The diagnostic accuracy of brief screening instruments for problem gambling: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Abstract Non-gambling specialist services, such as primary care, alcohol and other drug use, and mental health services, are well placed to enhance the identification of people with gambling problems and offer appropriate generalist first level interventions or referral. Given time and resource demands, many of these clinical services may only have the capacity to administer very short screening instruments. This systematic review was conducted to provide a resource for health service providers and researchers in identifying the most accurate brief (1-5 item) screening instruments to identify problem and at-risk g...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - November 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dowling NA, Merkouris SS, Dias S, Rodda SN, Manning V, Youssef GJ, Lubman DI, Volberg RA Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Psychological theories of depressive relapse and recurrence: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies.
Abstract Psychological factors hypothesized to account for relapse of major depressive disorder (MDD) roughly originate from five main theories: Cognitive, diathesis-stress, behavioural, psychodynamic, and personality-based. In a meta-analysis we investigated prospective, longitudinal evidence for these leading psychological theories and their factors in relation to depressive relapse. Included studies needed to establish history of MDD and prospective depressive relapse through a clinical interview, have a longitudinal and prospective design, and measure at least one theory-derived factor before relapse. We ident...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - November 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Brouwer ME, Williams AD, Kennis M, Fu Z, Klein NS, Cuijpers P, Bockting CLH Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

The relationship between trait mindfulness and affective symptoms: A meta-analysis of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ).
Abstract Trait mindfulness appears to be related to lower levels of negative affective symptoms, but it remains uncertain which facets of mindfulness are most important in this relationship. Accordingly, the present meta-analysis examined studies reporting correlations between affective symptoms and trait mindfulness as assessed by the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire. A comprehensive search yielded 148 eligible studies, comprising 157 distinct samples and 44,075 participants. The weighted mean correlation for affective symptoms and overall trait mindfulness was r = -0.53. Among mindfulness facets, Nonjudg...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - November 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Carpenter JK, Conroy K, Gomez AF, Curren LC, Hofmann SG Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

The Computations of hostile biases (CHB) model: Grounding hostility biases in a unified cognitive framework.
Abstract Our behavior is partly a product of our perception of the world, and aggressive individuals have been found to have 'hostility biases' in their perception and interpretation of social information. Four types of hostility biases can be distinguished: the hostile attribution, interpretation, expectation, and perception bias. Such low-level biases are believed to have a profound influence on decision-making, and possibly also increase the likelihood of engaging in aggressive acts. The current review systematically examined extant research on the four types of hostility bias, with a particular focus on the as...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - November 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Smeijers D, Bulten EBH, Brazil IA Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder in patients with a history of traumatic brain injury: A systematic review.
Abstract Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) frequently co-occurs with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the appropriateness and effectiveness of treatments for PTSD in adult patients with a history of TBI. We searched for longitudinal studies aimed at treatments for PTSD patients who sustained a TBI, published in English between 1980 and February 2019. Twenty-three studies were found eligible, and 26 case studies were included for a separate overview. The quality of eligible studies was assessed using the Research Triangle Institute item bank. The majority of studies incl...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - October 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mikolić A, Polinder S, Retel Helmrich IRA, Haagsma JA, Cnossen MC Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Maladaptive player-game relationships in problematic gaming and gaming disorder: A systematic review.
eux J Abstract While certain player vulnerabilities are known to increase risk of gaming disorder (GD), the topic of maladaptive player × game relationships in GD has received limited attention. This review aimed to: (1) identify game types associated with GD symptomatology; and (2) evaluate individual differences (e.g., age, personality, depression) in the relationship between gaming and GD symptomatology. A systematic review of six databases identified 23 studies of the relations between game types and GD, including 13 studies employing multivariate analyses. Player vulnerabilities implicated in GD inc...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - October 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: King DL, Delfabbro PH, Perales JC, Deleuze J, Király O, Krossbakken E, Billieux J Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

