Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N8) Virus in Swans, China, 2020
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr 9;27(6). doi: 10.3201/eid2706.204727. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn October 2020, highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N8) viruses were detected in 2 dead swans in Inner Mongolia, China. Genetic analysis showed that the H5N8 isolates belong to clade 2.3.4.4b and that the isolates cluster with the H5N8 viruses isolated in Eurasia in the fall of 2020.PMID:33834988 | DOI:10.3201/eid2706.204727 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - April 9, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Xiang Li Xinru Lv Yi Li Peng Peng Ruifang Zhou Siyuan Qin Enda Ma Wenqiang Liu Tian Fu Peiran Ma Qing An Yiran Li Yuping Hua Yulong Wang Chengliang Lei Dong Chu Heting Sun Yanbing Li Yuwei Gao Hongliang Chai Source Type: research

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N8) Virus in Swans, China, 2020
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr 9;27(6). doi: 10.3201/eid2706.204727. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn October 2020, highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N8) viruses were detected in 2 dead swans in Inner Mongolia, China. Genetic analysis showed that the H5N8 isolates belong to clade 2.3.4.4b and that the isolates cluster with the H5N8 viruses isolated in Eurasia in the fall of 2020.PMID:33834988 | DOI:10.3201/eid2706.204727 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - April 9, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Xiang Li Xinru Lv Yi Li Peng Peng Ruifang Zhou Siyuan Qin Enda Ma Wenqiang Liu Tian Fu Peiran Ma Qing An Yiran Li Yuping Hua Yulong Wang Chengliang Lei Dong Chu Heting Sun Yanbing Li Yuwei Gao Hongliang Chai Source Type: research

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N8) Virus in Swans, China, 2020
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr 9;27(6). doi: 10.3201/eid2706.204727. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn October 2020, highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N8) viruses were detected in 2 dead swans in Inner Mongolia, China. Genetic analysis showed that the H5N8 isolates belong to clade 2.3.4.4b and that the isolates cluster with the H5N8 viruses isolated in Eurasia in the fall of 2020.PMID:33834988 | DOI:10.3201/eid2706.204727 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - April 9, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Xiang Li Xinru Lv Yi Li Peng Peng Ruifang Zhou Siyuan Qin Enda Ma Wenqiang Liu Tian Fu Peiran Ma Qing An Yiran Li Yuping Hua Yulong Wang Chengliang Lei Dong Chu Heting Sun Yanbing Li Yuwei Gao Hongliang Chai Source Type: research

Postvaccination COVID-19 among Healthcare Workers, Israel
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr 8;27(6). doi: 10.3201/eid2706.210410. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33829986 | DOI:10.3201/eid2706.210410 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - April 8, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zohaib Yousaf Kamran Mushtaq Source Type: research

Postvaccination COVID-19 among Healthcare Workers, Israel
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr 8;27(6). doi: 10.3201/eid2706.210410. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33829986 | DOI:10.3201/eid2706.210410 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - April 8, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zohaib Yousaf Kamran Mushtaq Source Type: research

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Adults after Mild SARS-CoV-2 Infection, Japan
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr 6;27(6). doi: 10.3201/eid2706.210728. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn Japan, a 51-year-old man had minimally symptomatic severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome was diagnosed ≈5 weeks later; characteristics included severe inflammation, cardiac dysfunction, and IgG positivity. Clinicians should obtain detailed history and examine IgG levels for cases of inflammatory disease with unexplained cardiac decompensation.PMID:33821784 | DOI:10.3201/eid2706.210728 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - April 6, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yasuhiro Yamada Kaoru Fujinami Tadashi Eguchi Hiroshi Takefuji Nobuaki Mori Source Type: research

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Adults after Mild SARS-CoV-2 Infection, Japan
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr 6;27(6). doi: 10.3201/eid2706.210728. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn Japan, a 51-year-old man had minimally symptomatic severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome was diagnosed ≈5 weeks later; characteristics included severe inflammation, cardiac dysfunction, and IgG positivity. Clinicians should obtain detailed history and examine IgG levels for cases of inflammatory disease with unexplained cardiac decompensation.PMID:33821784 | DOI:10.3201/eid2706.210728 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - April 6, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yasuhiro Yamada Kaoru Fujinami Tadashi Eguchi Hiroshi Takefuji Nobuaki Mori Source Type: research

