SARS-CoV-2 Infections among Recent Organ Recipients, March-May 2020, United States.
Abstract We conducted public health investigations of 8 organ transplant recipients who tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. Findings suggest the most likely source of transmission was community or healthcare exposure, not the organ donor. Transplant centers should educate transplant candidates and recipients about infection prevention recommendations. PMID: 33327990 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - December 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jones JM, Kracalik I, Rana MM, Nguyen A, Keller BC, Mishkin A, Hoopes C, Kaleekal T, Humar A, Vilaro J, Im G, Smith L, Justice A, Leaumont C, Lindstrom S, Whitaker B, La Hoz RM, Michaels MG, Klassen D, Kuhnert W, Basavaraju SV Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Postmortem Stability of SARS-CoV-2 in Nasopharyngeal Mucosa.
e S, Heinemann A Abstract Analyses of infection chains have demonstrated that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is highly transmissive. However, data on postmortem stability and infectivity are lacking. Our finding of nasopharyngeal viral RNA stability in 79 corpses showed no time-dependent decrease. Maintained infectivity is supported by virus isolation up to 35 hours postmortem. PMID: 33327991 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - December 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Heinrich F, Meißner K, Langenwalder F, Püschel K, Nörz D, Hoffmann A, Lütgehetmann M, Aepfelbacher M, Bibiza-Freiwald E, Pfefferle S, Heinemann A Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

COVID-19 and Fatal Sepsis Caused by Hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae, Japan, 2020.
Abstract A patient in Japan with coronavirus disease and hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae K2 sequence type 86 infection died of respiratory failure. Bacterial and fungal co-infections caused by region-endemic pathogens, including hypervirulent K. pneumoniae in eastern Asia, should be included in the differential diagnosis of coronavirus disease patients with acutely deteriorating condition. PMID: 33320080 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - December 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hosoda T, Harada S, Okamoto K, Ishino S, Kaneko M, Suzuki M, Ito R, Mizoguchi M Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

COVID-19-Associated Fusobacterium nucleatum Bacteremia, Belgium.
We report 4 cases of Fusobacterium nucleatum bacteremia associated with coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Three cases occurred concomitantly with COVID-19 diagnosis; 1 occurred on day 15 of intensive care. None of the patients had known risk factors for F. nucleatum bacteremia. F. nucleatum infection could represent a possible complication of COVID-19. PMID: 33292922 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - December 8, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Wolff L, Martiny D, Deyi VYM, Maillart E, Clevenbergh P, Dauby N Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Evidence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in an Oropharyngeal Swab Specimen, Milan, Italy, Early December 2019.
Abstract We identified severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 RNA in an oropharyngeal swab specimen collected from a child with suspected measles in early December 2019, ≈3 months before the first identified coronavirus disease case in Italy. This finding expands our knowledge on timing and mapping of novel coronavirus transmission pathways. PMID: 33292923 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - December 8, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Amendola A, Bianchi S, Gori M, Colzani D, Canuti M, Borghi E, Raviglione MC, Zuccotti GV, Tanzi E Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Characteristics and Timing of Initial Virus Shedding in Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2, Utah, USA.
Abstract Virus shedding in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can occur before onset of symptoms; less is known about symptom progression or infectiousness associated with initiation of viral shedding. We investigated household transmission in 5 households with daily specimen collection for 5 consecutive days starting a median of 4 days after symptom onset in index patients. Seven contacts across 2 households implementing no precautionary measures were infected. Of these 7, 2 tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 by reverse transcription PCR on day 3 of 5. Both had mild, nonspecific symptoms for...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - December 4, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Lewis NM, Duca LM, Marcenac P, Dietrich EA, Gregory CJ, Fields VL, Banks MM, Rispens JR, Hall A, Harcourt JL, Tamin A, Willardson S, Kiphibane T, Christensen K, Dunn AC, Tate JE, Nabity S, Matanock AM, Kirking HL Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Outbreak Related to a Nightclub, Germany, 2020.