The impact of methodological and measurement factors on transdiagnostic associations with intolerance of uncertainty: A meta-analysis.
Abstract Intolerance of uncertainty is a dispositional trait associated with a range of psychological disorders, but the influence of methodological factors on theses associations remains unknown. The first aim of this meta-analysis was to quantify the strengths of the association between IU and symptoms of generalised anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, obsessive compulsive disorder, depression, and eating disorders. The second aim was to assess the influence of methodological factors on these relationships, including clinical (vs. non-clinical) status, age group, sex, IU measu...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - October 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: McEvoy PM, Hyett MP, Shihata S, Price JE, Strachan L Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Four decades of excellence: An overview of the past, present, and future of clinical psychology review.
Authors: PMID: 31405624 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Psychology Review)
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - August 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Sensitivity shift theory: A developmental model of positive affect and motivational deficits in social anxiety disorder.
Abstract Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common and impairing condition that emerges in early adolescence, confers significant interpersonal disability and often persists into adulthood. Prevailing interventions for socially anxious youth are largely based on cognitive-behavioral models originally developed in adult samples, but produce only modest rates of remission in adolescents. The purposes of this review are to examine plausible explanations for these modest rates of treatment response and to critically evaluate the relevance of developmental mechanisms related to reward circuitry function. In doing so, w...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - July 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Richey JA, Brewer JA, Sullivan-Toole H, Strege MV, Kim-Spoon J, White SW, Ollendick TH Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

A meta-analysis of the relationship between anxiety and attentional control.
Abstract Attentional Control Theory (ACT) (Eysenck & Derakshan, 2011) proposes that attention control (AC) deficits are central to the development of anxiety. This meta-analysis investigated the size and nature of AC deficits in anxious compared to non-anxious participants. We made the following hypotheses based on ACT: i) anxiety-related AC deficits occur in the AC components of inhibition and switching, but not updating; ii) deficits will be more pronounced for AC efficiency (reaction times) than effectiveness (accuracy); iii) studies with high cognitive load conditions will observe greater deficits than stu...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - July 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shi R, Sharpe L, Abbott M Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the Unified Protocol as a transdiagnostic emotion regulation based intervention.
Abstract Recent advances in clinical practice emphasise transdiagnostic interventions as an effective alternative to single disorder approaches. This current systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the treatment efficacy of the Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders (UP) across internalising disorders, as an emotion regulation (ER) based intervention program. Across 15 studies and 1244 participants, large effect size reductions were found across symptoms of anxiety, depression, generalised anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder with/without agoraphobia,...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - June 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sakiris N, Berle D Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Social reactions to disclosure of interpersonal violence and psychopathology: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Abstract Public attention has been increasingly paid to how friends, family members, and others can best support survivors of sexual assault and other forms of violence. The broader social support literature posits that perceiving social support positively is more important to mental health than the degree to which social support is actually received, and that negative interactions with social supporters are more harmful than positive interactions are helpful (potentially because negative reactions violate survivors' expectations of their social supporters). This may be especially true after a crisis, such as inte...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - June 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dworkin ER, Brill CD, Ullman SE Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Intergroup contact and mental health stigma: A comparative effectiveness meta-analysis.
Abstract Mental health stigma is a substantial problem all over the world. Although many interventions to reduce stigma exist, there is considerable methodological variability, making it difficult for decision-makers to determine what strategies are the most effective and what characteristics make them so. To this end, we conducted a meta-analysis on intergroup contact strategies and examined several potential moderators. We searched 5 databases for published and unpublished studies and retrieved 101 studies from 24 countries that could be included in the analyses. Ninety studies assessed outcomes immediately afte...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - June 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Maunder RD, White FA Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Posttraumatic stress disorder and neurocognition: A bidirectional relationship?
Abstract There are well-known associations between PTSD and neurocognition, however, the direction of causality between the two is not well-understood. Neurocognition may alter risk of the development and maintenance of PTSD. Conversely, PTSD may pose risk to neurocognitive integrity. With cognitive and neurobiological conceptualizations of PTSD as a backdrop, this review will summarize results from several lines of research including preclinical, human analogue, retrospective, longitudinal, and treatment studies to inform the directional relationships between PTSD and neurocognition. Based on the collective findi...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - June 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jacob SN, Dodge CP, Vasterling JJ Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Dual-process theory, conflict processing, and delusional belief.
Abstract Many reasoning biases that may contribute to delusion formation and/or maintenance are common in healthy individuals. Research indicating that reasoning in the general population proceeds via analytic processes (which depend upon working memory and support hypothetical thought) and intuitive processes (which are autonomous and independent of working memory) may therefore help uncover the source of these biases. Consistent with this possibility, recent studies imply that impaired conflict processing might reduce engagement in analytic reasoning, thereby producing reasoning biases and promoting delusions in...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - June 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bronstein MV, Pennycook G, Joormann J, Corlett PR, Cannon TD Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