Epidemiologic Evidence for Airborne Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 during Church Singing, Australia, 2020
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr 5;27(6). doi: 10.3201/eid2706.210465. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAn outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection occurred among church attendees after an infectious chorister sang at multiple services. We detected 12 secondary case-patients. Video recordings of the services showed that case-patients were seated in the same section,>15 m from the primary case-patient, without close physical contact, suggesting airborne transmission.PMID:33818372 | DOI:10.3201/eid2706.210465 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - April 5, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Anthea L Katelaris Jessica Wells Penelope Clark Sophie Norton Rebecca Rockett Alicia Arnott Vitali Sintchenko Stephen Corbett Shopna K Bag Source Type: research

Epidemiologic Evidence for Airborne Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 during Church Singing, Australia, 2020
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr 5;27(6). doi: 10.3201/eid2706.210465. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAn outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection occurred among church attendees after an infectious chorister sang at multiple services. We detected 12 secondary case-patients. Video recordings of the services showed that case-patients were seated in the same section,>15 m from the primary case-patient, without close physical contact, suggesting airborne transmission.PMID:33818372 | DOI:10.3201/eid2706.210465 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - April 5, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Anthea L Katelaris Jessica Wells Penelope Clark Sophie Norton Rebecca Rockett Alicia Arnott Vitali Sintchenko Stephen Corbett Shopna K Bag Source Type: research

Genetic Evidence and Host Immune Response in Persons Reinfected with SARS-CoV-2, Brazil
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr 2;27(5). doi: 10.3201/eid2705.204912. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe dynamics underlying severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) reinfection remain poorly understood. We identified a small cluster of patients in Brazil who experienced 2 episodes of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in March and late May 2020. In the first episode, patients manifested an enhanced innate response compared with healthy persons, but neutralizing humoral immunity was not fully achieved. The second episode was associated with different SARS-CoV-2 strains, higher viral loads, and clinical symptoms. ...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - April 2, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Natalia Fintelman-Rodrigues Aline P D da Silva Monique Cristina Dos Santos Felipe B Saraiva Marcelo A Ferreira Jo ão Gesto Danielle A S Rodrigues Andr é M Vale Isaclaudia G de Azevedo Vin ícius C Soares Hui Jiang Hongdong Tan Diogo A Tschoeke Carolina Source Type: research

Genetic Evidence and Host Immune Response in Persons Reinfected with SARS-CoV-2, Brazil
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr 2;27(5). doi: 10.3201/eid2705.204912. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe dynamics underlying severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) reinfection remain poorly understood. We identified a small cluster of patients in Brazil who experienced 2 episodes of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in March and late May 2020. In the first episode, patients manifested an enhanced innate response compared with healthy persons, but neutralizing humoral immunity was not fully achieved. The second episode was associated with different SARS-CoV-2 strains, higher viral loads, and clinical symptoms. ...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - April 2, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Natalia Fintelman-Rodrigues Aline P D da Silva Monique Cristina Dos Santos Felipe B Saraiva Marcelo A Ferreira Jo ão Gesto Danielle A S Rodrigues Andr é M Vale Isaclaudia G de Azevedo Vin ícius C Soares Hui Jiang Hongdong Tan Diogo A Tschoeke Carolina Source Type: research

Genetic Evidence and Host Immune Response in Persons Reinfected with SARS-CoV-2, Brazil
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr 2;27(5). doi: 10.3201/eid2705.204912. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe dynamics underlying severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) reinfection remain poorly understood. We identified a small cluster of patients in Brazil who experienced 2 episodes of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in March and late May 2020. In the first episode, patients manifested an enhanced innate response compared with healthy persons, but neutralizing humoral immunity was not fully achieved. The second episode was associated with different SARS-CoV-2 strains, higher viral loads, and clinical symptoms. ...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - April 2, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Natalia Fintelman-Rodrigues Aline P D da Silva Monique Cristina Dos Santos Felipe B Saraiva Marcelo A Ferreira Jo ão Gesto Danielle A S Rodrigues Andr é M Vale Isaclaudia G de Azevedo Vin ícius C Soares Hui Jiang Hongdong Tan Diogo A Tschoeke Carolina Source Type: research

Detection and genome characterization of bovine kobuvirus (BKV) in fecal samples from diarrheic calves in Quebec, Canada
Transbound Emerg Dis. 2021 Mar 31. doi: 10.1111/tbed.14086. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTKobuviruses are known to infect the gastrointestinal tract of different animal species. Since its discovery in 2003, bovine kobuvirus (BKV) has been identified in fecal samples from diarrheic cattle in many countries, but only recently in North America. Although its possible role as an agent of calf diarrhoea remains to be determined, evidence is mounting. Our study reports for the first time the detection of BKV in fecal samples from diarrheic calves raised in Quebec, Canada. BKV was more commonly identified than eight known and comm...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 31, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Christian Savard Olivier Ariel Rickard Fredrickson Leyi Wang Andr é Broes Source Type: research

