COVID-19 pandemic: a unique opportunity to 'build back fairer' and reduce health inequities in the Eastern Mediterranean Region
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):217-219. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.217.ABSTRACTEvidence has shown that some of the major causes of health inequities arise from the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age, in addition to a wider set of forces and systems shaping individuals' and societies' health and well-being. Such conditions are known as the 'social determinants of health'. However, efforts to address these determinants have remained challenging and unsatisfactory in many parts of the world, including in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Policies to contain the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic have...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ahmed Al-Mandhari Michael Marmot Abdul Ghaffar Rana Hajjeh Jessica Allen Wasiq Khan Maha El-Adawy Source Type: research

The COVID-19 pandemic: an opportunity to strengthen health systems in Afghanistan
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):220-223. doi: 10.26719/emhj.21.007.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33788209 | DOI:10.26719/emhj.21.007 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Umerdad Khudadad Najibullah Safi Wafa Aftab Asrar Ali Sameen Siddiqi Source Type: research

Professional capacity building of researchers, health-care professionals and editors of biomedical journals in the Eastern Mediterranean Region
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):224-226. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.224.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33788210 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.224 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Shaukat Ali Juwaid Source Type: research

Four-year survey of medically serious suicide attempters in Abu Dhabi
CONCLUSION: Females younger than 30 years were at higher risk of attempting suicide, with overdosing on paracetamol as the preferred method. Stress-related diagnoses were predominant in the attempters.PMID:33788211 | DOI:10.26719/emhj.20.099 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Tarek Shahrour Muez Siddiq Sona Mohan Khadija El Hammasi Taoufik Alsaadi Source Type: research

Views of primary health care providers of the challenges to screening for intimate partner violence, Egypt
CONCLUSION: Primary health care providers perceived many barriers to screening for intimate partner violence. Training on screening for and managing intimate partner violence should be part of the professional development for all health care providers. An effective referral system is needed that ensures comprehensive services for victims.PMID:33788212 | DOI:10.26719/emhj.20.125 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Eman Ibrahim Nashwa Hamed Lamia Ahmed Source Type: research

Domestic violence among Omani women: prevalence, risk factors and help-seeking behaviour
CONCLUSION: Emotional and physical domestic violence against women is common in Oman and is associated with poor health outcomes. Addressing domestic violence in Oman is important and requires collaboration between different sectors.PMID:33788213 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.242 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Asma Al Kendi Nohour Al Shidhani Maisa Al Kiyumi Source Type: research

Child maltreatment: knowledge, attitudes and reporting behaviour of physicians in teaching hospitals, Egypt
This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of physicians in Alexandria University teaching hospitals about the diagnosis and reporting of child maltreatment cases.METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at three hospitals. All physicians working regularly in emergency units were invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire. Data collected included sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge of and formal training on child maltreatment, attitude to dealing with child maltreatment, and experience of child maltreatment cases and reporting behaviour.RESULTS: A total of 90 physic...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Nourhan Saeed Eman Anwar Sultan Naglaa Salama Mohammed Galal Maha Ghanem Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in older people in the West Bank, Palestine: cross-sectional study
CONCLUSION: A considerable percentage of older Palestinian adults had depressive symptoms. There is a need to screen and treat depressive symptoms among older Palestinian adults to prevent their progression to severe mental health problems.PMID:33788215 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.260 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Manal Badrasawi Souzan Zidan Source Type: research

Effect of latitude on seasonal variations of vitamin D and some cardiometabolic risk factors: national food and nutrition surveillance
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):269-278. doi: 10.26719/emhj.20.119.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Despite a remarkable reduction in the occurrence of many micronutrient deficiencies in most countries, vitamin D deficiency has remained a global problem. Age-adjusted disability-adjusted life years lost due to cardiovascular disease in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, including in the Islamic Republic of Iran, are higher than the global average.AIMS: To assess the effects of latitude and season on vitamin D status in the Iranian population and the association between vitamin D status and certain cardiometabolic risk factors.M...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Bahareh Nikooyeh Zahra Abdollahi Nastaran Shariatzadeh Ali Kalayi Maliheh Zahedirad Tirang Neyestani Source Type: research

Salt intake and its sources in children, adolescents and adults in the Islamic Republic of Iran
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):279-286. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.279.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: There is little evidence about salt intake and its food sources in the Iranian population, especially in children and adolescents.AIMS: To investigate salt intake and dietary sources in Isfahan, Islamic Republic of Iran.METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2014-2015. We randomly selected 1384 adults (50.3% female, 49.7% male) aged> 18 years [mean 37.9 (10.6) years], and 786 children and adolescents (50.9% male, 49.1% female) aged 6-18 years [mean 12.5 (3.4) years]. All participants underwent a dietary as...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Noushin Mohammadifard Atena Mahdavi Alireza Khosravi Ahmad Esmaillzadeh Awat Feizi Nizal Sarrafzadegan Source Type: research

