Do specific types of sleep disturbances represent risk factors for poorer health-related quality of life in inflammatory bowel disease? A longitudinal cohort study.
CONCLUSION: Symptoms synonymous with sleep apnoea and insomnia might represent modifiable risk factors that provide independent contributions to HRQoL over time in those with IBD. These findings suggest that interventions designed to improve sleep apnoea and insomnia could confer benefits to HRQoL in those with IBD. However, more longitudinal research is needed to understand the contribution of sleep disturbances over the longer term, as well as more randomized controlled trials testing the effect of improving sleep on IBD-related outcomes. PMID: 32634291 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - July 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Scott AJ, Flowers O, Rowse G Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Enhanced life distress inventory: Development and validation in two African countries.
CONCLUSION: A major contribution of the ELDI is its development in and for LMIC settings and its ability to assess different areas (life domains) of distress. This multi-sectoral lens gives the scale the potential to examine not only programmes targeting stress, but also those targeting sources of stress, and to examine whether they improve stress and mental health via those pathways. More testing of the ELDI's performance and psychometric properties is needed in additional settings. PMID: 32634299 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - July 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Palermo T, Hall BJ, Cirillo C, Tanzania PSSN Youth Study Evaluation Team, Tanzania Adolescent Cash Plus Study Team, and Ghana LEAP 1000 Evaluation Team in Acknowledgement Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Women's experience of social media breastfeeding support and its impact on extended breastfeeding success: A social cognitive perspective.
CONCLUSION: The symbiotic relationship between members of a social media group facilitates greater breastfeeding success and a longer duration of breastfeeding through the central concept of the SCT: reciprocal determinism. Therefore, it is posited that the SCT is a suitable theory of behaviour change which can potentially be used to develop interventions aiming to increase breastfeeding rates and duration. PMID: 32623824 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - July 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Black R, McLaughlin M, Giles M Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

The value of core outcome sets in health psychology.
PMID: 32609948 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Matvienko-Sikar K, Terwee CB, Gargon E, Devane D, Kearney PM, Byrne M Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Understanding face mask use to prevent coronavirus and other illnesses: Development of a multidimensional face mask perceptions scale.
Abstract Face masks are an avenue to curb the spread of coronavirus, but few people in Western societies wear face masks. Social scientists have rarely studied face mask wearing, leaving little guidance for methods to encourage these behaviours. In the current article, we provide an approach to address this issue by developing the 32-item and 8-dimension Face Mask Perceptions Scale (FMPS). We begin by developing an over-representative item list in a qualitative study, wherein participants' responses are used to develop items to ensure content relevance. This item list is then reduced via exploratory factor analysi...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - June 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Howard MC Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Looking out for myself: Exploring the relationship between conspiracy mentality, perceived personal risk, and COVID-19 prevention measures.
CONCLUSIONS: Our studies showcase how people high in conspiracy theorizing may (dis)engage with prevention behaviours, but that perceived risk and motivation to protect oneself could increase these individuals' compliance. PMID: 32583540 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - June 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Marinthe G, Brown G, Delouvée S, Jolley D Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Habits and self-efficacy moderate the effects of intentions and planning on physical activity.
CONCLUSION: Higher-than-usual intention may only be required in the presence of low activity habits. Moreover, high self-efficacy seems to be required to translate higher-than-usual action planning into augmented physical activity because self-efficacious individuals may invest more efforts to enact their plans. PMID: 32584510 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - June 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Di Maio S, Keller J, Hohl DH, Schwarzer R, Knoll N Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Daily emotional well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic.
In this study, we aimed to investigate how people experience the activities, interactions, and settings of their lives during the pandemic. The sample (N = 604) was assessed in Ireland on the 25 March 2020, following the closure of schools and non-essential businesses. We examined within-person variance in emotional well-being and how people spend their time. We found that while most time was spent in the home (74%), time spent outdoors (8%) was associated with markedly raised positive affect and reduced negative emotions. Exercising, going for walks, gardening, pursuing hobbies, and taking care of children were ...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - June 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lades LK, Laffan K, Daly M, Delaney L Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Thematic analysis of acceptability and fidelity of engagement for behaviour change interventions: The Let's Move It intervention interview study.
CONCLUSION: Identifying misunderstandings and difficulties in skill acquisition can help interpret main trial outcomes and inform further intervention optimization. This study provides an example of how to use thematic analysis to assess acceptability, receipt, and enactment in interventions. PMID: 32568447 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - June 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Palsola M, Renko E, Kostamo K, Lorencatto F, Hankonen N Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Preferences for scarce medical resource allocation: Differences between experts and the general public and implications for the COVID-19 pandemic.
This study concerns what lay people believe is the best way to allocate scarce medical resources. A sample of 515 individuals completed a short questionnaire asking them to rank-order eight different ethical positions with respect to the allocation of scarce resources. They showed a strong preference for the 'saves most lives' and 'sickest first' options, with 'reciprocity' and a 'lottery' being least favoured. There was a reasonable degree of unanimity amongst respondents and comparatively few correlations with individual difference factors such as demography. The preference results are compared to expert recommendations ...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - June 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Grover S, McClelland A, Furnham A Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