We report an outbreak of coronavirus disease with 74 cases related to a nightclub in Germany in March 2020. Staff members were particularly affected (attack rate 56%) and likely caused sustained viral transmission after an event at the club. This outbreak illustrates the potential for superspreader events and corroborates current club closures. PMID: 33263514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - December 2, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Muller N, Kunze M, Steitz F, Saad NJ, Mühlemann B, Beheim-Schwarzbach JI, Schneider J, Drosten C, Murajda L, Kochs S, Ruscher C, Walter J, Zeitlmann N, Corman VM Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

COVID-19 and Infant Hospitalizations for Seasonal Respiratory Virus Infections, New Zealand, 2020.
Abstract In March 2020, a national elimination strategy for coronavirus disease was introduced in New Zealand. Since then, hospitalizations for lower respiratory tract infection among infants
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - December 2, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Trenholme A, Webb R, Lawrence S, Arrol S, Taylor S, Ameratunga S, Byrnes CA Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Developing Endemicity of Schistosomiasis, Corsica, France.
r J Abstract Urogenital schistosomiasis was diagnosed in a man from Germany who had never traveled outside Europe. He likely acquired the infection in Corsica, France, but did not swim in the Cavu River, which was linked to a previous outbreak. This case highlights that transmission of schistosomiasis in Corsica is ongoing. PMID: 33264582 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - December 2, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rothe C, Zimmer T, Schunk M, Wallrauch C, Helfrich K, Gültekin F, Bretzel G, Allienne JF, Boissier J Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2, Verona, Italy, April-May 2020.
Abstract We used random sampling to estimate the prevalence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection in Verona, Italy. Of 1,515 participants, 2.6% tested positive by serologic assay and 0.7% by reverse transcription PCR. We used latent class analysis to estimate a 3.0% probability of infection and 2.0% death rate. PMID: 33261716 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - December 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Guerriero M, Bisoffi Z, Poli A, Micheletto C, Conti A, Pomari C Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Limited Specificity of Serologic Tests for SARS-CoV-2 Antibody Detection, Benin.
xler JF Abstract We used commercially available ELISAs to test 68 samples from coronavirus disease cases and prepandemic controls from Benin. We noted
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - December 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yadouleton A, Sander AL, Moreira-Soto A, Tchibozo C, Hounkanrin G, Badou Y, Fischer C, Krause N, Akogbeto P, de Oliveira Filho EF, Dossou A, Brünink S, Aïssi MAJ, Djingarey MH, Hounkpatin B, Nagel M, Drexler JF Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Intrafamilial Exposure to SARS-CoV-2 Associated with Cellular Immune Response without Seroconversion, France.
Abstract We investigated severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-specific antibodies and T-cell responses against SARS-CoV-2 and human coronavirus (HCoV) 229E and OC43 in 11 SARS-CoV-2 serodiscordant couples in Strausbourg, France, in which 1 partner had evidence of mild coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and in 10 unexposed healthy controls. Patients with confirmed COVID-19 were considered index patients and their partners close contacts. All index patients displayed positive SARS-CoV-2-specific antibody and T-cell responses that lasted up to 102 days after symptom onset. All contacts remained se...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - December 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Gallais F, Velay A, Nazon C, Wendling MJ, Partisani M, Sibilia J, Candon S, Fafi-Kremer S Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Nonpolio Enterovirus Activity during the COVID-19 Pandemic, Taiwan, 2020.
Abstract In Taiwan, lower nonpolio enterovirus activity during the coronavirus disease pandemic in 2020 compared with 2014-2019 might be attributable to adherence to nonpharmaceutical interventions. The preventable fraction among unexposed persons indicated that 90% of nonpolio enterovirus activity might have been prevented during 2014-2019 by adopting the same measures enforced in 2020. PMID: 33261719 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - December 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kuo SC, Tsou HH, Wu HY, Hsu YT, Lee FJ, Shih SM, Hsiung CA, Chen WJ Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Fatal Case of Chronic Jamestown Canyon Virus Encephalitis Diagnosed by Metagenomic Sequencing in Patient Receiving Rituximab.
