Optical Sensors and Sensing 2019: introduction to the joint feature issue
This joint feature issue of Optics Express and Applied Optics highlights contributions from authors who presented their latest research at ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Adam J. Fleisher Ka-Lok Chan Mario F. S. Ferreira Wesley J. Moses Paul Pellegrino Sheng-Cai Shi Kaley A. Walker Source Type: research

Experimental investigation of laser engraving quality on paper
Laser engraving technology is a type of laser processing technology, widely used for product coding, marking, and so on. A large amount of ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Xiaofei Lei Shanhui Liu Nan Wu Yao Ge Heping Hou Peng Liu Source Type: research

Designing an ultracompact all-optical 4-to-2 encoder and investigating its optical power consumption
In this paper, an ultracompact all-optical encoder based on a photonic crystal nanoresonator was designed. The proposed structure consists ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Ahmad Mohebzadeh-Bahabady Saeed Olyaee Source Type: research

Comparison of wavefront recording plane-based hologram calculations: ray-tracing method versus look-up table method
In this study, we compare the ray-tracing method with the look-up table (LUT) method in order to optimize computer-generated hologram (CGH) ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Hidenari Yanagihara Tomoyoshi Shimobaba Takashi Kakue Tomoyoshi Ito Source Type: research

Geometric phase analysis method using a subpixel displacement match algorithm
The geometrical phase analysis (GPA) method, which is an efficient and powerful noncontact method to obtain the strain field, has already ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Hongye Zhang Xianglu Dai Huihui Wen Jinhao Liu Zhanwei Liu Huimin Xie Source Type: research

Improved method for damping coefficient measurement based on spectral analysis of a self-mixing signal
In this paper, the self-mixing interference subject to weak optical feedback has been used to measure the damping vibration. By analyzing ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Yanbin Xiong Hanqiao Chen Xiulin Wang Teng Feng Huiru Yang Wencai Huang Source Type: research

Predicting the multiwavelength fiber Brillouin cavity based on the finite element method
A simulation-based method to predict the multiwavelengths in a fiber Brillouin cavity is proposed. The coupled steady-state equation is ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Fabrice Mfuamba Kabonzo Muhammad Saqlain Philippe Faradja Source Type: research

Multiplexed dynamic strain sensing system based on a fiber ring laser using a non-tunable fiber Fabry – Perot filter
In this paper, a non-tunable fiber Fabry – Perot filter (FFPF) is configured to demodulate dynamic strain signals in a multiplexed ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Liming Mao Chuanyi Tao Jing Zhang Xuhai Jiang Junhua Cheng Yan Zhao Jianjun Xiao Na Li Source Type: research

Non-steady-state photo-EMF interferometer for detection of mechanical oscillations in transparent scattering objects
The operation of an adaptive non-steady-state photo-electromagnetic field (EMF) sensor is studied in an interferometric arrangement ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: M. A. Bryushinin V. V. Kulikov A. A. Petrov I. A. Sokolov R. V. Romashko Yu. N. Kulchin Source Type: research

Interaction of electromagnetic plane waves with an impedance half-plane in an anisotropic medium
The diffraction process of electromagnetic plane waves by an impedance half-plane in anisotropic medium is investigated. In this case, the ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Yusuf Ziya Umul Source Type: research

Temperature self-compensation strain sensor based on cascaded concave-lens-like long-period fiber gratings
A robust, novel, to the best of our knowledge, fiber Mach – Zehnder interferometer strain sensor is designed and experimentally ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Yunshan Zhang Yanxin Zhang Weigang Zhang Lin Yu Lingxin Kong Tieyi Yan Lei Chen Source Type: research

Theoretical analysis of a white-light LED array based on a GaN nanorod structure
Based on the experimentally demonstrated In content distribution in the InGaN/GaN quantum wells on a two-section GaN nanorod (NR) sidewall, ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Jincai Ji Guangna Zhang Shaobo Yang Xiaolu Feng Xu Zhang C. C. Yang Source Type: research

Complex refractive indices measurements of polymers in visible and near-infrared bands
The complex refractive indices of polymers have important applications in the analysis of their components and the study of radiation ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Xiaoning Zhang Jun Qiu Xingcan Li Junming Zhao Linhua Liu Source Type: research