How can use of the Theoretical Domains Framework be optimized in qualitative research? A rapid systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Rigid operationalization of the TDF in qualitative studies may result in determinants being overlooked. We propose recommendations for flexible use of the TDF in order to optimize its use in exploratory qualitative research. PMID: 32558289 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - June 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: McGowan LJ, Powell R, French DP Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Living with persistent insomnia after cancer: A qualitative analysis of impact and management.
CONCLUSIONS: Insomnia was found to have a detrimental and pervasive impact on cancer survivors' quality of life, which persisted long into survivorship. There is an absence of professional attention to sleep throughout the cancer care trajectory, contributing to its prevalence, persistence, and impact. In order to break this cycle, sleep health should be integrated as a key aspect of cancer treatment and rehabilitation, much like maintaining a healthy diet and appropriate levels of physical activity. PMID: 32558129 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - June 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Reynolds-Cowie P, Fleming L Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Ready Exerciser One: Effects of music and virtual reality on cycle ergometer exercise.
CONCLUSIONS: The present findings illustrate the efficacy of modern VR technology in the exercise context, applied both with and without musical accompaniment. Additional research is required to assess the degree to which the findings are replicable among sedentary or ageing segments of the population. Given the emerging support pertaining to a positive relationship between affective responses and exercise adherence, VR technology should be considered as a means by which to promote an enjoyable exercise experience. PMID: 32538512 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - June 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bird JM, Karageorghis CI, Baker SJ, Brookes DA, Nowicky AV Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

The psychosocial impact of facial palsy: A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Irrespective of objective symptom severity, facial palsy has the potential to have a significant impact on psychosocial well-being and quality of life. The various methodological limitations of the included studies are discussed, along with clinical implications, including the need for greater access to psychological screening and interventions for people with facial palsy. PMID: 32538540 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - June 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hotton M, Huggons E, Hamlet C, Shore D, Johnson D, Norris JH, Kilcoyne S, Dalton L Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