The effect of an educational intervention on awareness of various aspects of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients with the disease
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):287-292. doi: 10.26719/emhj.20.102.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major health problem worldwide. Raising awareness of various aspects of the disease among patients who have TB is important to help in control and prevention.AIMS: This was a quasi-experimental study, pre- and post-test, designed to evaluate the effect of an educational intervention on awareness among patients with pulmonary TB.METHODS: A structured questionnaire covering various facts about pulmonary TB was used in the pre-intervention phase for 150 TB patients who were being followed-up in a major hospi...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Kalthoum Yousif Mabrouka Ei Maki Rosa Khalil Babikir Hasan Abuaisha Source Type: research

Moroccan Arabic version of the Quality of Life Inventory in Epilepsy (QOLIE-31): translation, cultural adaptation and psychometric validation
CONCLUSIONS: The global score of QOL in Moroccan patients with epilepsy is similar to that in patients in low and middle- income countries. MA-QOLIE-31 will facilitate further studies in HRQOL in Morocco and Arabic-speaking countries.PMID:33788219 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.293 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Maryam Alami Merrouni Abdelkrim Janati Idrissi Abdelazizi Lamkaddem A C Filankembo Kava Samira El Fakir Zouhayr Souirti Source Type: research

Views of stakeholders on factors influencing shared decision-making in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: a systematic review
CONCLUSIONS: There is growing interest in shared decision-making in several countries in the Region. However, there are many existing barriers that hinder the implementation of shared decision-making. These need to be addressed before shared decision-making can be fully adopted in these countries.PMID:33788220 | DOI:10.26719/emhj.20.139 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Nouf Alsulamy Andrew Lee Praveen Thokala Tourkiah Alessa Source Type: research

Mass immunization and COVID-19: the need for continued primary health care
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):312-313. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.312.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33788221 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.312 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Rahim Badrfam Atefeh Zandifar Source Type: research

Developing national institutional capacity for evidence-informed policy-making for health
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):314-315. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.314.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33788222 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.314 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Source Type: research

COVID-19 pandemic: a unique opportunity to 'build back fairer' and reduce health inequities in the Eastern Mediterranean Region
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):217-219. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.217.ABSTRACTEvidence has shown that some of the major causes of health inequities arise from the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age, in addition to a wider set of forces and systems shaping individuals' and societies' health and well-being. Such conditions are known as the 'social determinants of health'. However, efforts to address these determinants have remained challenging and unsatisfactory in many parts of the world, including in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Policies to contain the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic have...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ahmed Al-Mandhari Michael Marmot Abdul Ghaffar Rana Hajjeh Jessica Allen Wasiq Khan Maha El-Adawy Source Type: research

The COVID-19 pandemic: an opportunity to strengthen health systems in Afghanistan
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):220-223. doi: 10.26719/emhj.21.007.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33788209 | DOI:10.26719/emhj.21.007 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Umerdad Khudadad Najibullah Safi Wafa Aftab Asrar Ali Sameen Siddiqi Source Type: research

Professional capacity building of researchers, health-care professionals and editors of biomedical journals in the Eastern Mediterranean Region
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):224-226. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.224.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33788210 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.224 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Shaukat Ali Juwaid Source Type: research

Four-year survey of medically serious suicide attempters in Abu Dhabi
CONCLUSION: Females younger than 30 years were at higher risk of attempting suicide, with overdosing on paracetamol as the preferred method. Stress-related diagnoses were predominant in the attempters.PMID:33788211 | DOI:10.26719/emhj.20.099 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Tarek Shahrour Muez Siddiq Sona Mohan Khadija El Hammasi Taoufik Alsaadi Source Type: research

Views of primary health care providers of the challenges to screening for intimate partner violence, Egypt
CONCLUSION: Primary health care providers perceived many barriers to screening for intimate partner violence. Training on screening for and managing intimate partner violence should be part of the professional development for all health care providers. An effective referral system is needed that ensures comprehensive services for victims.PMID:33788212 | DOI:10.26719/emhj.20.125 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Eman Ibrahim Nashwa Hamed Lamia Ahmed Source Type: research