Reduction of modal noise due to fiber/photodetector misalignment in SSMF links based on 850??nm VCSELs through a low-cost polymer coupling structure
A low-cost polymer-based structure is proposed to improve the coupling between a fiber end section and photodetector active surface in ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Jacopo Nanni Carlos Viana Zerihun Gedeb Tegegne Giovanni Tartarini Catherine Algani Jean-Luc Polleux Source Type: research

Demodulation of a weak fiber Bragg grating array using a fiber delay line
We demonstrate the use of a fiber delay line (FDL) to demodulate a weak fiber Bragg grating (WFBG) array. The FDL is composed of a ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Peng Ding Wen Liu Hongcan Gu Yunyun Wang Jing Wu Junbin Huang Jinsong Tang Source Type: research

Parametric optimization of visible wavelength gold lattice geometries for improved plasmon-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy
We report the exploitation of spectroplasmonics for innovations in optical transducer development, specifically in the well-established ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Casey A. Norville Kyle Z. Smith Jeremy M. Dawson Source Type: research

Extinction ratio and image accuracy of relayed-microgrid polarimetric imaging systems: theory and experiment
Herein we propose a polarimetric imaging system that uses a microgrid polarizer placed on the conjugate point of two telecentric optical ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Xueqian Sun He Sun Dejiang Wang Rui Wang Chen Cheng Tao Zhang Source Type: research

Algorithm for the numerical calculation of the serial components of the normal form of depolarizing Mueller matrices
The normal form of a depolarizing Mueller matrix constitutes an important tool for the phenomenological interpretation of experimental ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Ignacio San Jos é Jos é J. Gil R. Ossikovski Source Type: research

Measurement of position synchronization of high-precision dual parallel motion stages by digital image correlation technique
In this paper, a method for measuring the synchronization error of high-precision dual parallel motion stages is presented. The method is ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Jianlong Zhao Yong Sang Fuhai Duan Source Type: research

Magnetic induction tomography of structural defects with alkali – metal spin maser
Implementation of an alkali – metal spin maser in magnetic induction tomography is explored. While the spin maser vastly improves the ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Patrick Bevington Rafal Gartman Witold Chalupczak Source Type: research

X-ray phase imaging with the unified modulated pattern analysis of near-field speckles at a laboratory source
X-ray phase-contrast techniques are powerful methods for discerning features with similar densities, which are normally indistinguishable ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: M.-C. Zdora I. Zanette T. Walker N. W. Phillips R. Smith H. Deyhle S. Ahmed P. Thibault Source Type: research

Three-degree-of-freedom autocollimator based on a combined target reflector
As an angle measuring instrument, the traditional autocollimator has the ability to measure the two-degree-of-freedom angles, namely, pitch ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Yan Guo Haobo Cheng Yongfu Wen Yunpeng Feng Source Type: research

Application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of elements in flowback water samples from shale gas wells
Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was applied to rapidly detect elements in flowback water samples from shale gas wells in ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Haebum Lee Gibaek Kim Hyun-A Kim Hyunok Maeng Heewon Park Kihong Park Source Type: research

Volatile and permanent optical gratings recorded in Bi_2TeO_5 photorefractive crystal under high cw intensity
We report the recording of optical gratings on photorefractive $ {{\rm Bi}_2}{{\rm TeO}_5} $Bi_2TeO_5 crystals using $ \lambda = ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: I. de Oliveira D. A. Capovilla Source Type: research

Wavelength selection and measurement error theoretical analysis based on ground-based coherent differential absorption lidar using 1.53?? µ m wavelength for simultaneous vertical profiling of water vapor density and wind speed
A feasibility study of coherent differential absorption lidar is conducted using a 1.53- µ m wavelength for simultaneously retrieving ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Masaharu Imaki Kenichi Hirosawa Takayuki Yanagisawa Shumpei Kameyama Hiroaki Kuze Source Type: research