The relationship between the therapeutic alliance and client variables in individual treatment for schizophrenia spectrum disorders and early psychosis: Narrative review.
Abstract Given the high rates of treatment disengagement and medication nonadherence in individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and early psychosis, fostering a strong alliance in treatment is critical. Moreover, the role of the therapeutic alliance extends beyond that in traditional psychotherapy because of the multifaceted nature of treatment. Thus, this review provides a comprehensive discussion of the relationship between the alliance and client variables across various provider types and individual treatments. This review summarizes existing research on (a) client correlates/predictors of the therap...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - May 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Browne J, Nagendra A, Kurtz M, Berry K, Penn DL Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

The relationship between acceptance of cancer and distress: A meta-analytic review.
Abstract Acceptance of cancer has long been recognized as playing a critical role in psychological adjustment to the illness, but its associations with distress outcomes have not been quantitatively reviewed. Informed by coping theory and third wave conceptualizations of acceptance, we first propose an integrated model of acceptance of cancer. Then we examine the strength of the relationships between acceptance of cancer and general and cancer-specific distress in cancer patients and potential moderators of these relationships. CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, and Web of Science databases were sear...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - May 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Secinti E, Tometich DB, Johns SA, Mosher CE Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

An examination of emotion dysregulation in maladaptive perfectionism.
Abstract Maladaptive perfectionism has been shown to be associated with undesirable outcomes, such as elevated negative emotions and psychopathological traits. Perhaps unsurprisingly, there is preliminary evidence that maladaptive perfectionism is also related to emotion dysregulation. However, the nature of emotion dysregulation in perfectionism has not been characterized. In this review, Gross and Jazaieri's (2014) clinically-informed framework of emotion dysregulation is used to review the evidence of emotion dysregulation in maladaptive perfectionism. Specifically, this paper reviews evidence of problematic em...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - April 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Malivoire BL, Kuo JR, Antony MM Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

An examination of the Triarchic Model of psychopathy's nomological network: A meta-analytic review.
Abstract Psychopathy is characterized by a constellation of traits including callousness, superficial charm, grandiosity, exploitativeness, irresponsibility, and impulsivity (e.g., Cleckley, 1941/1955; Hare, 2003). Despite longstanding interest, the nature and scope of the construct as well as the centrality and sufficiency of its components remain debated (i.e., Fearless Dominance/Boldness; Miller & Lynam, 2012; Lilienfeld et al., 2012). Recently, the Triarchic Model of Psychopathy (TriPM; Patrick, Fowles, & Krueger, 2009) has garnered considerable interest, positing that psychopathy can be characterized ...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - April 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sleep CE, Weiss B, Lynam DR, Miller JD Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Meta-analytic review of dissonance-based eating disorder prevention programs: Intervention, participant, and facilitator features that predict larger effects.
Abstract Many trials have provided support for dissonance-based eating disorder prevention programs. This meta-analytic review characterized the average intervention effects and tested whether various intervention, participant, and facilitator features correlated with larger effects to guide implementation of optimally effective versions of this program. We identified 56 trials that evaluated 68 dissonance-based eating disorder prevention programs (7808 participants). Average intervention effect sizes (d) relative to minimal intervention control conditions and credible alternative interventions (respectively) were...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - April 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Stice E, Marti CN, Shaw H, Rohde P Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Efficacy and mechanisms of non-invasive brain stimulation to enhance exposure therapy: A review.
al VA Abstract Though cognitive behavioral techniques are generally effective in the treatment of anxiety disorders, some people fail to benefit from exposure therapy or experience a return of fear after terminating exposure therapy. The burgeoning field of non-invasive brain stimulation provides a potential method of augmenting exposure therapy so that it is more effective. Successful exposure therapy is hypothesized to occur due to inhibition, and research suggests that brain stimulation can alter inhibitory learning and related processes. As such, one can reasonably posit that brain stimulation could be used to...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - April 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nuñez M, Zinbarg RE, Mittal VA Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