The coronavirus (COVID-19) fatality risk perception of US adult residents in March and April 2020.
Abstract The study compares empirical results on the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (causing COVID-19) fatality risk perception of US adult residents stratified for age, gender, and race in mid-March 2020 (N1  = 1,182) and mid-April 2020 (N2  = 953). While the fatality risk perception has increased from March 2020 to April 2020, our findings suggest that many US adult residents severely underestimated their absolute and relative fatality risk (i.e., differentiated for subgroups defined by pre-existing medical conditions and age) at both time points compared to current epidemiological figures. These res...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - June 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Niepel C, Kranz D, Borgonovi F, Emslander V, Greiff S Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Optimizing patient expectations to improve therapeutic response to medical treatment: A randomized controlled trial of iron infusion therapy.
CONCLUSIONS: Boosting patients' positive expectations may be an effective way of enhancing patient response to treatment. In particular, targeting patient expectations with a brief intervention prior to medical treatments may result in a greater and longer therapeutic effect. PMID: 32519431 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - June 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Akroyd A, Gunn KN, Rankin S, Douglas M, Kleinstäuber M, Rief W, Petrie KJ Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a self-regulation intervention for weight loss: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Guiding participants through the self-regulation process was feasible, acceptable to participants, and led to significantly greater short-term weight loss than unguided self-weighing. PMID: 32489005 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - June 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Frie K, Hartmann-Boyce J, Jebb SA, Aveyard P Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Caregiving burden among informal caregivers of people with disability.
CONCLUSION: Poor mental health among caregivers is associated with greater caregiving challenges and burdens. Internal coping helped to buffer but external coping worsened the effect of burdens on mental health outcomes. Interventions that improve internal coping and mental health might be helpful for ageing informal caregivers. PMID: 32472979 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - May 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sit HF, Huang L, Chang K, Chau WI, Hall BJ Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Primary care providers' use of and attitudes towards placebos: An exploratory focus group study with US physicians.
CONCLUSIONS: A number of physicians reported prescribing impure placebos in clinical care. Although some primary care physicians were resistant to the possibility of recommending OLPs, others regarded OLPs more favourably, viewing them as potential treatments, albeit with restricted potential. Statement of contribution What is already known? Many physicians report prescribing drugs for the purposes of eliciting a placebo effect. Initial evidence for the efficacy of open-label placebos is promising. What does this study add? A more nuanced description of the circumstances under which primary care physicians report placebo p...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - May 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bernstein MH, Locher C, Stewart-Ferrer S, Buergler S, DesRoches CM, Dossett ML, Miller FG, Grose D, Blease CR Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

COVID-19-related anxiety predicts somatic symptoms in the UK population.
This study aimed to estimate the association between anxiety associated with COVID-19 and somatic symptoms, using data from a large, representative sample (N = 2,025) of the UK adult population. Results showed that moderate to high levels of anxiety associated with COVID-19 were significantly associated with general somatic symptoms and in particular with gastrointestinal and fatigue symptoms. This pattern of associations remained significant after controlling for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), pre-existing health problems, age, gender, and income. This is the first evidence that anxiety associated with COVID-19 makes...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - May 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shevlin M, Nolan E, Owczarek M, McBride O, Murphy J, Gibson Miller J, Hartman TK, Levita L, Mason L, Martinez AP, McKay R, Stocks TVA, Bennett KM, Hyland P, Bentall RP Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

'Barbed wire wrapped around my feet': Metaphor use in chronic pain.
CONCLUSIONS: Participants utilized a wide variety of metaphors to describe their pain. The most common descriptions couched chronic pain in terms of physical damage. A better understanding of pain metaphors may have implications for improved health care communication and provide targets for clinical interventions. PMID: 32452109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Munday I, Newton-John T, Kneebone I Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Reducing SARS-CoV-2 transmission in the UK: A behavioural science approach to identifying options for increasing adherence to social distancing and shielding vulnerable people.
CONCLUSIONS: Responding to policymakers very rapidly as has been necessary during the COVID-19 pandemic can be facilitated by using a framework to structure the thinking and reporting of multidisciplinary academics and policymakers. PMID: 32428385 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - May 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Michie S, West R, Rogers MB, Bonell C, Rubin GJ, Amlôt R Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