Domestic violence among Omani women: prevalence, risk factors and help-seeking behaviour
CONCLUSION: Emotional and physical domestic violence against women is common in Oman and is associated with poor health outcomes. Addressing domestic violence in Oman is important and requires collaboration between different sectors.PMID:33788213 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.242 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Asma Al Kendi Nohour Al Shidhani Maisa Al Kiyumi Source Type: research

Child maltreatment: knowledge, attitudes and reporting behaviour of physicians in teaching hospitals, Egypt
This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of physicians in Alexandria University teaching hospitals about the diagnosis and reporting of child maltreatment cases.METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at three hospitals. All physicians working regularly in emergency units were invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire. Data collected included sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge of and formal training on child maltreatment, attitude to dealing with child maltreatment, and experience of child maltreatment cases and reporting behaviour.RESULTS: A total of 90 physic...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Nourhan Saeed Eman Anwar Sultan Naglaa Salama Mohammed Galal Maha Ghanem Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in older people in the West Bank, Palestine: cross-sectional study
CONCLUSION: A considerable percentage of older Palestinian adults had depressive symptoms. There is a need to screen and treat depressive symptoms among older Palestinian adults to prevent their progression to severe mental health problems.PMID:33788215 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.260 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Manal Badrasawi Souzan Zidan Source Type: research

Effect of latitude on seasonal variations of vitamin D and some cardiometabolic risk factors: national food and nutrition surveillance
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):269-278. doi: 10.26719/emhj.20.119.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Despite a remarkable reduction in the occurrence of many micronutrient deficiencies in most countries, vitamin D deficiency has remained a global problem. Age-adjusted disability-adjusted life years lost due to cardiovascular disease in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, including in the Islamic Republic of Iran, are higher than the global average.AIMS: To assess the effects of latitude and season on vitamin D status in the Iranian population and the association between vitamin D status and certain cardiometabolic risk factors.M...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Bahareh Nikooyeh Zahra Abdollahi Nastaran Shariatzadeh Ali Kalayi Maliheh Zahedirad Tirang Neyestani Source Type: research

Salt intake and its sources in children, adolescents and adults in the Islamic Republic of Iran
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):279-286. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.279.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: There is little evidence about salt intake and its food sources in the Iranian population, especially in children and adolescents.AIMS: To investigate salt intake and dietary sources in Isfahan, Islamic Republic of Iran.METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2014-2015. We randomly selected 1384 adults (50.3% female, 49.7% male) aged> 18 years [mean 37.9 (10.6) years], and 786 children and adolescents (50.9% male, 49.1% female) aged 6-18 years [mean 12.5 (3.4) years]. All participants underwent a dietary as...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Noushin Mohammadifard Atena Mahdavi Alireza Khosravi Ahmad Esmaillzadeh Awat Feizi Nizal Sarrafzadegan Source Type: research

The effect of an educational intervention on awareness of various aspects of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients with the disease
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):287-292. doi: 10.26719/emhj.20.102.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major health problem worldwide. Raising awareness of various aspects of the disease among patients who have TB is important to help in control and prevention.AIMS: This was a quasi-experimental study, pre- and post-test, designed to evaluate the effect of an educational intervention on awareness among patients with pulmonary TB.METHODS: A structured questionnaire covering various facts about pulmonary TB was used in the pre-intervention phase for 150 TB patients who were being followed-up in a major hospi...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Kalthoum Yousif Mabrouka Ei Maki Rosa Khalil Babikir Hasan Abuaisha Source Type: research

Moroccan Arabic version of the Quality of Life Inventory in Epilepsy (QOLIE-31): translation, cultural adaptation and psychometric validation
CONCLUSIONS: The global score of QOL in Moroccan patients with epilepsy is similar to that in patients in low and middle- income countries. MA-QOLIE-31 will facilitate further studies in HRQOL in Morocco and Arabic-speaking countries.PMID:33788219 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.293 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Maryam Alami Merrouni Abdelkrim Janati Idrissi Abdelazizi Lamkaddem A C Filankembo Kava Samira El Fakir Zouhayr Souirti Source Type: research

Views of stakeholders on factors influencing shared decision-making in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: a systematic review
CONCLUSIONS: There is growing interest in shared decision-making in several countries in the Region. However, there are many existing barriers that hinder the implementation of shared decision-making. These need to be addressed before shared decision-making can be fully adopted in these countries.PMID:33788220 | DOI:10.26719/emhj.20.139 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Nouf Alsulamy Andrew Lee Praveen Thokala Tourkiah Alessa Source Type: research

Mass immunization and COVID-19: the need for continued primary health care
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):312-313. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.312.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33788221 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.312 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Rahim Badrfam Atefeh Zandifar Source Type: research

Developing national institutional capacity for evidence-informed policy-making for health
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):314-315. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.314.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33788222 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.314 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Source Type: research