Detection and genome characterization of bovine kobuvirus (BKV) in fecal samples from diarrheic calves in Quebec, Canada
Transbound Emerg Dis. 2021 Mar 31. doi: 10.1111/tbed.14086. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTKobuviruses are known to infect the gastrointestinal tract of different animal species. Since its discovery in 2003, bovine kobuvirus (BKV) has been identified in fecal samples from diarrheic cattle in many countries, but only recently in North America. Although its possible role as an agent of calf diarrhoea remains to be determined, evidence is mounting. Our study reports for the first time the detection of BKV in fecal samples from diarrheic calves raised in Quebec, Canada. BKV was more commonly identified than eight known and comm...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 31, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Christian Savard Olivier Ariel Rickard Fredrickson Leyi Wang Andr é Broes Source Type: research

Rapid Detection of SARS-CoV-2 Variants of Concern, Including B.1.1.28/P.1, in British Columbia, Canada
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Mar 30;27(6). doi: 10.3201/eid2706.210532. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTo screen all severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2-positive samples in British Columbia, Canada, and determine whether they represented variants of concern, we implemented a real-time reverse transcription PCR-based algorithm. We rapidly identified 77 samples with variants: 57 with B.1.1.7, 7 with B.1.351, and an epidemiologic cluster of 13 with B.1.1.28/P.1.PMID:33784237 | DOI:10.3201/eid2706.210532 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 30, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Nancy Matic Christopher F Lowe Gordon Ritchie Aleksandra Stefanovic Tanya Lawson Willson Jang Matthew Young Winnie Dong Zabrina L Brumme Chanson J Brumme Victor Leung Marc G Romney Source Type: research

Rapid Detection of SARS-CoV-2 Variants of Concern, Including B.1.1.28/P.1, in British Columbia, Canada
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Mar 30;27(6). doi: 10.3201/eid2706.210532. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTo screen all severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2-positive samples in British Columbia, Canada, and determine whether they represented variants of concern, we implemented a real-time reverse transcription PCR-based algorithm. We rapidly identified 77 samples with variants: 57 with B.1.1.7, 7 with B.1.351, and an epidemiologic cluster of 13 with B.1.1.28/P.1.PMID:33784237 | DOI:10.3201/eid2706.210532 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 30, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Nancy Matic Christopher F Lowe Gordon Ritchie Aleksandra Stefanovic Tanya Lawson Willson Jang Matthew Young Winnie Dong Zabrina L Brumme Chanson J Brumme Victor Leung Marc G Romney Source Type: research

Detecting Rapid Spread of SARS-CoV-2 Variants, France, January 26-February 16, 2021
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Mar 26;27(5). doi: 10.3201/eid2705.210397. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTVariants of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 raise concerns regarding the control of coronavirus disease epidemics. We analyzed 40,000 specific reverse transcription PCR tests performed on positive samples during January 26-February 16, 2021 in France. We found high transmission advantage of variants and more advanced spread than anticipated.PMID:33769253 | DOI:10.3201/eid2705.210397 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: St éphanie Haim-Boukobza B énédicte Roquebert Sabine Trombert-Paolantoni Emmanuel Lecorche Laura Verdurme Vincent Foulongne Christian Selinger Yannis Michalakis Mircea T Sofonea Samuel Alizon Source Type: research

Animal Reservoirs and Hosts for Emerging Alphacoronaviruses and Betacoronaviruses
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4):1015-1022. doi: 10.3201/eid2704.203945.ABSTRACTThe ongoing global pandemic caused by coronavirus disease has once again demonstrated the role of the family Coronaviridae in causing human disease outbreaks. Because severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 was first detected in December 2019, information on its tropism, host range, and clinical manifestations in animals is limited. Given the limited information, data from other coronaviruses might be useful for informing scientific inquiry, risk assessment, and decision-making. We reviewed endemic and emerging infections of alphacorona...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ria R Ghai Ann Carpenter Amanda Y Liew Krystalyn B Martin Meghan K Herring Susan I Gerber Aron J Hall Jonathan M Sleeman Sophie VonDobschuetz Casey Barton Behravesh Source Type: research