A meta-analytic review of personality traits and their associations with mental health treatment outcomes.
Abstract Personality traits have been hypothesized to be clinically useful for diagnosis, client conceptualization, treatment planning, as well as for predicting treatment outcomes. Although several studies examined the relation between personality traits and specific therapy outcomes, this literature has not yet been systematically reviewed. Thus, the purpose of the current study was to investigate the relations between personality traits and various therapeutic outcomes. Traits were organized via the domains of the five-factor model to provide a common framework for interpreting effects. Across 99 studies (N =...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - April 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bucher MA, Suzuki T, Samuel DB Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Using Advances from Cognitive Science to Understand the Etiology and Maintenance of Psychopathology.
PMID: 30975467 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Psychology Review)
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - April 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Teachman BA, Daniel KE, Eberle JW Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

The 'Flow' of compassion: A meta-analysis of the fears of compassion scales and psychological functioning.
Abstract This meta-analysis examined the associations between the fears of compassion and mental health. We extracted 19 studies reporting 154 effect sizes (Pearson's r) from 22 independent samples published during the last seven years, with data from 4723 participants. All studies used the Fears of Compassion Scales (FCS), which includes three subscales; fears of compassion for self, for others, and receiving from others. Specific mental health outcomes included: depression; anxiety; distress; and well-being, as well as the psychological vulnerability factors of self-criticism and shame. The overall association b...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - March 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kirby JN, Day J, Sagar V Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

A dyadic partner-schema model of relationship distress and depression: Conceptual integration of interpersonal theory and cognitive-behavioral models.
Abstract Difficulties in romantic relationships are a prominent part of the disorder for many individuals with depression. Researchers have called for an integration of interpersonal and cognitive-behavioral theories to better understand the role of relational difficulties in depression. In this article, a novel theoretical framework (the dyadic partner-schema model) is presented. This model illustrates a potential pathway from underlying "partner-schema" structures to romantic relationship distress and depressive affect. This framework integrates cognitive-behavioral mechanisms in depression with resear...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - March 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Wilde JL, Dozois DJA Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Substance use and shame: A systematic and meta-analytic review.
Abstract Shame has been hypothesized to both contribute to and protect against problematic substance use, yet no systematic reviews of these relationships exist. We identified 42 studies of the empirical associations between shame and substance use or substance use-related problems in order to elucidate this relationship. A meta-analysis of 14 samples found no significant association between shame and substance use (r = 0.00). A meta-analysis of 18 samples found a significant association between shame and substance use-related problems (r = 0.16), an effect size similar to that found in previous meta-analy...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - March 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Luoma JB, Chwyl C, Kaplan J Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Cognitive and attentional vulnerability to depression in youth: A review.
Abstract Although depressive disorders are among the most common disorders in youth, highly efficacious treatments for childhood affective disorders are lacking. There is significant need to better understand the factors that contribute to the development and maintenance of depression in youth so that treatments can be targeted at optimal mechanisms. The aim of the current paper was to synthesize research on cognitive and neurobiological factors associated with youth depression, guided by De Raedt and Koster's model (2010) for vulnerability to depression in adults. Consistent with model predictions, there is evide...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - January 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kertz SJ, Petersen DR, Stevens KT Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