Abstract A 56-year-old man receiving rituximab who had months of neurologic symptoms was found to have Jamestown Canyon virus in cerebrospinal fluid by clinical metagenomic sequencing. The patient died, and postmortem examination revealed extensive neuropathologic abnormalities. Deep sequencing enabled detailed characterization of viral genomes from the cerebrospinal fluid, cerebellum, and cerebral cortex. PMID: 33261720 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - December 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Solomon IH, Ganesh VS, Yu G, Deng XD, Wilson MR, Miller S, Milligan TA, Mukerji SS, Mathewson A, Linxweiler J, Morse D, Ritter JM, Staples JE, Hughes H, Gould CV, Sabeti PC, Chiu CY, Piantadosi A Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Control and Prevention of Anthrax, Texas, USA, 2019.
We describe the animal outbreak that occurred in southwest Texas beginning in June 2019 and an associated human case. Primary prevention in humans is achieved through control of animal anthrax. PMID: 33219643 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sidwa T, Salzer JS, Traxler R, Swaney E, Sims ML, Bradshaw P, O'Sullivan BJ, Parker K, Waldrup KA, Bower WA, Hendricks K Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Outbreak of Anthrax Associated with Handling and Eating Meat from a Cow, Uganda, 2018.
Abstract On April 20, 2018, the Kween District Health Office in Kween District, Uganda reported 7 suspected cases of human anthrax. A team from the Uganda Ministry of Health and partners investigated and identified 49 cases, 3 confirmed and 46 suspected; no deaths were reported. Multiple exposures from handling the carcass of a cow that had died suddenly were significantly associated with cutaneous anthrax, whereas eating meat from that cow was associated with gastrointestinal anthrax. Eating undercooked meat was significantly associated with gastrointestinal anthrax, but boiling the meat for>60 minutes was pro...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kisaakye E, Ario AR, Bainomugisha K, Cossaboom CM, Lowe D, Bulage L, Kadobera D, Sekamatte M, Lubwama B, Tumusiime D, Tusiime P, Downing R, Buule J, Lutwama J, Salzer JS, Matkovic E, Ritter J, Gary J, Zhu BP Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Animal Rabies Surveillance, China, 2004-2018.
We report the results of 15 years of surveillance of the first Chinese Rabies Surveillance Plan in animal populations, in which animal brain tissues collected during 2004-2018 were tested for RABV and phylogenetic and spatial-temporal evolutionary analyses performed using obtained RABV sequences. The results have provided the most comprehensive dataset to date on the infected animal species, geographic distribution, transmission sources, and genetic diversity of RABVs in China. In particular, the transboundary transmission of emerging RABV subclades between China and neighboring countries was confirmed. The study highlight...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Feng Y, Wang Y, Xu W, Tu Z, Liu T, Huo M, Liu Y, Gong W, Zeng Z, Wang W, Wei Y, Tu C Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Genomic Epidemiology of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2, Colombia.
o F, Durán CA, Ospina-Martínez ML, Mercado-Reyes M Abstract Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Colombia was first diagnosed in a traveler arriving from Italy on February 26, 2020. However, limited data are available on the origins and number of introductions of COVID-19 into the country. We sequenced the causative agent of COVID-19, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), from 43 clinical samples we collected, along with another 79 genome sequences available from Colombia. We investigated the emergence and importation routes for SARS-CoV-2 into Colombia by using epidemiologic, hi...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Laiton-Donato K, Villabona-Arenas CJ, Usme-Ciro JA, Franco-Muñoz C, Álvarez-Díaz DA, Villabona-Arenas LS, Echeverría-Londoño S, Cucunubá ZM, Franco-Sierra ND, Flórez AC, Ferro C, Ajami NJ, Walteros DM, Prieto F, Durán CA, Ospina-Martínez ML, Merc Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Outbreak of Haff Disease along the Yangtze River, Anhui Province, China, 2016.