Proof of the feasibility of a nanocell-based wide-range optical magnetometer
We present an experimental scheme performing scalar magnetometry based on the fitting of Rb $ {{\rm D}_2} $D_2 line spectra recorded by ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Emmanuel Klinger Hrayr Azizbekyan Armen Sargsyan Claude Leroy David Sarkisyan Aram Papoyan Source Type: research

Theoretical and experimental comparison of a distributed acoustic sensor at 850- and 1550-nm wavelengths
In this paper, we analyze the performance of a distributed acoustic sensor at two different interrogation wavelengths. We show ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: A. Coscetta E. Catalano E. Cerri L. Zeni A. Minardo Source Type: research

Compact radial shearing interferometer with a randomly encoded cosinusoidal zone plate for wavefront measurements
A radial shearing interferometer (RSI) using a randomly encoded cosinusoidal zone plate (RECZP) to measure the wavefront is proposed. The ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Zhongyu Wang Shuai Wang Ping Yang Bing Xu Source Type: research

Plasmon coupling interactions and inhibition of nonlinear absorption in a complex system with Ag and Pt nanoparticles in silica
The optical response exhibited by a complex hybrid system integrated by Pt ultrasmall fluorescent particles and plasmonic Ag nanoparticles ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: J. Bornacelli C. Torres-Torres B. Can-Uc R. Rangel-Rojo A. Oliver Source Type: research

Evanescent coupling to silicon waveguides using surface plasmon polaritons
In this work, we discuss evanescent light coupling to silicon waveguides using surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in the Otto configuration. ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Jeong R. Kim Azad Siahmakoun Source Type: research

Design and equivalent circuit model extraction of a broadband graphene metasurface absorber based on a hexagonal spider web structure in the terahertz band
In this paper, an ultra-wideband terahertz absorber is designed utilizing a graphene-based metasurface. The absorber is composed of three ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 27, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Arman Bordbar Raheleh Basiry Alireza Yahaghi Source Type: research

Speckle-illuminated Fourier ptychography: analysis of diffuser roughness and reconstruction aperture on imaging performance
With a fundamentally modified structural illumination algorithm, the recently proposed speckle-illuminated Fourier ptychography can be a ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Jiayun Luan Xiaoliang He Zhilong Jiang Yan Kong Shouyu Wang Cheng Liu Source Type: research

Model-free determination of the birefringence and dichroism in c-cut crystals from transmission ellipsometry measurements
In this work, we derive closed-form expressions for determination of the linear birefringence and linear dichroism of uniaxial crystals ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Huihui Li Changcai Cui Subiao Bian Jing Lu Xipeng Xu Oriol Arteaga Source Type: research

Scattering force and heating effect in laser-induced plasmonic welding of silver nanowire junctions
Light – nanomaterial interaction is accompanied by a scattering force and a heating effect. When silver nanowires are irradiated by a ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Hui Wan Chengqun Gui Dong Chen Jiaohao Miao Qiang Zhao Shiyi Luan Shengjun Zhou Source Type: research

Designing an electro-optical encoder based on photonic crystals using the graphene – Al_2O_3 stacks
In this paper, an electro-optical 4-to-2 encoder based on a photonic crystal is presented. The structure is composed of four silicon ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Fatemeh Haddadan Mohammad Soroosh Navid Alaei-Sheini Source Type: research

Three-dimensional-printed Fabry – Perot interferometer on an optical fiber tip for a gas pressure sensor
We demonstrate a three-dimensional (3D)-printed miniature optical fiber-based polymer Fabry – Perot (FP) interferometric pressure ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Heming Wei Maoqing Chen Sridhar Krishnaswamy Source Type: research

Upconversion dark-field imaging with extended field of view at video frame rate
Dark-field imaging is a well-known optical method for obtaining edge-enhanced images of objects containing steep gradients in either ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Saher Junaid Peter Tidemand-Lichtenberg Christian Pedersen Peter John Rodrigo Source Type: research

Effect of strain on surface plasmon polaritons of a graphene cladded one-dimensional photonic crystal
We investigate the dispersion properties of TE-polarized surface plasmon polaritons at the interface of a strained graphene cladded ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Samad Roshan-Entezar Ghafour Khalandi Source Type: research