The relationship between distress tolerance and cigarette smoking: A systematic review and synthesis.
Abstract Distress tolerance, the ability to withstand physical or emotional discomfort, is thought to be associated with cigarette smoking behavior and smoking cessation failure. A systematic review evaluated studies that linked distress tolerance to smoking. Central findings suggest that (a) distress tolerance can-but does not always-predict smoking cessation lapse, (b) treatments targeting distress tolerance are promising but need additional research, (c) lower distress tolerance does not seem to be associated with greater smoking frequency or longevity, and (d) limited work evaluates the effect of smoking conte...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - January 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Veilleux JC Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Foundations of idiographic methods in psychology and applications for psychotherapy.
Abstract Researchers have long called for greater recognition and use of longitudinal, individual-level research in the study of psychopathology and psychotherapy. Much of our current research attempts to indirectly investigate individual-level, or idiographic, psychological processes via group-based, or nomothetic, designs. However, results from nomothetic research do not necessarily translate to the individual-level. In this review, we discuss how idiographic analyses can be integrated into psychotherapy and psychotherapy research. We examine and review key statistical methods for conducting idiographic analyses...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - January 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Piccirillo ML, Rodebaugh TL Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Social functioning in youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder: transdiagnostic commonalities and differences.
Abstract Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are both neurodevelopmental disorders originating in childhood with high associated impairments and public health significance. There has been growing recognition of the frequent co-occurrence, and potential interrelatedness, between ADHD and ASD without intellectual disability. In fact, the most recent (5th) edition of the DSM is the first to allow ADHD and ASD to be diagnosed in the same individual. The study of transdiagnostic features in ADHD and ASD is important for understanding, and treating, these commonly co-occurr...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - January 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mikami AY, Miller M, Lerner MD Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Doing no harm in mindfulness-based programs: Conceptual issues and empirical findings.
Abstract The benefits of empirically supported mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) are well documented, but the potential for harm has not been comprehensively studied. The available literature, although too small for a systematic review, suggests that the question of harm in MBPs needs careful attention. We argue that greater conceptual clarity will facilitate more systematic research and enable interpretation of existing findings. After summarizing how mindfulness, mindfulness practices, and MBPs are defined in the evidence-based context, we examine how harm is understood and studied in related approaches to physi...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - January 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Baer R, Crane C, Miller E, Kuyken W Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Fear of cancer recurrence: A qualitative systematic review and meta-synthesis of patients' experiences.
Abstract Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is a significant issue for most cancer survivors, with nearly half of cancer survivors reporting it at moderate to high levels of intensity. We aimed to further explore the experience of having FCR from the point of view of patients by systematically reviewing qualitative studies. Following PRISMA guidelines, 87 qualitative studies were selected. All participants' quotes about FRC were extracted, then analysed using a conceptual framework based on the emotion-focused therapy theory of emotion schemes, which consist of experienced/implicit emotions, along with perceptual-sit...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - December 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Almeida SN, Elliott R, Silva ER, Sales CMD Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

'Twisting the lion's tail': Manipulationist tests of causation for psychological mechanisms in the occurrence of delusions and hallucinations.
Abstract Over the past 20 years the importance of psychological processes in psychosis has gained increasing attention. However, it is key to determine the causal status of these processes in order to inform understanding and identify treatment targets. Studies that directly manipulate a psychological mechanism provide the most robust causal evidence. This review evaluates for the first time the extent of manipulationist causal evidence for the role of specific psychological mechanisms in delusions and hallucinations. A systematic search identified controlled experiments or targeted interventions that both manip...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - December 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Brown P, Waite F, Freeman D Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Neural vulnerability factors for obesity.
Abstract Multiple theories identify neural vulnerability factors that may increase risk for overeating and weight gain. Early cross-sectional neuroimaging studies were unable to determine whether aberrant neural responsivity was a risk factor for or a consequence of overeating. More recent obesity risk, prospective, repeated-measures, and experimental neuroimaging studies with humans have advanced knowledge of etiologic processes and neural plasticity resulting from overeating. Herein, we review evidence from these more rigorous human neuroimaging studies, in conjunction with behavioral measures reflecting neural ...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - December 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Stice E, Burger K Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

A Path Towards Effectively Investigating the Impact of Sex and Gender on Mental Health.
PMID: 30473078 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Psychology Review)
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - November 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Pineles SL, Borba CPC Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Sexuality and sexual experiences during gender transition: A thematic synthesis.
CONCLUSION: During the gender-affirmation process, sexuality, and sexual experiences alter. This has clinical implications for transgender people and their partners, in particular, valuable therapeutic discussion points that need to be considered during the gender-affirmation process. PMID: 30477689 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Psychology Review)
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - November 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Thurston MD, Allan S Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