Detecting Rapid Spread of SARS-CoV-2 Variants, France, January 26-February 16, 2021
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Mar 26;27(5). doi: 10.3201/eid2705.210397. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTVariants of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 raise concerns regarding the control of coronavirus disease epidemics. We analyzed 40,000 specific reverse transcription PCR tests performed on positive samples during January 26-February 16, 2021 in France. We found high transmission advantage of variants and more advanced spread than anticipated.PMID:33769253 | DOI:10.3201/eid2705.210397 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: St éphanie Haim-Boukobza B énédicte Roquebert Sabine Trombert-Paolantoni Emmanuel Lecorche Laura Verdurme Vincent Foulongne Christian Selinger Yannis Michalakis Mircea T Sofonea Samuel Alizon Source Type: research

Animal Reservoirs and Hosts for Emerging Alphacoronaviruses and Betacoronaviruses
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4):1015-1022. doi: 10.3201/eid2704.203945.ABSTRACTThe ongoing global pandemic caused by coronavirus disease has once again demonstrated the role of the family Coronaviridae in causing human disease outbreaks. Because severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 was first detected in December 2019, information on its tropism, host range, and clinical manifestations in animals is limited. Given the limited information, data from other coronaviruses might be useful for informing scientific inquiry, risk assessment, and decision-making. We reviewed endemic and emerging infections of alphacorona...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ria R Ghai Ann Carpenter Amanda Y Liew Krystalyn B Martin Meghan K Herring Susan I Gerber Aron J Hall Jonathan M Sleeman Sophie VonDobschuetz Casey Barton Behravesh Source Type: research

Detecting Rapid Spread of SARS-CoV-2 Variants, France, January 26-February 16, 2021
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Mar 26;27(5). doi: 10.3201/eid2705.210397. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTVariants of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 raise concerns regarding the control of coronavirus disease epidemics. We analyzed 40,000 specific reverse transcription PCR tests performed on positive samples during January 26-February 16, 2021 in France. We found high transmission advantage of variants and more advanced spread than anticipated.PMID:33769253 | DOI:10.3201/eid2705.210397 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: St éphanie Haim-Boukobza B énédicte Roquebert Sabine Trombert-Paolantoni Emmanuel Lecorche Laura Verdurme Vincent Foulongne Christian Selinger Yannis Michalakis Mircea T Sofonea Samuel Alizon Source Type: research

Animal Reservoirs and Hosts for Emerging Alphacoronaviruses and Betacoronaviruses
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4):1015-1022. doi: 10.3201/eid2704.203945.ABSTRACTThe ongoing global pandemic caused by coronavirus disease has once again demonstrated the role of the family Coronaviridae in causing human disease outbreaks. Because severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 was first detected in December 2019, information on its tropism, host range, and clinical manifestations in animals is limited. Given the limited information, data from other coronaviruses might be useful for informing scientific inquiry, risk assessment, and decision-making. We reviewed endemic and emerging infections of alphacorona...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ria R Ghai Ann Carpenter Amanda Y Liew Krystalyn B Martin Meghan K Herring Susan I Gerber Aron J Hall Jonathan M Sleeman Sophie VonDobschuetz Casey Barton Behravesh Source Type: research

Detecting Rapid Spread of SARS-CoV-2 Variants, France, January 26-February 16, 2021
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Mar 26;27(5). doi: 10.3201/eid2705.210397. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTVariants of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 raise concerns regarding the control of coronavirus disease epidemics. We analyzed 40,000 specific reverse transcription PCR tests performed on positive samples during January 26-February 16, 2021 in France. We found high transmission advantage of variants and more advanced spread than anticipated.PMID:33769253 | DOI:10.3201/eid2705.210397 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: St éphanie Haim-Boukobza B énédicte Roquebert Sabine Trombert-Paolantoni Emmanuel Lecorche Laura Verdurme Vincent Foulongne Christian Selinger Yannis Michalakis Mircea T Sofonea Samuel Alizon Source Type: research

Animal Reservoirs and Hosts for Emerging Alphacoronaviruses and Betacoronaviruses
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4):1015-1022. doi: 10.3201/eid2704.203945.ABSTRACTThe ongoing global pandemic caused by coronavirus disease has once again demonstrated the role of the family Coronaviridae in causing human disease outbreaks. Because severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 was first detected in December 2019, information on its tropism, host range, and clinical manifestations in animals is limited. Given the limited information, data from other coronaviruses might be useful for informing scientific inquiry, risk assessment, and decision-making. We reviewed endemic and emerging infections of alphacorona...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ria R Ghai Ann Carpenter Amanda Y Liew Krystalyn B Martin Meghan K Herring Susan I Gerber Aron J Hall Jonathan M Sleeman Sophie VonDobschuetz Casey Barton Behravesh Source Type: research