COVID-19 pandemic: a unique opportunity to 'build back fairer' and reduce health inequities in the Eastern Mediterranean Region
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):217-219. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.217.ABSTRACTEvidence has shown that some of the major causes of health inequities arise from the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age, in addition to a wider set of forces and systems shaping individuals' and societies' health and well-being. Such conditions are known as the 'social determinants of health'. However, efforts to address these determinants have remained challenging and unsatisfactory in many parts of the world, including in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Policies to contain the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic have...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ahmed Al-Mandhari Michael Marmot Abdul Ghaffar Rana Hajjeh Jessica Allen Wasiq Khan Maha El-Adawy Source Type: research

The COVID-19 pandemic: an opportunity to strengthen health systems in Afghanistan
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):220-223. doi: 10.26719/emhj.21.007.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33788209 | DOI:10.26719/emhj.21.007 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Umerdad Khudadad Najibullah Safi Wafa Aftab Asrar Ali Sameen Siddiqi Source Type: research

Professional capacity building of researchers, health-care professionals and editors of biomedical journals in the Eastern Mediterranean Region
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):224-226. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.224.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33788210 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.224 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Shaukat Ali Juwaid Source Type: research

Four-year survey of medically serious suicide attempters in Abu Dhabi
CONCLUSION: Females younger than 30 years were at higher risk of attempting suicide, with overdosing on paracetamol as the preferred method. Stress-related diagnoses were predominant in the attempters.PMID:33788211 | DOI:10.26719/emhj.20.099 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Tarek Shahrour Muez Siddiq Sona Mohan Khadija El Hammasi Taoufik Alsaadi Source Type: research

Views of primary health care providers of the challenges to screening for intimate partner violence, Egypt
CONCLUSION: Primary health care providers perceived many barriers to screening for intimate partner violence. Training on screening for and managing intimate partner violence should be part of the professional development for all health care providers. An effective referral system is needed that ensures comprehensive services for victims.PMID:33788212 | DOI:10.26719/emhj.20.125 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Eman Ibrahim Nashwa Hamed Lamia Ahmed Source Type: research

Domestic violence among Omani women: prevalence, risk factors and help-seeking behaviour
CONCLUSION: Emotional and physical domestic violence against women is common in Oman and is associated with poor health outcomes. Addressing domestic violence in Oman is important and requires collaboration between different sectors.PMID:33788213 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.242 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Asma Al Kendi Nohour Al Shidhani Maisa Al Kiyumi Source Type: research

Child maltreatment: knowledge, attitudes and reporting behaviour of physicians in teaching hospitals, Egypt
This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of physicians in Alexandria University teaching hospitals about the diagnosis and reporting of child maltreatment cases.METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at three hospitals. All physicians working regularly in emergency units were invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire. Data collected included sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge of and formal training on child maltreatment, attitude to dealing with child maltreatment, and experience of child maltreatment cases and reporting behaviour.RESULTS: A total of 90 physic...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Nourhan Saeed Eman Anwar Sultan Naglaa Salama Mohammed Galal Maha Ghanem Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in older people in the West Bank, Palestine: cross-sectional study
CONCLUSION: A considerable percentage of older Palestinian adults had depressive symptoms. There is a need to screen and treat depressive symptoms among older Palestinian adults to prevent their progression to severe mental health problems.PMID:33788215 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.260 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Manal Badrasawi Souzan Zidan Source Type: research

Effect of latitude on seasonal variations of vitamin D and some cardiometabolic risk factors: national food and nutrition surveillance
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):269-278. doi: 10.26719/emhj.20.119.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Despite a remarkable reduction in the occurrence of many micronutrient deficiencies in most countries, vitamin D deficiency has remained a global problem. Age-adjusted disability-adjusted life years lost due to cardiovascular disease in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, including in the Islamic Republic of Iran, are higher than the global average.AIMS: To assess the effects of latitude and season on vitamin D status in the Iranian population and the association between vitamin D status and certain cardiometabolic risk factors.M...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Bahareh Nikooyeh Zahra Abdollahi Nastaran Shariatzadeh Ali Kalayi Maliheh Zahedirad Tirang Neyestani Source Type: research

Salt intake and its sources in children, adolescents and adults in the Islamic Republic of Iran
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):279-286. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.279.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: There is little evidence about salt intake and its food sources in the Iranian population, especially in children and adolescents.AIMS: To investigate salt intake and dietary sources in Isfahan, Islamic Republic of Iran.METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2014-2015. We randomly selected 1384 adults (50.3% female, 49.7% male) aged> 18 years [mean 37.9 (10.6) years], and 786 children and adolescents (50.9% male, 49.1% female) aged 6-18 years [mean 12.5 (3.4) years]. All participants underwent a dietary as...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Noushin Mohammadifard Atena Mahdavi Alireza Khosravi Ahmad Esmaillzadeh Awat Feizi Nizal Sarrafzadegan Source Type: research

