study on community case management of chest indrawing pneumonia in children in Nigeria - a study protocol.
We present a protocol for a one-arm safety intervention study aimed at increasing access to treatment of pneumonia by training CHWs, locally referred to as Community Oriented Resource Persons (CORPs) in Nigeria. The primary objective was to assess if CORPs could safely and appropriately manage LCI pneumonia in 2-59 month old children, and refer children with danger signs. The primary outcomes were the proportion of children 2-59 months with LCI pneumonia who were managed appropriately by CORPs and the clinical treatment failure within 6 days of LCI pneumonia. Secondary outcomes included proportion of childre...
Source: Global Health Action - August 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Adaptation of a mobile phone health survey for risk factors for noncommunicable diseases in Colombia: a qualitative study.
CONCLUSIONS: The possibility of obtaining data through MPS at a population level represents an opportunity to improve the availability of risk-factor data. Steps towards increasing the acceptability and overcoming technological and methodological challenges need to be taken. PMID: 32856572 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - August 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Factors contributing to the uptake of childhood vaccination in Galkayo District, Puntland, Somalia.
CONCLUSIONS: Enhancing knowledge and awareness of vaccination among parents is crucial. Fathers' involvement is lacking. This may be boosted by highlighting fathers' obligation to protect their children's health through vaccination. It is also important that men engage with the wider community in decision-making and advance towards the global vaccination targets. PMID: 32847489 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - August 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Effect of an integrated neonatal care kit on cause-specific neonatal mortality in rural Pakistan.
CONCLUSION: The major causes of neonatal deaths in RYK, Pakistan mirror the global landscape of neonatal deaths. The iNCK did not significantly reduce any cause-specific neonatal mortality. PMID: 32838701 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - August 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Learning Active Implementation Frameworks: the role of implementation teams in a case study from Pakistan.
The objectives of this Program were to cultivate implementation science and practice competencies, and to support the development of national, community-based or institution-based implementation teams. The expected outcomes of this program included, further enhancement of the capacity of local health professionals in implementation science, systemic change and the effective use of innovations in practice at sub-national/regional levels. PMID: 32838706 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - August 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Strengthening resistance to the COVID-19 pandemic and fostering future resilience requires concerted action on obesity.
Authors: Jackson-Morris AM, Nugent R, Ralston J, Barata Cavalcante O, Wilding J Abstract Initial observations showed that people with chronic noncommunicable diseases were at heightened risk of severe COVID-19 and adverse outcomes. Subsequently, data from various countries have revealed obesity as an independent and significant factor, with people who are overweight/have obesity significantly more likely to be hospitalized, require ICU treatment, and to die. Notably, this additional risk applies to younger people relative to the general COVID-19 risk profile. This paper sets out the evidence of greater risk of poor...
Source: Global Health Action - August 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

mHealth for image-based diagnostics of acute burns in resource-poor settings: studies on the role of experts and the accuracy of their assessments.
In conclusion, experts are satisfied with the quality of images seen on handheld devices and can accurately assess burn size using these, yet burn depth assessment is more challenging without additional clinical information. mHealth for diagnostic assistance can benefit current image-based consultation by systematising information quality, introducing enhanced security and improved access to experts. Remaining challenges include the necessity of verbal communication in some instances and replacing existing informal organisational practices. PMID: 32814518 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - August 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Diabetes in urban Guinea-Bissau; patient characteristics, mortality and prevalence of undiagnosed dysglycemia.
CONCLUSION: Several risk factors including were associated with T2DM in Guinea-Bissau. We found a high prevalence of elevated FPG among randomly selected community controls. In combination with higher mortality among T2DM patients, an urgent need for better treatment options and increased awareness. PMID: 32814520 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - August 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Identifying geographical heterogeneity of pulmonary tuberculosis in southern Ethiopia: a method to identify clustering for targeted interventions.
CONCLUSION: We report a varying distribution of PTB in small and different areas over 10 years. Spatial and temporal analysis of disease distribution can be used to identify areas with a high burden of disease and predictors of clustering, which helps in making policy decisions and devising targeted interventions. PMID: 32746745 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Early detection of type 2 diabetes in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas in Stockholm - comparing reach of community and facility-based screening.
CONCLUSION: Community-based screening and facility-based screening were complementary methods in reaching different population groups at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Community screening in particular reached more hard-to-reach groups with unfavorable risk profiles, making it a critical strategy for T2D prevention. More men should be recruited to intervention studies and screening initiatives to achieve a gender balance. PMID: 32746747 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Academic-humanitarian partnerships: leveraging strengths to combat COVID-19.
Authors: Aluisio AR, Zhu E, Gil G, Kenyon T, Uzevski V, Levine AC Abstract The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has overwhelmed many health systems globally. Innovative initiatives are needed to combat the pandemic and scaleup response efforts. This communication describes a collaborative partnership between an international humanitarian organization and an academic university to develop and rapidly deploy a remote digital COVID-19 trainer-of-trainers (TOT) program to enhance global response. The ongoing program has resulted in more than 900 TOT personnel who have themselves trained over 22,000 frontlin...
Source: Global Health Action - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

A twin disaster: Addressing the COVID-19 pandemic and a cerebrospinal meningitis outbreak simultaneously in a low-resource country.
Authors: Adjorlolo S, Egbenya DL Abstract Managing a deadly pandemic in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is challenging. The task becomes tougher when there is an outbreak of an equally deadly disease. This is the present situation of Ghana, a low-resource country, that is confronted with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) outbreak. Apart from the resource constraint at both governmental and individual levels, such a situation affects the overall wellbeing of ordinary citizens as well as healthcare professionals, particularly those in high-risk areas. Perhaps,...
Source: Global Health Action - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Fast food consumption among young adolescents aged 12-15 years in 54 low- and middle-income countries.
CONCLUSIONS: The identified high prevalence of fast-food consumption among young adolescents in LMICs indicates the urgent need to prioritize the implementation of healthy-diet promotion programs to improve adolescent health in these countries. PMID: 32762333 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research