Abstract We investigated a large outbreak of Haff disease that occurred along the Yangtze River in Anhui Province, China, in 2016. Of the 672 cases identified during the outbreak, 83.3% (560/672) occurred in Wuhu and Ma'anshan. Patients experienced myalgia (100%) and muscle weakness (54.7%). The mean value of myoglobin was 330 + 121.2 ng/mL and of serum creatine kinase 5,439.2 + 4,765.1 U/L. Eating crayfish was the only common exposure among all cases; 96.8% (240/248) of implicated crayfish were caught on the shores of the Yangtze River or its connected ditches. Mean incubation period was 6.2 + 3.8 hours. This cas...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ma H, Wu J, Qin W, Lin C, Li D, Zha B, Chen Q, Ma Y, Zhou T, Li S, Gong L, Ma W, Ge D, Cheng Z, Chen J, Li Q Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Equine-Like H3 Avian Influenza Viruses in Wild Birds, Chile.
Abstract Since their discovery in the United States in 1963, outbreaks of infection with equine influenza virus (H3N8) have been associated with serious respiratory disease in horses worldwide. Genomic analysis suggests that equine H3 viruses are of an avian lineage, likely originating in wild birds. Equine-like internal genes have been identified in avian influenza viruses isolated from wild birds in the Southern Cone of South America. However, an equine-like H3 hemagglutinin has not been identified. We isolated 6 distinct H3 viruses from wild birds in Chile that have hemagglutinin, nucleoprotein, nonstructural p...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Bravo-Vasquez N, Yao J, Jimenez-Bluhm P, Meliopoulos V, Freiden P, Sharp B, Estrada L, Davis A, Cherry S, Livingston B, Danner A, Schultz-Cherry S, Hamilton-West C Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Human-Pathogenic Kasokero Virus in Field-Collected Ticks.
Abstract Kasokero virus (KASV; genus Orthonairovirus) was first isolated in 1977 at Uganda Virus Research Institute from serum collected from Rousettus aegyptiacus bats captured at Kasokero Cave, Uganda. During virus characterization studies at the institute, 4 laboratory-associated infections resulted in mild to severe disease. Although orthonairoviruses are typically associated with vertebrate and tick hosts, a tick vector of KASV never has been reported. We tested 786 Ornithodoros (Reticulinasus) faini tick pools (3,930 ticks) for KASV. The ticks were collected from a large R. aegyptiacus bat roosting site in w...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Schuh AJ, Amman BR, Patel K, Sealy TK, Swanepoel R, Towner JS Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Trends in Population Dynamics of Escherichia coli Sequence Type 131, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 2006-20161.
Abstract Global expansion of antimicrobial drug-resistant Escherichia coli sequence type (ST) 131 is unrivaled among human bacteria. Understanding trends among ST131 clades will help with designing prevention strategies. We screened E. coli from blood samples (n = 1,784) obtained in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, during 2006, 2012, and 2016 by PCR for ST131 and positive samples (n = 344) underwent whole-genome sequencing. The incidence rate per 100,000 residents increased from 4.91 during 2006 to 12.35 during 2012 and 10.12 during 2016. ST131 belonged to clades A (10%), B (9%), and C (81%). Clades C1-nonM27 and B were ...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Peirano G, Lynch T, Matsumara Y, Nobrega D, Finn TJ, DeVinney R, Pitout JDD Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Mycoplasma bovis Infections in Free-Ranging Pronghorn, Wyoming, USA.
Abstract Mycoplasma bovis is 1 of several bacterial pathogens associated with pneumonia in cattle. Its role in pneumonia of free-ranging ungulates has not been established. Over a 3-month period in early 2019, »60 free-ranging pronghorn with signs of respiratory disease died in northeast Wyoming, USA. A consistent finding in submitted carcasses was severe fibrinosuppurative pleuropneumonia and detection of M. bovis by PCR and immunohistochemical analysis. Multilocus sequence typing of isolates from 4 animals revealed that all have a deletion in 1 of the target genes, adh-1. A retrospective survey by PCR and ...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Malmberg JL, O'Toole D, Creekmore T, Peckham E, Killion H, Vance M, Ashley R, Johnson M, Anderson C, Vasquez M, Sandidge D, Mildenberger J, Hull N, Bradway D, Cornish T, Register KB, Sondgeroth KS Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Risk for Hepatitis E Virus Transmission by Solvent/Detergent-Treated Plasma.