Blastomycosis Surveillance in 5 States, United States, 1987-2018
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4). doi: 10.3201/eid2704.204078.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33757624 | DOI:10.3201/eid2704.204078 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kaitlin Benedict Suzanne Gibbons-Burgener Anna Kocharian Malia Ireland Laura Rothfeldt Natalie Christophe Kimberly Signs Brendan R Jackson Source Type: research

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children, Chile, May-August 2020
We describe 26 children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome associated with coronavirus disease in the pediatric intensive care unit of Roberto del Río Hospital (Santiago, Chile). In total, 10 (38.5%) children required mechanical ventilation; 13 (50.0%) required inotropic support. In addition, 18 (69.2%) patients had echocardiographic abnormalities. No patients died.PMID:33760725 | DOI:10.3201/eid2705.204591 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Carmen Ni ño-Taravilla Hugo Otaola-Arca Natalie Lara-Aguilera Yuri Zuleta-Morales Paula Ortiz-Fritz Source Type: research

COVID-19-Associated Mold Infection in Critically Ill Patients, Chile
We report 16 cases of CAIMI among 146 nonimmunocompromised patients with severe COVID-19 at an academic hospital in Santiago, Chile. These rates correspond to a CAIMI incidence of 11%; the mortality rate for these patients was 31.2%.PMID:33760726 | DOI:10.3201/eid2705.204412 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ricardo Rabagliati Nicol ás Rodríguez Carolina N úñez Alvaro Huete Sebastian Bravo Patricia Garcia Source Type: research

Risk for International Importations of Variant SARS-CoV-2 Originating in the United Kingdom
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Mar 24;27(5). doi: 10.3201/eid2705.210050. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTA fast-spreading severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 variant identified in the United Kingdom in December 2020 has raised international alarm. We analyzed data from 15 countries and estimated that the chance that this variant was imported into these countries by travelers from the United Kingdom by December 7 is>50%.PMID:33760727 | DOI:10.3201/eid2705.210050 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zhanwei Du Lin Wang Bingyi Yang Sheikh Taslim Ali Tim K Tsang Songwei Shan Peng Wu Eric H Y Lau Benjamin J Cowling Lauren Ancel Meyers Source Type: research

Blastomycosis Surveillance in 5 States, United States, 1987-2018
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4). doi: 10.3201/eid2704.204078.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33757624 | DOI:10.3201/eid2704.204078 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kaitlin Benedict Suzanne Gibbons-Burgener Anna Kocharian Malia Ireland Laura Rothfeldt Natalie Christophe Kimberly Signs Brendan R Jackson Source Type: research

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children, Chile, May-August 2020
We describe 26 children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome associated with coronavirus disease in the pediatric intensive care unit of Roberto del Río Hospital (Santiago, Chile). In total, 10 (38.5%) children required mechanical ventilation; 13 (50.0%) required inotropic support. In addition, 18 (69.2%) patients had echocardiographic abnormalities. No patients died.PMID:33760725 | DOI:10.3201/eid2705.204591 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Carmen Ni ño-Taravilla Hugo Otaola-Arca Natalie Lara-Aguilera Yuri Zuleta-Morales Paula Ortiz-Fritz Source Type: research

COVID-19-Associated Mold Infection in Critically Ill Patients, Chile
We report 16 cases of CAIMI among 146 nonimmunocompromised patients with severe COVID-19 at an academic hospital in Santiago, Chile. These rates correspond to a CAIMI incidence of 11%; the mortality rate for these patients was 31.2%.PMID:33760726 | DOI:10.3201/eid2705.204412 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ricardo Rabagliati Nicol ás Rodríguez Carolina N úñez Alvaro Huete Sebastian Bravo Patricia Garcia Source Type: research

Risk for International Importations of Variant SARS-CoV-2 Originating in the United Kingdom
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Mar 24;27(5). doi: 10.3201/eid2705.210050. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTA fast-spreading severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 variant identified in the United Kingdom in December 2020 has raised international alarm. We analyzed data from 15 countries and estimated that the chance that this variant was imported into these countries by travelers from the United Kingdom by December 7 is>50%.PMID:33760727 | DOI:10.3201/eid2705.210050 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zhanwei Du Lin Wang Bingyi Yang Sheikh Taslim Ali Tim K Tsang Songwei Shan Peng Wu Eric H Y Lau Benjamin J Cowling Lauren Ancel Meyers Source Type: research