The effect of an educational intervention on awareness of various aspects of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients with the disease
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):287-292. doi: 10.26719/emhj.20.102.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major health problem worldwide. Raising awareness of various aspects of the disease among patients who have TB is important to help in control and prevention.AIMS: This was a quasi-experimental study, pre- and post-test, designed to evaluate the effect of an educational intervention on awareness among patients with pulmonary TB.METHODS: A structured questionnaire covering various facts about pulmonary TB was used in the pre-intervention phase for 150 TB patients who were being followed-up in a major hospi...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Kalthoum Yousif Mabrouka Ei Maki Rosa Khalil Babikir Hasan Abuaisha Source Type: research

Moroccan Arabic version of the Quality of Life Inventory in Epilepsy (QOLIE-31): translation, cultural adaptation and psychometric validation
CONCLUSIONS: The global score of QOL in Moroccan patients with epilepsy is similar to that in patients in low and middle- income countries. MA-QOLIE-31 will facilitate further studies in HRQOL in Morocco and Arabic-speaking countries.PMID:33788219 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.293 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Maryam Alami Merrouni Abdelkrim Janati Idrissi Abdelazizi Lamkaddem A C Filankembo Kava Samira El Fakir Zouhayr Souirti Source Type: research

Views of stakeholders on factors influencing shared decision-making in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: a systematic review
CONCLUSIONS: There is growing interest in shared decision-making in several countries in the Region. However, there are many existing barriers that hinder the implementation of shared decision-making. These need to be addressed before shared decision-making can be fully adopted in these countries.PMID:33788220 | DOI:10.26719/emhj.20.139 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Nouf Alsulamy Andrew Lee Praveen Thokala Tourkiah Alessa Source Type: research

Mass immunization and COVID-19: the need for continued primary health care
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):312-313. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.312.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33788221 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.312 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Rahim Badrfam Atefeh Zandifar Source Type: research

Developing national institutional capacity for evidence-informed policy-making for health
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):314-315. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.314.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33788222 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.314 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Source Type: research

COVID-19 pandemic: a unique opportunity to 'build back fairer' and reduce health inequities in the Eastern Mediterranean Region
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):217-219. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.217.ABSTRACTEvidence has shown that some of the major causes of health inequities arise from the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age, in addition to a wider set of forces and systems shaping individuals' and societies' health and well-being. Such conditions are known as the 'social determinants of health'. However, efforts to address these determinants have remained challenging and unsatisfactory in many parts of the world, including in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Policies to contain the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic have...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Ahmed Al-Mandhari Michael Marmot Abdul Ghaffar Rana Hajjeh Jessica Allen Wasiq Khan Maha El-Adawy Source Type: research

The COVID-19 pandemic: an opportunity to strengthen health systems in Afghanistan
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):220-223. doi: 10.26719/emhj.21.007.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33788209 | DOI:10.26719/emhj.21.007 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Umerdad Khudadad Najibullah Safi Wafa Aftab Asrar Ali Sameen Siddiqi Source Type: research

Professional capacity building of researchers, health-care professionals and editors of biomedical journals in the Eastern Mediterranean Region
East Mediterr Health J. 2021 Mar 23;27(3):224-226. doi: 10.26719/2021.27.3.224.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33788210 | DOI:10.26719/2021.27.3.224 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Shaukat Ali Juwaid Source Type: research

Four-year survey of medically serious suicide attempters in Abu Dhabi
CONCLUSION: Females younger than 30 years were at higher risk of attempting suicide, with overdosing on paracetamol as the preferred method. Stress-related diagnoses were predominant in the attempters.PMID:33788211 | DOI:10.26719/emhj.20.099 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Tarek Shahrour Muez Siddiq Sona Mohan Khadija El Hammasi Taoufik Alsaadi Source Type: research

Views of primary health care providers of the challenges to screening for intimate partner violence, Egypt
CONCLUSION: Primary health care providers perceived many barriers to screening for intimate partner violence. Training on screening for and managing intimate partner violence should be part of the professional development for all health care providers. An effective referral system is needed that ensures comprehensive services for victims.PMID:33788212 | DOI:10.26719/emhj.20.125 (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Eman Ibrahim Nashwa Hamed Lamia Ahmed Source Type: research