From adversity to resilience in the COVID-19 era: strengthening mental health systems in the Eastern Mediterranean Region.
Authors: Eaton J, Rahman A, Gater R, Saxena S, Hammerich A, Saeed K Abstract The global COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated the impact of a major public health emergency on mental health, and the ways that individuals, communities, professionals and systems can react positively to such a crisis. The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) has substantial experience in mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) in crises, and COVID-19 has driven further innovation to support mental health and well-being. Global and regional guidance has been developed quickly, applying lessons learnt from previous disease outbreak...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Mental health: the forgotten aspect of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Authors: Garrusi B, Amirkafi A, Garousi S PMID: 33103741 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Mental health status of health-care professionals working in quarantine and non-quarantine Egyptian hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Conclusion: Female and younger age health care professionals were more prone to report adverse psychological symptoms. More and earlier screening for health-care professionals dealing with COVID-19, in addition to providing psychological support, is highly encouraged. PMID: 33103742 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health: early quarantine-related anxiety and its correlates among Jordanians.
Conclusion: Our findings showed that approximately four out of every ten participants experienced quarantine-related anxiety. Younger participants, women, and people with poor social support were more likely to experience quarantine-related anxiety. These findings highlight the importance of targeting these groups to mitigate the consequence of home quarantine on public health. PMID: 33103743 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Analysis of COVID-19 burden, epidemiology and mitigation strategies in Muslim majority countries.
This study aimed to analyse COVID-19 burden, epidemiology and mitigation strategies in Muslim-majority countries. Methods: We use a mixed-methods approach to describe the course of the COVID-19 pandemic throughout the Islamic world, highlight the range of non-pharmaceutical interventions used and the speed with which they were implemented, and investigate reasons behind the differing responses between Muslim-majority countries. The number of cases and deaths per million population, and the mean time taken to implement a range of policies, were compared across the Islamic world. Cases per million population and the mean...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Dynamics of suicide in Turkey: an empirical analysis.
Conclusions: The implication is that the social administration needs to implement relevant, necessary suicide prevention policies for suicides occurring in the female and economic problems groups. PMID: 33103745 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Relationship between knowledge and skill for basic life support in personnel of emergency medical services, Islamic Republic of Iran.
Conclusion: Strategies to maintain and improve the life support knowledge and skills of personnel in emergency medical services are recommended. PMID: 33103746 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Types and risk factors of violence experienced by people living with HIV, Pakistan: a cross-sectional study.
Conclusion: Violence is an important public health problem affecting people living with HIV in Pakistan. This issue needs to be addressed by the government and nongovernmental organizations. PMID: 33103747 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Structural equations modelling to quantify the effect of direct and intermediate factors on fertility changes in Egypt during 2000-2014.
Conclusion: Population policies should reintensify efforts to reduce the fertility rate based on the factors that influence fertility, such as family planning messages. PMID: 33103748 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Biting and resting behaviour of malaria vectors in Bandar-Abbas County, Islamic Republic of Iran.
Conclusion: Vector control strategy depends upon mosquito behaviour. Therefore, using appropriate sampling methods based on mosquito behaviour is critical for malaria control planning. Exophilic/exophagic habit of mosquito vectors leads to fewer human bites, resulting in biting protection. Exophilic behaviour also requires specific larvicidal operations in order to prevent and control malaria transmission. PMID: 33103749 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

A cross-sectional study in non-anaemic pregnant women in Turkey to assess necessity of iron supplementation.
Authors: Calis P, Karcaaltincaba D, Isik G, Buyuktaskin F, Bayram M, Karabacak O Abstract Background: Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anaemia in pregnancy. Guidelines recommend different threshold values for iron supplementation. Aims: To determine trimester-specific reference ranges for haematological values (haemoglobin, hematocrit and ferritin) in healthy pregnant women who have not used any iron supplementation during pregnancy to guide future iron treatment. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out on 168 pregnant women aged 18-45 years, with singleton pregnancies in the...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Stress-inducing factors among occupational drivers in Karachi, Pakistan.
Conclusion: Numerous stress-inducing factors are experienced by occupational drivers in Karachi. This could possibly result in decreased precision and judgment while driving resulting in increased number of accidents. PMID: 33103751 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Patient safety culture in Jordanian primary health-care centres as perceived by nurses: a cross-sectional study.
Conclusions: The areas that need improvement from nurses' perception are: teamwork climate, safety climate, stress recognition, and perception of management. Jordanian primary health-care nurses perceive their health centres as places that need more effort to improve safety culture. PMID: 33103752 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Prevalence of smoking and its association with health-related behaviours among Iranian university students: a large-scale study.
Conclusions: Demographic characteristics and health-related behaviours, including marital status, occupation, economic status, sleep pattern, physical activity, use of electronic devices and dietary intake, were significantly associated with smoking. PMID: 33103753 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