The psychology of Tourette disorder: Revisiting the past and moving toward a cognitively-oriented future.
e; JP Abstract Tourette syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by chronic tics (i.e., repetitive and stereotyped movements and vocalizations) and premonitory urges (i.e., aversive sensations preceding tics that are alleviated once a tic is performed). Research supports that dysfunctional neurobiological and psychological processes interact and contribute to the development and maintenance of tics. However, psychological theories of Tourette syndrome and accompanying research have mainly focused on the emotional states (e.g., anxiety and frustration) and behavioural principles (i.e., operant condit...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - September 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gagné JP Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Diversity in randomized clinical trials of depression: A 36-year review.
This study reports on the trends in the reporting and representation of various sample demographic characteristics in RCTs of psychotherapy and other psychosocial interventions for depression over a 36-year period, and on the extent to which ethnicity, in particular, is considered in the analyses of treatment effects. A total of 342 trials (85.1% comprised of adult samples), representing 61,283 participants, are summarized in the review. Reporting for ethnicity and socioeconomic indicators improved over time, and RCTs for depression have also increasingly included significant numbers of ethnic minority and low-income group...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - September 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Polo AJ, Makol BA, Castro AS, Colón-Quintana N, Wagstaff AE, Guo S Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Using Bayesian methods to update and expand the meta-analytic evidence of the five-factor model's relation to antisocial behavior.
Abstract The Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality is the dominant hierarchical model of personality. Previous work has demonstrated the importance of the FFM domains and facets in understanding a variety of antisocial behaviors ranging from non-violent antisocial behavior to a variety of aggression outcomes. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to quantitatively summarize the empirical work that has examined these relations, as well as update and expand previous work in this area using Bayesian meta-analytic methods. A comprehensive search of available literature on the FFM and antisocial behavior was conduc...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - September 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Vize CE, Collison KL, Miller JD, Lynam DR Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Posttraumatic stress disorder and relationship functioning: A comprehensive review and organizational framework.
Abstract Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with impairments in relationship functioning. Beyond the abundance of research that has demonstrated this basic link, more recent research has begun to explore possible mediators and moderators of this association. The present paper reviews and synthesizes existing literature in the context of an overarching organizational framework of potential ways in which PTSD impacts relationship functioning. The framework organizes findings in terms of specific elements of PTSD and comorbid conditions, mediators (factors that are posited to explain or account for th...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - September 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Campbell SB, Renshaw KD Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Cognition and self-injurious thoughts and behaviors: A systematic review of longitudinal studies.
Abstract There is a long tradition in suicide research, accompanied by recent developments in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) research, of examining cognitive processes as potential precursors of risk. But these cognitive processes are often studied separately, and are rarely integrated or directly compared with each other. In an effort to synthesize this literature, this systematic review (n=109 longitudinal studies conducted over the past 10 years) demonstrates how specific cognitive processes predict self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), and examines whether intervening on features of cognition may help...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - August 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cha CB, Wilson KM, Tezanos KM, DiVasto KA, Tolchin GK Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Psychological and clinical correlates of the Centrality of Event Scale: A systematic review.
We present a systematic review of the correlates of the CES. Results from 92 publications resulted in 25 measurement categories in the six theoretical domains of trauma, negative affect and distress, autobiographical memory, personality, positive affect, and gender. The mean weighted correlations of the 25 measurement categories ranged from -.17 to .55, with standard errors from .01 to .02, allowing us to distinguish empirically among effects. Consistent with the theoretical motivation for the CES and predictions predating the review, the CES correlated positively with a range of measures, correlating most highly with meas...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - July 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gehrt TB, Berntsen D, Hoyle RH, Rubin DC Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Risk factors for relapse and recurrence of depression in adults and how they operate: A four-phase systematic review and meta-synthesis.
CONCLUSIONS: Childhood maltreatment, post-treatment residual symptoms, and a history of recurrence emerged as strong prognostic indicators of risk and each could be used prescriptively to indicate who benefits most from continued or prophylactic treatment. Targeting prognostic indices or their "down-stream" consequences will be particularly beneficial because each is either a cause or a consequence of the causal mechanisms underlying risk of recurrence. The cognitive and neural mechanisms that underlie the prognostic indices are likely addressed by the effects of treatments that are moderated by the prescriptive ...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - July 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Buckman JEJ, Underwood A, Clarke K, Saunders R, Hollon SD, Fearon P, Pilling S Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Emotion regulation in social anxiety and depression: a systematic review of expressive suppression and cognitive reappraisal.
Abstract Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are highly comorbid, and together they result in greater functional impairment and a poorer prognosis than either condition alone. Theoretical models implicate impairments in emotion regulation in the development and maintenance of internalizing disorders, yet there has been no systematic comparison of emotion regulation in social anxiety and depression. The current review presents an in-depth examination of the literature on two widely-studied emotion regulation strategies, expressive suppression (ES) and cognitive reappraisal (CR), in SAD...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - July 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dryman MT, Heimberg RG Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