The Motivational Thought Frequency Scales for increased physical activity and reduced high-energy snacking.
CONCLUSIONS: Strong preliminary support for both the MTF-PA and MTF-S was obtained, although more data on their predictive validity are needed. Associations of the MTF-S with potential eating disorder illustrate that high scores may not always be beneficial to health maintenance. PMID: 32415895 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - May 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kavanagh DJ, Teixeira H, Connolly J, Andrade J, May J, Godfrey S, Carroll A, Taylor K, Connor JP Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Exposure to coronavirus news on mainstream media: The role of risk perceptions and depression.
CONCLUSION: Perceived vulnerability to COVID-19 can serve as a pathway through which exposure to COVID-19 news on mainstream media may be associated with depressive symptoms. Based on our findings, we offered recommendations for media-health partnership, practice, and research. PMID: 32415914 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - May 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Olagoke AA, Olagoke OO, Hughes AM Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Capability, opportunity, and motivation to enact hygienic practices in the early stages of the COVID-19 outbreak in the United Kingdom.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings have clear implications for the design of behaviour change interventions to promote hygienic practices. Interventions should focus on increasing and maintaining motivation to act and include elements that promote and maintain social support and knowledge of COVID-19 transmission. Groups in particular need of targeting for interventions to increase hygienic practices are males and those living in cities and suburbs. PMID: 32415918 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - May 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gibson Miller J, Hartman TK, Levita L, Martinez AP, Mason L, McBride O, McKay R, Murphy J, Shevlin M, Stocks TVA, Bennett KM, Bentall RP Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Depression in people with skin conditions: The effects of disgust and self-compassion.
Conclusions Disgust traits contribute to depression in people with skin conditions, while being self-compassionate may be protective against depression. High self-compassion also buffers the effects of disgust propensity on depression in people with skin conditions. The findings indicate the potential of compassion-focused interventions for depression in people with skin conditions. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? People with skin conditions can experience depression that is not well explained by condition severity. Skin conditions can elicit disgust reactions that, in turn, may contribute ...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - May 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Clarke EN, Thompson AR, Norman P Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Social support facilitates physical activity by reducing pain.
Conclusions One pathway through which social support impacts physical activity is by reducing peoples' pain. Increasing and strengthening peoples' social support networks may confer benefits for their physical activity levels, including among those whose physical activity is limited by pain. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Social support can have a positive effect on health behaviours, including physical activity. There is somewhat inconsistent evidence for a positive direct relationship between social support and physical activity. Pain can be a barrier to physical activity, but may be att...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - May 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Stevens M, Cruwys T, Murray K Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Coronavirus (COVID-19) in the United Kingdom: A personality-based perspective on concerns and intention to self-isolate.
Conclusions Interventions need to consider individual differences in psychological factors in behaviour change, and we discuss relevant literature to inform policy makers and communicators. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST) personality systems can influence perception of persuasive health messages. However, there is limited evidence for their direct effects on health concerns and behaviours, and none relating to specific infectious diseases. What does this study add? Reward reactivity (RR) is associated with concern about impact of coronavirus on the NHS...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - April 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bacon AM, Corr PJ Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Predictors of positive and negative post-traumatic psychological outcomes in a sample of Iranian cancer survivors.
Conclusions Our findings support growing evidence for differential trajectories to PTG and PTSD symptoms in cancer. Such cognitive factors may be important therapeutic targets in psycho-oncology interventions. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? The diagnosis of cancer and its subsequent treatment can result in symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Positive changes and psychosocial growth (post-traumatic growth; PTG) are also common as a result of patients' experience of cancer. What does this study add? This study identified predictors of positive (PTG) and negative trauma (PTSD) ...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - April 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: MoshirPanahi S, Moradi AR, Ghaderi B, McEwen C, Jobson L Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Barriers to seasonal influenza vaccine uptake among health care workers in long-term care facilities: A cross-sectional analysis.
Conclusions This research identified the key psychological determinants associated with HCW vaccine uptake. Interventions that target the theoretical domains, Goals, Intentions, Social influences, and Reinforcement, may enhance vaccine uptake among HCW in long-term care facilities. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Seasonal influenza vaccine uptake among health care workers in long-term care settings is suboptimal. Many socio-demographic, psychosocial, and organizational barriers to vaccination have been identified. However, few studies have explored the barriers to vaccination among health c...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - April 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kenny E, McNamara Á, Noone C, Byrne M Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