A vision to strengthen resources and capacity of the Palestinian health research system: a qualitative assessment.
Conclusions: The overall status of HRSRIC in Palestine is still lacking and major challenges persist where the pace of strengthening efforts is steady. There is an emphasis that strengthening HRSRIC is an imperative step and real investment opportunity for building a successful health research system. Political commitment, consolidated leadership structure, operational capacity building strengthening strategy, resources mobilization, and sovereignty are key requirements. PMID: 33103754 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors for low birth weight in Jordan and its association with under-five mortality: a population-based analysis.
Authors: Islam MM, Ababneh F, Akter T, Khan HR Abstract Background: Low birth weight (
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Maternal and perinatal outcomes in twin pregnancies conceived spontaneously and by assisted reproductive techniques: cross-sectional study.
This study compared maternal, perinatal and obstetric outcomes of dichorionic twin pregnancies conceived spontaneously with twin pregnancies conceived through assisted reproductive technology. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of dichorionic twins delivered at the Maternity Teaching Hospital, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq from 1 November 2016 to 31 December 2017. Twin pregnancies were classified into two groups: spontaneously conceived (n = 121) and conceived through assisted reproductive technology (n = 79). Maternal and perinatal outcomes were compared between the two groups. The chi-squared test was used to ...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Socioeconomic inequalities in tobacco, alcohol and illicit drug use: evidence from Iranian Kurds.
Conclusions: There were education- and wealth-related inequalities in tobacco, alcohol and illicit drug use in the west of the Republic of Iran. Future studies should aim to identify the main socioeconomic determinants of these inequalities in Kermanshah Province and generally in the Islamic Republic of Iran. PMID: 33103757 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Egyptian Neonatal Safety Training Network: a dream to improve patient safety culture in Egyptian neonatal intensive care units.
Conclusions: Continuous organized training for health-care workers on patient safety and implementation of ENSTN standards to reduce medical errors in the NICU are needed. We implemented the first confidential patient safety reporting system for NICU. PMID: 33103758 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

The evolving activities of the tobacco industry in the Eastern Mediterranean Region and response strategies.
Authors: PMID: 33103759 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 28, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Coming together in the Region to tackle COVID-19.
Authors: Al-Mandhari A Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic continues to pose multiple health challenges in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Morbidity and mortality from the disease remain a serious cause for concern. As of 31 August 2020, a total of 1 924 511 laboratory-confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 virus infection had been reported in the Region, including 51 019 deaths. Moreover, there are worrying signs that cases are now rising again in some countries after a period of decline and the indirect impact of the pandemic on health care is arguably even more troubling. Access to essential health services is being comprom...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Models of maternity care for pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Authors: Larki M, Sharifi F, Roudsari RL PMID: 33047788 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Blood coagulation parameters in patients with severe COVID-19 from Kermanshah Province, Islamic Republic of Iran.
Authors: Sayad B, Rahimi Z Abstract Background: Infection with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) could be complicated with coagulopathy and high risk of thromboembolic events. Aims: The main aim of the present study was to find the coagulation profile of intensive care unit (ICU) admitted patients with COVID-19 from Kermanshah, Islamic Republic of Iran. Methods: Coagulation parameters were analyzed using appropriate methods in 74 patients (24 patients aged
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

COVID-19 in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: testing frequency, cumulative cases and mortality analysis.
Conclusion: The overall testing frequency was similar in the Eastern Mediterranean Region compared to the rest of the world; this would be expected to lead to a similar cumulative incidence and case fatality rate. Nevertheless, the average incidence was 70% lower than the rest of the world, and mortality per million-population was lower (90%). Moreover, in Gulf Cooperation Council high-testing countries, a similar case-fatality rate to other countries in the Region was noted, but was higher than the world average, although expected to be lower. Further studies are necessary to explain discrepancies in incidence, mortality ...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Educational perspective for the identification of essential competencies required for approaching patients with COVID-19.
Conclusion: It is hoped that the identified competencies would help health professionals to deliver the best health care for COVI-19 patients, as well as help policy-makers to support comprehensive training programmes that can equip health professionals with the required competencies to fight the pandemic. PMID: 33047791 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Engagement of medical specialty trainees in research: experience at a Lebanese medical school.
Conclusion: There is a need for additional formal and informal support programmes to encourage postgraduate trainees to engage more in research. PMID: 33047792 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