Abstract Hepatitis E has emerged as a major transfusion-transmitted infectious risk. Two recipients of plasma from 2 lots (A and B) of pooled solvent/detergent-treated plasma were found to be infected by hepatitis E virus (HEV) that was determined to have been transmitted by the solvent/detergent-treated plasma. HEV RNA viral loads were 433 IU in lot A and 55 IU in lot B. Retrospective studies found that 100% (13/13) of evaluable lot A recipients versus 18% (3/17) of evaluable lot B recipients had been infected by HEV (p50,000 IU were infected, most likely by the HEV-containing solvent/detergent-treated plasma, ve...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Gallian P, Lhomme S, Morel P, Gross S, Mantovani C, Hauser L, Tinard X, Pouchol E, Djoudi R, Assal A, Abravanel F, Izopet J, Tiberghien P Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Game Animal Density, Climate, and Tick-Borne Encephalitis in Finland, 2007-2017.
Abstract Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is an endemic infection of public health importance in Finland. We investigated the effect of ecologic factors on 2007-2017 TBE trends. We obtained domestic TBE case data from the National Infectious Diseases Register, weather data from the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and data from the Natural Resources Institute in Finland on mammals killed by hunters yearly in game management areas. We performed a mixed-effects time-series analysis with time lags on weather and animal parameters, adding a random effect to game management areas. During 2007-2017, a to...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Dub T, Ollgren J, Huusko S, Uusitalo R, Siljander M, Vapalahti O, Sane J Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Endovascular Infection with Kingella kingae Complicated by Septic Arthritis in Immunocompromised Adult Patient.
We report a case of Kingella kingae endovascular infection in an immunocompromised elderly patient in Israel who had culture-negative septic arthritis. This case highlights potential sources of metastatic infection other than infective endocarditis, and emphasizes the need for molecular diagnostic methods in detection of pathogens in culture-negative septic arthritis in immunocompromised patients. PMID: 33219654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mustafa-Hellou M, Sagi N, Ofran Y, Geffen Y, Ghanem-Zoubi N Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Direct Transmission of Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus from Domestic Cat to Veterinary Personnel.
Abstract Two veterinary personnel in Japan were infected with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) while handling a sick cat. Whole-genome sequences of SFTSV isolated from the personnel and the cat were 100% identical. These results identified a nosocomial outbreak of SFTSV infection in an animal hospital without a tick as a vector. PMID: 33219655 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yamanaka A, Kirino Y, Fujimoto S, Ueda N, Himeji D, Miura M, Sudaryatma PE, Sato Y, Tanaka H, Mekata H, Okabayashi T Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Zoonotic Pathogens in Ticks from Migratory Birds, Italy.
Abstract Migratory birds can transport infected ticks across continents. We evaluated pathogens in ticks collected from migratory birds in Italy. We found DNA from Rickettsia aeschlimannii, R. africae, and R. raoultii bacteria, all of which can cause disease in humans. Bird migrations might facilitate the spread of these pathogens into new areas. PMID: 33219656 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Battisti E, Urach K, Hodžić A, Fusani L, Hufnagl P, Felsberger G, Ferroglio E, Duscher GG Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Coyotes as Reservoirs for Onchocerca lupi, United States, 2015-2018.
Abstract The Onchocerca lupi nematode infects dogs, cats, and humans, but whether it can be spread by coyotes has been unknown. We conducted surveillance for O. lupi nematode infection in coyotes in the southwestern United States. We identified multiple coyote populations in Arizona and New Mexico as probable reservoirs for this species. PMID: 33219658 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Roe CC, Yaglom H, Howard A, Urbanz J, Verocai GG, Andrews L, Harrison V, Barnes R, Lyons T, Bowers JR, Engelthaler DM Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Role of Oral Rabies Vaccines in the Elimination of Dog-Mediated Human Rabies Deaths.