An oral history of health psychology in the UK.
Conclusion Reflections on the development of UK health psychology represent the first historical narrative produced from oral testimony of those who were present at the time. Statement of Contribution What is already known on this subject? Health psychology emerged in the 1970s, initially in the United States following an APA Task Force report. It developed from a range of precursor movements including psychosomatic medicine, while in the United Kingdom medical psychology was an additional precursor. The development of health psychology has been discussed for a range of countries including the United States ...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - April 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Quinn F, Chater A, Morrison V Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Acceptability, reliability, and validity of a brief measure of capabilities, opportunities, and motivations ("COM-B").
We describe the development, reliability, validity, and acceptability of a generic 6-item self-evaluation COM questionnaire. Design and methods The questionnaire was formulated by behaviour change experts. Acceptability was tested in two independent samples of health care professionals (N = 13 and N = 85, respectively) and a sample of people with low socio-economic status (N = 214). Acceptability (missing data analyses and user feedback), reliability (test-retest reliability and Bland-Altman plots) and validity (floor and ceiling effects, Pearson's correlation coefficient [r], exploratory fact...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - April 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Keyworth C, Epton T, Goldthorpe J, Calam R, Armitage CJ Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Baring all: The impact of the hospital gown on patient well-being.
Conclusions The implications of these findings for health policy and practice are discussed, emphasizing the importance of challenging cultural norms in health care since dehumanizing aspects of care, as symbolically represented by the hospital gown, may adversely impact on patient well-being. Statement of contribution What is already known Getting dressed is a form of self-expression, which contributes to the construction of social identity, yet few studies have explored the impact of wearing hospital clothing on patient well-being. The few studies on hospital clothing that exist suggest it is predominantly associated wit...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - April 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Morton L, Cogan N, Kornfält S, Porter Z, Georgiadis E Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Associations between health literacy and health care utilization and mortality in patients with coexisting diabetes and end-stage renal disease: A prospective cohort study.
Conclusions Health literacy skills related to Actively Managing My Health predict hospitalization and mortality independently of other risk factors. The HLQ provides an assessement of novel health literacy parameters which offer new insights into patients' status and behaviours and may strengthen interventions to improve clinical services, and patient outcomes in DM-ESRD. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Patients with diabetes (DM) comprise the fastest growing segment of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Health literacy (HL) is pivotal for managing the complex treatment guid...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - April 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Griva K, Yoong RKL, Nandakumar M, Rajeswari M, Khoo EYH, Lee VYW, Kang AWC, Osborne RH, Brini S, Newman SP Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Exploring how health behaviours are supported and changed in people with severe mental illness: A qualitative study of a cardiovascular risk reducing intervention in Primary Care in England.
Conclusions According to staff and patients, health behaviour change in this population was driven by complex processes. It was suggested that capability, opportunity, and motivation were in some cases enhanced by BCTs, but variable. Behaviour change may be optimized by individualized behavioural assessments, identifying drivers of behaviour and applying a range of BCTs may help to target individual needs. Patient peer-led approaches, techniques to encourage awareness of visible success, and normalizing health behaviours may increase behaviour change. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Poorer ...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - April 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hassan S, Ross J, Marston L, Burton A, Osborn D, Walters K Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Health psychology and the coronavirus (COVID-19) global pandemic: A call for research.
PMID: 32227547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - March 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Arden MA, Chilcot J Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

'Always take your doctor's advice': Does trust moderate the effect of information on inappropriate antibiotic prescribing expectations?
Conclusion Providing information about viral aetiology and the ineffectiveness and side effects of antibiotics reduces inappropriate antibiotic expectations. Further research into the effect of trust in physicians as a moderator of the effect information provision is required, particularly given the recent increase in trust-based antibiotic campaigns. Statement of contribution What is already known Inappropriate expectations for antibiotics encourage overprescribing in primary care. To reduce inappropriate expectations, interventions often aim to educate people about antibiotics and encourage them to trust their physi...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - March 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Thorpe A, Sirota M, Juanchich M, Orbell S Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Child catastrophizing about parent chronic pain: A potential child vulnerability factor.
Conclusions Child catastrophizing about parent pain is a potential vulnerability factor associated with poor pain-related outcomes in children of parents with chronic pain that should be considered in future research and clinical settings. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Higher rates of pain and internalizing symptoms are observed in offspring of parents with vs. without chronic pain. Greater child and parent pain catastrophizing are associated with poorer pain-related outcomes in children. Child catastrophizing about parent chronic pain and its association with child outcomes has not been ...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - March 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Higgins KS, Chambers CT, Rosen NO, Sherry S, Mohammadi S, Lynch ME, Campbell-Yeo M, Clark AJ Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