Blastomycosis Surveillance in 5 States, United States, 1987-2018
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4). doi: 10.3201/eid2704.204078.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33757624 | DOI:10.3201/eid2704.204078 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kaitlin Benedict Suzanne Gibbons-Burgener Anna Kocharian Malia Ireland Laura Rothfeldt Natalie Christophe Kimberly Signs Brendan R Jackson Source Type: research

Characteristics and Risk Factors of Hospitalized and Nonhospitalized COVID-19 Patients, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, March-April 2020
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021;27(4):1164-1168. doi: 10.3201/eid2704.204709.ABSTRACTWe compared the characteristics of hospitalized and nonhospitalized patients who had coronavirus disease in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. We found that risk for hospitalization increased with a patient's age and number of concurrent conditions. We also found a potential association between hospitalization and high hemoglobin A1c levels in persons with diabetes.PMID:33754981 | DOI:10.3201/eid2704.204709 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kristen Pettrone Eleanor Burnett Ruth Link-Gelles Sarah C Haight Caroline Schrodt Lucinda England Danica J Gomes Mays Shamout Kevin O'Laughlin Anne Kimball Erin F Blau Chandresh N Ladva Christine M Szablewski Melissa Tobin-D'Angelo Nadine Oosmanally Cheri Source Type: research

Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus in Mexican Wolf Pups at Zoo, Michigan, USA
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021;27(4):1173-1176. doi: 10.3201/eid2704.202400.ABSTRACTDuring the 2019 Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) outbreak in Michigan, two 2-month old Mexican wolf pups experienced neurologic signs, lymphohistiocytic neutrophilic meningoencephalitis with neuronal necrosis and neuronophagia, and acute death. We identified EEEV by reverse transcription real-time PCR and in situ hybridization. Vector mosquitoes were trapped at the zoo.PMID:33754982 | DOI:10.3201/eid2704.202400 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kimberly A Thompson Eileen Henderson Scott D Fitzgerald Edward D Walker Matti Kiupel Source Type: research

Histopathological Characterization of Cases of Spontaneous Fatal Feline Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome, Japan
We report 7 cases of spontaneous fatal SFTS in felines. Necropsies revealed characteristic lesions, including necrotizing lymphadenitis in 5 cases and necrotizing splenitis and SFTSV-positive blastic lymphocytes in all cases. We detected hemorrhagic lesions in the gastrointestinal tract in 6 cases and lungs in 3 cases, suggesting a more severe clinical course of SFTS in felids than in humans. We noted necrotic or ulcerative foci in the gastrointestinal tract in 3 cases, the lung in 2 cases, and the liver in 4 cases. We clarified that blastic lymphocytes are predominant targets of SFTSV and involved in induction of necrotic...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yusuke Sakai Yuko Kuwabara Keita Ishijima Saya Kagimoto Serina Mura Kango Tatemoto Ryusei Kuwata Kenzo Yonemitsu Shohei Minami Yudai Kuroda Kenji Baba Masaru Okuda Hiroshi Shimoda Masashi Sakurai Masahiro Morimoto Ken Maeda Source Type: research

Emergence of Burkholderia pseudomallei Sequence Type 562, Northern Australia
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021;27(4):1057-1067. doi: 10.3201/eid2704.202716.ABSTRACTSince 2005, the range of Burkholderia pseudomallei sequence type 562 (ST562) has expanded in northern Australia. During 2005-2019, ST562 caused melioidosis in 61 humans and 3 animals. Cases initially occurred in suburbs surrounding a creek before spreading across urban Darwin, Australia and a nearby island community. In urban Darwin, ST562 caused 12% (53/440) of melioidosis cases, a proportion that increased during the study period. We analyzed 2 clusters of cases with epidemiologic links and used genomic analysis to identify previously unassociate...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ella M Meumann Mirjam Kaestli Mark Mayo Linda Ward Audrey Rachlin Jessica R Webb Mariana Kleinecke Erin P Price Bart J Currie Source Type: research

Genomic Analysis of Novel Poxvirus Brazilian Porcupinepox Virus, Brazil, 2019
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4):1177-1180. doi: 10.3201/eid2704.203818.ABSTRACTWe obtained the complete sequence of a novel poxvirus, tentatively named Brazilian porcupinepox virus, from a wild porcupine (Coendou prehensilis) in Brazil that had skin and internal lesions characteristic of poxvirus infection. The impact of this lethal poxvirus on the survival of this species and its potential zoonotic importance remain to be investigated.PMID:33754985 | DOI:10.3201/eid2704.203818 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Aline S Hora Sueli A Taniwaki Nathana B Martins Nataly N R Pinto Andr é E Schlemper Andr é L Q Santos Matias P J Szab ó Paulo E Brand ão Source Type: research