Müller T Abstract Domestic dogs are responsible for nearly all the »59,000 global human rabies deaths that occur annually. Numerous control measures have been successful at eliminating dog-mediated human rabies deaths in upper-income countries, including dog population management, parenteral dog vaccination programs, access to human rabies vaccines, and education programs for bite prevention and wound treatment. Implementing these techniques in resource-poor settings can be challenging; perhaps the greatest challenge is maintaining adequate herd immunity in free-roaming dog populations. Oral rabies vacc...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Wallace RM, Cliquet F, Fehlner-Gardiner C, Fooks AR, Sabeta CT, Setién AA, Tu C, Vuta V, Yakobson B, Yang DK, Brückner G, Freuling CM, Knopf L, Metlin A, Pozzetti P, Suseno PP, Shadomy SV, Torres G, Vigilato MAN, Abela-Ridder B, Müller T Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Unique Outbreak of Rift Valley Fever in Sudan, 2019.
We report a unique outbreak of Rift Valley fever in the Eldamar area, Sudan, May-July 2019, that resulted in 1,129 case-patients and 19 (1.7%) deaths. Patients exhibited clinical signs including fever (100%), headache (79%), and bleeding (4%). Most (98%) patients also reported death and abortions among their livestock. PMID: 33219787 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ahmed A, Ali Y, Elduma A, Eldigail MH, Mhmoud RA, Mohamed NS, Ksiazek TG, Dietrich I, Weaver SC Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Range Expansion of Bombali Virus in Mops condylurus Bats, Kenya, 2019.
s KM, Sironen T Abstract Previously identified only in Sierra Leone, Guinea, and southeastern Kenya, Bombali virus-infected Mops condylurus bats were recently found »750 km away in western Kenya. This finding supports the role of M. condylurus bats as hosts and the potential for Bombali virus circulation across the bats' range in sub-Saharan Africa. PMID: 33219788 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kareinen L, Ogola J, Kivistö I, Smura T, Aaltonen K, Jääskeläinen AJ, Kibiwot S, Masika MM, Nyaga P, Mwaengo D, Anzala O, Vapalahti O, Webala PW, Forbes KM, Sironen T Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Pathogenic New World Relapsing Fever Borrelia in a Myotis Bat, Eastern China, 2015.
Abstract We identified Candidatus Borrelia fainii, a human pathogenic bacterium causing New World relapsing fever in a Myotis bat in eastern China. This finding expands knowledge about the geographic distribution of Borrelia spp. and the potential for infection with New World relapsing fever in China. PMID: 33219789 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Han HJ, Liu JW, Wen HL, Li ZM, Lei SC, Qin XR, Zhou CM, Yu H, Xiao X, Yu XJ Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Identification of a Novel α-herpesvirus Associated with Ulcerative Stomatitis in Donkeys.
Identification of a Novel α-herpesvirus Associated with Ulcerative Stomatitis in Donkeys. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 Dec;26(12):3044-3047 Authors: Martella V, Lanave G, Camero M, Larocca V, Lorusso E, Catella C, Capozza P, Tempesta M, Buonavoglia C Abstract An outbreak of ulcerative stomatitis was observed in a donkey (Equus asinus) dairy herd. Similar lesions were also observed on the dams' udders and, sporadically, in genital areas. The lesions typically resolved in 1-3 weeks. An α-herpesvirus, Varicellovirus, genetically related to equid herpesvirus type 3, was identified. PMID: 332197...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Martella V, Lanave G, Camero M, Larocca V, Lorusso E, Catella C, Capozza P, Tempesta M, Buonavoglia C Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Circulation of 2 Barmah Forest Virus Lineages in Military Training Areas, Australia.
Abstract During 2017-2018, Barmah Forest virus was recovered from mosquitoes trapped in military training areas in Australia and from a soldier infected at 1 of these areas. Phylogenies of the nucleotide sequences of the envelope glycoprotein gene E2 and the 3' untranslated region suggest that 2 lineages are circulating in eastern Australia. PMID: 33219791 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Liu W, Kizu JR, Matley DR, Grant R, McCallum FJ, Moller CG, Carthew TL, Hang J, Gubala AJ, Aaskov JG Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome in Canada.