From 'neurotic' to 'managing' mother: The 'medical career' experienced by mothers of a child diagnosed with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.
Conclusions Understanding this process could help health care professionals reduce stressful experiences faced by mothers when caring for a chronically ill child. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Mothers of chronically ill children are often diagnosed with anxiety and depression. Such mothers will have taken over managing their child's condition, and this can include negative experiences within the health care system. Qualitative methods enable deeper understanding of the experiences of mothers of chronically ill children. What does the study add? Potentially gendered position of mothers of ...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - March 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Waite-Jones JM, Swallow V, Madill A Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Psychosocial markers of pre-hospital decision delay and psychological distress in acute coronary syndrome patients.
Conclusions Type D personality may be a risk factor for more delayed help-seeking for an ACS and higher psychological distress after the cardiac event. Resilience, in contrast, emerged as a potential protective factor of patients' mental health after the cardiac event. Pre-hospital decision delay was related to thinking about serious consequences (e.g., complications, protecting one's family) but not about social concerns (e.g., wasting other people's time) during the cardiac episode. Statement of Contribution What is already known on this subject? Longer pre-hospital decision delay, that is waiting longer to seek medical ...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - February 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Arrebola-Moreno M, Petrova D, Garrido D, Ramírez-Hernández JA, Catena A, Garcia-Retamero R Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

'It's like being conscripted, one volunteer is better than 10 pressed men': A qualitative study into the views of people who plan to opt-out of organ donation.
Conclusions This study reinforces existing opt-in literature surrounding medical mistrust and bodily integrity concerns. A threat to one's autonomous choice and heightened reactance arising from perceptions of unwarranted government control have emerged as novel barriers. Statement of contribution What is already known about this subject? Although around 90% of individuals in the United Kingdom support organ donation, just 40% are actively registered as donors. As part of measures to improve rates of organ transplantation, Scotland and England are moving to an opt-out organ donation consent system in 2020. Existing researc...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - January 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Miller J, Currie S, McGregor LM, O'Carroll RE Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