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Clade 2.3.4.4 Subtype H5N6 Viruses Isolated from Wild Whooper Swans, Mongolia, 2020
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4):1181-1183. doi: 10.3201/eid2704.203859.ABSTRACTWe identified clade 2.3.4.4 highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N6) viruses from whooper swans (Cygnus cygnus) found dead in Mongolia. The identification of these infections in wild birds in this area is of concern because of the potential for virus dissemination during fall migration.PMID:33754986 | DOI:10.3201/eid2704.203859 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sol Jeong Nyamsuren Otgontogtokh Dong-Hun Lee Bayarmagnai Davganyam Sun-Hak Lee Andrew Y Cho Erdene-Ochir Tseren-Ochir Chang-Seon Song Source Type: research

Experimental SARS-CoV-2 Infection of Bank Voles
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4):1193-1195. doi: 10.3201/eid2704.204945.ABSTRACTAfter experimental inoculation, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection was confirmed in bank voles by seroconversion within 8 days and detection of viral RNA in nasal tissue for up to 21 days. However, transmission to contact animals was not detected. Thus, bank voles are unlikely to establish effective transmission cycles in nature.PMID:33754987 | DOI:10.3201/eid2704.204945 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Lorenz Ulrich Anna Michelitsch Nico Halwe Kerstin Wernike Donata Hoffmann Martin Beer Source Type: research

Epidemiologic and Genomic Reidentification of Yaws, Liberia
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4):1123-1132. doi: 10.3201/eid2704.204442.ABSTRACTWe confirmed endemicity and autochthonous transmission of yaws in Liberia after a population-based, community-led burden estimation (56,825 participants). Serologically confirmed yaws was rare and focal at population level (24 cases; 2.6 [95% CI 1.4-3.9] cases/10,000 population) with similar clinical epidemiology to other endemic countries in West Africa. Unsupervised classification of spatially referenced case finding data indicated that yaws was more likely to occur in hard-to-reach communities; healthcare-seeking was low among communities, a...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Joseph W S Timothy Mathew A Beale Emerson Rogers Zeela Zaizay Katherine E Halliday Tarnue Mulbah Romeo K Giddings Stephen L Walker Nicholas R Thomson Karsor K Kollie Rachel L Pullan Michael Marks Source Type: research

Stability of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in Nonsupplemented Saliva
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4):1146-1150. doi: 10.3201/eid2704.204199.ABSTRACTThe expense of saliva collection devices designed to stabilize severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 RNA is prohibitive to mass testing. However, virus RNA in nonsupplemented saliva is stable for extended periods and at elevated temperatures. Simple plastic tubes for saliva collection will make large-scale testing and continued surveillance easier.PMID:33754989 | DOI:10.3201/eid2704.204199 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Isabel M Ott Madison S Strine Anne E Watkins Maikel Boot Chaney C Kalinich Christina A Harden Chantal B F Vogels Arnau Casanovas-Massana Adam J Moore M Catherine Muenker Maura Nakahata Maria Tokuyama Allison Nelson John Fournier Santos Bermejo Melissa Cam Source Type: research

Improving Treatment and Outcomes for Melioidosis in Children, Northern Cambodia, 2009-2018
We report trends in manifestations, treatment, and outcomes of 355 children with culture-confirmed melioidosis over 10 years at a pediatric hospital in northern Cambodia. Bacteremia and presentation with pneumonia were risk factors for death. A total of 39 children recovered after being given only oral antimicrobial drug treatment.PMID:33754990 | DOI:10.3201/eid2704.201683 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Arjun Chandna Moritz Bonhoeffer Thyl Miliya Keang Suy Sena Sao Paul Turner Source Type: research

Evolution of Sequence Type 4821 Clonal Complex Hyperinvasive and Quinolone-Resistant Meningococci
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4):1110-1122. doi: 10.3201/eid2704.203612.ABSTRACTExpansion of quinolone-resistant Neisseria meningitidis clone ChinaCC4821-R1-C/B from sequence type (ST) 4821 clonal complex (CC4821) caused a serogroup shift from serogroup A to serogroup C invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in China. To determine the relationship among globally distributed CC4821 meningococci, we analyzed whole-genome sequence data from 173 CC4821 meningococci isolated from 4 continents during 1972-2019. These meningococci clustered into 4 sublineages (1-4); sublineage 1 primarily comprised of IMD isolates (41/50, 82%). Mos...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mingliang Chen Odile B Harrison Holly B Bratcher Zhiyan Bo Keith A Jolley Charlene M C Rodrigues James E Bray Qinglan Guo Xi Zhang Min Chen Martin C J Maiden Source Type: research