An analysis of financial protection before and after the Iranian Health Transformation Plan.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that the new policies have a positive association in improving financial protection against health costs among Iranians, albeit slightly less so for the poor. Future efforts to increase public spending for financial protection would be challenging and should rely on efficiency gains such as a move from fee-for-service to performance- based payment systems and more organized OOP collection mechanisms involving prepayment and risk pooling. PMID: 33047793 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Prevalence of hypohydration in adolescents during the school day in Cyprus: seasonal variations.
Conclusions: The high prevalence of hypohydration and the associated feelings of lower concentration and alertness in adolescents suggests that educational measures are needed to promote good drinking behaviour and improve hydration. PMID: 33047794 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Medical management of pneumonia in children aged under 5 years in Alexandria, Egypt: mothers' perspective.
Authors: Fadl N, Ashour A, Muhammed Y Abstract Background: Pneumonia is among the top causes of morbidity and mortality among the under-fives worldwide. Aims: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess health-seeking behaviour and first medical management of pneumonia among children aged under 5 years in Alexandria, Egypt from the mothers' perspectives. Methods: Using a pre-designed questionnaire, we interviewed 507 mothers of pneumonic children aged under 5 years who had been admitted at 4 governmental children's hospitals. The study was conducted during August-November 2017. Results: We found tha...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Audit of antibiotic prophylaxis and adherence of surgeons to standard guidelines in common abdominal surgical procedures.
Conclusions: Surgeons have positive perception that antibiotics should be used according to guidelines recommendations. However, we found poor treatment adherence to antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines. PMID: 33047796 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Comparison of validity of the Food Frequency Questionnaire and the Diet History Questionnaire for assessment of energy and nutrients intakes in an Iranian population.
Conclusions: Both DHQ and FFQ were valid in assessing most nutrient intakes and classifying individuals in different categories of intakes in the Iranian population. PMID: 33047797 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet of school-age children in Moroccan oases, Draa-Tafilalet Region.
Conclusions: Most of the study population had medium to good adherence to MedDiet, but low KIDMED index was observed. Interventions and strategies should be devised for preserving and promoting healthy eating habits in this target population. PMID: 33047798 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Dentist availability in Egypt: a 20-year study of supply, potential demand and economic factors.
Conclusions: Egypt faces a problem of dentist shortage that has not been offset by the increase in dental graduates. Improving the economic conditions and incorporating health care into the national development plan may improve the situation. PMID: 33047799 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Malnutrition and food insecurity in child labourers in Sindh, Pakistan: a cross-sectional study.
Conclusion: The nutritional status and food insecurity of the child labourers of Pakistan are comparable with the general population, highlighting the grave situation of the country with regard to food security. PMID: 33047800 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

The epidemiology of cholera in the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1965-2014.
Conclusion: The burden of cholera in terms of case load has dramatically reduced during 1965-2014. Furthermore, the epidemiological feature of cholera with regard to transmission route, domicile, age, immigration, mortality and antimicrobial resistance has changed considerably in recent epidemics. While the number of epidemic regions has diminished, some areas are still susceptible to cholera outbreaks. PMID: 33047801 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Regional disparities in the distribution of Sudan's health resources.
Conclusion: There is a crucial need to improve health status in the relatively under-resourced states, particularly in Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile states. Moreover, the government needs to use health resource allocation models that take into account the population size and health outcomes variables in each state in future health strategies. PMID: 33047802 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Landscape analysis of family planning research, programmes and policies targeting young people in Jordan: stakeholder assessment and systematic review.
Conclusions: The results of this study highlight key lessons learnt, opportunities for interventions and research gaps related to family planning among young people in Jordan. More attention should be paid to understanding and meeting the needs of Jordan's most vulnerable populations of young people, including urban refugees and married adolescents, especially as these populations continue to grow. Future programmes should build from past evidence and explore new areas and interventions. PMID: 33047803 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Mobile-aided diagnosis systems are the future of health care.
Authors: Ben Hassen D Abstract Technology has been a driving force in changing the routine duties of physicians. Advances in mobile technologies have given rise to a new term: mHealth (mobile Health). mHealth devices generate big data and integration of mHealth and big data into existing eHealth services, and the continued growth in coverage of mobile cellular networks are new opportunities. This paper provides an overview on mHealth growth and the benefits of its combination with big data analysis for various purposes of health care. We outline our proposed framework for mobile-aided diagnostic systems. We also di...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Meeting of the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Technical Advisory Group (RTAG) on immunization1.
Authors: PMID: 33047805 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - October 15, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