Abstract Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) is a severe respiratory disease caused by Sin Nombre virus in North America (SNV). As of January 1, 2020, SNV has caused 143 laboratory-confirmed cases of HCPS in Canada. We review critical aspects of SNV virus epidemiology and the ecology, biology, and genetics of HCPS in Canada. PMID: 33219792 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Warner BM, Dowhanik S, Audet J, Grolla A, Dick D, Strong JE, Kobasa D, Lindsay LR, Kobinger G, Feldmann H, Artsob H, Drebot MA, Safronetz D Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Novel Rickettsia Species Infecting Dogs, United States.
lo BA Abstract In 2018 and 2019, spotted fever was suspected in 3 dogs in 3 US states. The dogs had fever and hematological abnormalities; blood samples were Rickettsia seroreactive. Identical Rickettsia DNA sequences were amplified from the samples. Multilocus phylogenetic analysis showed the dogs were infected with a novel Rickettsia species related to human Rickettsia pathogens. PMID: 33219793 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Wilson JM, Breitschwerdt EB, Juhasz NB, Marr HS, de Brito Galvão JF, Pratt CL, Qurollo BA Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Low Pathogenicity Avian Influenza (H5N2) Viruses, Dominican Republic.
Abstract Low pathogenicity avian influenza (H5N2) virus was detected in poultry in the Dominican Republic in 2007 and re-emerged in 2017. Whole-genome sequencing and phylogenetic analysis show introduction of an H5N2 virus lineage from Mexico into poultry in the Dominican Republic, then divergence into 3 distinct genetic subgroups during 2007-2019. PMID: 33219794 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Chung DH, Gomez DR, Vargas JM, Amador BL, Torchetti MK, Killian ML, Swayne DE, Lee DH Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Transmission of Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella enterica Subspecies enterica 4,[5],12:i:- Sequence Type 34 between Europe and the United States.
Abstract Multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica 4,[5],12:i:- sequence type 34 represents a worldwide public health risk. To determine its origin in the United States, we reconstructed a time-scaled phylogeny with a discrete trait geospatial model. The clone in the United States was introduced from Europe on multiple occasions in the early 2000s. PMID: 33219795 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Elnekave E, Hong SL, Lim S, Boxrud D, Rovira A, Mather AE, Perez A, Alvarez J Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Detection and Characterization of Bat Sarbecovirus Phylogenetically Related to SARS-CoV-2, Japan.
Abstract Epidemiology of bat Betacoronavirus, subgenus Sarbecovirus is largely unknown, especially outside China. We detected a sarbecovirus phylogenetically related to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 from Rhinolophus cornutus bats in Japan. The sarbecovirus' spike protein specifically recognizes angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 of R. cornutus, but not humans, as an entry receptor. PMID: 33219796 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Murakami S, Kitamura T, Suzuki J, Sato R, Aoi T, Fujii M, Matsugo H, Kamiki H, Ishida H, Takenaka-Uema A, Shimojima M, Horimoto T Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Novel Serotype of Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus, China.
Abstract In 2018, a strain of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV), named YNDH/V079/2018, was isolated from a sentinel calf in Mangshi County, Yunnan Province, China. Nucleotide sequencing and neutralization tests indicated that the virus belongs to a novel serotype of EHDV that had not been reported previously. PMID: 33219797 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yang H, Li Z, Wang J, Li Z, Yang Z, Liao D, Zhu J, Li H Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Human Monocytic Ehrlichiosis, Mexico City, Mexico.
We report a fatal case of human monocytic ehrlichiosis in Mexico City in a man who was homeless. PMID: 33219798 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Alcántara-Rodríguez VE, Sánchez-Montes S, Contreras H, Colunga-Salas P, Fierro-Flores L, Avalos S, Rodríguez-Rangel F, Becker I, Walker DH Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Brucella canis in Commercial Dog Breeding Kennels, Ontario, Canada.