Low-Level Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus among Camel Handlers, Kenya, 2019
We report PCR-confirmed Middle East respiratory coronavirus syndrome in 3 asymptomatic handlers.PMID:33754992 | DOI:10.3201/eid2704.204458 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Peninah M Munyua Isaac Ngere Elizabeth Hunsperger Adano Kochi Patrick Amoth Lydia Mwasi Suxiang Tong Athman Mwatondo Natalie Thornburg Marc-Alain Widdowson M Kariuki Njenga Source Type: research

High Case-Fatality Rate for Human Anthrax, Northern Ghana, 2005-2016
We report high case-fatality rates (median 35.0%; 95% CI 21.1%-66.7%) during 2005-2016 linked to livestock handling in northern Ghana, where veterinary resources are limited. Livestock vaccination and access to human treatment should be evaluated.PMID:33754993 | DOI:10.3201/eid2704.204496 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jason K Blackburn Ernest Kenu Franklin Asiedu-Bekoe Badu Sarkodie Ian T Kracalik William A Bower Robyn A Stoddard Rita M Traxler Source Type: research

Genomic Surveillance of a Globally Circulating Distinct Group W Clonal Complex 11 Meningococcal Variant, New Zealand, 2013-2018
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4):1087-1097. doi: 10.3201/eid2704.191716.ABSTRACTGenomic surveillance is an essential part of effective disease control, enabling identification of emerging and expanding strains and monitoring of subsequent interventions. Whole-genome sequencing was used to analyze the genomic diversity of all Neisseria meningitidis isolates submitted to the New Zealand Meningococcal Reference Laboratory during 2013-2018. Of the 347 isolates submitted for whole-genome sequencing, we identified 68 sequence types belonging to 18 clonal complexes (CC). The predominant CC was CC41/44; next in predominance was CC...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zuyu Yang Xiaoyun Ren Heather Davies Timothy Wood Liza Lopez Jill Sherwood Audrey Tiong Philip E Carter Source Type: research

Cetacean Morbillivirus and Toxoplasma gondii Co-infection in Mediterranean Monk Seal Pup, Italy
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4):1237-1239. doi: 10.3201/eid2704.204131.ABSTRACTA Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus) pup from the southern Adriatic coast of Italy showed cetacean morbillivirus (CeMV) and disseminated Toxoplasma gondii co-infection, which probably resulted from CeMV-induced immunosuppression. These findings are of concern for the conservation of this critically endangered species.PMID:33754995 | DOI:10.3201/eid2704.204131 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Antonio Petrella Sandro Mazzariol Iolanda Padalino Gabriella Di Francesco Cristina Casalone Carla Grattarola Giovanni Di Guardo Camilla Smoglica Cinzia Centelleghe Claudia Gili Source Type: research

Sexual Contact as Risk Factor for Campylobacter Infection, Denmark
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;27(4):1133-1140. doi: 10.3201/eid2704.202337.ABSTRACTCampylobacteriosis is a disease of worldwide importance, but aspects of its transmission dynamics, particularly risk factors, are still poorly understood. We used data from a matched case-control study of 4,269 men who have sex with men (MSM) and 26,215 controls, combined with national surveillance data on Campylobacter spp., Salmonella spp., and Shigella spp., to calculate matched odds ratios (mORs) for infection among MSM and controls. MSM had higher odds of Campylobacter (mOR 14, 95% CI 10-21) and Shigella (mOR 74, 95% CI 27-203) infections,...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Katrin Gaardbo Kuhn Anne Kathrine Hvass Annette Hartvig Christiansen Steen Ethelberg Susan Alice Cowan Source Type: research

Tula Virus as Causative Agent of Hantavirus Disease in Immunocompetent Person, Germany
We report molecular evidence of Tula virus infection in an immunocompetent patient from Germany who had typical signs of hantavirus disease. Accumulating evidence indicates that Tula virus infection, although often considered nonpathogenic, represents a threat to human health.PMID:33754997 | DOI:10.3201/eid2704.203996 (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: J örg Hofmann Stephanie Kramer Klaus R Herrlinger Kathrin Jeske Martin Kuhns Sabrina Weiss Rainer G Ulrich Detlev H Kr üger Source Type: research