From health emergency preparedness to response action: a long journey in Lebanon.
Authors: Rady A, Shankiti I, Brennan R, Mandil A Abstract Emergency preparedness is a critical pillar of the International Health Regulations (IHR), a legally binding instrument underlying the global health security regime that came into effect in 2005. Lebanon, a small country of 10 452 km2 bordering the eastern Mediterranean, ratified the IHR in 2007 after the devasting effects of a sudden military conflict in 2006 that severely impacted the recovering health system. Moreover, the Lebanese health system infrastructure was only just recovering from 15 years of civil war that ended in 1990. Since 2005, the country ...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - September 9, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

A Systems Thinking approach for responding to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Authors: Hassan I, Obaid F, Ahmed R, Abdelrahman L, Adam S, Adam O, Yousif MA, Mohammed K, Kashif T PMID: 32896878 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - September 9, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Thinking strategically for COVID-19: suppress and lift, to flatten or to crush?
Authors: Khalife J PMID: 32896879 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - September 9, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Migrant health in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Authors: Ali MA, Al-Khani AM, Sidahmed LA PMID: 32896880 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - September 9, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Is the health system in the Islamic Republic of Iran ready to deal with the effects of drought?
Authors: Dehnavieh R, Sajadi K, Salehinejad S PMID: 32896881 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - September 9, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Comment on article "Seroprevalence of Herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 in Indian and Filipino migrant populations in Qatar: a cross-sectional survey".
Comment on article "Seroprevalence of Herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 in Indian and Filipino migrant populations in Qatar: a cross-sectional survey". East Mediterr Health J. 2020 Aug 25;26(8):886-887 Authors: Sun Y, Li M, Gong T, Cong Y, Zhao J PMID: 32896882 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - September 9, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Using a geographic information system to identify the number and location of new health centres needed in the city of Kermanshah, Islamic Republic of Iran.
Conclusion: The spatial distribution of health centres (in terms of the radius of access) and compatibility of the land-use were not properly considered over the 15-year period. To provide health coverage for the current population in the city of Kermanshah, 13 new health centres are needed in suitable locations. PMID: 32896883 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - September 9, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

The Short Form Health Survey (SF-36): translation and validation study in Afghanistan.
Authors: Shayan NA, Arslan UE, Hooshmand AM, Arshad MZ, Ozcebe H Abstract Background: Quality of life is defined as the subjective perception of one's own well-being within a sociocultural context. SF-36 is commonly used to check the health status of the general population in many countries. Aims: To validate the Persian (Dari) version of the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) in Herat. Methods: The Persian (Dari) version of SF-36 was culturally adapted. A total of 1259 healthy individuals aged ≥ 18 years participated in the study between November 2016 and April 2017. Construct validity of SF-36 was evalua...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - September 9, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Pattern of infants' feeding and weaning in Suez Governorate, Egypt: an exploratory study.
Conclusions: Our study reflects deficiency in maternal practice regarding breastfeeding and weaning, despite being regular visitors to the PHC centre. PMID: 32896885 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - September 9, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Prevalence of ABO and Rh blood groups and their association with demographic and anthropometric factors in an Iranian population: Mashad study.
Conclusion: Our findings showed there was no relationship between ABO blood groups and demographic characteristics although there was an association with anthropometric measurements such as demi-span. PMID: 32896886 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - September 9, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension among adults in Kenya: cross-sectional national population-based survey.
Authors: Pengpid S, Peltzer K Abstract Background: Hypertension is a major and fast-growing public health problem in Africa. Aims: To determine the prevalence of hypertension and assess the levels of awareness, treatment and control in Kenya. Methods: A national cross-sectional study based on stratified cluster random sampling was conducted in 2015. The total sample included 4500 individuals aged 18-69 years, (60.0% female; median age 38.0 years, interquartile range 29-52 years) from Kenya. We used the World Health Organization STEPS method: Step 1, questionnaire interview; Step 2, anthropometric and blood ...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - September 9, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research