Abstract We evaluated the prevalence of Brucella canis seropositivity in a convenience sample of dogs from commercial breeding kennels in Ontario, Canada. Overall, 127/1,080 (11.8%) dogs from 23/63 (37%) kennels were seropositive. The prevalence of positive dogs within kennels with>1 positive dog ranged from 3.9% to 100% (median 33%). PMID: 33219799 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Weese JS, Hrinivich K, Anderson MEC Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Lyssaviruses in Insectivorous Bats, South Africa, 2003-2018.
Abstract We detected 3 lyssaviruses in insectivorous bats sampled in South Africa during 2003-2018. We used phylogenetic analysis to identify Duvenhage lyssavirus and a potentially new lyssavirus, provisionally named Matlo bat lyssavirus, that is related to West Caucasian bat virus. These new detections highlight that much about lyssaviruses remains unknown. PMID: 33219800 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Coertse J, Grobler CS, Sabeta CT, Seamark ECJ, Kearney T, Paweska JT, Markotter W Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

High Coxiella burnetii Seroconversion Rate in Veterinary Students, the Netherlands, 2006-2010.
We examined Coxiella burnetii seroconversion rates by measuring C. burnetii IgG among 2 cohorts of veterinary students. During follow-up of 118 seronegative veterinary students, 23 students seroconverted. Although the clinical importance of the presence of antibodies is unknown, veterinary students should be informed about the potential risks for Q fever. PMID: 33219801 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: de Lange MMA, van der Hoek W, Schneeberger PM, Swart A, Heederik DJJ, Schimmer B, Wouters IM Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Shedding of Marburg Virus in Naturally Infected Egyptian Rousette Bats, South Africa, 2017.
Abstract We detected Marburg virus RNA in rectal swab samples from Egyptian rousette bats in South Africa in 2017. This finding signifies that fecal contamination of natural bat habitats is a potential source of infection for humans. Identified genetic sequences are closely related to Ravn virus, implying wider distribution of Marburg virus in Africa. PMID: 33219802 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Pawęska JT, Storm N, Markotter W, Di Paola N, Wiley MR, Palacios G, Jansen van Vuren P Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Lack of Susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 and MERS-CoV in Poultry.
Abstract We challenged chickens, turkeys, ducks, quail, and geese with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 or Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. We observed no disease and detected no virus replication and no serum antibodies. We concluded that poultry are unlikely to serve a role in maintenance of either virus. PMID: 33219803 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Suarez DL, Pantin-Jackwood MJ, Swayne DE, Lee SA, DeBlois SM, Spackman E Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Phylogenetic Analysis of MERS-CoV in a Camel Abattoir, Saudi Arabia, 2016-2018.
Abstract We detected Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) RNA in 305/1,131 (27%) camels tested at an abattoir in Al Hasa, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia, during January 2016-March 2018. We characterized 48 full-length MERS-CoV genomes and noted the viruses clustered in MERS-CoV lineage 5 clade B. PMID: 33219804 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hemida MG, Chu DKW, Chor YY, Cheng SMS, Poon LLM, Alnaeem A, Peiris M Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus Infections and Seroprevalence, Southern Iraq.
Vapalahti O Abstract Acute febrile neurological infection cases in southern Iraq (N = 212) were screened for lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). Two LCMV IgM-positive serum samples and 2 cerebrospinal fluid samples with phylogenetically distinct LCMV strains were found. The overall LCMV seroprevalence was 8.8%. LCMV infections are common and associated with acute neurological disease in Iraq. PMID: 33219805 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Alburkat H, Jääskeläinen AJ, Barakat AM, Hasony HJ, Sironen T, Al-Hello H, Smura T, Vapalahti O Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

One-Year Retrospective Review of Psychiatric Consultations in Lassa Fever, Southern Nigeria.
Abstract We conducted a retrospective review of psychiatric consultations for hospitalized patients with Lassa fever in southern Nigeria. Ten (8.8%) of 113 patients had psychiatric consultations. Delirium was the most common psychiatric manifestation complicating Lassa fever. Findings suggest that psychiatric intervention could improve overall outcomes of Lassa fever. PMID: 33219806 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - November 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Okogbenin EO, Obagaye MO, Aweh BE, Eriyo WO, Okogbenin SA, Okokhere PO Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research