A collaborative approach to developing sustainable behaviour change interventions for childhood obesity prevention: Development of the Choosing Healthy Eating for Infant Health (CHErIsH) intervention and implementation strategy.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides a rigorous example of the development of an evidence-based intervention aimed at improving parental infant feeding behaviours, alongside an evidence-based behaviour change strategy to facilitate implementation and sustainability in primary care. This approach demonstrates how to systematically incorporate multiple stakeholder perspectives with existing literature and move from multiple evidence sources to clearly specified intervention components for both the intervention and implementation strategy. Statement of Contribution What is already known? Incorporating insights from practice, poli...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - January 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Toomey E, Matvienko-Sikar K, Doherty E, Harrington J, Hayes CB, Heary C, Hennessy M, Kelly C, McHugh S, McSharry J, O'Halloran J, Queally M, Heffernan T, Kearney PM, Byrne M Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Development and validation of a 6-item Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale (RULS-6) using Rasch analysis.
CONCLUSION: Using Rasch analysis, the proposed RULS-6 constituted a 70% reduction of the number of original items, yet preserved the psychometric properties in independent samples of students and psychiatric outpatients. PMID: 31999891 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - January 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Wongpakaran N, Wongpakaran T, Pinyopornpanish M, Simcharoen S, Suradom C, Varnado P, Kuntawong P Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Cancer and changes in facial appearance: A meta-ethnography of qualitative studies.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that health care professionals must conduct holistic assessments, so as to fully recognize and where necessary address the impact upon self. The meta-ethnography shows that the experience of facial appearance change following cancer is complex and requires awareness of a number of theoretical areas including identity construction, social support, stigmatization, and the specific literature on visible difference. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Changed facial appearance after cancer can cause significant social difficulties and impact on the sense of self. ...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - January 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Thompson AR, Sewards I, Baker SR Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Reasoned and implicit processes in heavy episodic drinking: An integrated dual-process model.
Conclusion Results indicate that university students' HED tends to be governed by non-conscious, automatic processes than conscious, intentional processes. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Social cognitive factors are associated with risky alcohol consumption behaviours. Dual-process models are being used to explain health behaviours, such as heavy episodic drinking (HED). What does this study add? Past HED behaviour and HED habits have direct and indirect effects on students' HED behaviour. Past behaviour and habit attenuate the effects of intentions and implicit alcohol identity on HED. ...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - December 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hamilton K, Gibbs I, Keech JJ, Hagger MS Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Health and health belief factors associated with screening and help-seeking behaviours for breast cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the European evidence.
Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify health or health belief factors associated with mammography attendance or with self-initiated medical help-seeking for breast cancer symptoms among women in Europe. METHODS: Five databases were searched for articles published between 2005 and 2018. Meta-analyses were conducted for 13 factors related to screening attendance and two factors associated with help-seeking behaviour. Where there were too few studies to include in the meta-analysis, a narrative synthesis was undertaken. RESULTS: Sixty-five studies were included. Never having ha...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - December 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Grimley CE, Kato PM, Grunfeld EA Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Illness Risk Representation beliefs underlying adolescents' cardiovascular disease risk appraisals and the preventative role of physical activity.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that adolescents are underestimating their risk of cardiovascular disease due to unhelpful beliefs. Interventions should: provide clear and simple explanations of how different health behaviours contribute to cardiovascular risk, highlight discrepancies that exist between current levels of preventative behaviour and that required to confer a protective effect, expose the false belief that a lack of PA in early life can be compensated for in later adulthood, and aid understanding of the true impact that the disease and its treatment could have of health and quality of life outcomes. Stateme...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - December 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Newby K, Varnes L, Yorke E, Meisel SF, Fisher A Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Social cognitions and smoking behaviour: Temporal resolution matters.
Conclusions Relationships between cognitions and behaviours vary according to the temporal resolution of the measurement schedule. Ensuring that the temporal resolution of assessment is appropriate for the temporal dynamics of the behaviour being assessed is important. Future research is needed to investigate the potential for leveraging specific cognitive processes depending on temporal importance in order to increase health-promoting behaviours. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Social cognitions including intentions, risk perception, and self-efficacy have been observed to predict smoking....
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - December 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Brinken L, Schüz B, Ferguson SG, Scholz U, Schüz N Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Classism and dehumanization in chronic pain: A qualitative study of nurses' inferences about women of different socio-economic status.
CONCLUSION: Findings reveal the role of class-based cultural belief systems in pain care, showing how nurses' recognition of low SES is associated with dehumanizing inferences and recommendations, which may contribute to reproducing pain care disparities. Theoretical implications of these findings for social and health psychology are drawn. Statement of contribution What is already known on the subject? • Psychosocial research on health and pain care disparities has paid more attention to the role of race/racism and gender/sexism than the role of social class/classism; Belief systems about social class are shared acro...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - December 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Diniz E, Castro P, Bousfield A, Figueira Bernardes S Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

Forms, interactions, and responses to social support: A qualitative study of support and adherence to photoprotection amongst patients with Xeroderma Pigmentosum.
CONCLUSIONS: Practical support conveyed psychosocial support with positive effects on adherence. This suggests the traditional separation into practical and emotional support is overly simplistic, with measures potentially missing important aspects. Interactional processes contribute to the effects of support, which can be addressed by targeting disclosure, stigma, and other barriers at individual and organizational levels. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Social support can be both a facilitator and a hindrance to treatment adherence. Practical support is identified as the most important fo...
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - November 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Walburn J, Anderson R, Morgan M Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research