Interband cascade laser absorption of hydrogen chloride for high-temperature thermochemical analysis of fire-resistant polymer reactivity
A mid-infrared absorption spectroscopy technique has been developed to quantitatively and spatially resolve gas temperature and molecular ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Daniel I. Pineda James L. Urban R. Mitchell Spearrin Source Type: research

Two-axis dielectric laser acceleration using two orthogonal laser pulses in a dual-grating base structure
In this paper, two-axis dielectric laser acceleration is proposed by introducing a dual-grating base laser accelerator structure excited ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Ehsan Shojaie Khosro Madanipour Alireza Bahrampour Source Type: research

Parallel phase shifting radial shear interferometry with complex fringes and unknown phase shift
We present an interferometric method to analyze transparent samples using complex fringes generated by a parallel phase shifting radial ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Luis Garc í a-Lechuga Patricia P é rez-Luna Victor H. Flores Areli Montes-P é rez Adolfo Quiroz-Rodr í guez Juan Manuel Islas-Islas Noel-Ivan Toto-Arellano Source Type: research

Noise effects and the impact of detector responses on the characterization of extreme ultraviolet attosecond pulses
We employ numerical simulations to study the effects of noise on the reconstruction of the duration and satellite intensity ratio for ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Shuyuan Hu Maximilian Hartmann Anne Harth Christian Ott Thomas Pfeifer Source Type: research

Simple approach for Doppler frequency shift estimation based on a dual-polarization quadrature phase shift keying (DP-QPSK) modulator
A simple approach to estimating microwave Doppler frequency shift (DFS) based on a single dual-polarization quadrature phase shift keying ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Jinye Li Wenqi Yu Zhike Zhang Tao Lin Shuangxing Dai Jianguo Liu Source Type: research

Frequency stabilization method for transition to a Rydberg state using Zeeman modulation
We herein develop and demonstrate a stable frequency-locking scheme for Rydberg atomic experiments. We use the Zeeman effect to modulate ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Fengdong Jia Jian Zhang Lei Zhang Fei Wang Jiong Mei Yonghong Yu Zhiping Zhong Feng Xie Source Type: research

Mid-infrared dual-comb generation via the cross-phase modulation effect in a normal-dispersion microcavity
We numerically demonstrate orthogonally polarized dual-comb generation in a single microcavity with normal dispersion assisted by the ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Liujun Guo Leiran Wang Qibing Sun Mulong Liu Guoxi Wang Weiqiang Wang Peng Xie Weichen Fan Wei Zhao Source Type: research

Wavelength shift with a diode-pumped continuous-wave Yb:CALGO laser
The dependence of an emission wavelength on the crystal temperature was first investigated for a diode-pumped continuous-wave ${{\rm Yb}^{3 ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Xiao Du Jie Guo Wei Wang Di Sun Yongxi Gao Xiaoyan Liang Source Type: research

Hopkins procedure for tunable magnification: surgical spectacles
We analyze the use of two varifocal lenses, with fixed interlens separation, for achieving tunable magnification at a specific throw. Our ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Cristina M. G ó mez-Sarabia Jorge Ojeda-Casta ñ eda Source Type: research

Proposal of a new diffractive corneal inlay to improve near vision in a presbyopic eye
A new class of diffraction-based corneal inlays for treatment of presbyopia is described. The inlay is intended to achieve an improvement ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 26, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Diego Montagud-Mart í nez Vicente Ferrando Juan A. Monsoriu Walter D. Furlan Source Type: research

Linear depolarization ratios of nitrate-coated mineral dust particles in haze episodes
This study reports an internal mixed particle model of dust and nitrate aerosols using the actual haze condition. We performed accurate ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 24, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: XueHai Zhang Jinlong Duan Congming Dai Heli Wei Source Type: research

Planar cascaded triangular hyperlens structures
Planar-ports hyperlens structures made of two or four cascaded triangular cuts of planar periodic structures are presented. The hyperlenses ... (Source: Applied Optics)
Source: Applied Optics - February 24, 2020 Category: Physics Authors: Ahmad Jalali Deel Abbas Alighanbari Source Type: research