The benefits and risks of asking research participants about suicide: A meta-analysis of the impact of exposure to suicide-related content.
Abstract One obstacle potentially hindering research on suicide is the assumption that assessing suicide may make individuals more likely to engage in suicidal thoughts or behaviours; a concern expressed by ethics committees, researchers, and clinicians. However, decisions which are overly cautious and restrictive when approving research proposals will hinder important research in this area. The present aim was to conduct a meta-analysis to examine whether asking about suicide or exposure to suicide-related content in research studies led to changes in participants' levels of distress, suicidal ideation, or suicid...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - July 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Blades CA, Stritzke WGK, Page AC, Brown JD Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Correlates of suicide ideation and behaviors among transgender people: A systematic review guided by ideation-to-action theory.
Abstract Transgender people are at high risk for suicide ideation, attempts, and deaths compared to the general population. Several correlates of suicide ideation and attempts have been identified empirically to understand this increased risk. However, few attempts have been made to systematically review this literature. Further, a theory to understand and identify targetable factors for intervention has rarely been applied to this population. In the first systematic review guided by ideation-to-action frameworks of suicide, we systematically reviewed the literature from January 1991 to July 2017 regarding correla...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - June 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Wolford-Clevenger C, Frantell K, Smith PN, Flores LY, Stuart GL Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Do guided internet-based interventions result in clinically relevant changes for patients with depression? An individual participant data meta-analysis.
This study aimed to investigate response rates, remission rates, and their moderators in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effect of guided Internet-based interventions for adult depression to control groups using an individual patient data meta-analysis approach. Literature searches in PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO and Cochrane Library resulted in 13,384 abstracts from database inception to January 1, 2016. Twenty-four RCTs (4889 participants) comparing a guided Internet-based intervention with a control group contributed data to the analysis. Missing data were multiply imputed. To examine treatment outcome on ...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - June 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Karyotaki E, Ebert DD, Donkin L, Riper H, Twisk J, Burger S, Rozental A, Lange A, Williams AD, Zarski AC, Geraedts A, van Straten A, Kleiboer A, Meyer B, Ünlü Ince BB, Buntrock C, Lehr D, Snoek FJ, Andrews G, Andersson G, Choi I, Ruwaard J, Klein JP, Ne Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Psychological interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder in refugees and asylum seekers: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Abstract There is a high prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in refugee and asylum seeker populations which can pose distinct challenges for mental health professionals. This review included 16 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with 1111 participants investigating the effect of psychological interventions on PTSD in these populations. We searched PsychInfo, ProQuest (including selected databases ASSIA, IBSS, PILOTS), Web of Science, the Cochrane Central Database of Controlled Studies (CENTRAL) and Cochrane Database for Systematic Reviews (CDSR) to identify peer-reviewed, primary research articles...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - June 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Thompson CT, Vidgen A, Roberts NP Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Shedding light on the association between repetitive negative thinking and deficits in cognitive control - A meta-analysis.
e L Abstract Individuals who experience recurrent negative thoughts are at elevated risk for mood and anxiety disorders. It is thus essential to understand why some individuals get stuck in recurrent negative thinking (RNT), whereas others are able to disengage eventually. Theoretical models propose that individuals high in recurrent negative thinking suffer from deficits in controlling the contents of working memory. Empirical findings, however, are inconclusive. In this meta-analysis, we synthesize findings from 94 studies to examine the proposed association between RNT and deficits in cognitive control. We incl...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - June 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Zetsche U, Bürkner PC, Schulze L Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Cognitive mechanisms of disgust in the development and maintenance of psychopathology: A qualitative review and synthesis.
Abstract A growing body of research has implicated disgust in various psychopathologies, especially anxiety-related disorders. Although the observed role of disgust in many disorders is robust, the mechanisms that may explain this role are unclear. Cutting-edge research in cognitive science has the potential to elucidate such mechanisms and consequently improve our understanding of how disgust contributes to the etiology and maintenance of psychopathology. In this qualitative review, we systematically assess cognitive bias mechanisms that have been linked to disgust and its disorders. This review suggests that dis...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - June 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Knowles KA, Cox RC, Armstrong T, Olatunji BO Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research